• Title, Summary, Keyword: 미세기포

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An Effect of the Micro Bubble Formation Depending on the Saturator and the Nozzle in the Dissolved Air Flotation System (DAF 공정에서 공기포화장치와 노즐 특성 별 미세기포 발생에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, S.C.;Oh, H.Y.;Chung, M.K.;Song, S.L.;Ahn, Y.H.
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.35 no.12
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    • pp.929-936
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    • 2013
  • The saturator and injection nozzle are important facilities on the dissolved air flotation process. To increase the formation of micro bubble, it is required to improve the air dissolving performance in the saturator and keep the pressure uniform from the saturator to the nozzle. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of the saturator and the hydraulic effect of the nozzle and the pipe structure. The air volume concentration, bubble size and bubble residual time were measured in the test. The saturator, which had mounted with the spray nozzle, showed a good performance for bubble formation. Also, the characteristics of micro bubble formation were influenced by pressure uniformity and flow velocity through the orifice in the nozzle.

Modeling of Scattered Signal from Ship Wake and Experimental Verification (항적 산란신호의 모델링과 실험적 검증)

  • Ji, Yoon-Hee;Lee, Jae-Hoon;Kim, Jea-Soo;Kim, Jung-Hae;Kim, Woo-Shik;Choi, Sang-Moon
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.10-18
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    • 2009
  • A moving surface vessel generates a ship wake which contains a cloud of micro-bubbles with radii ranging between $8{\sim}200{\mu}m$. Such micro-bubbles can be detected by active sonar system for more than ten minutes depending on the size and speed of the surface vessel. In this paper, a reverberation model for the ship wake is presented. The developed model consists of the acoustic scattering model due to the distribution of the micro-bubbles and the kinematic model for the moving active sonar. The acoustic scattering model is based on the volume integration, where the volume scattering strengths are obtained from the spatial distribution of micro-bubbles. Since the directivity and look-direction of active sonar are important factors for moving active sonar, the kinematic model utilizes the Euler transformation to obtain the relative motion between the global and local coordinates. In order to verify the developed model, a series of sea experiment was executed in September 2007 to obtain the spatial-temporal distribution of a bubble cloud, and analyzed to be compared with the simulation results.

Thickening of Activated Sludge Using Low Pressure Flotation Pilot System (파일롯 규모의 저압형 부상장치를 이용한 하수슬러지 농축에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ji Tae;Oh, Joon Taek;Kim, Jong Kuk
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.172-177
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    • 2014
  • Low pressure air flotation (LAF) pilot plant for sludge thickening was installed in Chung Nam N.S. municipal waste water treatment plant to verify its application possibility. Effects of operating conditions such as coagulant dosages and microbubble water ratio on thickening of the mixed sludge were examined. Microbubbles which were generated in the chamber of $1.5kgf/cm^2$ by high speed collision method with foaming agent were used to float sludge. Solid loading of $30kg/m^2/hr$, solid contents in thickened sludge of 60,300 mg/L and SS removal efficiency of 99% were obtained through long period operating LAF in conditions of mixed sludge concentration of 14,400 mg/L, coagulant dosage of 27.6 mg/L, foaming agent addition of 4.0 mg/L and microbubble water injection ratio of 9.7%.

The Effect of Environmental Fine Bubble on the Production of Ginsenoside during the Growth Period of Ginseng Cultivation (인삼 재배시 생육기간 동안 환경적 요인인 미세기포수가 ginsenoside 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • Ahn, Chul-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.12
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to investigate changes in ginsenoside by continuously treating fine bubble, which are mainly used for environmental purification, in 2-year-old ginseng. The ginsenoside content and composition of ginseng leaves and roots were analyzed for 4 months (120 days) after application of Fine bubble. As a result of treatment with common water in leaves, only Re of protopanaxatriol was significantly higher and As a result of treatment with fine buble, it was confirmed that protopanaxadiol Rb1, RC, Rb2 and Rd components were also increased. Especially, the increase of Re and Rb1 resulted in an increase of total ginsenoside. The ratio of PD / PT to ginseng was 0.811 in finebubble treated leaves and 1.28 in root. The fine bubble treatment induced the synthesis of ginsenoside from the roots and resulted in a PD / PT ratio of close to 1. Therefore, this study suggests a method of cultivating high quality ginseng using fine bubble water and suggests possibility of using it as a functional food material which can be used with leaves as well as roots.

A Study on the Cleanup of Diesel-Contaminated Soil by Micro-Bubble Soil Washing Process (미세기포를 이용한 토양세척기법의 디젤 오염토양 정화에 관한 연구)

  • 조장환;정민정;민경석;최상일
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.97-99
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    • 1999
  • 본 연구에서는 디젤로 오염된 토양을 효율적으로 정화하기 위해, 알칼리제와 과산화수소를 이용하는 새로운 방식의 토양세척기법에 대하여 일련의 회분식 실험을 통하여 최적의 운전조건을 검토하고자 하였다. 알칼리제인 NaOH를 이용하여 세척수의 pH를 상승시켜, 강알칼리 상태에서 과산화수소를 주입하면 미세기포가 발생되며, 이 미세기포에 의해 토양에 흡착되어 있는 유류 오염물질이 효과적으로 탈착.부상된다. #60(0.25mm) 이하의 자연토양을 6,500 mg TPH/kg dry soil로 오염시켜 사용하였으며, 세척수의 pH, 진탕비(토양 중량 : 세척용액 부피), 과산화수소 주입량, 세척시간에 의한 영향을 살펴보았다. 세척수의 pH는 12, 진탕비는 1:5, 과산화수소 주입량은 1%, 세척시간은 1시간으로 적용한 결과 최대효율(60%)을 얻을 수 있었다.

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Conical Diffuser Design and Hydraulic Performance Characteristics in Bioreactor Using Empirical and Numerical Methods (원뿔형 산기관 설계와 생물반응조에서 수력학적 운전특성에 관한 실험 및 해석)

  • Lee, Seung-Jin;Ko, Kyeong-Han;Ko, Myeong-Han;Yang, Jae-Kyeong;Kim, Yong-Guk
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.39 no.8
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    • pp.633-643
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    • 2015
  • In this study, we develop a highly efficient conical-air diffuser that generates fine bubble. By inserting a sufficient number of aerotropic microorganisms with dissolved oxygen from an air diffuser and minimizing the air-channel blockages within the air diffuser, we expect to improve the efficiency and durability of the decomposition process for organic waste. To upgrade the conventional air diffuser, we perform experiments and numerical analysis to develop a conical-type that generates fine bubble, and which is free from nozzle blockage. We complement the air-diffuser design by numerically analyzing the internal air-flow pattern within the diffuser. Then, by applying the diffuser to a mockup bioreactor, we experimentally and numerically study the bubble behavior observed in the diffuser and the 2-phase fluid flow in the bioreactor. The results obtained include statistics of the cord length and increased velocity, and we investigate the mechanisms of the fluid-flow characteristics including bubble clouds. Throughout the study, we systemize the design procedures for the design of efficient air diffusers, and we visualize the fluid-flow patterns caused by bubble generation within the mockup bioreactor. These results will provide a meaningful basis for further study as well as the detection of oxygen transfer and fluid-flow characteristics in real-scale bio-reactors using sets of air diffusers.

Removal of calcium chloride in road structure using ultra-fine bubble washing machine (미세기포 세척장비를 이용한 도로시설물 염화칼슘의 제거)

  • Park, Gun-Il;Lee, June-Hyung;Park, Hyung-Jun;Kim, Hyun-Jin;Kim, Heung-Rae;Cho, Il Hyoung
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.1281-1289
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the optimal operating condition of ultra-fine bubble washing machine for removing calcium chloride from road concrete structure. The diameter of the ultra-fine bubble was measured to 196.6 ± 100.6 nm and the ultra-fine bubble concentration was measured to 1.36 × 108 cell/ml. As a result of the performance on the spray device of the washing machine, it was confirmed that the washing efficiency of 93% and 91% appeared at 100cm and 150cm of injection distance at 100bar injection pressure. By increasing the ultra-fine bubble generation cycles from 2 to 6, the chloride removal rate increased from 1% to 7%. As the ultra-fine bubble generation air flow was lowered from 4 ml/min to 0.5 ml/min, it was confirmed that the washing efficiency increased up to 30%. The washing efficiency of ultra-fine bubble water was 25% higher than normal water.

Processing of Polyurhane Microcellular Foam for Thermal Insulation (단열재용 폴리우레탄 미세포 포움의 가공)

  • 윤재륜
    • The Korean Journal of Rheology
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.190-199
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    • 1997
  • 단열용도의 폴리우레탄 미세포 포움의 가공에 대한 연구를 수행하였다. 미세포 구조 를 얻기 위해서는 핵생성율을 증진시키고 균일한 분포의 기포를 생성시켜야 한다. 이를 위 해 이산화탄소 기체를 풀리올과 이소시아네이트에 각각 과포화시키고 충돌혼합하여 초음파 가진을 적용하였다. 이산화탄소 기체가 수지 내부에서 기포 내부로 확산함에 따라 기포의 성장이 조절된다고 가정하고 금형이 충전되는 동안에 금형 내부에서의 기포성장기구를 이해 하기 위하여 수치적인 방법으로 이론적 연구를 수행하였다. 경화 시간과 확산 경계를 고려 하여 최종적인 기포의 크기를 계산하였으며 반응속도론을 고려하여 중합반응동안의 폴리우 레탄의 점도의 변화를 예측하고 경화 시간을 결정하였다. 실험적으로 결정된 기체 분자수를 기준으로 하여 이론적으로 확산경계를 예측하였다. 화학적 발포제인 물과 함께 물리적 발포 제인 이산화탄소를 각각 1,2,3기압의 포화압력으로 변화시키면서 폴리올과 이소시아네이트에 포화시켜 폴리우레탄 포움을 제작하고 제작된 포움의 밀도, 열전도도, 및 기포의 수와 지름 을 측정하였다. 측정된 결과로부터 이산화탄소의 포화압력과 초음파 가진이 포움의 기포핵 생성에 미치는 영향을 살펴보았다.

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Utilization of Image Analysis Technique for Characterization of Micro-Bubbles Generated by Polymeric Membrane Module (고분자 중공사막 모듈을 이용한 미세기포 발생과 이미지 분석기법을 이용한 기포 특성 파악)

  • Kim, Jun-Young;Chang, In-Soung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.447-452
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    • 2011
  • In this study, the polymeric membrane module is used as a diffuser and an image analysis technique based on visual information is applied to get bubble characteristics. The bubble size generated passed through polymeric membrane module was smaller from 30 to 64% than that of air stone, and bubble volume over 70% was ranged from 0.2 to 0.82 mm. But over 80% the bubbles from air stone diffuser ranged from 0.77 to 1.08 mm. The air stone and polymeric membrane module used as diffuser for a flotation system. The floc size inside the flotation reactor using air stone diffuser was bigger than that of the polymeric membrane module, which means that the micro-bubbles generated from polymeric membrane module could provide better opportunities for collisions between colloidal particles than those from air stone diffuser. Therefore, there is a possibility to apply the polymeric membrane module as a diffuser to increase the removal efficiency in the flotation process. Also, the image analysis technique used in this study could be applied as a useful analytical tool for acquisition of an information about the bubble characteristic.

Study on the Relationships between Single Bubble Growth Behavior and Bubble Shape Assumption in Pool and low-He Flow Boiling (풀비등과 저Re수 흐름비등에서의 기포의 형상과 성장에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Jeong-Bae
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.73-82
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    • 2009
  • 포화상태 핵비등과 저 Re수의 흐름비등에서 얻어진 실험결과를 바탕으로 하여, 기포가 성장하는 동안의 등가 기포 직경과 열전단율의 거동에 대한 기포 형상 가정의 효과를 제시하기 위한 해석적인 연구를 수행하였다. 이러한 목적을 달성하기 위하여, 등가 기포 반경이 기포가 성장하는 동안 촬영된 기포의 이미지로부터 얻어질 수 있는 형상 가정을 이용하여 계산되었다. 그리고 열전달율을 포화상태 핵비등 동안 미세크기의 히터와 휘스톤브리지 회로를 이용하여 측정하였다. 그리고, 기포 형상 가정의 효과를 실험결과와 비교하였고, 이를 통해 단일 기포의 성장 거동을 분석하기 위한 기포 형상 가정이 매우 중요함을 보였다.