• Title, Summary, Keyword: 반능동형 현가시스템

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Analysis of Continuously Variable Damper Characteristics for Semi-Active Suspension Systems (반능동형 현가시스템을 위한 연속가변댐퍼의 특성 해석)

  • 허승진;박기홍
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.128-137
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    • 2003
  • Continuously variable damper can yield diverse damping forces for a single damping velocity. It is widely used in the semi-active suspension system since, with right control logics, it can enhance ride comfort compared to the passive damper while not degrading driving safety. A key to the successful design of the continuously variable damper is the knowledge of its complex and nonlinear characteristics. In this paper, research has been done for analyzing characteristics of the continuously variable damper. Various damper components have been investigated and their effects upon the force-velocity characteristics of the damper have been examined. The effects of the damper characteristics change upon ride comfort and driving safety have also been investigated by numerical simulations.

Design Analysis of Ride Comfort- and Driving Safety-control Strategies for the Continuously Controlled Semi-active Suspension Systems (연속 가변식 반능동형 현가시스템의 승차감 및 주행안전성 제어기 설계 해석)

  • 허승진;황성호;박기홍
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.17-23
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    • 2004
  • The semi-active suspension system is getting widely adopted in passenger vehicles for its ability to improve ride comfort over the passive suspension system while not degrading driving safety. A key to the success is to develop practical controllers that yield performance enhancement over the passive damper under various driving conditions. To this end, several control strategies have been studied and evaluated in this research in consideration of practical aspects such as nonlinearity and dynamics of the damper. From simulation results. it has been observed that, with the proposed control schemes, ride comfort can be significantly upgraded while suppressing degradation of driving safety.

Ride Performance Evaluation of a Heavy Truck Semi-active Cabin Air Suspension System (대형 트럭 반능동형 캐빈 공기 현가시스템의 승차감 성능 평가 연구)

  • Lee, Ji-Sun;Choi, Gyoo-Jae;Lee, Kwang-Heon
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.77-83
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    • 2008
  • Semi-active cabin air suspension system improves driver's comfort by controlling the damping characteristics in accordance with driving situation. For the driver's comfort evaluation, test procedure has the two methodologies which are filed test and lab test. A field test method has a drawback. It requires a lot of time and money on repetitive test, due to the sensitivity of field test. On the other hand, the test with six axes simulation table at laboratory can obtain the repeatability of test, better than the field test method. In this paper, the procedures of ride performance test and control logic tuning with the table are presented. Drive files of the table can be represented with the almost same input condition as field test data. According to the result from the comparative test using six axes simulation table between passive and semi-active system by making ECU logic tuning, the RMS acceleration of semi-active cabin air suspension system was reduced by 29.6% compared with passive system.

Hydropneumatic Modeling and Dynamic Characteristic Analysis of a Heavy Truck Semi-active Cabin Air Suspension System (대형 트럭 반능동형 캐빈 공기 현가시스템의 유공압 모델링 및 동특성 해석)

  • Lee, Kwang-Heon;Jeong, Heon-Sul
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.57-65
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    • 2011
  • In this paper, a hydropneumatic modeling and dynamic analysis of a heavy truck semi-active cabin air suspension system is presented. Semi-active cabin air suspension system improves driver's ride comfort by controlling the damping characteristics in accordance with driving situation. So it can reduce vibration between truck frame and cabin. Semi-active cabin air suspension system is consist of air spring, leveling valve and CDC shock absorber, and full cabin system are mathematically modelled using AMESim software. Simulation results of components and full cabin system are compared with experimental data of components and test results of a cabin using 6 axis simulation table. It is found that the simulation results are in good agreements with test results, and the hydropneumatic model can be used well to predict dynamic characterics of heavy truck semi-active cabin air suspension system.

Development of the Semi-Active Controlled Variable Damper System for Passenger Vehicles (승용차용 반능동형 가변댐퍼 시스템의 개발)

  • 허승진;심정수;황성호
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.683-689
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    • 1998
  • A control algorithm for multi-stage dampers is developed based on the mode skyhook control concept, and implemented on the full vehicle system environment. The test vehicle system is equipped with the real time controller, four-stage variable dampers and sensors. The real time controller is developed using a digital signal processor(DSP), digital I/O, A/D and D/A converters. The dampers are driven by the electromagnetic actuators of less than 20 msec response time. The sensors include accelerometers, relative displacement transducers, and steering wheel rate sensors, etc. Through a series of tests in laboratory and proving ground, the performance of the semi-active suspension system is evaluated and it is shown that the vehicle dynamic characteristics is improved with the developed damping system. Futhermore, the parameter tuning methods to enhance vehicle dynamic performance are propsoed.

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Design of a Hydraulic Circuit for a Front Axle Suspension of an Agricultural Tractor via Hydraulic Simulation (유압 시뮬레이션을 이용한 트랙터 전방차축 현가장치 유압회로 설계)

  • Cho, Bong-Jin;Kim, Hak-Jin;Lee, Chang-Joo;Choi, Jin-Ha;Kim, Young-Joo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
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    • pp.6-6
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    • 2017
  • 농용트랙터의 전방차축 현가장치는 노면으로부터 발생하는 진동의 영향을 줄일 수 있기 때문에 트랙터의 대형화, 고속화의 추세에 맞춰서 승차감과 조향감을 향상시키는 데 중요한 역할을 한다. 전방차축의 현가장치는 트랙터의 차체 무게에 의한 부하가 크고, 또한 유압 펌프를 비롯한 유압시스템이 존재하기 때문에 유압식 회로로 구성하는 것이 바람직하다. 하지만, 현가장치의 유압회로를 개발하는데 있어서 실제 시스템을 구성하여 실제 실험을 통한 개발에는 비용과 시간이 많이 필요하다. 본 연구에서는 유압식 전방차축 현가장치에 필요한 유압회로부 개발을 위하여 시뮬레이션 기법과 요인시험 장치를 이용 적정 유압회로를 설계하고자 하였다. 이를 위하여 어큐뮬레이터, 가변 오리피스, 릴리프밸브, 체크밸브 등으로 구성된 유압 현가요인 시험 장치를 설계 제작하였으며, 현가 부품인 실린더 행정, 속도, 전달되는 힘을 측정하고, 유압 해석 프로그램인 SimulationX를 이용 구성된 유압회로 부품에 측정값을 입력하여 실제 조건과 유사한 동특성을 나타내는 전방차축 현가요인 시뮬레이션 모델을 개발하였다. 개발된 시뮬레이션 모델을 이용하여 실제 시험조건과 같은 가진 조건을 부여하여 개발 현가장치의 특성 값 변동에 따른 현가 성능을 구명하였다. 이를 위해 시뮬레이션 상에서 120 마력 트랙터 무게의 50% 수준에 해당하는 2,000 kg의 부하가 존재하는 상태에서 현가장치의 유/무에 따른, 감쇠 계수의 변화에 따른 스프링상 질량의 RMS 가속도를 비교하였다. 입력 가진으로는 1 Hz, 4 Hz, 8 Hz의 진동수에 각각 10 mm, 6.4 mm, 3.2 mm의 진폭을 인가하였다. 시뮬레이션 결과, 1 Hz에서는 현가장치가 있는 경우 최대 55.9% 개선되었고, 4 Hz에서는 최대 3.9 % 개선되었고, 8 Hz에서는 최대 61.4%까지 개선되었다. 이는 4 Hz의 경우에는 2,000 kg의 부하에 해당하는 고유 진동수 대역에 해당하기 때문에 그 감쇠 효과가 없는 것으로 나타났다. 하지만, 다른 주파수 대역에서는 현가장치가 효과적으로 작동하는 것을 나타내었다. 설계한 전방차축 현가 유압회로부를 시뮬레이션을 통하여 분석한 결과, RMS 가속도의 개선이 명확하게 이루어지는 것을 확인하였으며 입력 주파수 변화에 따라 감쇠특성도 나타나는 것을 확인하였다. 추후 연구에는 설계한 유압회로부와 관련 부품을 설계 제작하여 실제 트랙터에 장착 그 성능을 검증할 예정이며, 노면조건에 따라 감쇠성능을 유지하기 위한 반능동형 또는 적응형 현가장치 제어 기술을 적용하여 개선된 현가성능을 확보하기 위한 연구를 수행할 예정이다.

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Vibration Control of Vehicle using Road Profile Information (외란 형상 정보를 활용한 진동제어)

  • Kim, Hyo-Jun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.431-437
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    • 2017
  • In this study, based on the RPS algorithm, the application results to an electrically controlled suspension system using previewed road information are presented. Reducing the excessive vibration induced by a disturbance transmitted to the system and secure its stability is a major issue. In particular, in the automotive industry, the demand is constantly being raised. A typical external disturbance causing vibration and instability of a vehicle is an irregular roadway surface that contacts a running vehicle tire. Therefore, obtaining such profile information is an important process. The RPS algorithm using a multi sensor system was constructed and implemented in a real car. Through experimental work using the RPS system included non-contact type optical sensors, it could robustly reconstruct the road input profiles from the intermixed data onto the vehicle's dynamic motion while traveling at an uneven roadway surface. A controller with a preview control was designed in the framework of a semi-active suspension system based on the 7 degrees of freedom full vehicle model. The control performance of the system was evaluated through simulations and the results were compared with the passive vehicle condition. These results highlight the feasibility of the presented control frame.