• Title, Summary, Keyword: 물팬톰

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Measurement of Dose Distribution in Small Fields of NEC LINAC 6 MVX Using Films and Tissue Equivalent Phantoms (필름 및 tissue equivalent 팬톰을 이용한 NEC LINAC 6 MVX 소조사면에 대한 선량분포 측정)

  • Suh, Tae-Suk;Park, Dong-Rak;Choe, Bo-Young;Yoon, Sei-Chul;Jang, Hong-Seok;Park, Il-Bong;Kim, Moon-Chan;Bahk, Yong-Whee;Shin, Kyung-Sub
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.9-17
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    • 1993
  • The purpose of this paper is to develop a simple system to measure dose distribution in small fields of NEC LINAC 6 MVX using film and solid water instead of ion chamber and water phantom. Specific quantities measured include percent depth dose (PDD), off-axis ratio (OAR). We produced square fields of 1 to 3cm in perimeter in 1cm steps measured at SAD of 80cm. The PDD and OAR measured by film was compared with measurement made with ion chamber. We calculated the TMR from the basic PDD data using the conversion formula. The trends of our measured beam data and philips LINAC are similar each other. The measurement for the small field using film and solid water was simple. Hand-made film phantom was especially useful to measure OARs for the stereotactic radiosurgery.

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Conversion Factors for Calibration of Personnel Dosimeters (개인선량계 교정을 위한 환산인자 계산)

  • Lee, Won-Koo;Lee, Tae-Young;Ha, Chung-Woo
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.25-32
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    • 1991
  • MCNP code was used to calculate conversion factor H(d)ma at the depths of 0.07 and 10mm within a water phantom recommended by IAEA and within a PMMA phantom required by the US dosimeter proficiency testing programmes. The calculations were performed for an expanded parrallel beam of monoenergetic photons of perpendicular incidence on one faces of the phantom. The results can be used as conversion factor in calibrating individual dosemeters in terms of the dose equivalent quantities defined directly in the phantom.

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High Energy Photon Beam Modeling Using Transport Theory for Calculation of Absorbed Dose Distribution (흡수 선량 분포의 수송방정식을 이용한 10 MV X-선의 모델)

  • Choi, Dong-Rak;Chun, Ha-Chung;Lee, Myung-Za
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.115-120
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    • 1992
  • A mathematical model is presented for the calculation of the depth absorbed dose in water Phantom irradiated by high energy Photon beam (10MV X-ray), based on transport theory. The parameters of this model are obtained from the experimental values which were simulated by non-linear regression process method. The calculated absorbed dose distribution is extended to 3-D by using trial function from beam profile field sizes, SSD and depth in water phantom irradiated by high energy Photon beam. The calculated values using this model are in good agreement with the measured values.

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The Theoretical Study of Absorbed Dose Distributions in Water Phantom Irradiated by High Energy Photon Beam (물팬톰에 조사된 고에너지 광자선의 선량 분포 특성에 관한 이론적 고찰)

  • 최동락;이명자
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.75-84
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    • 1990
  • We have claculated the absorbed dose distributions in water phantom irradiated by high energy photon beam. PDD (Percent Depth Dose) and Beam Profile can be represented by functions of depths and distances by using one dimensional model model based on transport theory. The parameters on scattering and absorption are evaluated by using non-linear regression process method. The values neeessary for calculation are obtained by simple experiment. The calculated values are in good agreement with the measured values.

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Feasibility of Two Dimensional Ion Chamber Array for a Linac Periodic Quality Assurance (선형가속기의 품질관리를 위한 2차원이온전리함배열의 유용성)

  • Lee, Jeong-Woo;Hong, Se-Mie;Park, Byung-Moon;Kang, Min-Young;Kim, You-Hyun;Suh, Tae-Suk
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.183-188
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    • 2008
  • Aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility of 2D ion chamber array as a substitute of the water phantom system in a periodic Linac QA. For the feasibility study, a commercial ion chamber matrix was used as a substitute of the water phantom in the measurement for a routine QA beam properties. The device used in this study was the I'm RT MatriXX (Wellhofer Dosimetrie, Germany). The MatriXX consists of a 1,020 vented ion chamber array, arranged in $24{\times}24\;cm^2$ matrix. Each ion chamber has a volume of $0.08\;cm^3$, spacing of 0.762 cm. We investigated dosimetric parameters such as dose symmetry, energy ($TPR_{20,10}$), and absolute dose for comparing with the water phantom data with a Farmer-type ionization chamber (FC65G, Wellhofer Dosimetrie, Germany). For the MatriXX measurements, we used the white polystyrene phantom (${\rho}:\;1.18\;g/cm^3$) and also considered the intrinsic layer (${\rho}:\;1.06\;g/cm^3$, t: 0.36 cm) of MatriXX to be equivalent to water depth. In the preliminary study of geometrical QA using MatriXX, the rotation axis of collimator and half beam junction test were included and compared with film measurements. Regarding the dosimetrical QA, the MatriXX has shown good agreements within ${\pm}1%$ compared to the water phantom measurements. In the geometrical test, the data from MatriXX were comparable with those from the films. In conclusion, the MatriXX is a good substitute for water phantom system and film measurements. In addition, the results indicate that the MatriXX as a cost-effective novel QA tool to reduce time and personnel power.

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Trouble in Source Driving System of a $^{60}Co$ Teletherapy Unit ($^{60}Co$ 치료장치의 선원 구동상의 문제점)

  • Kang, Wee-Saing
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.65-69
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    • 1986
  • An asymmetry in dose profile of a $^{60}Co$ teletherapy unit was found by means of water-phantom measurement. The reason of that trouble was confirmed to be the abnormal 'ON' position of the source, which is resulted from the high friction between contiguous surfaces of the spring for driving the source to 'OFF' position. Lubrication in the spring improved the mobility a little, but was not a radical repair. The radical repair was to replace the old spring by new one. Periodic maintenance for source driving system and periodic measurement of field symmetry are required for prevention of abnormal 'ON' position of $^{60}Co$ source.

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The Experimental Study of the Effective Point of Measurement for Cylindrical Ion Chamber -For Medical Electron Beams- (원통형 전리함의 유효 측정점에 관한 실험적 연구 -의료용 전자선을 중심으로-)

  • 이병용;최은경;장혜숙;홍석민;이명자;전하정
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.155-160
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    • 1991
  • We have studied the effective point of measurement for cylindrical ion chamber in water phantom for medical electron beams. Markus parallel plate chamber water phantom are used for the measurement of depth dose to determine the depth of the effective point of measurement for various energies(for electron 6MeV, 9MeV, 12MeV, 16MeV, and 20MeV; Co-60; for photon 6MV, 15MV). Cylindrical ion chambes(PTW233643 with r=2.75mm, PR-05P with r=2mm, and PM30 wiht r=15mm are used for the measurement of depth dose by same mtethod and the values of d$\_$50/ and R$\_$p/ obtained by three cylindrical chambers were compared with those of a flat chamber. From this we could evaluate the effective measuring points of cylindrical ion chamber. The effective point of measurement was estimated as 0.4~0.6r shifted toward surface from the center of the chamber for electron beam, 0.3~0.7r for $\^$60/Co X-ray.

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A study of Quality evaluation for medical linear accelerator using Electronic Portal Imaging (전자포탈영상 (EPI)을 이용한 의료용 선형가속기의 성능평가에 관한 연구)

  • 윤성익;권수일;추성실
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.105-113
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    • 1998
  • Accurate radiation dosimetric characters is very important to determine of dose to a radiotherapeutic patient. Medical linear accelerators have been developed not only its new quality of convenient operation but also electric moderation. It is reliable to measure more detail physical parameter that linac's internal ability. Typically, radiation dosimetric tool is classified ionization chamber, film, thermoluminescence dosimeter, etc. Nowaday, Electronic Portal Imaging Device is smeared in radiation field to verification of treatment region. EPID's image was focused that using both on-line image verification and absolutely minimum absorbed dose during radiotherapy. So, Electronic Portal Imaging was tested for quality evaluation of medical linear accelerator had its pure conditional flash. This study has performed symmetry, Light/Radiation field congruence, and energy check, geometry difference on wedge filter using a liquid filled ion chamber (EPID). Prior to irradiated on EPID, high energy photon beam is checked with ion chamber. Using these results more convenient dosimetric method is accomplished by EPID that taken digital image. Medical image is acquired with EPID too. Therefore, EPID can be analyzed by numerical information for what want to see or get more knowledge for natural human condition.

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Development of Dual-Window Phantom for Output Measurement of Medical Linacs (의료용 선형가속기 출력측정용 듀얼윈도우 팬텀 개발)

  • Jeong, Dong Hyeok;Kwak, Dong Won;Moon, Young Min;Kang, Yeong-Rok;Kim, Jeung Kee;Lee, Man Woo
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.229-233
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    • 2012
  • A small water phantom (dual-window phantom) was developed to improve the output measurement efficiency of medical linacs. This phantom is suitable for determining the quality index and output dose for high-energy photon beams. The phantom has two opposite windows and two independently rotating axes. The two axes measure the tissue phantom ratio (TPR) and the percentage depth dose (PDD) simply without requiring chamber movement by rotating the phantom around its axis. High-energy photon beams from a Co-60 irradiator and a medical linac were used to evaluate the phantom. The measured quality index is in good agreement with the reference values; the measured and reference values are within 0.2% of each other for the Co-60 gamma rays and within 1.4% for 6 and 10 MV X-rays. This phantom is more practical for routine output measurements, resulting in the prevention of potential human errors.

Comparison of Dosimetry Protocols in High Energy Electron Beams (고에너지 전자선에 대한 표준측정법간의 비교)

  • 박성용;서태석;김회남;신동오;지영훈;군수일;이길동;추성실;최보영
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.267-276
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    • 1998
  • Any detector inserted into a phantom should have such a geometry that it caused as small as possible perturbation of the electron fluence. Plane parallel chambers meet this requirement better than other chambers of configurations. IAEA protocol recommends the use of plane parallel chambers for this reason. However, the cylindrical chambers are widely used for convenient. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the absorbed dose due to the differences of four different dosimetry protocols such as IAEA protocol using cylindrical chamber, TG 21 protocol using cylindrical chamber, Markus protocol using plane parallel chamber, and TG 39 report for the calibration of plane parallel chamber in electron beams. Depth-ionization measurements for the electron beams of nominal energy 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 MeV from Siemens accelerator with a 10$\times$10 cm$^2$ field size were made using a radiation field analyser with 0.125 cc ion chamber. Dosimetric measurements by IAEA and TG 21 protocol were made with a farmer type ionization chamber in solid water for each electron energy, respectively. Dosimetric measurements by Markus protocol were made with a plane parallel ionization chamber in solid water for each electron energy, respectively. The cavity-gas calibration factor for the plane parallel chamber was obtained with the use of 18 MeV electron beam as guided by TG 39 report. Dosimetric measurements by TG 39 were performed with a plane parallel ionization chamber in solid water for each electron energy, respectively. For all the energies and protocols, measurements were made along the central axis of the distance of 100 cm (SSD = 100 cm) with 10$\times$10 cm$^2$ field size at the depth of d$_{max}$ for each electron beam, respectively. In the case of 18 MeV, the discrepancy of 0.9 % between IAEA and TG 21 was found and the two protocols were agreed within 0.7 % for other energies. In the case of 18 MeV and 6 MeV, the discrepancies of $\pm$ 0.8 % between Markus and TG 39 was found, respectively and the two protocols were agreed within 0.5 % for other energies. Since the discrepancy of 1.6 % between cylindrical and plane parallel chamber was found for 18 MeV, it is suggested to get the calibration factor using other method as guided. by TG 39.9.

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