• Title, Summary, Keyword: 매염

Search Result 192, Processing Time 0.043 seconds

The Dyeability of Dendropanax morbifera Lev. with Mordants (매염제에 따른 황칠나무의 염색성)

  • Jeon, Ji-Eun;Choi, Jae-Hong;Sung, Yu-Ri;Chae, Da-Young;Park, Young-Mi
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.28-28
    • /
    • 2012
  • 본 연구에서는 한국 특산종으로 남해안 섬에서만 자라는 황칠나무(Dendropanax morbifera Lev., 황칠이라고 함)를 사용하여 염색하였다. 황칠나무는 면역력 증진, 신경 안정, 항균, 항산화에 효능이 있는 것으로 알려져 있다. 황칠염색은 $60^{\circ}C$에서 이루어졌으며, 발효한 액체 황칠을 염료로 사용하였다. 매염제에 따른 염색을 실시하고 CCM을 사용하여 색발현 특성을 알아보았다. 면직물의 경우 대조직물의 K/S값이 0.13에 비해 식소다 동시매염, 고백반 식소다 동시매염, 고백반 동시매염, 고백반 선매염, 황수(영천지역의 약수) 후매염은 각각 1.53, 0.99, 1.62, 1.65, 2.21로 차이가 있었다. 울직물의 경우 대조직물의 K/S값이 0.48에 비해 식소다 동시매염, 고백반 동시매염, 고백반 식소다 동시매염, 고백반 선매염, 황수 후매염은 각각 2.61, 1.97, 3.20, 3.07, 4,59로 차이가 있었다. 견직물의 경우 대조직물의 K/S값이 0.30에 비해 식소다 동시매염, 고백반 동시매염, 고백반 식소다 동시매염, 고백반 선매염, 황수 후매염은 각각 2.06, 1.21, 1,77, 1.80, 3.23로 차이가 있었다. 황수 매염이 식소다나 백반 매염보다 효과가 있는 것을 알 수 있었으며, 매염의 순서에 따라서도 차이가 나는 것을 알 수 있었다.

  • PDF

Natural Dyeing using the Colorants extracted from American Fleabane (I) -Dyeing properties on wool- (개망초 추출물을 이용한 천연염색(I) -모섬유에 대한 염색성-)

  • Shin, Youn-Sook;Arang Cho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
    • /
    • v.27 no.12
    • /
    • pp.1434-1440
    • /
    • 2003
  • 개망초로부터 색소를 추출, 분말화하여 FT-IR 분석을 행하고, 모섬유에 대한 염색조건과 매염이 염착량(K/S값) 및 색상에 미치는 영향을 조사하였다. 또한 염색한 시료의 견뢰도를 측정하여 실용성을 확인하였다. 개망초 색소는 모섬유에 높은 친화력을 보였으며, Langmuir형의 등온흡착곡선을 보여 염착이 주로 이온결합에 의해 이루어지는 것으로 나타났다. 염착략이 pH 3.0에서 최대가 되었으나 강한 산성조건은 강도 저하를 비롯한 섬유에 손상을 주기 때문에 pH를 조절하지 않고 염색하였다. 피염물의 색상은 모두 Y 계열을 나타내었다. 철매염 처리한 경우를 제외하고 매염처리가 염착량 증진에 미치는 영향은 그다지 크지 않았으며, 매염제 종류를 달리하여 염색한 모섬유의 색상은 크롬과 주석으로 매염한 경우 YR 계열을 나타내고 그 밖의 매염제에 의해서는 Y 계열의 색상을 나타내어 큰 변화는 없었다. 매염처리하지 않은 시료의 견뢰도는 매우 양호하였으며 매염처리가 견뢰도 증진에 미치는 영향은 크지 않았다.

Natural Dyeing with Aqueous Black Bean Seed Coat extract (검정팥 종피 추출물에 의한 천연염색)

  • Cha, Hae-Suk;Bae, Do-Gyu;Jung, Yang-Sook
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.42-42
    • /
    • 2012
  • 팥에 함유되어있는 색소와 관련된 연구 중에서는, 검정팥의 색소성분을 분리하여 delphinidin-3-glucoside(D-3-G)로 보고한 Sasanuma의 연구와 검정팥 껍질속에 포함된 안토시아닌의 함량을 평가한 Yoshida의 연구 결과 등이 있다. 본 연구에서는 검정팥 종피에서 색소를 추출하여, 적정 염색조건을 설정하였으며, 매염제별 색상변화 및 견뢰도를 측정하는 과정을 통해 염색 특성을 파악하여 새로운 천연염재로서의 활용 가능성을 진단하였을 뿐만 아니라 응용 연구를 위한 기초자료의 확보에 주안점을 두었다. pH에 따른 염색성에서는 견직물의 경우 pH 4에서 가장 염착량이 많았고, 면직물의 경우에는 주어진 범위내에서는 pH가 높을수록 염착량이 많았다. 염색온도와 시간에 따른 염색성은, 견직물의 경우, 염색온도 $80^{\circ}C$에서는 시간이 경과할수록 K/S 값이 크게 나타났으며, 면직물의 경우도 견직물과 비슷한 결과로 온도가 높아질수록 염색시간이 경과될수록 K/S 값이 크게 나타났다. 견직물에 대한 매염제 종류별 표면색의 변화에서는 Fe 매염포만 $YR{\rightarrow}Y$ 로 변화되었을 뿐 다른 매염제에서는 매염 후에도 색상 변화는 크지 않았다. 매염처리 전 견직물의 일광 견뢰도는 무매염이 4~6등급, Al 처리포는 4~5등급, Cu와 Sn은 3~4등급으로 나타났고 Fe는 2~3등급으로 가장 낮게 나타났으며, 세탁견뢰도에서는 무매염 2등급, 매염제 처리의 경우 2~3등급으로 나타났다. 무매염 면직물의 일광견뢰도는 1~2 등급, Fe 매염은 2~3등급, Cu 2등급 Al과 Sn은 1~2등급으로 매염처리에 의해 전혀 개선되지 않았으며, 세탁견뢰도의 경우 Cu매염이 4등급으로 양호하게 나타났으며 무매염, Al, Sn과 Fe는 3등급으로 나타났다.

  • PDF

Effects of Different Natural Mordants and Mordanting Methods on the Dyeing Degree of Silk Using Extracts from Coreopsis drummondii (금계국 추출물에 의한 천연염색시 천연매염제 종류 및 매염방법에 따른 견직물의 염색성)

  • Kim Byoung-Woon;Yang Seung-Yul;Heo Buk-Gu;Park Yun-Jum
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.186-193
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to clarify the effects of different natural mordants and mordanting methods on the dyeing degree of silk using extracts from Coreopsis drummondii. Surface colors were shown as an order of descent Y in control, and an order of descent Y and YR treated by mordants. Extracts from Coreopsis drummondii was sufficient for the natural dyestuffs. $10\%,\;20\%\;and\;30\%$ mordants made from lime-juice of Camellia japonica, oyster shells. and Symplocos chinensis (Lour) Druce for. pilosa (Nakai) Ohwi were used for the dyeing of silk. Surface color of silk was not affected by the concentration of mordants and mordanting methods, however, $20\%$ mordant was suitable for the dye coloring. It was shown that dye coloring concentrations were highly in the order of mordanting later > mordanting ahead > co-mordanting, and so on. Silks were naturally dyed by the extracts from Coreopsis drummondii, and twenty-nine kinds of natural mordants were treated and screened. Surface color of silk was shown as an order of descent YR treated by the mordants made from the lime-juice of Camellia japonica and Eurya japonica, and as an order of descent Y by the other mordants. By the treatment of natural mordants, concentrations of dye coloring were significantly increased compared with control (none-mordanting), and the potentials as a natural mordant for the effective dye coloring was sufficiently ascertained.

Natural dyeing with aqueous Extracts of Black bean seed coat (검정팥 종피 추출물에 의한 천연염색)

  • Cha, Hae-Suk;Jung, Yang-Sook;Bae, Do-Gyu
    • Current Research on Agriculture and Life Sciences
    • /
    • v.30 no.2
    • /
    • pp.76-81
    • /
    • 2012
  • In this study the natural colorant was extracted from black bean seed coat in aqueous solution and used to dye silk and cotton fabrics. To obtain the optimal dyeing conditions it was examined at various dyeing condition (temperature, pH, time and liquor ratio). The dyeing behavior and the depths of shade which were evaluated in terms of K/S and CIELAB color difference values of the dyed and mordanted fabrics were also investigated. The dyeing fastness evaluated standard light and wash fastness tests. The obtained results were as follows ; The most K/S value of silk and cotton fabrics were obtained when the pH was 4.0 and 4.8, respectively and it increased slightly with dyeing time passes when the dyeing temperatures were at $40^{\circ}C$ and $60^{\circ}C$ but, it increased at $80^{\circ}C$. The color of silk fabrics changed from yellowish red to yellow at only Fe mordanting among various mordanting. Sn and Ti mordanting of silk fabric and only Ni mordanting of cotton fabric increased the $L^*$ values, but the others decreased. The light fastness of silk fabrics showed 4-6 grade without mordant, 4-5 grade with Al, 3-4 grade with Cu and Sn, and 2-3 grade with Fe as mordant, and that of cotton fabrics showed 1-2 grade without mordant, 2-3 grade with Fe, 2 grade with Cu, 1-2 grade with Al and Sn as mordants. All mordanting coluld not improve the light fastness of fabrics. Washing fastness(fade) of silk fabrics showed 2 grade without mordants and 2-3 grade with mordants and those of cotton fabrics showed 4 grade with Cu, 3 grade without mordant and with Al, Sn and Fe. All of the washing fastness(stain) of both fabrics showed 4-5 grade.

  • PDF

Dyeing of Silk Fabric with Persimmon Extract (감 추출액에 의한 견직물 염색)

  • 신봉섭;김영만;안태준
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
    • /
    • v.45 no.1
    • /
    • pp.66-70
    • /
    • 2003
  • Silk fabrics were dyed with persimmon dyeing solution. The persimmon extracts were obtained with boiling water from persimmon fruits and leaves. The changes of K/S values were investigated according to the concentration of solution, the ripeness of persimmons and the method of mordanting. The colours of the fabrics differed according to the kinds of mordants. The mordant, FeSO$_4$, was more effective than other mordants. The physical properties were not changed hardly after the natural dyeing with persimmon extracts.

A Study Improvement of Adsorption of Gromwell (자초염료의 염색성 증진을 위한 방안(I))

  • 최인려;최정임
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
    • /
    • v.3 no.2
    • /
    • pp.35-50
    • /
    • 2001
  • The object of this study is to improve the adsorption of dye for gromwell. Dye was from gromwell first soaked in methylol and added the distilled water, using same amount of methylol. The fabrics used for the experiments were cotton, silk and acrylics(KS0905). These were used untreated and pretreated with chitosan, premordanted with Cu, Al and Fe. Dyeing conditions were controlled. 1. Deep color effect was shown silk. 2. Chitosan treated cotton and acrylics showed deep color effect and huge color difference before and after the experiment. 3. In chitosan treated acrylics, deep color effect were shown. It proved the good adsorption of gromwel under metal mordanting. 4. Cu showed high adsorption of gromwell and deep color effect. 5. Chitosan treated acrylics can be substitute for wool.

  • PDF

Natural Dyeing using the Colorants extracted from American Fleabane (Part II) - Dyeing properties on cotton - (개망초 추출물을 이용한 천연염색 (제2보) -면섬유에 대한 염색성-)

  • Shin Younsook;Cho Arang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
    • /
    • v.28 no.12
    • /
    • pp.1625-1631
    • /
    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate dyeing properties of cotton fabrics by American fleabane extract. Effect of dyeing condition on dye uptake and effect of mordanting on dye uptake, color change and colorfastness were explored. Its affinity to cotton fiber was considerably lower than wool, and its hydrogen bonding was involved in the absorption of American fleabane colorants to cotton fiber. K/S value of pre­mordanting was higher than sim-mordanting or post-mordanting. Except that Sn mordanted showed high K/S value, it did not significantly increase. American fleabane produced mainly yellowish color on mordants and mordanting method. Cotton fabrics showed generally high colorfastness except colorfastness to washing.

Analysis of Yellow Traditional Dye using Nondestructive Ultraviolet-visible and Fluorescence Spectrophotometry (비파괴 자외-가시 및 형광 분광 분석법을 이용한 황색계 전통염료 분석)

  • Yu, Heisun;Yun, Eunyoung;Kim, Yuran
    • Conservation Science in Museum
    • /
    • v.11
    • /
    • pp.61-72
    • /
    • 2010
  • This is the analysis of material dyed with Korean yellow dyes such as tumeric, amur cork tree, goldthread, gardenia, and the flowers of sophora japonica using nondestructive ultraviolet-visible and fluorescence spectrophotometry. In order to find out whether type of fabric or mordant influences analysis results, test fabrics were made using two types of fabric(silk and cotton) and dyed using three different mordants(no mordant, alum, iron). After analysis with UV-Vis reflectance spectrum on the dyed fabric, when the fabric was dyed with tumeric, amur cork tree and goldthread, the results were similar with no mordant and alum mordant, whereas there was a difference with an iron mordant. Also when the fabric was dyed using gardenia, different fabrics brought different results but there was no difference in results with mordants. On the other hand, when the fabric was dyed using the flowers of sophora japonica, there was no difference with fabrics but with mordants. After analysis with 3D-fluorescence spectrum, fabrics dyed with tumeric, amur cork tree and goldthread showed their own fluorescent spectrum with no regard to fabric and mordant; but with gardenia, there were differences with different fabrics whereas with the flowers of sophora japonica, there were differences with mordants.

Analysis on Red-colored Dyeing by using Non-destructive UV-visible and Fluorescence Spectrophotometry (비파괴 자외-가시 및 형광 분광 분석법을 이용한 적색계 전통 염료 분석)

  • Yun, Eunyoung;Kim, Yuran
    • Conservation Science in Museum
    • /
    • v.12
    • /
    • pp.9-17
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study examined non-destructive UV-Vis spectrophotometry as well as 3-D fluorescence spectrophotometry of textile that made use of red dye such as Sappan wood, madder, Safflower, Gromwell. The authors produced two textile specimen that were dyed by not only two kinds of textile (cotton and silk) but also three kinds of mordanting (no-mordanting, alumen and iron), and they investigated effects of each dye material upon investigation results. At analysis with UV-Vis spectrophotometry of dyed textile specimen, dyeing made by sappan wood, madder and gromwell had significant difference depending upon mardant regardless of kinds of textile, and safflower had no significant difference depending upon textile and mordant. At analysis with 3D-fluorescence spectrophotometry, specimen dyed with sappan wood had difference with mordants, and with madder, there were difference with textiles, and safflower had inherent fluorescence spectrum regardless of textiles and mordants, while gromwell had no fluorescence spectrum.