• Title, Summary, Keyword: 무슬림

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A New Ethnography Study on Immigrant Wokers of Muslem Community (회교공동체 이주 노동자들에 대한 신문화 기술지 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.63 no.2
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    • pp.109-132
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    • 2011
  • This study is to explain the interaction of muslem immigrant workers in korea. The author approached new ethnography study method. Ten of Muslem immigrant worker and 10 korea participated this research. Data were collected by in-depth interview and non-participation observation The author analyzed the date according to Spradey(1979)'s Developmental Research Sequence model. As result "From secular way to religious way", "Reconstruction of ultra ethnic religious" were presented cultural theme.

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Characteristics of Hijabista Fashion in Southeast Asia according to Social Media - Focused on Indonesia and Malaysia - (소셜 미디어를 통한 동남아시아 히자비스타(Hijabista)의 패션 특성 연구 - 인도네시아·말레이시아를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Hyewon;Jang, Seonu
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.51-68
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    • 2020
  • In response to the South Korean government's trade diversification policy, the New Southern Policy, research is needed into the large population of Muslim fashion consumers who live there. Currently, veils worn by Muslim women are becoming a part of fashion collections as a style choice not just as a religious requirement. As such, the aim of this study is to investigate the fashion characteristics of the Southeast Asian Hijabistas. To do this we investigate the activities and the meanings of recent changes in the Southeast Asian fashion market, we also take a look at the Hijabistas who lead these changes. This is carried out as a theoretical study via literature review. In addition to this research, we selected 6 Hijabistas from Indonesia and Malaysia and analyzed 204 of their SNS photos. The results showed that the sportive image was popular; in terms of veils, hijabs and turbans were most popular; while pants and T-shirts dominated the clothing choices. Black and neutral colors were most popular but a variety of colors and tones were represented. In terms of fabric patterns, most of the choices were solid with no patterns. In terms of the types of veil used, in order of most to least popular were: hijabs covering down to the neck, turbans, and hijabs covering down to the chest. It was found that the Hijabista in Indonesia and Malaysia prefer an open, trendy fashion style. In conclusion, it was found that the Southeast Asia Muslim Fashion community are utilizing hijabs to express their identity not only as a Muslim and but also as a fashion item.

The Influence of Details on the Sense of Place in Islamic Gardens - Focusing on 'the Courtyard of the Lions' - (이슬람정원에서 디테일이 장소성에 미친 영향 -'사자의 중정'을 대상으로 -)

  • Yoon, Mi-Bang;Kim, Han-Bai
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.122-133
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    • 2010
  • Humans desire the achievement a of sense of unity between themselves and place to create an identity of place as a realization of his or her sense of belonging. Humans develop ideas from their culture and environment to be expressed physically within the landscape through symbols. Symbols are formed within a place through the structure of the space and, more visually, through the details. The purpose of this paper is to examine the structure of space and the details of 'the Courtyard of the lions' in the Alhambra and to study how the details influence the formation of the identity of place. This paper also compares the structure and details in terms of the meaning of symbols, design languages, cultural, social and historical background and the experience of the place. The structure of the space in 'the Courtyard of the Lions' represents Paradise in the Islamic religion a common theme in the composition of traditional Islamic gardens. The design languages expressed within the structure are order, balance, accent and enclosure; the inherit meanings of the structure are religion, the natural environment and way of life. The details tell of the ideology of Paradise, royalty, nature, and praise of God, while their design languages include physical and visual continuity, accent, variation, the feeling of movement, rhythm, and depth perception. The details also express the historical background of the Dynasty of Nasrid and the style of Mudejar. The name 'the Courtyard of the Lions' was taken from the detail of the lim figures, details within the landscape which are important in building an identity of place. This study demonstrates that the details at 'the Courtyard of the lions' achieved a sense of unity between man and place. In conclusion, details have immense influence in building of the identity of place.

술과 연애가 자유로운 무슬림 마을 여자들의 땅, 파키스탄 북서변경의 칼라쉬 계곡

  • 대한가족보건복지협회
    • 가정의 벗
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    • v.37 no.12
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    • pp.18-19
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    • 2004
  • 칼라쉬 계곡에선 파키스탄답지 않게 얼굴을 드러내고 활보하는 여성들이 많다. 모계사회로 통할 만큼 이 계곡은 다른 지역에 비해 여성이 좀 더 자유로울 수 있다. 몇 년 뒤 다시 그곳을 찾았을 때도 칼라쉬 여성들의 화려한 색채와 상대적인 분방함이 계속될 수 있을까 궁금해진다.

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A Study on the Muslim Fashion Style in Contemporary Fashion Collection (패션 컬렉션에 나타난 무슬림 패션 스타일 연구)

  • Choi, Jinyoung;Kim, Jiyoung
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the Muslim fashion that has recently appeared in the global fashion collection to see how the global fashion brand expresses Muslim's traditional costumes so as to provide references in design development to prepare for the larger Muslim fashion market in the future. In order to analyze Muslim fashion, keywords related to Muslims such as "Muslim," "Islamic fashion" and "hijab" were searched on Google, Samsung Design Net and Vogue websites, and a total of 370 fashion photos were selected for the final data, which was judged to reflect Muslim fashion styles after a review by four clothing experts. Muslim fashion styles have the following characteristics: Above all, the use of veils was most noticeable, with many T-shaped loose long tunic dresses. The hijab, which had the highest proportion of veils, was used to produce various images with wide range of materials and colors. Achromatic colors were the most common, but more than three colors were used to create an exotic image. There have also been cases of using direct religious images such as arabesque patterns and mosques and Muslim priests. As a final, Muslim fashion styles were studied follow: first, a unique style using a veil. Second, conservative style with minimal exposure, third, restrained long-and-lose fit style, fourth, exotic style by elaborate pattern. The domestic fashion industry is also expected to generate economic demand if it is designed with reference to such collection trends along with market research on Muslim consumers.

A Study on the Islamic Libraries in the Middle Ages (중세 이슬람 도서관 연구)

  • Yoon, Hee-Yoon
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.1-22
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    • 2019
  • Western society has depreciated the Middle Ages as the 'Darkness'. However, if Islam, which led the medieval millennium, had not spread paper and art of papermaking, and Arabic translations to the Western countries, translating and interpreting Arabic manuscripts into Greek and Latin, Gutenberg's printing press, Reformation, and Renaissance could not take place. They were not destructors of ancient knowledge and civilization, but were the protagonists of restoration and resurrection. The base camp is the Mosque and Islamic library(the House of Wisdom), which was referred to as a Muslim community. This study traced Islamic libraries that emerged in the process of establishing the Islamic dynasties and controlling Arabian Peninsula, Africa, Iberian Peninsula. For this purpose, the Islamic library was divided into the caliph library led by the royal families, the public library attached to the mosques, and the private library established by the viziers and scholars, etc. Then, the researcher analyzed history and development, roles and functions, impact and Importance on human civilization, and stagnation and decline, focusing on major libraries that existed in the Islamic cities of Damascus, Mecca, Baghdad, Aleppo, Cordoba, Cairo, Fes, Tunis, etc.

Public Awareness and Donning Practices of Traditional Dresses and Muslim Dresses among Indonesian Muslim (인도네시아 무슬림의 전통복식과 종교복식에 대한 인식 및 착용현황)

  • Kim, Soon Young;Choo, Ho Jung;Nam, Yun Ja;Son, Jin Ah
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.62 no.7
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    • pp.117-132
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    • 2012
  • This study explored public awareness and donning practices of traditional and religious dresses among Indonesian Muslim. The relevant literature was reviewed first, and in-depth interviews and survey were followed to achieve the purpose of the study. Sarung and Kain Panjang are the most representative unisex traditional clothing of Indonesia. Traditional male dresses include Kemeja Batik, Beskap, Peci(Kopiah) and Blangkon. Traditional female dresses include Kebaya, Baju Kurung, Baju Bodo, Kemben, Rok Batik and Slendang. Baju Koko, Sarung and Peci(Kopiah) are the most well-known Muslim male dress items. Muslim female dresses are more diverse than men's. For traditional and religious dresses, which were identified from literature study, public awareness and donning practices were examined with survey data. Indonesian people consider Kebaya, Sarung, and Batik as the most important traditional dresses which convey national identity. Peci(Kopiah), Baju koko, and Jilbab(Kerudung) are highly mentioned as the representatives of Muslim dresses. Indonesian Muslims report that they own these representative dresses commonly. Peci and Sarung are included both in religious and traditional dresses, demonstrating that the two items are the representative crossovers of their religion and the tradition of the country. For both traditional and Muslim dresses, Indonesian people think that aesthetics and traditional values are more relevant than practical value. Lastly, it is found that traditional dresses are parts of the daily wear of Indonesian people from the fact that they wear traditional dresses more than once a week.

A Study on the Muslim Women's Fashioning in Southeast As -Focus on Indonesia and Malaysia- (동남아시아 무슬림 여성 의복의 패션화 연구 -인도네시아·말레이시아를 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Hyunyoung;Park, Heywon
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.85-99
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the fashioning phenomenon of Muslim women's clothes and its significance for Islamic culture around Malaysia and Indonesia. The study examined the phenomenon of hijab, a cultural symbol of Muslim women, emerging as a 'fashion' rather than folk or religious costume, as well as its significance. As for methodology, the investigator reviewed research reports, previous papers, and literature studies home and abroad since 2010 and conducted an interview with seven female college students from Indonesia and Malaysia and one fashion editor from Malaysia staying in South Korea. The findings suggested that the high level of women's education and entry into society along with the Pop Islamic created an opportunity for hijab among Muslim ladies. The balance between religion and fashion leads to happiness among young Muslim women. Second, the modest fashion and global fashion retrends present a fashion culture and identify the diversity of aesthetic values around the globe. Finally, SNS and hijabista activities have promoted individual means of direction based on hijab to represent the identity of Muslims on SNS, they play an important role in the acceptance of global fashion and the fashioning and globalization of Southeast Asian Muslim clothes. The findings understanding of the consumers and markets of Muslim fashion related to global industries and contribute to the multicultural and diverse aspects of research and development in the field of apparel study.

Rakhine Muslims(Rohingya) Dilemma Revisited: The Background and Causes of Religio-Ethnic Conflict (미얀마 여카잉 무슬림(로힝자)의 딜레마 재고(再考): 종교기반 종족분쟁의 배경과 원인)

  • PARK, Jang Sik
    • The Southeast Asian review
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.235-276
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    • 2013
  • Recent incidents of lethal violence in the Rakhine State of Myanmar between the majority Buddhist Rakhine and the Muslim Rohingya have been the source of much concern for the international community. Unlike the past, the killings and incendiary attacks by both communities have intensified to a critical level, proving to be a great liability for the forward-thinking Myanmar government, whose recent transition to civilian rule after a long military one has made it eager to move on. The roots of the conflict trace back to the military regime, who branded the Rohingyas living in Rakhine state as illegal immigrants and refused to confer upon them official recognition as Myanmar citizens. The discord then moved to an ethnic conflict, pitting the Rohingya not merely against the Myanmar government but rather the majority Buddhist Rakhine. The conflict, as it has developed into the present, is an immensely complicated one that simultaneously encompasses ethnic and religious issues, all intertwined together. This study aims to see how the two ethnic groups have come to resort to such violence, despite having lived in each other's presence for many centuries, and why the violence persists. It will attempt to reconcile the fact that Rakhine had historically been a place of convergence for two groups, the Buddhist Rakhine and the Rakhine Muslim(the Rohingya). Based on the argument, this study also seeks to uncover, identify, and understand the Rohingya identity with the extreme arguments exhibited by both sides, and from there, locate the underlying causes of the greater religio-ethnic conflict in Rakhine that has so ravaged the place as of recent.

한국의 명소 (2) - 윌리가 카메라로 담은 서울속 외국인 마을 풍경

  • 사)한국건설안전기술협회
    • Journal of the Korea Construction Safety Engineering Association
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    • pp.44-48
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    • 2008
  • 법무부가 작년 발표한 자료에 의하면 국내 체류 외국인(단기 장기 불법체류 포함)이 100만명을 돌파했다고 발표했다. 이는 전년도 대비 15% 늘어난 수치로 국적별로는 중국이 44만 여명 44%로 가장 많았으며, 미국이 12%, 베트남 6%, 필리핀 5%, 태국 4% 등으로 조사되었다. 단일민족이라 자부하는 나라임에도 꽤 많은 이방인들이 섞여 살고 있는 것이다. 그러다 보니 자연히 서울에는 외국인들이 집단으로 거주하는 외국인 마을도 하난 둘 생겨나게 되었다. 다국적 거리인 이태원을 비롯해, 프랑스인들이 모여 사는 서초구 반포 4동 서래마을, 일본인들이 많은 이촌1동, 몽골 우즈베키스탄 카자흐스탄 등 중앙아시인들이 많은 광희동, 무슬림 거주지인 이태원동 등이 대표적 외국인 마을이다. 서울 한편에 자리 잡은 외국인 마을의 이국적 풍경을 찾아가 보자.

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