• Title, Summary, Keyword: 모유수유

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A Study on the Relationship between School-age Obesity and Type of Feeding in Infant Period (영아시기 수유 방식과 초기 학동기 비만과의 관련성에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Kyung Lae;Kim, Soo Young
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.48 no.11
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    • pp.1166-1171
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    • 2005
  • Purpose : The aim of this study was to evaluate whether breast milk feeding at infancy has the effect of a programming agent preventing school-age obesity, or whether formula milk feeding is the cause of elementary school-age obesity. Methods : We randomly selected 4 elementary school in Masan and Changwon city. We calculated the BMI and obesity degree from height and weight data on the school record of 1,275 children of first and second grade. The parents of 1,275 children were asked to a questionnaire about their birth history and feeding modality during infancy. Based on these data, we categorized them into 4- different groups : breast fed for less than 2 months; breast fed for 2-6 months; breast fed more than 6 months; mixed fed. We compared the mean BMI, obesity degree and prevalence rates of obesity of each groups. Results : There was no statistical difference on the prevalence rates of overweight and obesity, which was defined by BMI, according to the duration of breast feeding. The same was true for mild obesity and moderate obesity, which was defined by obesity degree. The mean BMIs and the mean obesity degree were not different among different feeding types. Conclusion : There seems to be no protective effect of breast feeding during infancy on reducing the prevalence rates of overweight and obesity. However, even wider and larger studies considering confounding factor might be needed to reach a definite conclusion in the future.

HIV감염인의 임신과 출산

  • Lee, Yong-Eun
    • RED RIBBON
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    • pp.6-7
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    • 2006
  • 임신은 HIV의 치료를 연기하는 이유가 되지 않으나 HIV감염 임신 여성은 임신 중, 진통 중, 분만 시, 모유 수유 시 어느 시기라도 바이러스를 태아에 전파할 수 있다. 만약 예방약을 복용하지 않고 모유수유를 한다면 아이에게 감염될 기회는 20-45%가 될 것이다. 모유수유를 하지 않고 치료한다면 전파의 위험성을 2% 이하로 낮출 수 있으며 지도부딘 한 가지 약제의 투여로도 위험성을 반 이상 줄일 수 있다. 그러므로 가임기의 HIV감염인은 임신하기 전부터 감염내과 의사와 산부인과 의사의 긴밀한 협조가 필요하다

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모유 수유

  • KOREA ASSOCIATION OF HEALTH PROMOTION
    • 건강소식
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    • v.29 no.7
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    • pp.6-9
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    • 2005
  • 모유 수유는 인간이 태어난 후 다른 인간과 갖는 최초의 의사 소통 방법으로 아기에게 단순히 음식의 욕구를 채워주는 것 이상의 엄마의 감정과 느낌을 전하는 행동이다. 따라서 모유 수유를 하는 것은 아기 성장 발육에 꼭 필요한 중요한 영양소를 제공해 주고 질병으로부터 아기를 보호해 주는 것 분만 아니라, 아기에게 근원적인 엄마의 사랑을 제공해 주어 원만한 인격을 형성하게 하며 불필요한 자원낭비도 막아주는 중요성을 가지고 있다.

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Brestfeeding Rate and Its Related Factors In Rural area (농촌지역 영유아의 모유수유 관련 요인)

  • Kim, Hyun-Jee;Kim, Keon-Yeop;Hwangbo, Jeong-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.1671-1680
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this research is to observe the rate of breastfeeding and to identify factors related to the breastfeeding in rural area. We conducted a survey targeting 139 mothers whose infants are less than 60 months old in Ulju-gun, Ulsan. SPSS Win 18.0 program was used as the data analysis and a statistical statement by mean, standard deviation, and logistic regression analysis. According to the findings of this study, it indicated that the factors affecting the rate of breastfeeding in a rural region are mothers'job, 1 month breastfeeding after birth and the education of breastfeeding before birth. In this study we need to continuously conduct the breast feeding education by hospitals or clinics before birth, so that breast feeding can be provided well after birth. Also, we need to establish the social system and atmosphere without any disadvantages resulting from maternity leave so that working mothers can provide full breast feeding for six months after birth because the return to work can interfere with the practice of breast feeding.

Relactation in the Lactation Clinic (수유 클리닉에서의 재수유)

  • Cho, Su Jin;Lee, Keun
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.48 no.10
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    • pp.1050-1054
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    • 2005
  • Purpose : Relactation refers to the re-establishment of a milk supply and nursing after the cessation of nursing for a variable period. We aimed to analyze the practical issues related to successful relactation in the lactation clinic. Methods : The medical records of 51 mothers who had visited the lactation clinic for relactation were retrospectively analyzed. Breastfeeding greater than 90% was considered to as relactation success. Perinatal characteristics, the number of visits to the clinic, need for medication and the breastfeeding supplementer, and the reason for failure were analyzed. Results : Relactation appears to be easier for women who had lactated previously. With optimal care, support and motivation, some who had never lactated were able to start lactation. Conclusion : Relactation is a practical method to ensure breastfeeding in motivated women. Supplemental use of drugs and the breastfeeding supplementer system contribute to the success of relactation.

Usefulness of auditory brainstem response as early predictor of kernicterus in early breast-feeding jaundice (조기 모유 황달에서 핵황달의 조기 예측도구로서의 청성 뇌간유발 반응 검사의 유용성)

  • Jang, Jae Won;Lee, Gil Sang;Song, Dae Keun;Kim, Sung Hee;Kim, Won Duck;Lee, Sang Geel
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.50 no.9
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    • pp.848-854
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    • 2007
  • Purpose : The present study examined the etiology and risk factors of the early breast-feeding jaundice and the usefulness of auditory brainstem response test as early predictor of kernicterus. Methods : Medical records of neonatal jaundice in newborn admitted to Daegu Fatima Hospital between September 2005 and May 2006 were analyzed prospectively. Infants were grouped according to feeding method : breast feeding group (breast feeding only, n=23), mixed feeding group (breast feeding mainly plus addition of fomula feeding, n=13). Results : There were no significant differences in gestational age, birth weight, sex, duration of phototherapy, serum bilirubin and hemolytic evidence between the two study groups. First visiting day of life at out patient department was significantly delayed in breast feeding group ($8.7{\pm}3.6day$) compared to mixed feeding group ($6.0{\pm}1.9$) (P=0.009). Weight loss was significantly severe in breast feeding group compared to mixed feeding group (P<0.05). In auditory brainstem response test, loss of Wave V in 3 cases was observed and recoverd after blood exchange transfusion in follow up test.Wave III latency had significant correlation to serum bilirubin in auditory brainstem response test (70 dB) (P=0.002). Conclusion : Our study suggest that further education about breast feeding and follow up within the first postnatal week would be necessary for early detection and prevention of early breast-feeding jaundice. Test of serum bilirubin and auditory brainstem response would be helpful in determination of blood exchange transfusion.

Study on Gastroesophageal Reflux according to Feeding Types (수유 종류에 따른 위식도 역류의 빈도)

  • Yun, Seok-Kang;Park, Jae-Ock
    • Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2001
  • Purpose: Gastroesophgeal reflux (GER) is defined as involuntary movement of gastric contents into esophagus. Relaxation of lower esophageal sphincter caused by immature anatomical development in newborn and young infants produces GER frequently. We wanted to know whether the frequency of GER is influenced by feeding types and position or not. We studied in 16 subjects according to feeding types (breast feeding group: BFG-7, formula feeding group: FFG-9) who admitted to the Soonchunhyang university hospital for recurrent regurgitation with 24 hr esophageal pH monitoring from August 1996 to July 1999. Methods: We compared two groups by number of reflux episode, reflux rate, longest episode, numbers of episodes lasting >5 minutes, longest episode in upright position and longest episode in supine position. We used Mann-Whitney test for statistical analysis. Results: 1) The subjects were 7 infants in BFG and 9 infants in FFG, 16 in total, and mean age was 2.1, and 2.6 months for BFG and FFG, respectively. 2) The reflux numbers were $244{\pm}151/day$, $275{\pm}155/day$ for BFG and FFG, respectively. 3) The reflux rate was $14{\pm}15%$ for BFG and $28{\pm}22%$ for FFG. It was lower in BFG. 4) The longest episode was $20{\pm}28$ minutes for BFG and $58{\pm}66$ minutes for FFG. It was significantly longer in FFG. 5) The numbers of episodes lasting >5 minutes were $5{\pm}6$ for BFG and $9{\pm}3$ for FFG. 6) The longest episode in upright position was $10{\pm}8$ minutes for BFG and $40{\pm}47$ minutes for FFG. It was significantly shorter in BFG. 7) The longest episode in supine position was $18{\pm}29$ minutes for BFG and $52{\pm}66$ minutes for FFG. It was significantly shorter in BFG. Conclusion: Breast feeding is strongly recommended to reduce the regurgitation in infancy. It is an another benefit of breast feeding.

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The Effect of Postpartum Breastfeeding Support on the Breastfeeding Prevalence (퇴원 후 전화 상담을 통한 지속적인 모유수유 지지가 모유수유 실천에 미치는 효과)

  • Jang, Gun Ja;Kim, Sun Hee
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.117-126
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This research was aimed to investigate the effect of postpartum breastfeeding support on breastfeeding rates. Methods: The participants of this study were 43 mothers who admitted to the delivery room of a university hospital which was selected as a Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) in Daegu. Data collection period was from September 17, 2008 to September 20, 2009. Twenty three mothers were assigned to the experimental group and 20 mothers, to the control group. During hospitalization, breastfeeding education was given to the both groups. But postpartum breastfeeding support by nurse's phone call to the experimental group was provided once a week for 4 weeks postpartum. Data regarding breastfeeding rates at postpartum 1, 2, 3, 4 weeks and 3 months were collected by phone call. Results: The breastfeeding rate of the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group at postpartum week 2, 3, 4 and 3 months. Conclusion: Postpartum breastfeeding support may be a useful intervention to increase breastfeeding rate and the first month is the most important time to establish breastfeeding.

Efects of Breastfeeding Education Program on the Promotion of Mother's Feeding Compliance (모유수유 강화교육 프로그램이 산모의 모유수유 실천에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Eun-Sook;Suh, Young-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.68-87
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of breast-feeding education program on the promotion of mothers's feeding compliance during the 4 months after childbirth. A nonequivalent control group posttest design was used. Eighty-nine pregnant women at their 32 more weeks of gestation receiving antenatal care at the Chonnam University Hospital Obstetrics Clinic were assigned to the experimental group. Control group was ninety-nine pregnant women over 32wks of gestation receiving antenatal care at the Kwangju Christianity Hospital Obstetric Clinic during the same period. Breast-feeding education program was introduced to the experimental group from antepartal visit to 4 months after childbirth. Data were collected primarily via telephone interview on the 7th day, the end of 1 month and the 4 months after childbirth respectively. The results showed that 1) the frequency of breast-feeding continuation promoting behaviors was higher in the experimental group than in the control group. 2) The rates of mothers' compliance during the 4 months after childbirth in the experimental group demonstrated a significant difference ; much higher rate of mothers' compliance than control group. Conclusively, the breast-feeding education program increase the rate of mothers' compliance and duration of breast-feeding.

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Recognition and Condition of Breast-Feeding of Nurses (간호사의 모유수유 의식 및 모유수유 실태)

  • Cho, Ju Yeon;Choi, Jeong Myung;Kim, Hee Gerl;Lee, Jong Chul;Choi, Young Ock
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.155-165
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the condition, recognition of breast feeding of 273 nurses. Method: Data was collected using a structured questionnaire form April to June 2007. The subjects were 273 nurses in Kyunggido. The data analysis was done with descriptive statistics, $x^2$-test procedures using SPSS/WIN 12.0 PC. Result: There are 23.9% of child day care center, 5.2% of rest room for women, 16.8% of breast feeding room in workplace. Rate of breast-feeding practice was 78.4% of nurses. The reasons why they could not perform the breast-feeding include mother's job(45.4%), lacking breast milk(25.8%). The characteristics of nurses found to be related breast-feeding include age, number of employers. Conclusion: The results showed that the rest supports of the work environment was insufficient to perform breast-feeding in the workplace. These results suggest that nursing intervention for employed mother's breast-feeding practice behavior promotion should focus on characteristics influencing factors on workplace. Also, efficient breast-feeding education program for employed mothers should be developed by continuous qualitative researches based on breast-feeding experiences of employed mothers.

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