• Title, Summary, Keyword: 문화적 역량

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Cultural Competence and Psychological Well-being in Nursing Students and Non-Nursing Students (간호대학생과 비 간호대학생의 문화적 역량과 심리적 안녕감)

  • Lee, Eliza;Lee, Si Eun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.963-974
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    • 2018
  • This study was done to compare cultural competence(CC) and psychological well-being(PWB) in nursing students(NS) and non-nursing students(NNS). Participants were 251 NS and NNS at college in S and I city. Mean score(range:1~5) of CC in NS was 3.35 and NNS, 3.23 and PWB in NS was 3.53 and NNS, 3.37. Thus, mean score of CC and PWB of two group were above the average and NS significantly higher than NNS. Significant relationship were in NS CC, cultural awareness, knowledge, sensitivity, skill and experience, PWB, self-acceptance, environmental mastery, positive relations with others, autonomy, purpose in life, personal growth. Therefore, it is necessary to develop cultural competencies and to provide nursing considering cultural diversity in PWB through extracurricular activities, lectures related to multiple cultures and the placement of multi-cultural subjects in the curriculum.

A Study on Multicultural Competence of University Students in the Fields of Human Services for the Era of Fusion and Convergence (융복합 시대 휴먼서비스분야 전공대학생의 다문화 역량에 관한 연구)

  • Park, So-Jeong;Bae, Yang-Ja;Park, Sun-Hee;Kim, Sun-Ae
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.493-507
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    • 2015
  • This study conducted research on the actual condition of multicultural education in universities and multicultural competence among university students. The overall results are discussed by two sections as follows: The average score of multicultural competence is 3.49, above moderate. The students who rate their multicultural competence high are those who have been abroad, lived in aborad, had foreign friends, or had communicative ability in foreign languages. There were significant differences in multicultural competence among students based on gender and major. Based on the overall results of the study, the several suggestions were made by the researcher as follows: Universities should support students' overseas volunteer program and encourage students to participate in domestic volunteer program for multicultural background groups.

Social Philosophical Analysis of Critical Discourses on the Cultural Competence (문화적 역량 비판 담론에 관한 사회철학적 분석)

  • Kim, Gi-Duk
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.63 no.3
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    • pp.239-260
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    • 2011
  • It is very interesting phenomenon that despite a broad consensus on the need for social worker to take cultural aspects into professional practice, thus to be a culturally competent, a number of materials criticising the concept of cultural competence have emerged in these days simultaneously. The main purpose of the study is to clarify such phenomenon, which means that this article is trying to analyze the contents of such critical discourse on cultural competence and the validity of those contents. The result of the study finds out that most of the arguments can be categorized into three aspects: epistemological, ethical, ontological, and that most of the main ideas of the critical discourses have been borrowed from a branch of critical social work theories, especially highly influenced from Foucault and Derrida. This article argues that critical discourses have some significant problems which make a conflict with traditional values and tenets in social work as a human service profession. First, epistemologically, the critical discourse fails to differentiate the matter of discovery from that of justification, which brings the cultural competence to the brink of agnosticism. Second, ethically, insisting that there should be no foundational criteria for cultural hierarchy in term of rightness or goodness, the critical discourses reveal their intrinsic limitations in solving ethical dilemmas and conflict in real world, which can be considered as a kind of evasion of responsibility in disguise of cultural relativism. Third, in practical vein, critical discourses are largely in effective in specifying the concrete model to realize their own ideas, and furthermore they unintentionally promote context-blind perspectives that eclipses the significance of structural and systematical impacts on the cultural identity.

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Effects of Multicultural Awareness and Cultural Empathy on Cultural Competency in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 다문화 인식과 문화적 공감이 문화적 역량에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kyoung-Ha
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.8
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    • pp.241-247
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    • 2020
  • This study was a descriptive research that attempted to provide the basis for improving cultural competence by identifying the effect of multicultural awareness and cultural empathy on the cultural competence of nursing students. The subjects were nursing students from grades 1 to 4 who were enrolled in two nursing colleges in Gwangju and Chonnam. The data were collected from September to December 2018. The 201 data collected were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis with SPSS 25.0 for windows. Multicultural awareness(r=.451, p<.01) and cultural empathy(r=.582, p<.01) had high positive correlations with cultural competence. The factors that affected the cultural competence were cultural empathy(β=.422, p<.001) and multicultural awareness(β=.222, p<.001) order. The explanatory power of these factors was 40.5%. These findings suggest that in order to promote the cultural competence of nursing students, strategies to promote multicultural awareness and cultural empathy should be developed, and these strategies should focus more on cultural empathy than on multicultural awareness.

A Study on Awareness of Cultural Welfare Worker on Empowerment (문화복지 실천가의 역량강화 인식에 대한 연구)

  • Choi, Jong Hyug;Yu, Young Ju
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.64 no.4
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    • pp.113-136
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    • 2012
  • This study profoundly analyzed cultural welfare workers to find out how they command a strategy of empowerment according to types of action. The analysis result shows that cultural welfare workers perceive cultural welfare as an unstable human service job. Activity types of cultural welfare workers can largely be categorized into professional workers and vocational workers, and they are two extremes and continuum at the same time. On this account, a strategy of empowerment depends on types of action conducted by cultural welfare workers. There are accelerative elements that boost empowerment strategies positively and there are impediment elements that work adversely. These cultural welfare workers are making suggestion to prepare an official requirement for them to be acknowledged as a specialized worker and to increase various types of educational spectrum to meet their level. This study has significance for providing basic data for education, supervision, and policy for training human resources in future.

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The Impacts of Job Competency, Self-leadership and Organizational Culture on Job Performance: Focused on Agricultural Cooperative Federation (직무역량, 셀프리더십, 조직문화가 직무성과에 미치는 영향: 농협조직을 중심으로)

  • Hwang, Jaewon;Park, Kyoungmi
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.193-207
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    • 2014
  • This study provides job competency, self-leadership, and organizational culture as the determinants of job performance and examines interaction effects between and among determinants. Based on the empirical results, job competency and self-leadership affect job performance respectively in positive ways. but organizational culture does not. The interaction of self-leadership and organizational culture affects job performance in a positive way, whereas the interaction of job competency and self-leadership and the interaction of job competency and organizational culture do not. Also, the three-way interaction among job competency, self-leadership and organizational culture affects job performance in a positive way. It is our contribution that we introduce the factors suggested from different research streams explaining job performance and attempt to combine them in a single integrative model.

Development of Korean Cultural Competency Scale for Human Service Workers (다문화 사회복지 실무자의 문화적 역량 척도개발 및 타당화)

  • Nho, Choong-Rai;Kim, Jeong-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.63 no.2
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    • pp.207-231
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    • 2011
  • This study aims to identify constructs of cultural competency specifically relevant to the Korean society and to test its reliability and validity among human service workers. For the purpose of the study, authors conducted focus group interviews and conferences with human service workers to draw the concept of cultural competency. Further, this study conducted to two separate pilot tests with 20 social workers with practice experiences in order to clarify descriptions and relevance of scale items. Based on the literature review on the concept of cultural competency and analysis of focus group interviews, 40 items were initially constructed and then were reduced to a 32-item scale after two separate pilot studies. Meantime, suggestions made by an advisory group were also reflected in the scale development process. Finally, one hundred ninety four workers in social service agencies were recruited to evaluate the relevance of the scale items in a 5 point Likert scale. Through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, 4 main factors were identified: 1) competency to use culturally relevant skills, 2) cultural awareness and sensitivity, 3) cultural knowledge, and 4) efforts to overcome cultural differences. These factors were consistent with sub-concepts of cultural competency in other studies. Confirmatory factor analysis also showed that the model fitness was at the high level and convergent analysis with the similar scale also showed high correlations. Internal consistency also remained at a high level. Based on the results, implication for social work practice and education were discussed.

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Convergence Study on The Influence of Multicultural Competence on Organizational Effectiveness (보육시설장의 다문화역량이 조직효과성에 미치는 영향에 관한 융합연구)

  • Kim, San-Yong
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.11-16
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to verify the effect of the multicultural competence of the daycare center directors on their organizational effectiveness. A total of 359 child-care center directors studying at C university in Seoul were randomly selected and interviewed. The study results were as follows: a) with respect to job-satisfaction, multicultural skill had a positive influence, multicultural knowledge had a negative influence, and multicultural perception and attitude had no significant influence on job satisfaction; b) with respect to organizational adaptation, multicultural perception and attitude and multicultural skill had positive influences, but multicultural knowledge found to have a negative influence; c) with respective to organizational commitment, multicultural perception and attitude and multicultural skill had positive influences, but multicultural knowledge had no significant influence. The results implicate the fact that there need to be more practical programs for child-care center directors in which they can facilitate their multicultural perceptions, attitudes and develop practical skills.

An Analysis of the Job and Competency of Healthy Family Supporter for Culture Work (문화사업 담당 건강가정사 양성 및 보수교육을 위한 직무와 역량 분석)

  • Lee, Yoon-Jung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.485-496
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    • 2011
  • The aims of this article are analyzing the job of healthy family supporter for culture work and understanding their core and development competency. As a result, the primary job of healthy family supporter for culture work is planning culture and volunteer work with family program, their core competencies are understanding of daily life and culture, interpersonal skills, creative thinking, problem-solving and social skills and development competencies are planning and evaluation program, word processing skill, creative thinking and problem-solving.

A Study on the Impact of Organizational Competencies on the Business Performance of Sheltered Workshop (장애인직업재활시설의 조직역량이 경영성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Dae-Sung;Na, Woon-Hwan;Song, Chang-Keun
    • 재활복지
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.151-170
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of the research is to suggest the method to maximize management achievement of the sheltered workshops with analyzing the factors of organizational competencies which affect the business performance. The study was proceeded after suggesting the research model based on discussion on the business performance of Malcolm Baldrige (1987) model which assessed as the most optimized one for evaluation of the business performance of enterprise. First, the organizational competence of the sheltered workshop impact on commercial performance and noncommercial performance meaningfully. The commercial performance affects marketing competence, administrative competence, financial competence in order of mention, and noncommercial performance affects workshop cultural competence, financial competence, leader competence, human resources competence in order of mention. Second, the organizational competence of the sheltered workshop affects comprehensive business performance including commercial and noncommercial, in order of marketing competence, workshop cultural competence, financial competence, and human resource competence.