• Title, Summary, Keyword: 민간투자방식

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A Study on Efficiency of Mixed Model (BTO+BTL) for Public-Private Partnership Projects (민간투자사업 혼합방식(BTO+BTL)의 효율성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Do-Il;Jin, Run-Zhi;Hyun, Chang-Taek
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.53-63
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    • 2012
  • Korean Public-Private Partnership, mainly implemented using BTO (Build-Transfer-Operate) and BTL (Build-Transfer-Lease) methods, has contributed in increasing benefits of the people by providing the needed public services in a timely and efficient manner. It has also induced flexible national fiscal management. However, in addition to the repeal of the Minimum Revenue Guarantee (MRG) program in 2009, changes in business environment including recent financial crisis aggravated financial situation in pursing PPPs, resulting in significant contraction of BTO projects. Therefore, the new methods are to be suggested and applied to overcome this situation. This paper seeks to find ways to apply "Mixed Model," characterized as the compound of BTO and BTL, two different implementation methods of PPPs, as an enhanced burden-sharing mechanism.

A Study on Risk Sharing of PPI Project Demand Risk (민간투자사업 수요위험 분담 방식에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Sung-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.102-109
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    • 2012
  • One of key success factors in PPI(Public Private Investment) is the structure of risk sharing between the public and the private, and the determination mechanism of fair return to private participants relative to the risk that private participants undertake. In Korea, two basic types of PPI exist. One is BTO and the other is BTL. In BTO, most risks are taken by the private whereas the opposite is the case in BTL. No intermediate form exists. As a result, BTO type projects had difficulty in attracting private participants because of the excessive risks. In this study, one intermediate form is studied where demand risk is shared between the public and the private. In the setting where the public authority takes all the project revenues and then pays ladder type payments to private participants depending upon the level of project revenues, appropriate level of fixed payments is endogenously derived using the real option pricing model. From the fixed payments, expected investment returns are calculated based upon a certain distributional assumption. The results of this study is expected to help introducing diverse forms of PPI in Korea.

Private Finance under the Port Authority System in Korea (항만공사체제하의 민간자본 활용방식)

  • Ock, Dong-Suk;Jung, Young-Seo;Shin, Jae-Kwang
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.19-39
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    • 2007
  • Korean port developments have been mostly made by the central government. With the introduction of the Port Authority system, however, roles and function assignments of the central government in port development have been in change and the Port Authority has to find a solution for inducement of private investment in port development. This paper has examined the current legal system of port developments and then sought the way for inducement of private capital to improve specialty and efficiency of harbor facilities management and development under Port Authority. As the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and fisheries(MMAF) has two types of legal system for inducement of private investment on port developments, the Port Authorities can also have two types of private finance. Private finances by the Port Authorities has some more critical advantages than the one by the central government. It is also required to change the the administrative permissions and concession agreements which MMAF conveyed to private participants in port developments into the concession agreements between Port Authorities and private participants.

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The Application of Private Investment for the Promoting of Geographical Information Services (지리정보서비스 활성화를 위한 민간투자사업 활용방안)

  • Yang Kwang-Sik
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.251-261
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    • 2004
  • Geographical Information Service of local authorities is already considerable interest to private and public organizations. This paper presents the application of private investment aimed to promoting the extent of geographical information services in local authority. For it, the theoretical backgrounds of geographical information services are represented. On the basis of the empirical evidence, the paper represent a policy how a various issues should be dealt with promotion of geographical information services in the private investment.

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A Risk Quantification of Public Sector Comparator in the Financial Analysis of the BTL (Build-Transfer-Lease) Scheme of Railway Projects: a Case Study of the Haman-Jinju Link (철도 BTL 민자적격성조사의 위험계량화방안 연구)

  • Jang, Su-Eun;Gang, Ji-Hye
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2006
  • This paper proposes a way to a risk quantification of public sector comparator in the value-for-money test of the BTL (Build-Transfer-Lease) scheme in rail investment projects. Two principal risks that are project delay and budget increasing costs are identified and are empirically quantified with a case study of the Haman-Jinju link. The methodology suggested is expected to be a good reference for the similar research afterwards and also to help in settling down the scheme that is only an early stage.

Project Financing의 자금재조달(Refinancing)에 따른 효과 분석 - 우리나라 SOC민간투자사업 중심으로 -

  • Hwang, Seon-Ung;Ju, Jae-Hong
    • The Korean Journal of Financial Studies
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.19-44
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    • 2006
  • 프로젝트 파이낸싱은 프로젝트 자체의 사업성과 프로젝트 현금흐름에 근거하여 발생하는 수익을 담보로 사업자금을 차입하고 운영 시 발생하는 수익으로 대출금을 상환하는 재원조달방식이다. 이 금융기법은 주로 광산 및 천연자원개발 사업에서 수 백년동안 이용되어 왔으며, 우리나라의 경우는 대규모 SOC민간투자사업에서 주로 활용하고 있다. 최근 우리나라 SOC민간투자사업에서는 기존에 정부와 민간사업자간에 체결하였던 실시협약 상의 재원조달 구조를 새롭게 변경하거나 유리한 금융기법을 이용하는 사례가 빈번히 나타나고 있다. 본 연구는 우리나라에서 프로젝트 파이낸싱 기법으로 어떻게 SOC민간투자사업에 투자하고 있는 지 분석하고 현황을 파악하였다. 또한 민간투자사업의 자본구조와 Refinancing의 발생사유를 분석하였으며, 광주제2순환도로, 신공항고속도로, 천안논산고속도로 민간투자사업에서 Refinancing 사례도 분석하였다. 그리고, Refinancing에 대한 효과가 어느 정도 인지 측정을 하였다. 결론적으로 Refinancing 효과가 사업에 대한 수익성을 높이는 효과와 부채비율이 높아져 운영위험이 증가하는 것을 실증적으로 보여주었다.

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A Study on the Building Process of Public Libraries Using the BTL Method (임대형 민간투자(BTL)방식에 의한 공공도서관 건립에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Seok
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.149-170
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    • 2008
  • This study examines public libraries being built using the BTL (Build-Transfer-Lease) method, which is one type of Private Finance Initiative, in order to investigate effective ways of building public libraries in Korea. A literature search, field research and interviews were the methods used for the study. One library was built and eight other libraries are in the process of construction using the BTL method in six cities in Korea in 2008. The study revealed that the bigger libraries are being built using the BTL method. The study suggests that in order to effectively increase the public library infrastructure within a short period of time in Korea, smaller libraries should be built using the BTL method.

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Item Establishment and Importance Analysis for Qualitative VFM of BTL System (임대형 민자사업(BTL) 적격성 조사의 정성적 VFM 평가항목 설정 및 중요도 분석)

  • Yang, Jin-Kook;Ri, Min-Hyeon;Kim, Soo-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.92-100
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    • 2007
  • PFI(Private Finance Initiative) Project is carried to expand infrastructure effectively through participation of private investment. From the year 2005, the range is expanded not only industrial infrastructure such as made road, harbors and so on but living infrastructure such as school facilities, environmental facilities. For this reason BTL(Build-Transfer-Lease) system is mainly used in new private finance initiative project but in existing private finance initiative project BTO(Build-Transfer-Operate) system was used. BTL system is operated to judge fitness of private investment and classified into quantitative VFM(Value for Money) and qualitative VFM. In this research the estimation item of qualitative VFM which is hard to deduce the effect is created and after surveying of questionnaire in target of experts, relative importance and weight is established with AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process). By estimating efficiency and benefit of quantitative VFM and qualitative VFM aspect effectively it is expected to support a rational making decision for operating BTL.

A Study on the Fair Returns of Private Participants' Investments on BTO PPI Projects (BTO 민간투자사업 적정수익률에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Sung-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.121-131
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    • 2009
  • This study will estimate the fair return on private participants' investments on BTO type PPI (Private Public Infrastructure) projects using the data from past BTO projects in Korea. In the past, the real returns of $6%\sim9%$ were provided to private participants. The results of this study show that those returns were too high compared with the estimated fair returns, especially for projects with the minimum revenue guarantee (MRG) by the government. Moreover, the excess portion of the return over the fair return becomes even larger when there is a demand forecast bias. In reality, most of the BTO projects have far lower actual revenues than the initial forecasted revenue in concession agreements. This phenomenon implies that BTO projects have a tendency of overly forecasting revenues. If so, the value of the minimum revenue guarantee becomes larger, and therefore, the fair return to private participants should decrease. It is hoped that this study helps future BTO projects' concession agreements between the government and private participants to become more fair from the perspectives of risk and return profiles.