• Title, Summary, Keyword: 발견

Search Result 14,330, Processing Time 0.075 seconds

An Analysis on Problem-Finding Patterns of Well-Known Creative Scientists (잘 알려진 창의적 과학자들의 과학적 문제 발견 패턴 분석)

  • Kim, Youngmin;Seo, Hae-Ae;Park, Jongseok
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.33 no.7
    • /
    • pp.1285-1299
    • /
    • 2013
  • Nurturing students' scientific creativity is considered an important element in science education in Korea. The study aims to explore patterns displayed by well-known scientists in their quest for problem finding. Each case of scientists' course of problem solving is described in terms of historical background, a process of problem finding, and a process of problem solving. There are five patterns from ten scientists which are as follows: Pattern 1 is that scientists find problems from insufficiencies and/or errors from explanation of theories at the time and the related cases are A. Lavoisier, G. Mendel, and J. Watson. Pattern 2 shows that scientists find a problem because of strange phenomena unexplained by theories at the time, and here important case studies are E. Rutherford and W. R$\ddot{o}$ntgen. Pattern 3 demonstrates that scientists find a problem from analogical reasoning between known theories and unknown science phenomena. The cases include S. Carnot and T. Young. Pattern 4 points to the fact that scientists find a problem while they utilize a newly invented experimental instrument. Here, G. Galilei is an important example. Pattern 5 establishes that scientists happen to find a problem while they conduct research projects. The works of M. Faraday and J. Kepler are prominent case studies related to this pattern.

비타민 (I)

  • 최진호
    • KOREAN POULTRY JOURNAL
    • /
    • v.24 no.1
    • /
    • pp.124-127
    • /
    • 1992
  • 비타민(vitamin)이라는 말은 비타민을 처음 발견한 Casimir Funk에 의해서 명명되었는데 생명체에 없어서는 안될 긴요한(vital) 물질이면서 아미노기(-$NH{_2}$)를 함유하고 있는 아민(amine)이라는 뜻으로 vital amine을 줄여서 vitamine이라고 하였다. 그 뒤에 끝의 e가 없어져서 오늘날에는 vitamin이라고 쓰고 있다. Funk가 처음 발견한 비타민은 오늘날 비타민 $B{_1}$이라고도 불리는 티아민(thiamin)이었으며 모든 비타민을 일시에 발견한 것은 아니다. 티아민이 처음 발견된 후에 수십년에 걸쳐서 많은 사람들에 의해서 여러 가지의 다른 비타민이 발견되어서 오늘날에는 14가지 종류의 비타민이 알려지고 있다. 이중에서 처음으로 발견되었던 티아민이 아민이었기 때문에 비타민이라는 말이 명명되었는데 그 뒤에 다른 비타민들의 화학구조가 밝혀짐에 따라 모든 비타민이 다 아민은 아니라는 사실을 알게 되었다. 그럼에도 불구하고 아직까지 비타민이라는 용어는 그대로 사용하고 있는 것이다.

  • PDF

한국 경북 고령지역에서 발견된 중생대 백악기 담수어류화석 Wakinoichthys sp.

  • Kim, Tae-Wan;Yang, Seung-Yeong
    • 한국지구과학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.126-134
    • /
    • 2005
  • 최근 중생대 전기 백악기(약 1.2Ma) 지층이 분포하는 경북 고령의 지역에서 대량으로 발견된 골설목(骨舌目, Osteoglosomorpha) 어류화석을 기재하고 특징을 살펴본 후 현생골설목과의 관계를 조사하고, 아울러 다른 나라에서 발견된 것과의 비교연구를 통해 우리나라에서 발견된 어류화석의 고생물학적 의의를 살펴보았다. 경상층군에서 발견된 어류 화석군은 Semionotiformes, Amiiformes목, 골설목, 당멸치목(Elopiformes), 여을멸목(Albuliformes), Ichthyodectiformes목 등으로 구성되어 있으며, 그중 골설목(Osteoglossiformes)과 여을멸목(Albuliformes)이 가장 풍부하다. 경상어류화석군은 한국의 중생대 백악기 지층에서는 유일한 어류화석군이다. 또한 어류화석과 함께 발견된 여러 화석 및 지질학적 자료를 토대로 어류화석 서식 당시의 고환경을 유추하였다.

  • PDF

How Many Korean Science High-school Students Find the Same Scientific Problem as Kepler Found in Optics and Physiology? (얼마나 많은 과학고등학교 학생들이 케플러가 광학과 생리학에서 발견한 과학적 문제를 발견하는가?)

  • Kim, Young-Min
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
    • /
    • v.21 no.2
    • /
    • pp.575-589
    • /
    • 2011
  • The aims of this study are to investigate how Kepler found a scientific problem for the retinal image theory and to investigate how the science high-school students respond when the same situation is applied to them. And their results was compared with general high-school students' results. Kepler found the scientific problem in the eye vision through the critical analysis of contemporary theories of vision, based on his relevant knowledge of optics. When we applied the same situation to the Korean science high school and general high-school students, only a few of science high-school students found the scientific problem as same as Kepler's finding. From the results, it is suggested that in development of creativity teaching material, the situations like Kepler's problem finding need to be included in the programs.

Design and implementation of simulator for fault coverage analysis of commuication protocol test case (통신 프로토콜 시험항목의 오류 발견 능력 분석을 위한 시뮬레이터의 설계 및 구현)

  • 김광현;허기택;이동호
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
    • /
    • v.22 no.8
    • /
    • pp.1823-1832
    • /
    • 1997
  • In this ppaer, fault coverage analysis of a conformance test case for communication protocols, specified as a deterministic finite state machine(DFSM) is presented. The fault coverage analysis of a test case is defined by measuring the extent of the faults detected using a generated test case. The method that evaluates fault coverage analysis for a test case, has been researched by arithmetic analysis and simulation. In this paper, we designed and implemented a simulator for fault coverage analysis of a communication protocol teat case. With this result for Inres protocol, output fault and state merge and split fault have a high fault coverage of 100%. This simulator can be widely used with new fault coverage analysis tools by applying it to various protocols.

  • PDF

Multi-agent-based approach for service discovery in smart meeting spaces (지능형 협업환경에서 서비스 발견을 위한 다중 에이전트 시스템 적용 방법)

  • Bae, Chang-Hyeok;Han, Sang-Woo;Kim, Jong-Won
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.669-673
    • /
    • 2008
  • The service discovery method is an important technology finding and offering users' desirable services in smart meeting spaces. Extensive researches of the service discovery methods are achieved: SSDP(simple service discovery protocol) of UPnP(universal plug & play) and so on. However, there are several limitations to satisfy the requirements of service discovery in smart meeting spaces. In this paper, the requirements of service discovery in smart meeting spaces are investigated and the service discovery method based on multi-agent system is proposed in the practical aspect. Additionally, we explore the possibilities of the proposed approach by implementing a couple of services belonging to the smart meeting spaces.

  • PDF

Analysis of Characteristics of Scientific Inquiry Problem Finding Process in Small Group Free Inquiry (소집단 자유 탐구에서 과학적 탐구 문제 발견 과정의 특징 분석)

  • Cheon, Myeongki;Lee, Bongwoo
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.38 no.6
    • /
    • pp.865-874
    • /
    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to explore the process of inquiry problem finding in high school students' small group free-inquiry. For this purpose, 91 second grade high school students took part in small group free-inquiry. We conducted interviews with students (48 students in 15 groups) who were relatively successful in the inquiry performed for one semester (about 4 months). Based on the results of the interviews, we analyzed the characteristics of the inquiry problem finding through the steps and strategies in the inquiry problem finding process. The main results are as follows: First, in the inquiry problem finding process, steps such as selecting keyword, presenting an inconvenience, presenting a question, and finding an inquiry problem were found, and in particular, the process of selecting the keyword that correspond to the subject of inquiry, such as the material and situation of inquiry, is very important step in inquiry problem finding. Second, the strategies that students used in the process of finding inquiry problem included searching information, review of prior research, sharing of knowledge and experience, linking and extension of knowledge and experience, environmental awareness, expert consultation, discussion of suitability, elaboration, etc. Third, finding an inquiry problem was relatively easy in the inquiry for finding out problems (i.e. inconvenience) in everyday life and investigating ways to solve them. Fourth, the review of prior researches through the internet was useful in the process of selecting keyword and elaboration. Fifth, the factors that students consider when selecting one of several candidate inquiry problems are feasibility, real-life applicability, and economic condition. Sixth, the current affairs had a positive impact on the inquiry problem finding. Based on the above results, we discussed some ways to increase students' inquiry problem finding ability.

Studies on the Important Nematodes in Korea 1. Some Nematodes Found in the Soil around the Root of Floral Plants in the Green-house (우리나라 농업상 중요한 선충류에 관한 연구 (I) 온실화훼류의 근부에서 발생되는 수종의 선충에 관하여)

  • CHOI YOUNG EYUN
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
    • /
    • v.2
    • /
    • pp.27-37
    • /
    • 1963
  • 최근 농작물에 대한 각종 선충류의 피해가 주목되어 있는 실성에 비추어 필자는 선충류연구의 기초적 과제로서 온실내의 화훼류 근부에서 발견되는 선충류 중 농업상 비교적 중요하다고 인정되는 종류와 그밖에 몇 종류에 대하여 형태적인 특징을 기술하였다. 즉 취급된 종류들은 다음과 같다. 1. Meloidogyne arenaria Chitwood 2. Scutellonema coheni Andrassy 3. Paurodontus gracilis Thorne 4. xiphinema americaum Cobb 5. Rhabditis sp 6. Cephalobus sp 7, Diplogaster sp 그리고 이상 7종류의 기주식물 및 기생정도를 보면 Meloidogyne arenaria Chitwood는 Begonia에 만 기생하였고 그밖에 화훼류에는 기생을 볼수 없었다. Scutellonema choeni Andrassy는 꽃치자, 소펄, 이마리 리스, 제브리나에 가장 많이 발견되었고, Paurodonthus gracilis Thorne는 동백나무, 청목. 지내고사리, 카네이션, 충에서 가장 많이 발견되었다. 그리고 Xiphinema americanum Coob는 산호수, 서향, 코피나무, 시크라맨, 용설란, 동백 등에서만 발견되었으나 그중에 용설란, 동백에서 가장 많이 볼 수 있었다. Rhabditis sp.는 초본류 화훼류의 대부분에서 발견되었으나 그중에도 산세배리아에서 가장 많았다 Diplogaster sp는 대부분의 화훼류에서 발견되었으며 그중에 크로톤에 비교적 많았다. Cephalobus sp.는 전반적으로 발견되었으며 발견정도는 모두 비슷하였다. Monhystera app. , Mononchus spp. , Dorylaimus app. 등도 조사란 과반수의 화훼류들에서 발견되었으나 특히 많이 발견되는 화훼류는 없었다. 이상 선충류중 근류를 형성하여 피해가 가장 주목되는 Mceloidogyne arenaris Chitwood에 대해서 온실내에서 그의 유일한 기주식물인 Begonia의 품종별 기생정도를 비교조사한 결과 semperflorens 품종에 가장 기생률이 높았고 metarica 품종은 중정도였으며 erytholopylla와 argento-guttata 품종들에는 기생이 없었다. 이 점은 매우 의의있는 사실로서 앞으로 더욱 연구할 과제로 삼았다. 끝으로 Sanceberia에서 많이 발견되는 Rhabditis sp를 $18^{\circ}C$, $25^{\circ}C$, $30^{\circ}C$, $35^{\circ}C$의 동온도별의 incubator에서 사육한 결과 본 종의 생육적온이 $30^{\circ}C$라는 사실을 알았다.

  • PDF

Analysing the Processes of Discovery and Proof of the Mathematically Gifted Students (수학 영재 학생들의 발견과 증명에 대한 연구)

  • Na, Gwi-Soo
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
    • /
    • v.21 no.2
    • /
    • pp.105-120
    • /
    • 2011
  • This research intends to analyse how mathematically gifted 8th graders (age 14) discover and proof the properties on the sum of face angles of polyhedron. In this research, the problems on the sum of face angles of polyhedrons were given to 36 gifted students, and their discovery and proof processes were analysed on the basis of their the activity sheets and the researcher's observation. The discovery and proof processes the gifted students made were categorized, and levels revealed in their processes were analysed.

  • PDF