• Title, Summary, Keyword: 문화유산

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A Comparative Study of Rail Heritage Conservation System between Korea and Japan (한국 및 일본의 철도문화유산 보존제도 비교연구)

  • Lee, Yong-Sang;Chung, Byung-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.174-180
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    • 2011
  • This study have been reviewed Korea's railway system and railway cultural heritage status and suggested several solutions as a recognition of the importance of cultural property and development of the railway train had developed. Through the analysis of Japan's excellent conditions of a conservation and management of cultural heritage railway system, we would like to offer a direction of Korea's future heritage railway system. There were many changes during the time of a government owned railroad and the time after privatization in Japan by starting from administrating a systematic cultural railway at an institution that directly operates and constructs the railway train, which would be the point Korea need to approach considerately. Therefore, in this study, we would like to compare and analyse cultural heritage railway system between Japan and Korea and propose advanced solution for Korea's preservation of the Railway Heritage in the future.

Heritage Conservation Principles in the Context of Sustainable Development (지속가능한 발전에 있어서 문화유산 보존·관리의 원칙과 적용)

  • Lee, Su-jeong
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.106-121
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    • 2019
  • Sustainable development in society has become the center of focus in many fields such as industry, environment, health, culture, etc. Considering that the concept of heritage involves understanding it as a 'resource' to improve the quality of people's lives, sustainability is an important goal that heritage policy has to achieve. Adopting the definition of sustainability in the 1987 Brundtland Report, this paper defines the concept of sustainability with respect to heritage, as well as their respective roles. Following that, three action principles are presented: value-based conservation, rational decision-making, and community involvement. Two cases demonstrating how the three principles should be practiced in managing change are then illustrated. Considering that heritage can play its role as a resource once its significance is protected, this paper argues that value-based rational decision-making is of paramount importance and the first principle. Conservation aims to manage change by practicing a cyclic process of value identification, value sustaining, and value dissemination. Therefore, this paper argues that all processes should be connected in the context of heritage values. A rational decision-making process practicing value-based conservation is then suggested. This paper argues that rational decision-making can only be practiced once values are identified by objective criteria and managed by rational judgment upon impact assessment. Community involvement, the third principle, is necessary to realize value-based conservation and rational decision-making. Recognizing that a community is a beneficiary of heritage and a creator of a beneficial process at the same time, it discusses the role of community and the importance of this role in policies for the sustainability of heritage. This paper concludes with a set of recommendations to improve policies after examining the two decision-making cases.

Preliminary Study on Defining and Assessing Heritage Values for Establishing Conservation Principles (문화유산 보존원칙 수립을 위한 가치의 정의 및 방법론에 대한 시론적 연구)

  • Lee, Su Jeong
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.154-171
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    • 2011
  • Assessing values in establishing conservation principles has been at the heart of discussions for the last twenty years since conservation has been recognised as a social process to include various kinds of stakeholders for making a rational decision rather than a single scientific activity by a small group of experts. Such perception makes values attributed to cultural heritage important in deciding the reason why, the way how to, and the thing what to conserve making value assessment become crucial theme to understand and developing value-based conservation process. However heritage values, the way of assessing them, and establishing value-based conservation principles have been less studied in Korea. This thesis aims to initiate studies of heritage values and encourage discussion for setting out value-based conservation principles. It has three main chapters: 1. to analytically review previous studies on value assessment to redelineate various kinds of values which can be attributed to Korean cultural heritage; 2. to examine affecting factors in assessing values and significance, which are authenticity and historical and cultural dimension of value assessment; 3. to develop a process to establish value-based conservation principles. This study left several areas to be developed in future studies: 1. deeper understanding of various kinds of values from local perspective taking actual cases; 2. addressing problems in compromising conflicting values and providing solution to conserve all attributed values withing devaluing certain aspects of values; 3. providing guidance for practicing value - based decision - making process and setting out regular training opportunities for heritage - related professionals.

The Impact on Attitude-Change of Experience Programmes at Cultural Heritage Sites (문화유산 관광지 프로그램의 체험성이 방문객 태도변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Yun, Ja-Yon;Youn, Seung-Ho;Um, Seo-Ho
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.120-137
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    • 2015
  • This study aims to understand the ways in which experience programmes affect visitors' attitude at cultural heritage sites. Through a literature review, this study constructed measurement scales that specifically measure experience at the cultural heritage sites. Afterwards, this study measured visitors' experience, satisfaction, and attitude at cultural heritage sites. This study found that visitors experience fun, authenticity, leaning, and a sense of escaping/togetherness through the experience programmes. Second, authenticity, fun and learning influence their satisfaction in terms of their visit, whereas a sense of escaping/togetherness does not link to their satisfaction. Third, visitors' satisfaction is the key determinant in changing their attitude. Fun is the key determinant that directly influence visitors' attitude change, whereas authenticity is the key determinant that indirectly influence visitors' attitude change.

Situations and Challenges of ODA for Sustainability of Asian Cultural Heritage (아시아 문화유산의 지속가능성을 위한 ODA 현황과 과제)

  • Yu, Jae Eun
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.270-285
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    • 2016
  • Various opinions and discussions have been actively in progress which are connected with cultural heritage since 'Sustainable Development Goals, SDGs' was announced by UN Sustainable Development Summit 2015 as Post-2015 Development Agenda. Apart from SDGs, conservation of cultural heritage itself stands on the basis of sustainability that originality, characteristic, diversity of cultural heritage should be permanently preserved. From that point of view, it is necessary to understand practical ODA for cultural heritage, far from theoretical approaches and policies. This paper is intended to look into the domestic and overseas situation related to ODA of Asian cultural heritage and the mentioned problems, future plans and challenges. First, the background and concepts about ODA were described and then ODA projects which have been carried out by Japan and China as typical ODA countries for Southeast Asia were introduced. ODA of cultural heritage in Korea has relatively recently started for restoration work for historic sites of Laos and Cambodia and its scale and performance do not come to much yet. Therefore, to develop ODA of cultural heritage, there are suggestions as in the followings. First, it is necessary to have a long-term master plan of ODA projects for sustainability of cultural heritage. Second, based on the view from the long-term perspective, the selection and focus for ODA partner countries should be considered, avoiding short-term projects aiming at a number of countries. Not widespread existing projects by other countries, but the model of Korean ODA for cultural heritage only Korea can conduct should be prepared. The next thing is connection with sustainability, and ultimately the conservation of cultural heritage should result in benefit to the natives by giving an impetus to economy as well as fostering tourism of local areas. To accomplish that connection, educational training and building capacity are suggested as the most suitable alternatives. Cultural heritage of each country reflects its indigenous originality and characteristics, therefore, the restoration work should be conducted by people in each country as the best way. From this point of view, ACPCS held by National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage will take a role of a specialized training program in Korean way. Lastly, establishment of a control tower for ODA in Korea is necessary. JCIC(Japan Consortium for International Cooperation in Cultural Heritage), which was set up in Japan for sharing information, establishment of cooperation system and prevention of overlapped projects will be an example we can take into consideration.

Pre-Service Teachers' Perception about the Geological Heritage and the Necessity for its Education (예비 교사들의 지질유산에 대한 인식과 교육의 필요성)

  • Kim, Tae Hyeong;Kong, Dal-Yong;Lim, Jong-Deock
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.32-45
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    • 2014
  • The aim of this study is to raise a cognition and necessity of effective geoheritage education for pre-service teachers. We conducted a survey research of 190 elementary and secondary pre-service teachers in Chung-buk province, 2013. The survey showed that pre-service teachers did not recognize and explain geoheritatges well due to lack of education even though they have heard about 'geoheritages' through broadcast media. Although most pre-service teachers were not trained for geoheritage courses, some of them were educated from their elementary and middle school teachers. However, even the trained pre-service teachers have insufficient cognition for geoheritages, either. Some of pre-service teachers recognized the significance of geoheritages and responded to a necessity of geoheritage education. The pre-service teachers recognized that education for geoheritages is not included in present elementary and secondary curriculum, even though education of geoheritages by teachers at school would be the most effective approach. Furthermore, the pre-service teachers answered that elementary school curriculum should raise much curiosity and provide effective learning for geoheritage education even though negative views are present such that students may have to spend considerable time for geoheritage education. Finally, the pre-service teachers expect to experience with field activities for geoheritage education as a present curriculum, and responded that they would prefer video aids for education provided from professional geoheritage organization. As a result of this investigation we provide strategy for introducing to Pre-service teachers about value and preciousness of geoheritage.

우리 문화유산속의 과학(3) - 자랑스런 세계문화유산 "석굴암"

  • Lee, Jong-Ho
    • The Science & Technology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.22-23
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    • 2002
  • 국보 24호인 석굴암은 세계 문화유산으로 지정된 자랑스러운 우리나라의 보물이다. 석굴암은 화강석을 다듬어 석굴을 만들고 그 위에 흙을 덮은 인공 석굴인데 이는 어떤 나라의 석굴과도 다른 귀중한 문화재이다.

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Concept and Theoretical Issues of Conservation of Cultural Heritage (문화유산(文化遺産) 보존(保存)의 개념(槪念)과 보존(保存) 이론(理論))

  • Kang, Dai-Ill
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.19
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    • pp.99-112
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    • 2006
  • Koreans began to undertake the conservation of their art and architectural artifacts approximately fifty years ago after modern concept of conservation were introduced by japanese during the Japanese Colonial Period(1910-1945). But still the modern concept of conservation is not clear to many Korean conservators because they have been concerned about conservation techniques to recover the original from of the remains be destroyed. Also, Korean conservation practice has neglected the philosophical issues and ethics of conservation. So, in this article, I described various terms referring to 'conservation' which have been used in western countries, Japan, China, and Korea, and compared their similarities and differences to have more clear idea on the modern concept of conservation. In the next chapter, I summarized several theoretical issues which had been discussed among western conservators over the centuries. Specially, I described closely the modern issues and ethics which have been presented in the twentieth century. As many conservation projects in Korea have resulted unsatisfactorily or been suspended altogether, because lacking a coherent theoretical dialogue on conservation and discussing an ethical issues of conservation. Therefore, I believe that more vigorous dialogue on these issues in Korea may lead conservators to consider their tasks in a more productive light, and the Korean artifacts may preserve well.

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A Study on the Activation of Cultural Heritage through Virtual Augmented Reality (가상증강현실을 통한 문화유산의 활성화 방안 연구)

  • Jin, Hwa-su;Song, Eun-Jee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.653-655
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    • 2017
  • 문화콘텐츠가 우리나라를 세계에 알리고 위상을 높이는데 중요한 역할을 하면서 그 근본이 되는 문화유산에 대한 사회적 관심이 높아지고 있다. 이에 따라 우리의 문화유산을 보존하고 알리기 위하여 과학기술을 융합하여, 활용하는 다양한 연구가 진행 되고 있지만, 우리나라의 문화유산 콘텐츠 개발은 아직 초보 단계에 머물고 있다고 할 수 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 최근 화두가 되고 있는 4차 산업혁명에서 주목 받고 있는 가상증강현실(Virtual Augmented Reality : VR/AR) 기술을 통해 문화유산의 활용 보존 계승에 도움을 주는 방안을 탐색하고자 한다.

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A Fundamental Research for Regulation Criteria of Registered Cultural Properties of Light House Heritage (등대문화유산의 문화재등록기준안 마련을 위한 기초연구)

  • Kwon, Ki-Hyuk;Shin, Dae-Woong;Park, Byung-Tae;Yu, Hye-Ran
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.422-423
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    • 2013
  • This study is a fundamental research for light house heritage which has historical and cultural value to be designated as cultural heritage. Therefore, the institution of designated and registered cultural heritage are to be reviewed and proper standards of choosing suitable light house heritage are to be arranged. Some elements to be considered for the proper regulation criteria are authenticity of cultural assets, assesment base and guideline of conservation and management.

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