• Title, Summary, Keyword: 바이오테크놀로지(생물공학)

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Development of Pouring Machine of Mediums in Plant Tissue Culture (식물조직배양용 배지의 분주장치 개발)

  • 강창호;정석현;노대현;한길수;최홍기;이승규
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
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    • pp.449-454
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    • 2003
  • 생명공학, 생물공학, 생물이용기술 등으로 불리우며 21세의 첨단과학기술로서 평가받고 있는 바이오테크놀로지(BT, biotechnology)는 $\ulcorner$생물이 지니고 있는 여러 가지의 기능을 최대한으로 활용하여 생물생산에 효과적으로 이용하기 위한 기술$\lrcorner$이다(일농기학회, 2000). 생명공학기술의 하나인 식물조직 배양기술은 화훼류 등의 식물묘 대량생산에 실용화되고 있으며 (백, 1998), 앞으로는 식물묘의 대량증식 뿐만 아니라 의약품 등에 사용될 수 있는 기능성 물질의 대량생산 수단으로서 그 중요성이 더욱 커질 것으로 전망된다. (중략)

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Development of a Robot System for Plant Tissue Handling(I) - Image Processing System for Recognizing a Callus - (식물조직배양 접종공정 자동화 시스템 개발(I) - 캘러스 인식을 위한 영상처리 시스템-)

  • 권기영;손재룡;강창호;정석현
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
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    • pp.345-350
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    • 2002
  • 바이오테크놀로지(BT, biotechnology)는 21세기의 첨단과학기술로서 생명공학, 생물공학, 생물이용기술 등으로 불리우고 있으며(일농기학회, 2000), 이 중 실용화되고 있는 기술중의 하나가 식물조직의 배양기술이다(백, 1993), 현재 우리나라에서는 나리, 호접란 등의 우량묘 대량증식을 위하여 조직배양기술을 이용하고 있으나 배양공정의 대부분이 인력에 의존하고 있고 배양묘 생산에 소요되는 비용의 약 60% 정도가 노동비용에서 발생되고 있다(정, 1995). 따라서 배양묘 생산의 여러 과정 중에서 수작업에 의한 작업부분을 로봇 화하여 배양묘 생산비용을 절감하려는 연구개발이 활발히 수행되고 있으며, 이중 주목을 받고 있는 것은 배양기에서 증식된 소식물체의 적출, 절단, 이식과 같은 추후의 증식과정이다 이 공정은 노동집약적일 뿐만 아니라 공정의 수작업에 따른 절단의 불균일성, 품질저하, 조작의 미숙련성, 잡균오염의 위험성 등의 문제점이 로봇화로 해결 가능하기 때문이다. (중략)

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Research Trend about the Development of White Biotech-Based Aromatic Compounds (화이트바이오텍기반 방향족화합물 개발에 관한 연구동향)

  • Lee, Jin-Ho
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.306-315
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    • 2009
  • Due to the depleting petroleum reserve, recurring energy crisis, and global warming, it is necessary to study the development of white biotech-based aromatic chemical feedstock from renewable biomass for replacing petroleum-based one. In particular, the production of aromatic intermediates and derivatives in biosynthetic pathway of aromatic amino acids from glucose might be replaced by the production of petrochemical-based aromatic chemical feedstock including benzene-derived aromatic compounds. In this review, I briefly described the production technology for hydroquinone, catechol, adipic acid, shikimic acid, gallic acid, pyrogallol, vanillin, p-hydroxycinnamic acid, p-hydroxystyrene, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, indigo, and indole 3-acetic acid using metabolic engineering, bioconversion, and chemical process. The problems and possible solutions regarding development of production technology for competitive white biotech-based aromatic compounds were also discussed.

Social Dimensions of Bio-technology: Focusing on HGP's Shaping Process (생물공학의 사회적 차원들: HGP의 형성과정을 중심으로)

  • Kim Dong-Kwang
    • Journal of Science and Technology Studies
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.105-122
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to understand how a teacher's teaching can be changed while he or she teaches the same contents in different classes. The qualitative research method was used in this study. Data were collected from classroom observations, several in-depth interviews, and stimulated-recall interviews after each class. All the data were transcribed and analyzed interpretively, and then, the results of the analysis were checked by each participating teacher. The results are as follows: First, changes appeared in each class in terms of the teaching items, tools, sequence, and time, even though the same teacher taught the same contents. It showed that the teacher's teaching practice changed immediately and intuitively in class. Second, teachers tried to implement "exploratory teaching" or "move-testing teaching" to address the emerging problems during their teaching. They then reflected on and modified their own teaching. This type of change, which happened during the teaching practice, can be an example of "Reflection-in-practice." Thus, the results of this study can provide helpful insights into how teachers might adapt and reflect in their teaching. It suggests that teachers need to recognize their subconscious teaching changes and learn "Reflection-in-practice."

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