• Title, Summary, Keyword: 문화적 역량

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Relationship Between Self-Reflection, Critical Thinking Disposition, Muti Cultural Experience and Cultural Competence in nursing students (간호대학생의 자아성찰, 비판적 사고성향 및 다문화 경험과 문화적 역량과의 관계)

  • Pak, So-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.345-355
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    • 2016
  • As Korea has been rapidly transformed to be a multi cultural society, it becomes essential for nursing provider to develop cultural competency. The purpose of this study was to identify impact of self-reflection, critical thinking disposition and multi cultural experience on nursing student's cultural competence. A convenience sample of 148 nursing students was obtained from a university in Gyeonggi Province. Data was analyzed using Pearson correlation and multiple regression. Significant relationships were found between self-reflection, critical thinking disposition, multi cultural experience and cultural competence in nursing student. The result of multiple regression indicates that critical thinking disposition (${\beta}=0.27$, p=.005), self-reflection (${\beta}=0.21$, p=.040) were the most consistent predictors of cultural competence and explained 26.0%. Thus, it is necessary to develop multi cultural education program including self-reflection and critical thinking disposition. The findings suggest the necessity to explore further various factors affecting the cultural competence and to conduct research for establishment a theoretical model.

Cultural Competency by Multicultural Experience of College Students (대학생의 다문화 경험에 따른 문화적 역량)

  • Lee, Myung-Sook;Park, Young-Mi
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.657-665
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we identified the components of cultural competency in college students according to their multicultural experiences. We collected the data from 663 college students located in Gyeonggi-do in September, 2016. Using the SPSS/WIN 21.0 version, we analyzed the data with descriptive statistics, t-test, and ANOVA. Our results are as follows. The average of cultural competency is 3.48 points, In the components of cultural competency, cultural awareness is highest at an average of 3.78 points, followed by cultural attitude which has an mean value of 3.73 points. Also, the cultural competency based on the multicultural experience, it is significantly higher when the subjects contact with multicultural people and take a class related to multiculture than the subjects who don't have those kind of experiences. This results indicate that it is necessary to develop various programs for college students' multicultural experiences, because those multicultural experiences improve students' cultural competency.

The Study on Relationship between Characteristics of Cultural Exchanges, Self-efficacy, and Cultural Competency of Nursing Students (간호대학생의 문화적 교류 특성 및 자기 효능감과 문화적 역량의 관계)

  • Yang, Sun-Yi
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.334-345
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study aimed to find the relationship between characteristics of cultural exchanges, self-efficacy and cultural competence in Korean nursing students. Method: A total of 301 nursing students participated in this study. Data collection was conducted through the use of questionnaires which were constructed to include the General Self-efficacy Scale, the Caffery Cultural Competence Healthcare Scale(CCCHS), and the Cultural Competence Assessment(CCA). Result: Self-efficacy and cultural competency of participants in this study were shown to have moderate levels (Self-efficacy: M=3.0, SD=0.38; Cultural competency: M=2.8, SD=0.55). And the nursing students who have higher grade and foreign friends were found to have significantly higher self-efficacy and cultural competence. Moreover, there was a significant positive correlation between self-efficacy and cultural competency (r=.394, p .001). Conclusion: The findings suggest that nursing students need to enhance cultural exchanges and self-efficacy to reinforce cultural competence.

Predictors of Multi Cultural Competence of Secondary School Students (중·고등학생의 다문화 역량에 영향을 미치는 요인 연구)

  • Park, Keun-Soo;Shin, Hee-Jung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.10
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    • pp.307-319
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to find whether national identity, value orientation, cultural sensitivity influence Multi cultural competence of secondary school students. The significant result out of this research was that Multi cultural competence were different by its concerned variables. The results of hierarchical regression analysis reveal that changes to each of the models were checked by introducing a new group of variables in each stage. Then the influences of the concerned variables including national identity, value orientation, and cultural sensitivity on multi cultural competence were tested through the influence and significance of the variables and the changing explanatory power of the entire models.

Components of Cultural Competency for Multicultural Services Librarians (다문화서비스 담당사서에게 요구되는 문화적 역량의 내용체계에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yeon-Ok;Chang, Durk-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.253-276
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    • 2014
  • The diversification of Korean society with a large influx of migrant workers, international marriages, and international students calls for an attention to the importance of cultural competence of Library and Information Science sector in order to respond effectively and appropriately to the needs of immigrants who have diverse cultural backgrounds. In regard to these circumstances, this study is designed to develop the components of cultural competency needed by librarians. For this, this study collected its data through literatures review and interviews with librarians who are implementing services for immigrants in multicultural libraries and with experts who have experienced researches based multicultural services or involved with the management of multicultural families and migrant workers. As a result, the cultural competency components emerging from literatures review and interviews were divided into three parts ; multicultural attitude, multicultural knowledge and multicultural skills. And detailed components of three parts of cultural competency were specifically multicultural attitude, knowledge of multicultural groups, knowledge of multicultural services, development of collections, programs, and services, service delivery, language diversity, and professional education and workforce diversity.

A Study on the Cultural Competency and Demand for a Multicultural Education Program among Nursing College Students (간호대학생의 문화적 역량과 다문화 교육 요구도에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Inn Sook;Cho, Ju Yeon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.283-290
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    • 2014
  • This study analyzed the cultural competency and demand for a multicultural education program among nursing college students. The participants were 278 college students gathered through convenience sample method. Data were collected from November, 19 to 30, 2012 and analyzed using SPSS/PC Win 12.0 program. The major findings were as follows, First, the mean scores of cultural competency and demand for a multicultural education program were 2.8 and 3.9. respectively. Second, cultural competency scores of students varied with multicultural educational course experience. Third, demand for a multicultural education program varied in accordance with student's views of the necessity of multicultural education. Our results suggest that, courses focusing on understanding multicultural clients are needed and highly desired by nursing students.

A Study on the Antecedent Factors Affecting Helping Professions' Cultural Competence - Focusing on Social Workers, Teachers, Nurses, and Social Work Civil Servants - (원조전문직의 문화적 역량 선행요인에 관한 연구 - 사회복지사, 교사, 간호사, 사회복지공무원을 중심으로 -)

  • Choi, So-Yun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.64 no.2
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    • pp.5-29
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    • 2012
  • This study examines the present conditions and antecedent factors affecting helping professions' cultural competence, focusing on such groups as social workers, teachers, nurses, and social work civil servants. The analysis of data shows that teachers' cultural competence is the highest, social workers, social work civil servants, and nurses are descending order. The study also found significant antecedent factors: (1)individual antecedent factors are age, education, and foreign language skill; (2)work-related antecedent factors are multicultural working hours and working duration; (3)organizational antecedent factors are education/training and organizational support. Finally, the study suggests policy directions and practical implications for enhancing cultural competence.

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The Influence of Empathy and Communicative Competence on Cultural Competence in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 공감능력과 의사소통능력이 문화적 역량에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jiyoung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.367-374
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between empathy, communicative competence, and cultural competence among nursing students and investigate the factors influencing cultural competence. The subjects of the study consisted of 173 nursing students. Data were analyzed based on Pearson's correlations, and multiple regressions using the SPSS 18.0 program. The mean value of cultural competence was 3.44, showing significant positive correlations with empathy(r=.450, p<.001) and communicative competence(r=.579, p<.001) in nursing students. Empathy, communicative competence and foreign language skill accounted for 37.1% of the total variance in cultural competence among nursing students. Overall cultural competence can be improved by empathy, communicative competence enhancement program.

The Influence of Self Esteem, Interpersonal Relations and Intercultural Communicative Competence on Cultural Competence of Nursing Students (간호 대학생의 자아존중감, 대인관계, 문화간 의사소통능력이 문화적 역량에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Dong-Young;Jung, Kyung-Hwa
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.337-346
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to examine self esteem, interpersonal relations, and intercultural communicative competence on the cultural competence in nursing students. The design of this research was descriptive cross-sectional study. Regression analysis was the statistical method used for data analysis. There were significant positive correlations for self esteem, interpersonal relations, intercultural communicative competence and cultural competence in nursing students. Regression analysis showed that 18.2% of the variance for Cultural Competence was significantly accounted for Self Esteem, Interpersonal Relations and Intercultural Communicative Competence. The study's finding suggest the need for a cultural competency education programs designed to the appropriate grade level of nursing students. The finding's also suggest that education programs are necessary so that a nursing students can enhance there self-esteem, interpersonal relationships, and intercultural communicative competence.

The Effect of the Cultural Competence in Multicultural Nursing Education by Action Learning (액션러닝 기반의 다문화 간호교육이 문화적 역량 증진에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Yeon-Soon;Kim, Jin-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.6527-6535
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    • 2014
  • This research aims is to confirm the effects of cultural competence of an action learning based teaching method in multicultural nursing education. Cultural competence was composed of cultural knowledge, cultural awareness and cultural acceptance. A total of 118 college students were enrolled in this study. Both before and after learning, the students were guided to fill out a questionnaire regarding culture competence. The students from each group studied multicultural nursing by different teaching types: the Traditional Lecture-based Teaching method (TLT) and Action Learning based Teaching method (ALT). Data analysis was carried out by SPSS 21.0. A pre-post comparison within the group was performed using a paired t-test and the comparison between groups was performed using ANCOVA. The results showed that there was a significant difference in the culture competence in both teaching methods. In addition, ALT showed higher cultural acceptance results than TLT; however, there was no difference in cultural knowledge and cultural awareness between the two groups Therefore, ALT should be considered as a teaching method to enhance cultural competence in multicultural nursing education for Nursing students. Further studies on instructional design according to the task types, nursing performance, and the validity of ALT will be needed.