• Title, Summary, Keyword: 미끄럼 속도

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A Tribological Study of SiC-Steel Couples (탄화규소-강 미끄럼에서의 마모특성)

  • 장복기;김윤주
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 1997
  • The wear behavior of SiC in SiC-steel sliding couple was investigated under various wear test conditions, such as solid state sliding - dry and wet air atmosphere - or lubricated sliding, sliding velocity and at-mosphere temperature. The effect of SiC fabrication process on the SiC wear rate was also studied under varying sliding velocities. Humidity of air plays a lubricating role in the solid state sliding, while the wear behavior is largely influenced by the sliding velocity, especially if the atmosphere is extremely dry. The fa-brication process of SiC and the surface roughness result in different wear rate depending on the magnitude of sliding velocity. High temperature is, among others, the most deteriorating factor of wear, thus being strongly wear-accelerating even under boundary lubrication.

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A Study on the Evaluation of Design of Road Horizontal Alignments Based on the Operating Speed (주행속도 기반 도로 평면선형 설계 안전성 평가연구)

  • Kim, Yong-Seok;Cho, Won-Bum
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.22 no.7
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    • pp.25-32
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    • 2004
  • It is implicated in the current road design manual that design speed is well representing the operating speed of drivers. On the contrary, the disparity between the design speed and operating speed means that current road design cannot guarantee the safety and comfort of driving. In this context, operating speed was observed at the two lane rural roadways to find out the relation of operating speed and design speed. In addition to this, the friction factor from supply and demand which was derived from the operating speed was compared in terms of the dynamics in driving safety factor. It was concluded that the actual speed was consistently exceeding the design speed at the horizontal curves having the radius less than or equal to 200 m. Similarly, the demanded side friction was also consistently exceeding the supplied side friction at the horizontal curves having the radius less than or equal to 200 m and the amount of difference was also inversely proportional to the radius of the horizontal curves.

Some Effects of Sliding Velocity on The Elastohydrodynamic Squeeze Films (탄성 경계상 압착막에 대한 미끄럼 속도의 영향)

  • 유형선;이병철
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.46-52
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    • 1986
  • 얇은 유막위의 타이어 변형해석이나, 압착막댐퍼 설계등의 해석에 응용되는 변동 하중하의 탄성 경계상 유체 압착막의 해석을 Newton-Raphson 반복법을 사용하여 하였다. 유막두께의 계산은 등계수 요소를 사용하여 정확한 계산을 하였고 슬라이더의 궤적은 강쇄진동의 응답곡선과 유사함을 알 수 있었다. 특히 본 연구에서는 미끄럼 속도의 영향을 고려하였으며 유체가 베어링내에 생긴 포켓에 정체하고 있어서 미끄럼의 영향은 속도가 클때를 제외하고는 큰 영향을 미치지 못함을 알 수 있었다.

Numerical Analysis of the Slip Velocity and Temperature-Jump in Microchannel Using Langmuir Slip Boundary Condition (미소채널내의 Langmuir 미끄럼 경계조건을 통한 미끄럼 속도 및 급격한 온도변화에 관한 수치해석)

  • Kim, Sang-Woo;Kim, Hyun-Goo;Lee, Do-Hyung
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.164-169
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    • 2009
  • The slip velocity and the temperature jumps for low-speed flow in microchannels are investigated using Langmuir slip boundary condition. This slip boundary condition is suggested to simulate micro flow. The current study analyzes Langmuir slip boundary condition theoretically and it analyzed numerically micro-Couette flow, micro-Poiseuille flow and grooved microchannel flow. First, to prove validity for Langmuir slip condition, an analytical solution for micro-Couette flow is derived from Navier-Stokes equations with Langmuir slip conditions and is compared with DSMC and an analytical solution with Maxwell slip boundary condition. Second, the numerical analysis is performed for micro-Poiseuille flow and grooved microchannel flow. The slip velocity and temperature distribution are compared with results of DSMC or Maxwell slip condition and those are shown in good agreement.

The Effect of Floor Slipperiness on Gait Characteristic (바닥의 미끄럼 저항이 보행 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Tack-Hoon;Han, Seok-Kyu;Choi, Soo-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Building Construction
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.133-141
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    • 2015
  • The floor slipperiness is an essential property for the pedestrian safety. This study was conducted to develop the slip test apparatus to be well accorded with actual characteristics of human gait; and the correlation between RCOF (Required coefficient of friction), Rz (Surface roughness), and 3 coefficients of slip resistance (C.S.R (Coefficient of slip resistance), BPN (British pendulum number), and SCOF (Static coefficient of friction)) were analyzed. Result of the analysis revealed that the cadence, stride length, and step length were proportional to the walking speed, and the significant correlation between walking speed and RCOF was found. However, the correlation between RCOF and the other respective coefficients of slip resistance was almost unidentified thus it would be difficult to identify the actual property of floor slipperiness with the RCOF alone.

A Development of Skid Resistance Prediction Model Considering Water Film Thickness and Vehicle Speed (수막두께와 속도를 고려한 도로포장면의 미끄럼저항 예측모델 개발)

  • Jo, Shin Haeng;Lee, Soo Hyung;Yoo, In Kyoon;Kim, Nakseok
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.32 no.3D
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    • pp.223-229
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    • 2012
  • Skid resistance is defined as the friction between pavement surfaces and vehicle tires. Lower skid resistances were observed as the vehicle speeds the water film thicknesses were increased according to the analysis results using computer modeling. The lift force is calculated from the analysis results and depends on vehicle speeds and the water film thickness. A modified IFI(international friction index) skid resistance prediction model was developed to reduce the differences between the IFI resistance prediction model and the actual skid resistance. The correlation analysis results between the IFI prediction model and the actual skid resistance revealed that the $R^2$ using the modified IFI prediction model was 0.64 whereas the $R^2$ using the conventional IFI prediction model was 0.49. This presents the modified prediction model is better than the conventional one. An improved precise prediction model is to be obtained if water film thicknesses are considered in the modified prediction model.

Effect of sliding velocity on the wear and friction characteristics of a carbon fiber composites (탄소 섬유 복합재의 마찰 및 마모 특성에 미치는 속도 효과)

  • Koh, Sung-Wi;Yang, Byeong-Chun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.337-343
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    • 2004
  • This paper presents an experimental study of friction and wear properties of a unidirectional oriented continuous crbon-fiber reinforced epoxy composite at the ambient temperature. Friction and wear experiments were conducted in the three principal sliding direction of the fiber orientation in the composite were selected against the stainless steel counterpart specularly processed were using a pin -on-disc apparatus. Friction coefficient and specific wear rate at various normal loads and sliding velocities wear determined. When sliding took place against smooth and hard counterpart, the hightest were resistance and the lowest friction coefficient were observed in the anti-parallel direction. The wear track of the worn specimens was examined with a scanning electron microscope(SEM) to observe the damaged fibers on the surface. In addition, SEM observations of the worn surfaces allowed to identify the involved different wear mechanisms.

A Need of Management of Horizontal Alignment Design at Rural Roads (지방부 도로에서 평면선형 설계관리의 필요성)

  • Kim, Yong-Seok;Cho, Won-Bum
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 2010
  • Road design guideline provides the directions on how to design a road alignment based on design speed, and this guideline has a design expectation in that design speed is supposed to be equal to the operating speed of drivers. Horizontal curve design is also based on design speed, and minimum radius is derived based on the drivers comfort while negotiating the curve. However, side friction reflecting drivers comfort is lower than a physical friction measured on wet road surface, therefore, it is reasonable to regard the criterion on minimum radius has a safety margin. Futhermore, the practical preference of choosing the larger radius than minimum leads to a noticeable gap between design speed and operating speed, so links to the violation of design expectation implicated in the guideline. In order to review this assumption, friction and operating speed at rural roads was measured and observed. As the results, a safety margin brought out by the gap between comfort-based friction and measured friction is qualitatively derived. Also, the gap between design speed and operating speed presumably caused by the safety margin and practical preference is analysed. By this, it is suggested that current design guideline should provides not only the minimum radius but also the management of road alignment design to minimize the gap between the design speed and operating speed.

Effects of Counterpart Materials on Dry Sliding Wear and Friction Behavior of Co-Fe, Co-Ni Bond Materials for Diamond Tools (다이아몬드 공구용 Co-Fe, Co-Ni 본드 소재의 마멸상대재에 따른 건식 미끄럼 마찰 및 마멸거동)

  • 권용진;김용석
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.28-28
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    • 2003
  • 고온가압소결(Hot Pressing) 된 다이아몬드 공구용 Co-Fe, Co-Ni계 금속본드의 상온 건식 미끄럼 마멸시험을 행하고, 조성에 따른 각 본드의 마멸 특성을 비교하고 마멸 기구를 규명하였다. 미끄럼 마멸시험은 pin-on-disk 형태의 마멸시험기를 사용하여 각 조성의 성분, 적용하중 그리고 마멸상대재를 변수로 상온, 대기 중에서 실시되었다. 마멸속도는 마멸시험 전후의 시편의 무게 감량을 이론밀도와 거리로 나누어 계산되었다. 마멸기구의 규명을 위하여 시험된 시편의 마멸면과 마멸단면을 SEM과 EDS를 이용하여 분석하였다. 시험 결과 Co-Fe system의 경우 그 마멸속도는 마멸상대재의 영향보다는 Fe 첨가에 따른 시편의 미세조직과 기계적 성질의 차이에 따라 크게 변화하였다. 그러나 Co-Ni system의 마멸속도는 마멸 상대재에 따라 크게 변화하는 것이 관찰되었다. $Al_2$O$_3$를 상대재로 마멸된 경우에는 마멸속도가 시편/상대재 접촉면에서 형성되는 산화층의 영향을 크게 받았고, glass bead(83% SiO$_2$)를 상대재로 한 경우에는 시편의 경도와 마멸속도는 서로 반비례하였다.

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A Study on the Tribological Characteristics of Purity $Al_2O_3-ZrO_2$ Ceramics materials ($Al_2O_3-ZrO_2$ 세라믹 재료의 순도에 따른 트라이볼로지 특성 연구)

  • Oh, Seong-Mo
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.76-79
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    • 2006
  • 세라믹 재료에 대한 트라이볼로지 특성은 기계장치의 실 링, 펌프부품, 미터 계 부품 등에 이용할 때 매우 중요하다. 본 연구에서는 각기 순도가 다른 알루미나와 지르코니아를 기계적 및 트라이볼로지적 특성에 미치는 영향을 고찰 하였다. 실험은 미끄럼거리와 미끄럼 속도, 그리고 마모량과 마찰계수 등을 서로 다른 순도에 따라 측정한 결과 알루미나의 순도 99.7%가 마찰계수와 마모 저항성이 매우 좋은 특성을 얻었으나, 지르코니아의 순도 95%는 상대적으로 마모량이 가장 크게 나타났다.

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