• Title, Summary, Keyword: 문화유산

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A Study on Exchange and Cooperation between South and North Korea through UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity : Focusing on joint nomination to the Representative List (인류무형문화유산 남북 공동등재를 위한 교류협력방안 연구)

  • Song, Min-Sun
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.94-115
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    • 2017
  • 'Arirang folk song in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea' was inscribed to the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2014 and 'Tradition of kimchi-making in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea' followed in 2015. It is presumed that North Korea was influenced by the Republic of Korea inscribing 'Arirang, lyrical folk song in the Republic of Korea' to the list in 2012 as well as 'Kimjang, making and sharing kimchi in the Republic of Korea' in 2013. These cases show the necessity (or possibility) of cultural exchanges between the two Koreas through UNESCO ICH lists. The purpose of this article is to explore the possibility of inter-Korean cultural integration. Therefore, I would like to review UNESCO's ICH policy and examine the ways of cooperation and joint nominations to the Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity between the two Koreas. First, I reviewed the amendments to the laws and regulations of the two Koreas and how the two countries applied the UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Although the cultural exchange is a non-political field, given the situation between South and North Korea, it is influenced by politics. Therefore, we devised a stepwise development plan, divided into four phases: infrastructure development, cooperation and promotion, diversification, and policymaking and alternative development. First a target group will be needed. In this regard, joint nominations to the Representative List of the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity will be suitable for cooperation. Both countries have already started separate nominations on shared ICH elements to the UNESCO lists. Therefore, I have selected a few elements as examples that can be considered for joint nominations. The selected items are makgeolli (traditional liquor), jang (traditional soybean sauce), gayangju (homebrewed liquor), gudeul (Korean floor heating system), and jasu (traditional embroidery). Cooperation should start with sharing information on ICH elements. A pilot project for joint nomination can be implemented and then a mid-term plan can be established for future implementation. When shared ICH elements are inscribed on UNESCO ICH lists, various activities can be considered as follow-ups, such as institution visits, performances, exhibitions, and joint monitoring of the intangible cultural heritage. Mutual cooperation of the two Koreas' intangible cultural heritage will be a unique example between the divided countries, so its value will be recognized as a symbol of cultural cooperation. In addition, it will be a foundation for cultural integration of the two Koreas, and it will show the value of their unique ICH to the world. At the same time, it will become a good example for joint nominations to the Representative List recommended by UNESCO.

Design of the System Framework for Intangible Cultural Property 4D Recording Methods based on Gyro Sensor (Focusing on Sewing Hand Movement) (자이로센서 기반 무형문화유산 4D 기록 방법 시스템 프레임워크 설계(바느질 손동작 중심으로))

  • Kim, Ki-Hong;Yu, Jeong-Min
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.415-417
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    • 2020
  • 무형문화유산의 전수 방식은 장인과 이수자의 직접적인 교육으로만 이루어져 왔으며 또한 전수는 긴 시간 동안 이루어지고 전수 방식을 따로 기록하는 경우가 드물며 동작이나 구전으로만 전해지기 때문에 표준화된 전수는 이루어질 수 없었다. 현재 국제 유네스코와 국내문화재청에서는 유무형문화재에 대한 전수와 기록의 중요성을 알고 다양한 디지털 기록을 진행하고 있다. 하지만 4차 산업혁명 시대에 무형유산 기록화 기술은 보유자의 기 예능 장인 공법을 기록하는 부분으로 영상기록 및 사진기록 도서 음원 등 아직까지 기존 아날로그 기술 방법으로 기록이 이루어지고 있으며 최근 5G 상용화와 함께 디지털 4차 산업 혁명시대와 발맞춰 무형유산 정보관리 기관에서도 무형유산 ICT 기반 기술 지원을 활성화되고 있는 시점에서 본 연구는 오랜 시간 동안 숙련도 높은 기술공법으로 한국 전통문화의 맥을 이어가고 있는 무형문화재 장인들의 기술 중에서 손을 사용하는 바느질 중심으로 자이로센서 기반으로 정확한 손동작 정보를 획득하고 기록할 수 있는 시스템 설계 및 연구개발을 통하여 ICT 기반 장인 공법 4D 기록화 기술을 제시하고자 한다. 이와 같은 기술로 무형문화유산의 새로운 4D 기록 방법으로 정확하게 기록하고 보존하여 무형문화유산 전승과 교육을 할 수 있고 문화유산의 유형에 맞는 교육·산업·홍보 등 다양한 사용 목적에 맞는 형태로 폭넓게 사용될 수 있다.

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Application method of cultural heritage contents exhibition combining augmented reality technology (증강현실 기술을 결합한 문화유산콘텐츠의 전시활용)

  • Kang, Jae-Shin
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.137-143
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    • 2017
  • Augmented reality makes people feel realistic and reduces the damage to cultural properties that can come into contact with the actual cultural heritage. Augmented reality has the advantage that it can show the past appearance of the historical building or relics, the environment, or related information in addition to the current real environment. Despite these values ​and advantages, As a result of researches and analyzes of the Augmented Reality contents of the National Museum, 'palace in my hand', and the Miruksa project In the field of domestic cultural heritage warriors, augmented reality technology has shown a very negative attitude such as simply showing cultural heritage content or using it as a guide. However, various conditions such as display and sensor hardware and technology needed to realize augmented reality more effectively are improving day by day. And If you have various facilities such as the idea of ​adding storytelling to the exhibits and WiFi building, In the near future, it will be equipped with a display system of cultural heritage contents that combines augmented reality with a more complete one.

등대문화유산 분류체계와 DB구축 방안 -국립등대박물관을 중심으로-

  • Choe, Jong-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.419-421
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    • 2013
  • 이 글은 등대문화유산 분류체계와 DB구축 방안에 관한 기존의 법령과 제도를 기반으로 기존의 국립등대박물관의 등대문화유산 분류체계에 문화재관리 및 박물관수장품관리와 연계성을 보완하고, 등대문화유산 DB구축에 문화재기록관리 및 박물관정보관리 체계의 호환성을 제고할 수 있도록 유형별 범주와 기능별 용도에 따라 효율적으로 체계적으로 관리할 수 있도록 실무방안을 제시하고자 한다.

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Study on Types of Cultural Heritage Resources Marketing and Industrialization Strategy (문화유산마케팅 유형과 산업화 전략)

  • Shim, Sang Min
    • Review of Culture and Economy
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.51-72
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    • 2016
  • This research dwells on categorization and industrialization of cultural heritage resources using marketing. Since many organization would not grab the chance of business while doing marketing using cultural heritage, the paper intend to suggest proper way to develop strategy. For that purpose, this research analyzed some advanced cases of corporate like Google and other national endeavors. This paper founded out 4 models of marketing using cultural heritage resources. These are re-creation, patron, capitalization and media. Also we got practical implications of the case analysis and modeling which are collaboration partnership scheme between marketers and filed expert group. Marketers better find fitful information and right person utilizing more reliable sources such as national archives, and academic achievements. If the marketers implement such strategic program, really abundant types of cultural heritage resources using marketing could bring more favorable profit which means business chance and new horizon for global culture industry.

Differences and Relationships between Interpretation Attributes, Visitors' Satisfaction, and Attitudes on Cultural Heritage according to Interpretation Media (해설매체에 따른 방문객의 해설속성평가, 만족도 및 문화유산에 대한 태도의 차이 및 영향관계 -궁의 문화해설사와 해설판을 대상으로-)

  • Kim, Ju-Yeon;Lee, Min-Jae;Ahn, Kyung-Mo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.11
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    • pp.434-443
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this paper is to suggest more effective interpretation method to enrich visitors' satisfaction and attitudes on cultural heritage. The paper examined the difference of interpretation effectiveness and the relationship of interpretation attributes and visitors' satisfaction and attitudes on cultural heritage according to the type of interpretation media. The result of empirical analysis shows that there is significant difference of interpretation attributes, visitors' satisfaction and attitudes on cultural heritage according to interpretation media type. Also the different interpretation attributes have effects on visitors' satisfaction, and the degree of effect of each attribute on attitudes on cultural heritage are different according to interpretation media. Most important and meaningful finding is that educational interpretation is also necessary to enhance visitors' behavior to cultural heritage preservation as well as interesting and effective interpretation have strong impacts on visitors' satisfaction. Other implications are also suggested.

Suggestions for improvement of domestic Digital Cultural Heritage from the analysis of EPOCH project (EPOCH 프로젝트를 바탕으로 한 국내 디지털 문화유산 발전방향의 제안)

  • Park, Min-Seo;Choi, Yeon-Hwa;Lim, Soon-Bum
    • Journal of Digital Contents Society
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.225-231
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    • 2009
  • As digital cultural heritages have been applied to various fields, more systematic research on the domestic digital cultural heritage need to be improved. The EPOCH project by European Union contributed to standardization of ICT+CH domain, creation of network between different organization, and study of socio-economic impact of digital cultural heritage. We can find a way to improve domestic digital cultural heritage projects by analyzing EPOCH project in each management technique culture view. Based on these analysis this paper suggests the necessity to establish an independent research domain for digital cultural heritage, investment in heritage sites by private companies, and research to fit better with the user's need, and study on business administration in digital cultural heritages.

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Ontology-based Recommendation System for Maintenance of Korean Architectural Heritage

  • Lee, Jongwook
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.10
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    • pp.49-55
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, we propose ontology-based recommendation system for supporting maintenance of Korean architectural heritage. This study includes the following: 1) design of ontology expressing repair information of architectural heritage, 2) creation of repair case DB, 3) creation of a recommendation system of repair method. For this study, we designed the ontology that expresses the information of Korean wooden building cultural heritage by referring to the existing heritage ontologies. Second, we created the repair information database based on the repair contents and the expert interview data provided by the National Institute of Cultural Heritage and the Cultural Heritage Administration. Third, we developed a system that recommends the repair method of Korean wooden architectural heritage with the most similar phenomena and causes. This study contributes to sharing repair knowledge and determining repair methods for architectural heritage repair.

Sustainable Development and Korea's Intangible Cultural Heritage Policy (지속가능개발과 한국무형문화유산정책)

  • Kim, Yong Goo
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.256-269
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    • 2016
  • In September 2015, the United Nations (UN) has adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as a goal of the international community to push forward from the year 2016 to 2030. Accordingly, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization(UNESCO) has established a new chapter on sustainable development and intangible heritage the through revision of the Operational Directives for the Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Although Sustainable development is a fundamental principle of the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, it is believed that the Convention has not provided guidelines of safeguarding intangible cultural heritage for sustainable development. The Operational Directives provide States Parties with guidelines on the integration of sustainable development and safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage. Intangible Cultural Property Institution of South Korea was designed to preserve the traditional culture in the economic development process of the industrialization since the 1960s. The institution played a role of cultural support on the development of the modern concepts. Now South Korea should implement intangible cultural heritage policy combined with sustainable development while succeeding the efforts from the former development. This study examines the meaning of sustainable development and how it should be implemented in the intangible cultural heritage policy in South Korea. And this study suggests that the South Korea's intangible cultural heritage policy should foster sustainable development particularly along with social development and human development.