• Title, Summary, Keyword: 문화재보호제도

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A Study on the Improvement Direction of Natural Heritage in the Cultural Heritage Protection Act - Focused on the Landscape Architecture Field in Cultural Heritage - (문화재보호법에서 자연유산 분야의 개선 방향에 관한 연구 - 문화재 조경분야를 중심으로 -)

  • Chin, Sang-Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Traditional Landscape Architecture
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.127-133
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    • 2019
  • This study intends to discuss the system improvement of landscape architecture field in the cultural heritage protection system, which is changing continuously. The results are as follows. First, the status of landscape architecture in cultural heritage, including natural monuments and scenic sites, must be defined. If possible, careful consideration should be given to establish the natural monuments law and scenic sites law, respectively, related to landscape architecture. Second, natural heritage must be preserved by focusing on "space" to include cultural artifacts and landscapes that may be missing through the method of "object" focused protection. Institutionally, the scope of work should be clearly shared by reviewing the redundancy and interrelationship of related laws. Third, in order to protect and manage natural heritage, a department that is wholly responsible for landscape architecture should be established independently at the Cultural Heritage Administration. Fourth, the landscape architecture field should be specified as the requirements for the commissioner of commission at the Cultural Heritage Protection Act. In addition, it is necessary to improve the system such as expending the roles of the repairing technician for landscape architecture and plants in the Cultural Heritage Protection Act.

A Study on the Museum Renovation in the Preserved Area of Cultural Properties for Sightseeing Resources (관광자원화를 위한 문화재보호구역 내 미술관 리노베이션 계획연구 -사적 제314호 광주 분원리 조선백자도요지 내 폐교를 중심으로-)

  • 정영환;유보현
    • Archives of design research
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.43-54
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    • 2004
  • The appreciation of cultural properties related with what the aspects of society was is mandatory to understand our culture correctly. To make over all cultural properties to our descendants without breakage or damage is our natural duty and national obligation. On the contrary, inhabitants in the preserved area should be restricted and controlled by the cultural property law. The conflict between the inhabitants in the preserved area and the government raises economical problems and damages all the time. Especially it is time to discuss to mediate between them and solve the problems. This feasible study is a proposal to settle them up through renovating abolished school in the preserve area to the museum and a case to preserve the cultual properties as well as habitant's assets in that area.

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The Protection System of Cultural Property and the Discourse of Tradition (문화재보호제도와 전통 담론)

  • Jung, Soo-jin
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.172-187
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this paper is to examine how the 'tradition' has been identified and used concretely on the protection system of cultural property. Firstly, this paper investigated the historical process and aspects that the 'cultural property' and the 'tradition' combined, each had different meaning at the beginning. And it investigated the linkage of them which effect to the protection system and to each other on the system operated. Then, it pointed out a rift within the discourse of tradition to which the system have held on, and the problems as its result. This paper applied the viewpoint of anti-essentialism that the tradition is presented with hegemonic act to raise the inevitable continuity with the past, instead of the common notion that the tradition is 'everything that is handed down from the past.' Because the cultural property is the product of the state system, to pursne the linkage of it and the tradition is identical to examine how the tradition have been officially defined in the national hegemony. Since the 1920s the tradition has defined as a fixed, essential, pure reality in the changing process of the protection system of cultural property. This essentialist viewpoint about the tradition have been continued as the institutional premise regardless of many critics, raised by studies focusing on the culture and cultural property. But we see now a rift on the discourse of tradition as the intellectual discourse has been supported to the system, that is caused by the fast-changing global economic environment and a rat race around the registration of intangible cultural heritage of UNESCO.

Feasibility of Scenic Site Protection Area on the Basis of the Concepts of Authenticity and Integrity (진정성과 완결성에 기초한 명승 보호구역의 타당성 검토)

  • Yi, Young-bae;Ryu, Je-hun
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.32-47
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    • 2013
  • The concepts of authenticity and integrity are very important standards to be satisfied in the conservation and utilization of Scenic Site (名勝), literally meaning the places of scenic beauty, as a public heritage. These concepts, which are frequently used in the conservation and utilization of the World Heritage inscribed by UNESCO, can be applied to all kinds of heritages. Recently, it has been widely recognized that the concepts of authenticity and integrity are not separable but interconnected. Accordingly, the maintenance of authenticity in Scenic Site should include not only the physical preservation but also the succession of historical tradition of enjoyment. The integrity in Scenic Site refers to the physical and social conditions under which authenticity can be satisfactorily protected. The aim of this study is to reconstruct the traditional ways of enjoying historical and cultural Scenic Site with emphasis on the Yeongnam Region and make a critical examination of cultural property protection areas that have been designated. Then, this study aims to find the ways to utilize Scenic Site to secure the standards of authenticity and integrity. As a result it was discovered that cultural property protection areas are not designated well enough to satisfy the standards of authenticity and integrity. Considering the fact that cultural property protection areas are the minimal institutional systems to maintain the original value of Scenic Site, it is necessary to pay more careful attention to the ways of securing the authenticity and integrity in Scenic Site.

Review on the Implementation Process and Achievement of ICH Safeguarding System (무형문화재 보호제도의 이행과정과 그 성과에 관한 검토)

  • Lee, Jae Phil
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.18-41
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    • 2011
  • The Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Korea has begun since1962 when the Cultural Properties Protection Act was established. Korean ICH Safeguarding system is initially derived from Cultural Properties Protection Act in Japan. Japan has started Important ICH Designation System in 1954 to concede the skills and artistic talents holders, thus it could implement the multilateral system management for adopting different ICH protection systems such as Important Intangible Folklore Properties, Selection and Preservation Techniques, and Documenting Records. However, Korea has solely adopted Important ICH Designation System since Cultural Properties Protection Act was introduced. Korean ICH Safeguarding System represented by the Certification System of ICH Skill Holders is to ensure skills and artistic holders who perform the elements of Intangible Cultural Heritage, and manage the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage in order to let the skills and artistic holders instruct inheritors. As a result, it could build up the internal foundation for the diffusion of inheritors and established the related organizations. However, the inheritor-centered protection system has caused many problems as it is being lasted for more than fifty years. Fragmented designation measures, the cultural power of skill holders, and the research and evaluation methods have pointed out the difficulties of safeguarding and preservation measures of ICH. Moreover,the legitimacy of safeguarding system related in the authenticity of transmission in ICH has emerged to review the safeguarding system of ICH with diverse viewpoints. Therefore, this paper will review the implementation process and achievement of ICH safeguarding system to examine the problem and causes of the safeguarding system. The conference records of Cultural Property Association and articles of cultural properties policies directors, Cultural Property Association members, and professional experts are being used for the initial materials of this paper, and it is examined for the contents of designation system of Important Cultural Heritage, rather than overall cases. Thus such problems the limitation of expansion in ICH lists as inheritor-centered designation system, hierarchical and exclusive transmission system, inappropriate concept of archetype as the principle of ICH transmission are derived from the root of Important ICH designation system. Thus this paper demonstrates that this system must be revised for the expansion of ICH safeguarding system in Korea and points out multilateral protection system should be established as well as Certification System of Important ICH skill holders.

천연기념물 제395호 진주 가진리 새발자국과 공룡발자국 화석산지의 새로운 해석

  • Im, Jong-Deok;Gong, Dal-Yong;Kim, Gyeong-Su;Kim, Tae-Hyeong
    • 한국지구과학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.21-21
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    • 2010
  • 천연기념물 제395호 진주 가진리 새발자국과 공룡발자국 화석산지는 1997년 5월 20일, 경남과학교육원 신축 공사장에서 당시 경남과학고등학교 교사로 근무하던 백광석(현재 서상중고등학교 교장)에 의해 최초로 발견되어, 수 백 점의 새발자국 화석과 공룡발자국 화석들이 학계에 알려지게 되었다. 지금까지도 세계 여러나라의 중생대 새 발자국 중에서 가장 밀도가 높은 화석산지로 손꼽히고 있으며 많은 학자들의 관심을 받고 있다. 이곳의 지질은 백악기 하양층군 함안층 하부의 적색 이암 또는 셰일과 사암의 호층으로 구성되어 있고, 새발자국 화석들은 적색 이암에서 발견된다. 현재, 이 화석산지는 경남과학교육원 건물 내부에 위치하고 있으며, '화석문화재전시관'이라는 명칭으로 보호 및 관리되고 있기때문에 자연재해와 풍화에 의한 침식을 1차적으로 막고 있다. 이 화석산지는 우리나라에서는 천연기념물 제394호 해남 우항리 화석산지와 함께 현장을 그대로 보존하면서 화석의 보존과 관리를 동시에 할 수 있는 건물을 지어 자연사교육을 진행할 수 있는 곳으로 많은 학생들을 대상으로 우리나라의 소중한 화석을 직접 관찰하고 학습하는 체험교육이 가능하다. 원격조종카메라 시스템을 활용하여 관람객이 직접 자신이 원하는 발자국 화석을 세부적으로 관찰할 수 있게 장치한 interactive system은 과학교육 효과를 증진시킨다. 선행 연구에 의하면, 본 화석산지에서 익룡의 발자국 화석(KS 071)도 공룡이나 새발자국과 같은 층리면에서 서로 겹쳐서 나타난다고 보고되었으나, 본 연구에 의해 다시 조사된 결과 전형적인 익룡의 발자국 화석에서 보이는 분명한 특징들을 발견할 수 없었다. 물갈퀴를 가진 새발자국 가운데에서 Uhangrichnus chuni 와 Jindongornipes kimi 로 기재된 표본들에 대하여서도 새롭게 분석하였다. Uhangrichnus chuni로 기재된 많은 표본들은 II-IV번 발가락 사이의 각, 물갈퀴의 형태, 뚜렷한 hallux 등의 형태적 특징을 근거로 할 때, 대부분이 Ignotorinis yangi로 판단된다. Jindongornipes kimi로 기재된 표본들은 이미 기재된 표본보다 크기가 적어도 10%-25%가 작으며, II-IV번 발가락 사이의 각에서 차이를 보인다.

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일본 나라문화재연구소의 독립행정법인 이행과 관련된 제문제

  • 타나베이쿠오
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.160-173
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    • 2012
  • 일본 문화청 소속의 정부조직이었던 나라국립문화재연구소가 국가조직의 행정개혁에 따라 현재의 독립행정법인 나라문화재연구소로 변혁하면서 나타나고 있는 여러가지 상황에 대해서 살펴보고자 한다. 나분켄은 동아시아에서도 잘 알려진 국보 호류지금당벽화의 소실이 문화재 분야의 큰 문제로 부각되면서 종합적이고 학술적인 문화재의 연구 보호 종합기관의 설립 필요성에 의해 만들어진 기관이었다. 연구분야에서 보면 초기에는 역사, 건축, 미술공예, 정원, 유적 등 다양한 분야에서 출발했으나 나라지역의 헤이조큐 유적보존 문제가 주요 이슈로 떠오르면서 매장문화재의 발굴 중심으로 그 역할이 강화되는 변화를 겪에 되었다. 그러나 선사고고학이 아닌 역사고고학이 중심이었기 때문에 건축사나 정원사, 보존과학 등 서로 다른 학문이 융합하여 연구할 수 있는 강점이 강화되어 설립목적은 견지하면서 변모하였다. 독립행정법인으로의 변화는 1999년의 제145차 통상국회에서 "독립행정법인통칙법"이 성립되면서 부터였다. 독립행정법인의 취지는 독립 운영하는 쪽이 효율적인 부분을 분리시켜 법인격을 가진 기관으로 바꾸면서 운영교부금을 주무관청으로부터 받아 사용처를 독자적 재량에 맡기면서 이윤을 올릴 수도 있게 한 것이다. 또한 조직과 인사의 자율성을 보장받는 장점도 있으나 평가시스템이 되입되는 정신적 부담도 공존하게 된다. 즉, 민간 방법의 도입에 따라 국가의 부담을 경감하고자하는 의미가 내재되어있다. 나분켄의 독립행정법인화는 동시에 도쿄문화재연구소의 통합을 수반하게 되었다. 도분켄은 원래 미술공예품을 중심으로한 동산문화재 연구와 보존과학부분에 충실한 조직이었으므로 부동산문화재 중심의 나분켄과 통합에 우려의 목소리가 있었다. 그러나 불행중 다행으로 다카마쓰즈카 고분벽화의 열화문제와 키토라 고분 벽화의 보존문제로 인하여 전무후무한 협업연구가 진행되고 양 연구소의 역량을 결집할 수 있는 계기가 되었다. 결론적으로 말하자면, 독립행정법인화는 매년 예산을 중기계획이나 연도계획과 정합성을 유지하면서 독자적인 판단을 통해 편성하는 등 극히 유연한 대응이 가능하다는 장점을 가지고 있는 반면, 문화재 보존을 위한 연구라는 공공적인 목적을 가진 조직이 정부의 의도대로 독자적으로 이윤을 올리는 사업을 확립하여 국가의 부담을 경감하는 방향으로 나아갈 수 있는가라는 부분에서는 의심할 여지가 남아 있다.

Research for Current Status of Protected Area in Korea and World Protected Area Designation - Focused on sacred natural sites designated as scenic site & natural monument - (국내 보호지역의 현황 및 세계보호지역 설정을 위한 기초연구 - 명승·천연기념물로 지정된 보호지역을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Jae-Ung;Kim, Seung-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Traditional Landscape Architecture
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.191-200
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to analyze the current status of government-designated cultural heritage that are protected as sacred natural sites, focused on natural monuments and scenic sites, and provide basic research for these cultural heritage to be included in the protected area category. First, among natural cultural heritage that are designated and protected by Cultural heritage Protection Law, there are 40 scenic sites and 126 natural monuments that have been selected as sacred nature sites. Second, the study showed that sacred nature sites are sacred places that have been long associated with happiness and misfortune of the villagers, including Dangsan Forest, Seunghwanglim(Forest), and, as physical environment and combination of cultural value, rules, and attitude and belief system toward the land that protect the people. The unique folk beliefs of the region provide strong protection of the place. Third, although the natural monuments of old and large trees are not included in the protected area as they are recognized sparsely, but can be designated as world protected area as protected areas are set around sacred nature sites. Fourth, in order to be included in IUCN category, sacred natural sites of scenic sites will need to be managed by specific categories of each area according to the interior status of the designated areas and maintain the sustainability of the natural heritage by protecting both physical and spiritual elements.

The Attitude towards Nature According to Awareness of the Natural Monuments -Focusing on Natural Monuments in Naejang National Park- (천연기념물 인식수준에 따른 자연에 대한 태도 차이)

  • Son, Ji-Won;Shin, Jin-Ho;Jeon, Yong-Sam
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.959-966
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    • 2015
  • A natural monument is designated and protected as a natural or natural/cultural feature of outstanding or unique value because of its aesthetic qualities or cultural significance. However, in recent years, a natural monument plays a role in satisfying the cultural desire of people. For this reason, the main purpose of this study was to investigate public awareness of natural monuments and to evaluate the attitudes towards nature the visitors to Naejang national park displayed. This study also examined the differences in visitors' level of attitudes towards nature according to their awareness of natural monuments. Population of Macropodous Daphniphyllum (Natural Monument No. 91) and Forest of Japanese Torreyas at Baegyangsa Temple, Jangseong (Natural Monument No. 153) are present in large numbers in Naejang national park. For the research, 240 Naejang national park visitors were surveyed to collect data. Results of this study indicated that fewer than 50% of visitors displayed an appropriate awareness of natural monuments. There were also significant differences in attitudes towards nature according to visitors' awareness of natural monuments. In particular, visitors' awareness of the population of Macropodous Daphniphyllum was relatively lower when compared to that on Forest of Japanese Torreyas at Baegyangsa Temple. In addition, visitors who had a high level of awareness about natural monuments and thought that natural monuments had high cultural value displayed more positive attitudes than those who didn't have good levels of awareness. Based on these findings, this study suggests policy changes to establish development plans of the natural monuments in this area.