• Title, Summary, Keyword: 무형문화재

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Review on the Implementation Process and Achievement of ICH Safeguarding System (무형문화재 보호제도의 이행과정과 그 성과에 관한 검토)

  • Lee, Jae Phil
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.18-41
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    • 2011
  • The Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Korea has begun since1962 when the Cultural Properties Protection Act was established. Korean ICH Safeguarding system is initially derived from Cultural Properties Protection Act in Japan. Japan has started Important ICH Designation System in 1954 to concede the skills and artistic talents holders, thus it could implement the multilateral system management for adopting different ICH protection systems such as Important Intangible Folklore Properties, Selection and Preservation Techniques, and Documenting Records. However, Korea has solely adopted Important ICH Designation System since Cultural Properties Protection Act was introduced. Korean ICH Safeguarding System represented by the Certification System of ICH Skill Holders is to ensure skills and artistic holders who perform the elements of Intangible Cultural Heritage, and manage the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage in order to let the skills and artistic holders instruct inheritors. As a result, it could build up the internal foundation for the diffusion of inheritors and established the related organizations. However, the inheritor-centered protection system has caused many problems as it is being lasted for more than fifty years. Fragmented designation measures, the cultural power of skill holders, and the research and evaluation methods have pointed out the difficulties of safeguarding and preservation measures of ICH. Moreover,the legitimacy of safeguarding system related in the authenticity of transmission in ICH has emerged to review the safeguarding system of ICH with diverse viewpoints. Therefore, this paper will review the implementation process and achievement of ICH safeguarding system to examine the problem and causes of the safeguarding system. The conference records of Cultural Property Association and articles of cultural properties policies directors, Cultural Property Association members, and professional experts are being used for the initial materials of this paper, and it is examined for the contents of designation system of Important Cultural Heritage, rather than overall cases. Thus such problems the limitation of expansion in ICH lists as inheritor-centered designation system, hierarchical and exclusive transmission system, inappropriate concept of archetype as the principle of ICH transmission are derived from the root of Important ICH designation system. Thus this paper demonstrates that this system must be revised for the expansion of ICH safeguarding system in Korea and points out multilateral protection system should be established as well as Certification System of Important ICH skill holders.

Application Method of Virtual Reality by Types of Intangible Cultural Properties (무형문화재 유형별 가상현실 적용 방법에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Eun-Jee
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.22 no.11
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    • pp.1489-1494
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    • 2018
  • Recently, culture technology (CT), which combines cultural contents and IT technology, is being watched as a new growth engine, and IT technology is actively utilized in preserving, inheriting and utilizing cultural heritage. For this, new areas of convergence of IT technology and cultural heritage are attracting attention. In particular, virtual reality is a representative area of IT convergence in the era of the fourth industrial revolution. Although some studies have been conducted to utilize virtual reality technology to preserve and inform cultural heritage, it is mainly limited to tangible cultural properties. In this study, we propose a methodology to develop contents of intangible cultural heritage using virtual reality technology in intangible cultural properties. To do this, we classify the types of intangible cultural properties to apply the technology to each type of intangible cultural property. Next, virtual reality, augmented reality, and $360^{\circ}VR$ video technology are applied to the intangible cultural properties classified.

The Meaning of Learning Methods for Education to Transmit Intangible Cultural Heritages Seen with Seoul-gut (서울굿을 중심으로 본 무형문화재 전수교육 학습 방법의 의미)

  • Hong, Tea-han
    • (The) Research of the performance art and culture
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    • no.36
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    • pp.505-530
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the meaning of learning methods for education to transmit the items designated as intangible cultural heritages focusing on Seoul-gut. Recently, as the Act on the Preservation and Promotion of Intangible Cultural Heritages was promulgated, 'the archetype' instead of 'the prototype' has become highlighted as a crucial axis for transmission. Although there are some controversies over the definition of the archetype among scholars, it is now possible for transmitters to make use of transformations rather freely being freed from strict orientation to the prototype to follow some fixed frame. Examining learning methods used in education to transmit mudang-gut, one of the items designated as intangible cultural heritages, however, this author has found that the prototype is still emphasized or in the center of learning instead. Presenting learning methods employed for Hwanghaedopyeongsansonoreum-gut of a national intangible cultural heritage, Namijanggunsadang-gut of Seoul Special City's intangible cultural heritage, and Bonghwasandodang-gut as examples, this researcher intends to reveal the reality. In the recent situation that education centering around academies is being widely spread to transmit mudang-gut, setting forth the designation of some of the items as intangible cultural heritages, they are publishing articles on newspaper as an advertisement to encourage learning about mudang-gut. Responding to the advertisement, there are more and more shamans intending to learn mudang-gut coming to the society for preserving items designated as intangible cultural heritages. They can, of course, perform mudang-gut on their own but come to learn it as there is no fixed or definite system for it. Even though the concept of the archetype was introduced, as now it is possible to learn the fixed frame through learning about the prototype regarding the item of mudang-gut as an intangible cultural heritage, those involved in shamanism are coming to it more and more. As transmitting the prototype rather deteriorated the liveliness of gut, those involved in shamanism are coming to it to learn about gut thinking that it is where they can learn the basic frame and also acquire more detailed knowledge about shamanism. Therefore, it is needed for the item of mudang-gut designated as an intangible cultural heritage to accept the aspects of change and develop new methods of education to transmit intangible cultural heritages.

삶과 정서가 녹아든 무형문화재

  • Lee, Hyeon-Ju
    • The Korean Publising Journal, Monthly
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    • pp.12-12
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    • 1997
  • 유형문화재의 그늘에 가려 사라져가는 무형의 문화에 대한 관심이 높아져 가고 있다. 구들.담.신발 같은 생활문화나 화전.누릉지 같은 전통음식, 민화 속에서 나타난 상징 등 이 따의 구석구석에 스민 무형문화를 재발견하는 작업이 출간하고 이어지고 있다.

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A study on the debate on traditional technique for Architectural Heritage conservation - Focusing on the dispute over the application of traditional technique for the restoration of the Sungnyemun gate - (건축문화유산 보존과 관련된 전통기술 논의 고찰 - 숭례문 복구에 있어서의 전통기술 적용 논란을 중심으로 -)

  • Kang, Hyun
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.208-223
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    • 2014
  • Since the recent restoration of the Sungnyemun gate (South gate of Seoul) which was burnt down in 2008, there were dispute about the application of traditional technique for the conservation of cultural heritage. In this research, the definition of traditional technique for cultural heritage conservation is thought and mentioned. In general, the understanding of traditional technique is based on the idea of 'tradition'. Tradition is not defined as a 'eternal doctrine existence', but a 'development of succession' and a 'living existence'. Thus 'traditional performance and craft as intangible cultural heritage' is defined as 'intangible' which also makes it difficult to define the 'original form/state' from 'the conservation of the original form' which is a major principle of cultural heritage. In case of Korea, if the 'traditional technique as intangible cultural heritage' is put into application to cultural heritage conservation, the unclear definition will cause many problems in the restoration/conservation site. This is because the site will apply this technique without any discussion of the range and limitation of 'traditional technique'. This means there will be the lack of discussion for the conservation of the cultural heritage which will not have a strict criteria for the allowable range of usage for the 'traditional material' using the vaguely defined 'traditional technique'. In this study, these application issues of the traditional technique were also considerecl, comparing the development of international wnservation principles. As a result, the conservation of 'traditional technique as intangible cultural heritage' is important, but the 'technique left inside the tangible cultural heritage' which is the 'material which is carrying the technique when it was firstly built' has more importance to preserve and need to be in the major considerations.

A Case Study on the Influence of the Local Government to the Intangible Cultural Heritage Community - Focused on Oegosan Onggi Village - (지방자치단체가 무형유산 공동체에 미치는 영향 - 외고산 옹기마을 사례를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Chae Won
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.4-17
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    • 2011
  • Oegosan Onggi Village can be characterized by having industrial significance and cultural significance of Onggi. However Onggijang(Onggi maker) worked in poor conditions because the village was in the limited development district. Throughout the new millenium phenomenon of Well-being, the awareness of cultural values has been increased while local government designated Onggi as Local Intangible Cultural Heritage(ICH). In this condition, Ulsan metro city and Ulju county paid attention to Onggi Village as tourist attractions. First, they worked improving condition of village through Cultural Tourist Attraction Plan. Second, they extended their participation in Onggi Festival so the festival growed. Third, they designated Onggijang in Village as Local ICH. These activities were the effort in order to revitalize the village, however the cultural tourist attraction plan was solely centralized into tourist attractions. Thus, the work condition of Onggijang was not considered sufficiently so the work condition had become more inconvenient than the previous situation. In the case of Onggi festival, the outward development has been accomplished in accordance with the growth of festival scale and visitors, while the identity of festival had been weaken so the Onggijang barely attended the Onggi festival. The designation of ICH was also the unilateral decision, Onggijang had been in the conflict relationship between Onggijang concerning the craftsmanship and maintenance of the ICH. Local Government had power on their Intangible Cultural Heritage(ICH). Therefore we need to seek for role and functions as community on ICH.

Documentation of Intangible Cultural Heritage Using Motion Capture Technology Focusing on the documentation of Seungmu, Salpuri and Taepyeongmu (부록 3. 모션캡쳐를 이용한 무형문화재의 기록작성 - 국가지정 중요무형문화재 승무·살풀이·태평무를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Weonmo;Go, Jungil;Kim, Yongsuk
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.39
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    • pp.351-378
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    • 2006
  • With the development of media, the methods for the documentation of intangible cultural heritage have been also developed and diversified. As well as the previous analogue ways of documentation, the have been recently applying new multi-media technologies focusing on digital pictures, sound sources, movies, etc. Among the new technologies, the documentation of intangible cultural heritage using the method of 'Motion Capture' has proved itself prominent especially in the fields that require three-dimensional documentation such as dances and performances. Motion Capture refers to the documentation technology which records the signals of the time varing positions derived from the sensors equipped on the surface of an object. It converts the signals from the sensors into digital data which can be plotted as points on the virtual coordinates of the computer and records the movement of the points during a certain period of time, as the object moves. It produces scientific data for the preservation of intangible cultural heritage, by displaying digital data which represents the virtual motion of a holder of an intangible cultural heritage. National Research Institute of Cultural Properties (NRICP) has been working on for the development of new documentation method for the Important Intangible Cultural Heritage designated by Korean government. This is to be done using 'motion capture' equipments which are also widely used for the computer graphics in movie or game industries. This project is designed to apply the motion capture technology for 3 years- from 2005 to 2007 - for 11 performances from 7 traditional dances of which body gestures have considerable values among the Important Intangible Cultural Heritage performances. This is to be supported by lottery funds. In 2005, the first year of the project, accumulated were data of single dances, such as Seungmu (monk's dance), Salpuri(a solo dance for spiritual cleansing dance), Taepyeongmu (dance of peace), which are relatively easy in terms of performing skills. In 2006, group dances, such as Jinju Geommu (Jinju sword dance), Seungjeonmu (dance for victory), Cheoyongmu (dance of Lord Cheoyong), etc., will be documented. In the last year of the project, 2007, education programme for comparative studies, analysis and transmission of intangible cultural heritage and three-dimensional contents for public service will be devised, based on the accumulated data, as well as the documentation of Hakyeonhwadae Habseolmu (crane dance combined with the lotus blossom dance). By describing the processes and results of motion capture documentation of Salpuri dance (Lee Mae-bang), Taepyeongmu (Kang seon-young) and Seungmu (Lee Mae-bang, Lee Ae-ju and Jung Jae-man) conducted in 2005, this report introduces a new approach for the documentation of intangible cultural heritage. During the first year of the project, two questions have been raised. First, how can we capture motions of a holder (dancer) without cutoffs during quite a long performance? After many times of tests, the motion capture system proved itself stable with continuous results. Second, how can we reproduce the accurate motion without the re-targeting process? The project re-created the most accurate motion of the dancer's gestures, applying the new technology to drew out the shape of the dancers's body digital data before the motion capture process for the first time in Korea. The accurate three-dimensional body models for four holders obtained by the body scanning enhanced the accuracy of the motion capture of the dance.

중요무형문화재

  • Korea Database Promotion Center
    • Digital Contents
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    • no.1
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    • pp.82-84
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    • 1996
  • 국가 지정 주요 무형문화재 94종이 설명과 함께 각종 사진, 음향, 동화상을 통해 일목요연하게 파악할 수 있도록 멀티미디어 데이터베이스로 제작돼

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