• Title, Summary, Keyword: 문화적 거리

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Power Distance (권력 거리)

  • Jeong, Jin-Yong
    • 한국항공운항학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.225-227
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    • 2016
  • Cockpit 내에서도 다른 사회영역과 마찬가지로 "기장", "부기장"이라는 직함 및 직급에 의한 상하관계의 권력거리가 형성된다. 권력거리가 높은 우리나라 사회에서는 다른 사회영역과 마찬가지로 Cockpit 내에서도 권력거리가 높게 나타남은 분명한 사실이다. 그러므로 사회적 심리거리를 느끼는 부기장은 기장에게 운항안전에 관한 조언을 하는 데 있어서 상대적으로 위축되며, 또한 그러한 분위기도 형성되어 있지 않다. 따라서 승무원 간의 긴밀한 협력이 요구되는 Cockpit 환경에서 상호 간의 적극적인 Communication이 이루어져야 하지만 이러한 사회적 분위기 때문에 조언이 위축되고 크고 작은 운항안전 event, 심지어는 대형 사고로 이어질 수 있는 위험성을 내포하고 있다. 따라서 한국식 사고와 문화적 의식을 지니고 있는 조종사들은 문화적 마찰을 겪을 수 있다. 이러한 그들의 문화가 잘 스며든 효율적이고 안전한 운항을 위해서는 간단히 말해 그들의 문화와 맞추는 노력이 필요하다. 즉, 권력거리가 낮추는 연습이 필요 하다. 따라서 교육훈련도 거기에 맞추는 권력거리를 낮은 방식의 교육훈련이 효과적일 수 있다. 권력거리가 낮은 문화권의 교육의 중심은 교관과 학생간의 낮은 권력거리가 특징이다. 이를 바탕으로 교육훈련의 중심을 학생중심으로 맞추어 학생의 적극적인 참여를 이끌며, 교육자인 교관은 "Facilitator"로서의 역할을 수행할 필요성이 있다. 결과적으로는 학생과 교관과의 낮은 권력거리를 체험, 연습하게 되며, 실제 라인에서도 이러한 관계가 기장 부기장으로 이어지는 상하관계에 있어서도 주도적으로 참여, 조언할 수 있는 밑바탕을 제공해주어야 한다.

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Psychic Distance and Country Image Influencing on Consumers' Competitive Brand Choice on Cross-Cultural Perspectives (교차문화적 관점에서 경쟁적 브랜드 선택에 영향을 미치는 심리적 거리 및 국가이미지)

  • Chun, Myung-Hwan
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.6 no.10
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 2006
  • Culture, consumers' value and attitude play an important role for global marketing strategy on cross-cultural perspectives. The aim of this research was to investigate how consumer ethnocentrism and cultural affinity affect psychic distance, country image and competitive brand choice. data were collected through personal interview. A total of 234 responses are put to final analysis. The results are as follows: First, cultural affinity play an important role for psychic distance and country image. Second, consumer ethnocentrism has directly affected country image and psychic distance. Finally, country image has affected competitive brand choice, but psychic distance doesn't have affected.

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Research For Creation Plan of Game Culture Street (게임문화의 거리 조성방안 연구)

  • Kim Dong-Kyun;Kim Dong-Hyun;Lee Ju-Young;Yu Yeo-Jung;Choi Sung-Kuan
    • Journal of Game and Entertainment
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.38-43
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    • 2006
  • As the quality of life increases, the demand for enjoyment of leisure culture is increasing in modem society. This has led to the growth of cultural industries, creating many new cultural industries, and due to its recent engagement with digital technology, the development of digital cultural contents has rapidly expanded. As an integrated art field grafted with high technology, the game industry in particular is fusible with other various fields to create new leisure cultures. Taking these periodic conditions into consideration, this essay has presented a promotion scheme for game culture street based on the characteristics of game culture that make it easy for anyone to access. Game culture material signifies the grafting of cultural game characteristics to the physical platform of street, to provide, not only diverse applications of game culture, but also a market for vitalized game industries. This essay has researched the validity and components of game culture material promotion, along with promotion schemes for physical street.

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A legal study on a Street Performance (거리 공연에 관한 공법적 고찰)

  • Lee, Jang-Hee
    • Journal of Legislation Research
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    • no.55
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    • pp.7-56
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    • 2018
  • This paper deals with the legal meaning and issues of street performances. The key elements in the legal sense of street performances (or artistic performances) are 'public places' and 'artistic activities'. Therefore, as far as belongs to "artistic activities in public places", we can call them in principle as street performances regardless of its level of art, whether they are paid or not, size of performances or genre of artistic activities. Street performances are a way for anyone to freely participate and enjoy art by being performed on open places. In addition, street performances can be seen as more popular and democratic artistic acts than mainstream art culture in that anyone can become street performers. Although street performances are in vogue and becoming a universal cultural phenomenon, they do not appear to be legally organized yet. However, we don't have to strictly regulate street performances on the grounds that they are something different and special. Instead, they should let their street performances be freely performed and enjoyed in accordance with the constitutional law that guarantees the freedom of art or the freedom of artistic expression. Of course, it is necessary to modify the relevant laws on key issues raised regarding street performances. Finally, for street performances to be well established as cultural phenomenon, it should be harmonized that efforts to observe the law and orders by street performers, mature rituals and cultural tolerances of citizens who enjoy street performances, and efforts to realize the purpose of cultural countries and to promote street performances by governments.

The Effects of Model Nationalities, Message Types, New Product Types and Cultural Distances on Consumer Attitudes toward the Ads and Products (광고 모델의 국적과 메시지 및 신제품 유형, 문화적 거리감이 광고 및 제품 태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Hyun Jung;Du, Ye Ning
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.283-293
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of psychological distances on the consumer attitudes related to new product advertising based on the construal level theory. In particular, this study intends to test the interaction effects among models' nationalities, the newness of new products and message types on the Chinese consumer attitudes toward the advertisements or products. Perceived cultural distances were also considered to have moderating role on the interaction effects. The results indicated that the fits of psychological distances led more positive attitudes. Consumers showed more positive attitudes toward abstract(vs concrete) advertising with foreign models. In the domestic model advertising, consumer attitudes were enhanced when concrete(vs abstract) messages were provided. The findings also demonstrate that the influences could be different according to perceived cultural distances.

Influence of Multicultural contact Experience on the Relationship between Social Distance and Multicultural Acceptance among Nursing Students. (간호대학생의 사회적거리감과 다문화수용성의 관계에서 다문화접촉경험의 영향)

  • Noh, Yoon Goo;Lee, Oi Sun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.187-195
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the moderated effects of multicultural contact experience on the relationship between social distance and multicultural acceptability among nursing students. The sample for this study consisted of 174 nursing students from four universities located in Korea. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, $Scheff{\acute{e}}$ test, Pearson correlation and hierarchical multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 23.0. It was found that: (a) multicultural acceptability had a negative correlation with social distance(r=-.61, p<.001), whereas a positive correlation was observed with experience of multicultural contact(r=.24, p=.002); (b) the interaction effect by multicultural contact experience and social distance had a significant influence on the multicultural acceptability(${\beta}=-.18$, p=.003); (c) experience of multicultural contact moderated the relationship between social distance and multicultural acceptability(${\Delta}R^2=0.30$, p=.003). Results of the study suggest that the greater the experience of multicultural contact, the greater the negative effect of social distance on multicultural acceptability. Therefore, to increase the multicultural acceptability of nursing students, it is important to encourage the positive experiences of multicultural contact and thus reduce social distance.

Emotional Intelligence across Cultures: The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Cultural Distance (문화와 정서지능 : 정서지능과 문화적 거리의 관계를 중심으로)

  • Moon, Tae-Won
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.119-151
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    • 2010
  • This study focuses on the workplaces of two distinct nations, the United States and Korea, to ascertain the impact of culture on emotional intelligence (EI). This paper examines if EI is dependant on culture by finding significant variances of emotional responses under a given situation. The results suggest that EI is significantly impacted by national culture. In addition, this study investigates the relationship between cultural distance and EI by using the secondary data of 19,402 participants across 13 nations. The results demonstrate that only power distance among Hofstede's dimensions has significant effect on EI.

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A Study on Public Design based on Storytelling of Local Culture : The Case of HUAYAN Street in Datong, China (스토리텔링을 활용한 중국 산서성 대동시 화엄거리의 공공디자인에 대한 연구)

  • Zhao, Duo-Duo;Chang, Ju-Young;Hong, Kwan-Seon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.154-163
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    • 2018
  • The research object is Huayan Street, which is located in Datong City of Shanxi Province in Northern China. And it's detailedly seated to the east of the Huayan Temple. This street is a multicultural area which covers religious and business culture, along with other kinds of civilization since ancient time. The purpose of this research is to restore the historical and cultural tradition, improving the economic development. This research will use the theory of narrative to analyze the public design of Huayan Street. It's present the new design concept to reflect the cultural story of this region. First of all, the cultural stories of Huayan Street were explored and collected by introducing the history. Secondly, the drawbacks of public design of this street were found out by analyzing the current situation in Huayan Street At the end of this paper, a design solution was proposed according to the history and culture with story-telling methods from narratology which depart the street into four scenes opening, developing, changing and concluding. The innovation point of this research is apply humanism into the public design of Huayan Street and rebuild the image of Huayan Street.

The Effect of Perceived Risks and Performance regarding Psychic Distance (심리적거리가 지각된 위험과 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Hwang, Hwa-cheol
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.63-87
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    • 2009
  • The conclusions shown by this study are as follows: Firstly, Despite the similarity of the objective distance caused by the geographic distance and cultural similarities. it is found that the psychic distance factor still exists. Secondly, a new affective factor of psychic distance has been noted. As to the shaping method, even though culture and psychic distance involve homeogenic factors, psychic distance is more complex in that it is affected not only by cultural changes but also by other affective factors. Culture is a very significant factor, which can have an effect on forming psychic distance, but it is short of being a measurement variable for measuring psychic distance. Thirdly, psychic distance can have a direct effect on customers' buying response. If it is just a belief shared among the people of a nation, it can't become an important notion.

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An empirical study on the effect of the ownership with cross-border acquisition performance by Korean firms : Focusing on the interaction with cultural distance and acquisition relatedness (한국기업의 피인수기업에 대한 통제수준이 국제 인수합병 성과에 미치는 영향 : 문화적 거리, 관련형 인수의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Park, Young-Ryeol;Park, Jung-Min;Song, Yun-Ah
    • International Area Studies Review
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.339-362
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    • 2010
  • This study empirically examined the effect of ownership on cross-border acquisition performance. This study analyzed 284 international acquisitions undertaken by Korean public companies between 1986 and 2008. This study showed that the ownership had a negative impact on cross-border acquisition performance. Furthermore, this study found that the interaction between the ownership and cultural distance had a negative impact on cross-border acquisition performance. This study also showed support that the interaction between the ownership and acquisition relatedness had a negative impact on cross-border acquisition performance. This study improved the understanding of roles of the ownership and complemented previous research on the relationship among cultural distance, acquisition relatedness, and cross-border acquisition performance.