• Title, Summary, Keyword: 모우드중첩법

### Mathematical Theorem of Mode Acceleration Method (모우드 가속도법의 수학적 정리(定理))

• 김태남
• Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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• v.7 no.2
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• pp.1-7
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• 2003
• Mode superposition method(MSM) is the most commonly used for solving linear response problems of structural dynamics. The major advantage of MSM is that usually a small number of lower mode is sufficient to analysis the response. However, the convergence is slow and many modes would be needed to give an accurate MSM in large structure with many degrees of freedom. The inaccuracies of MSM are caused by mode truncation in the solution. These demerits can be overcome by use of the mode acceleration method(MAM). Example analyses are carried out in simple beam subjected to harmonic loadings and compared the convergence of the joint displacements by the two methods. For relatively low frequency loadings, a good results was obtained by the lowest one mode in MAM, so the method is more economic in numerical analysis on an accurate solution.

### Structural Dynamic Analysis by Ritz Vector Method Modified with Lanczos Algorithm (Lanczos 알고리즘을 도입한 Ritz Vector법에 의한 구조물의 동적해석)

• 심재수;황의승;박주경
• Computational Structural Engineering
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• v.8 no.4
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• pp.181-187
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• 1995
• Recent researches in dynamics are focused on finding effective methods to analyze the dynamic behavior of structures by fewer mode shapes their number of dgrees of freedom. Ritz algorithm and mode acceleration method were developed to improved the mode superposition. Ritz algorithm can include distribution of external loads but be apt to lose the orthogonality condition, which is useful properties in the analysis. Also mode acceleration method should consider a large number of mode shapes to get a satisfactory results. Another method, combining previous two method, was developed but too much computational efforts and times were required. The purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate the Ritz algorithm modified with the lanczos algorithm to improve the efficiency and accuracy. As a result of !this study, dynamic analysis using modified Ritz algorithm was proved to be the rational analysis method.

### Comparison of Mode Superposition Method and Mode Acceleration Method in Dynamic Analysis of Suspension Bridges under Wind Loads (풍하중을 받는 현수교의 진동 해석에 있어서 모우드 중첩법과 모우드 가속도법의 비교)

• 김태남
• Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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• pp.223-230
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• 1997
• A method of stochastic dynamic analysis of suspension bridge subjected to random wind loads has been developed in this paper. Example analyses are carried out by mode superposition method(MSM), mode acceleration method(MAM) and advanced mode acceleration method(AMAM) in frequency domain for the Nam-Hae Bridge. In this study the statistical characterics of random wind loads we assumed to be Gaussian stationary zero mean processes. The considered structural response quanties are displacements, shear forces and bending moments. The mean extreme responses are approximately calculated by three times of standard deviations. The followings are the conclusions from this study. 1. Numerical results which obtained by three methods of computer program developed in this paper agree reasonably well when the numbers of modes increase. 2. AMAM is simple, accurate, economic and reliable method compared with the MSM and the MAM.

### Determination of the Natural Frequencies and Mode Shapes of Large Structures by Accelerated Newton-Raphson Method (Accelerated Newton-Raphson 방법에 의한 대형구조물의 자유진동수와 모우드형의 결정)

• Kim, Man Cheol;Lee, In Won
• KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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• v.14 no.5
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• pp.1105-1113
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• 1994
• For the design of various structures, the dynamic analysis of the structures is essential. Eigenproblem must be first computed when the mode superposition method is used in the dynamic analysis of the structures. However, since most of solution time is spent on calculating the eigenpairs of the system, the development of more efficient solution method is required. The purpose of this paper is to present the efficient solution method that combines the Robinson-Lee's method and accelerated Newton-Raphson method to improve numerical stability and increase convergence. Effectiveness of the proposed method is verified through numerical examples.

### Analysis of Dynamic Deformation of 4-Bar Linkage Mechanism (1) Finite Element Analysis and Numerical Solution (4절 링크 기구의 동적 변형 해석 (I) 유한 요소 해석 및 수치해)

• Cho, Sun-Whi;Park, Jong-Keun;Lee, Jin
• Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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• v.16 no.4
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• pp.737-752
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• 1992
• Analysis of elasto-dynamic deformation of flexible linkage mechanism is conducted using the finite element method. The equations of motion of the system are derived from the static structural problem in which dynamic inertia, gravitational and driving forces are treated as external loads. Linear spring model is included in the formulation of equation of motions to represent the effects of deformation of elastic bearings of revolute joints on the system behavior. A computer program is constructed and applied to analyze a specific crank-lever 4-bar mechanism. The algorithm of the program is as follows. First, the natural frequencies and the mode shapes of the system are calculated by solving the eigenproblem of the mechanism system which can be considered as a static structure by assuming the input shaft (crank shaft) to be fixed at any given configuration of mechanism. And finally, the elasto-dynamic deformation of the whole system is obtained using mode superposition method for the case of constant input speed. The effect of geometric stiffness on the mechamism is included in the program with the axial forces of links obtained through the quasi-static displacement analysis. It is found that the geometric stiffness exerts an important effect upon the elasto-dynamic behavior of the flexible linkage mechanism. Elastic deformation of bearing lowers the natural frequencies of the system, resulting smaller elastic displacement at the mid-point of the links and bigger elestic displacement at the ends of the links than rigid bearing. The above investigation of flexible linkage mechanism shows that the effects of the elastic deformation of bearing on the mechanism should be considered to design the mechanism which satisfies more preciously the purpose and the condition of design.

### Dynamic Analysis of Geometric Nonlinear Behavior of Suspension Bridges under Random Wind Loads (랜덤풍하중에 대한 현수교의 기하학적 비선형 거동의 동적해석)

• Yun, Chung Bang;Hyun, Chang Hun;Yoo, Je Nam
• KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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• v.8 no.2
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• pp.185-196
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• 1988
• In this study, a method of nonlinear dynamic analysis of suspension bridges subjected to random wind loads is pre.sented. The nonlinearity considered is the one due to the interaction between the motion of the bridge girder and the tertsion variation of the main cables. The equation of motion is formulated using a continuum approach. The coupling between the vertical and torsional motions are included in the analysis. The equation of motion is solved by using the mode superposition method. The analysis is carried out in the frequency domain utilizing the stochastic linearization technique on to the modal equations. In the linearization procedure, the nonlinear terms are approximated as linear ones with constant terms. The verification of the method has been performed on a case with four modal degrees of freedom. Example analyses are carried out on two suspension bridges for various wind speeds and wind force parameters. Numerical results indicate that, by including the nonlinearity into the analysis, the dynamic responses of the bridges, particularly in the vertical direction, change considerably.

### Dynamic Analysis of Guyed Tower Subjected to Wave Forces (파랑하중에 대한 Guyed Tower의 동적해석)

• Ryu, Jung Sun;Yun, Chung Bang
• KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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• v.5 no.4
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• pp.87-94
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• 1985
• Dynamic analysis of guyed tower is presented in this paper. The scope of the study is twofold. The one is to determine an efficient analysis method to include the nonlinearity of the mooring system and the nonlinear hydrodynamic wave forces. The other is to investigate the sensitivity of two major design parameters, that is the stiffness of mooring system and the fixity condition of the tower at mud line. Time history analysis method utilizing mode superposition is mainly considered. However several other methods are also used for the purpose of comparison. Analyses are carried out using the Lena Guyed Tower, which is the first structure of this kind, as a standard structure.

### Estimation of Dynamic Response of Advanced Composite Material Decks for Bridges Application under Various Vehicle Driving Velocities (복합재료 교량 바닥판의 주행속도에 따른 동적응답 평가)

• 천경식;장석윤
• Composites Research
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• v.16 no.6
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• pp.23-32
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• 2003
• Applications of advanced composite material in construction field are tending upwards and development of all composite material bridges is making progress rapidly in home and abroad due to their high strength to weight ratio. This paper formulated the dynamic responses of the laminated composite structures subjected to moving load and analyzed the various dynamic behaviors using the finite element method. The nondimensionalized natural frequencies of a simply supported square-laminated composite plate are considered for verifications. Mode superposition and Newmark direct integration method are applied for moving load analysis. For structural models, dynamic magnification factor calculated for various velocities of the moving load and displacements characteristics of laminated composite structures due to the moving load are investigated theoretically Numerical results are presented to study the effects of lamination scheme, stacking sequence, and fiber angle for laminated composite structures during moving load. The various results on moving load and lamination through numerical analysis will present an important basic data for development and grasp the behavior of all composite material bridges.

### Dynamic Analysis of Highway Bridges by 3-D. Vehicle Model Considering Tire Enveloping (타이어 접지폭을 고려한 3차원 차량모델에 의한 도로교의 동적해석)

• Chung, Tae Ju
• KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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• v.26 no.6A
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• pp.989-999
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• 2006
• In this paper, numerical analysis method to perform linear dynamic analysis of bridge considering the road surface roughness and bridge-vehicle interaction when vehicle is moving on bridge is presented. The vehicle and bridge are modeled as three-dimension where contact length of tire and pitching of tandem spring are considered and single truck with 2-axles and 3- axles, and tractor-trailer with 5-axles are modeled as 7-D.O.F., 8-D.O.F., and 14-D.O.F., respectively. Dynamic equations of vehicle are derived from the Lagrange's equation and solution of the equation is obtained by Newmark-${\beta}$ method. The surface roughness of bridge deck for this analysis is generated from power spectral density (PSD) function. Beam element for the main girder, shell element for concrete deck and rigid link between main girder and concrete deck are used. The equations of the motion of bridges are solved by mode-superposition procedures. The proposed procedure is validated by comparing the results with the experimental data by Whittemore and Fenves.

### Nonlinear Dynamic Behaviors of Offshore Guyed Towers (해양구조물 Guyed Tower의 비선형 동적거동)

• Park, Woo-Sun;Pyen, Chong-Kun;Park, Young-Suk
• Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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• v.3 no.3
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• pp.126-136
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• 1991
• This study is concerned with the nonlinear dynamic behaviors of guyed towers for wave loadings. In order to analyze the nonlinear responses of guyed towers efficiently, the main tower is modeled as an equivalent stick, the guyline system is idealized as a spring with nonlinear stiffness in the horizontal direction. and the pile foundation system is represented as a linear spring in the rotational direction. The wave forces on the main tower are evaluated by using Morison's equation. In order to consider adequately the nonlinearities of the guying system and drag forces due to fluid viscosity. the analyses are performed in the time domain. The mode superposition method is adopted for solving the nonlinear equation of motion efficiently. which is based on the Newmark integration scheme. Numerical analyses are carried out to investigate the sensitivity of two major design parameters for guyed towers. i.e., the clump weight conditions and the base renditions of the tower.