• Title, Summary, Keyword: 만성폐쇄성폐질환

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COPD(만성폐쇄성폐질환)로 인한 국내 의료비 부담 심각

  • KOREA ASSOCIATION OF HEALTH PROMOTION
    • 건강소식
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    • v.28 no.9
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    • pp.28-29
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    • 2004
  • 현재 흡연으로 인한 COPD(만성폐쇄성폐질환)의 국내 의료비 부담이 심각한 것으로 드러났다. COPD 의료비 증가로 인한 경제적 부담감도 심각하지만, 천식 등으로 오인되는 COPD 환자 등 잠재환자의 증가와 더불어 COPD로 인한 사회경제적 손실도 더욱 커질 전망이다.

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Relationship between Systemic Inflammatory Marker, Oxidative Stress and Body Mass Index in Stable COPD Patient (안정된 만성폐쇄성폐질환 환자에서 신체질량지수와 전신 염증인자, 산화 스트레스와의 관련성)

  • Ham, Hyun Seok;Lee, Hae Young;Lee, Seung Jun;Cho, Yu Ji;Jeong, Yi Young;Kim, Ho Cheol;Ham, Jong Ryeal;Park, Chan Hoo;Lee, Jong Deok;Sohn, Hyun Joon;Youn, Hee Shang;Hwang, Young Sil
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.61 no.4
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    • pp.330-338
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    • 2006
  • Background: The main factors associated with weight loss in patients with COPD are not well known. Since chronic inflammation and oxidative stress play a major pathogenic role in COPD, these factors may be responsible for the patients' weight loss. Therefore, this study measured the body mass index (BMI) in COPD patients and evaluated the variables, such as systemic inflammatory marker, oxidative stress and lung function, that correlate with the BMI. Method: The stable COPD patients (M:F=49:4, mean age=$68.25{\pm}6.32$) were divided into the lower (<18.5), normal (18.5-25) and higher (>25) BMI group. The severity of the airway obstruction was evaluated by measuring the $FEV_1$. The serum IL-6 and TNF-$\alpha$ levels were measured to determine the degree of systemic inflammation, and the carbonyl protein and 8-iso-prostaglandin $F_2{\alpha}$ level was measured to determine the level of oxidative stress. Each value in the COPD patients and normal control was compared with the BMI. Results: 1) Serum 8-iso-prostaglandin $F_2{\alpha}$ in COPD patients was significantly higher ($456.08{\pm}574.12pg/ml$) than that in normal control ($264.74{\pm}143.15pg/ml$) (p<0.05). However, there were no significant differences in the serum IL-6, TNF-$\alpha$, carbonyl protein between the COPD patients and normal controls. 2). In the COPD patients, the $FEV_1$ of the lower BMI group was significantly lower ($0.93{\pm}0.25L$) than that of the normal BMI ($1.34{\pm}0.52L$) and higher BMI groups ($1.72{\pm}0.41L$) (p<0.05). The lower $FEV_1$ was significantly associated with a lower BMI in COPD patients (p=0.002, r=0.42). The BMI of very severe COPD patients was significantly lower ($19.8{\pm}2.57$) than that of the patients with moderate COPD ($22.6{\pm}3.14$) (p<0.05). 3). There were no significant differences in the serum IL-6, TNF-$\alpha$, carbonyl protein and 8-iso-prostaglandin $F_2{\alpha}$ according to the BMI in the COPD patients. Conclusion: The severity of the airway obstruction, not the systemic inflammatory markers and oxidative stress, might be associated with the BMI in stable COPD patients. Further study will be needed to determine the factors associated with the decrease in the BMI of COPD patients.

Association between Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Hemoglobin Concentration in the Elderly: Based on National Health and Nutrition Survey (국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용한 노인의 만성폐쇄성폐질환과 헤모글로빈 농도의 상관관계)

  • Cho, Hyoung Jun;Huh, Yool-Gang;Kim, Dae hwan
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.11
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    • pp.157-163
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    • 2019
  • This study determines the difference in prevalence of anemia and hemoglobin concentration between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and control groups in the elderly. Moreover, this study also examines the prevalence of anemia and hemoglobin concentration according to the severity of COPD in the elderly. Medical records of 8150 participants who answered the 7th National Health and Nutritional Survey conducted in 2016 were reviewed, and a total of 694 participants was included in the analysis. Participants were classified into two groups: COPD and control groups. Laboratory studies on hemoglobin, hematocrit, red blood cell concentration and prevalence of anemia were collected. Subgroup analysis was also conducted according to the severity of COPD. No significant differences were determined for the prevalence of anemia and hemoglobin concentration between both groups. Hemoglobin concentration was significantly higher in the COPD group. Although not statistically significant, there was a tendency for decrease in the prevalence of anemia and increase in the hemoglobin concentration as the severity of COPD increased. Our findings present specific data about the prevalence of anemia and hemoglobin concentration in elderly patients with COPD. Hence, we propose that occurrence of anemia in elderly patients with COPD requires further evaluation of the causes.

Comparison of Machine Learning Methodology in COPD Cohort Data (COPD 코호트 자료에서의 Machine Learning 방법론 비교)

  • Jeong, Hyeon-Myeong;Park, Heon-Jin;Rhee, Chin-Kook;Lee, Jong-min
    • The Journal of Bigdata
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.115-128
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    • 2017
  • Recently, Machine Learning Methods are widely used with high prediction performance. But if the limit of the data is solved by the statistical technique, It can, lead to higher prediction performance than the existing one. In this study, the SMOTE method is used to solve the imbalance problem in the longitudinal and imbalanced data. As a result, It, was confirmed that the prediction performance increases. Additionally, Although, studies on COPD have been actively conducted, only studies that are related to acute exacerbation have been conducted. So there are no studies on the prediction of acute exacerbation through multiple perspectives and predictive models for various factors. In this study, We examined the factors related to acute exacerbation of COPD and constructed a personalized specific disease prediction model.

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Erectile Dysfunction in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (만성폐쇄성폐질환 환자에서 발기부전)

  • Rhee, Yang Keun;Kim, Jin Ho;Lee, Heung Bum;Lee, Yong Chul;Park, Jong Kwan
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.54 no.3
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    • pp.304-310
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    • 2003
  • Background : Recent discoveries on the physiology of an erection have demonstrated that the organic causes of impotence are more common, and psychogenic impotence is correspondingly less common than was formally believed. The incidence of sexual dysfunctions in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients is largely unknown or may be perfunctorily attributed to the associated illness or to aging. This study investigated whether or not the impotence was related to the COPD itself as well as whether or not it nay stem from organic causes in a notable proportion of such patients. Methods : The sexual function was evaluated in 10 COPD patients and 10 normal control subjects. A nocturnal Rigi Scan was performed to evaluate the erectile function of each group. The level of hormones such as the free testosterone, prolactin and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) was measured, and a pulmonary function test and arterial blood gas analysis was performed. Results : The time duration and frequency of a penile erection were significantly lower in COPD patients than the controls (p<0.05). In addition, the $PaO_2$ levels correlated with the time duration of the penile erection. Conclusion : These results suggest that COPD is one of the causes of organic erectile dysfunction.

Prevalence of Combined Bronchial Asthma with COPD in Patients with Moderate to Severe Air flow Limitation (중등증 및 중증의 만성 기류 장애 환자에서 만성폐쇄성폐질환과 기관지 천식의 합병률)

  • Rhee, Yang Keun;In, Byeong Hyun;Lee, Yang Deok;Lee, Yong Chul;Lee, Heung Bum
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.54 no.4
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    • pp.386-394
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    • 2003
  • Background : ATS(American Thoracic Society) defined new guidelines for COPD(chronic obstructive lung disease) in April 2001, following the results of the global initiative for chronic obstructive lung disease. The most important concept of COPD is an airflow limitation which is not fully reversible compared to bronchial asthma(BA). The criteria for COPD are postbronchodilator $FEV_1$ less than 80% of the predicted value and an $FEV_1$ per FVC ratio less than 70%. The global initiative for asthma(GINA) study defined asthma, which included immune-mediated chronic airway inflammatory airway disease, and found that airflow limitation was wide spread, variable and often completely reversible. Taken together COPD and BA may be combined in airflow limitation. This study was designed to evaluate the prevalence of BA in patients with COPD of moderate to severe airflow limitation. Methods : COPD was diagnosed by symptoms and spirometry according to ATS guidelines. Enrolled subjects were examined for peak flow meters(PFM), sputum eosinophils and eosinophil cationic protein(ECP) levels, serum total IgE with allergy skin prick test, and methacholine bronchial provocation test(MBPT). Results : About 27% of COPD patients with moderate to severe airflow limitation were combined with BA. There was significantly decreased response to PFM in severe COPD. However, there was no significant relationship between BA and COPD according to the degree of severity. The BA combined with COPD group showed significantly high eosinophil counts and ECP level in induced sputum. However, neutrophil counts in induced sputum showed significant elevation in the pure COPD group. Conclusion : Twenty-seven percent of COPD patients with moderate to severe ventilation disorder were combined with BA, but there were no significant differences according to the degree of severity.

Effect of Platelet Activation on Pulmonary Hypertension in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (만성폐쇄성폐질환에서 혈소판 활성도가 폐동맥 고혈압에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyung-Jung;Nam, Moon-Suk;Kwon, Hyuck-Moon;Ahn, Chul-Min;Kim, Sung-Kyu;Lee, Won-Young;Song, Kyung-Soon
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.147-152
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    • 1993
  • Background: There is evidence that platelet is activated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and activated platelet with injured endothelium contribute to the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension, prognostic factor of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. So, we have investigated platelet function further in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and effect of platelet activation on pulmonary hypertension. Method: We studied platelet aggregation ratio and alpha-granule products such as platelet factor 4(PF4) and beta-thromboglobulin (${\beta}$-TG) in control subjects and COPD without and with pulmonary hypertension subjects. Result: 1) The platelet aggregation ratio (PAR) was $0.99{\pm}0.04$ in control subjects, $0.98{\pm}0.05$ in COPD without pulmonary hypertension subjects and $0.89{\pm}0.08$ in COPD with pulmonary hypertension subjects. The platelet aggregation ratio of COPD subjects was tend to decrease than that of control subjects and the ratio of COPD with pulmonary hypertension subjects was significantly lower than that of control subjects. 2) The platelet factor 4 (PF4, IU/ml) was $4.7{\pm}1.2$ in control subjects, $18.6{\pm}4.9$ in COPD without pulmonary hypertension subjects and $57.2{\pm}12.7$ in COPD with pulmonary hypertension subjects. The level of COPD subjects was significantly higher than that of control subjects and the level of COPD with pulmonary hypertension subjects was significantly higher than that of COPD without pulmonary hypertension subjects. 3) The beta-thromboglobulin (${\beta}$-TG, IU/ml) was $34.4{\pm}5.8$ in control subjects, $80.4{\pm}18.1$ in COPD without pulmonary hypertension subjects and $93.0{\pm}14.0$ in COPD with pulmonary hypertension subjects. The level of COPD subjects was significantly higher than that of conrtrol subjects and the level of COPD with pulmonary hypertension subjects was tend to increase than that of COPD without pulmonary hypertension subjects. 4) There was no correlation between the clinical parameters and PAR, PF4 and ${\beta}$-TG but there was significant correlation among PAR, PF4 and ${\beta}$-TG. Conclusion: The platelet is activated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and the platelet of COPD with pulmonary hypertension is tend to be activated more than that of COPD without pulmonary hypertension. So, activated platelet may involve in the pathogenesis and maintenance of pulmonary hypertension in COPD subjects and modulation of platelet activity that might reduce pulmonary hypertension needs to be determined.

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Osteoporosis in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (만성폐쇄성폐질환에서의 골다공증에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Seong-Ja;Lee, Young-Hyun
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.90-96
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    • 1999
  • Background : Osteoporosis has been reported in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, but this association is not well established. This study was undertaken to determine whether the prevalence of osteoporosis was increased in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and we examined the relationship of corticosteroid administration with osteoporosis. Method: Subjects were 23 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and 20 control patients. We reviewed hospital records and measured bone mineral density using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry(Lunar. USA). Results: Mean bone mineral density(BMD) of spine in COPD group was $0.683{\pm}0.154 g/cm^2$ and $0.971{\pm}0.212g/cm^2$ in controls(p<0.01). But there was no significant difference in femoral neck BMD. There were seventeen cases of osteoporosis and six cases of osteopenia in COPD group and three patients of osteoporosis and one case of osteopenia in controls. But, there was no significant correlation between disease duration of COPD and spinal T score(r=-0.395, p>0.05). Ten patients were received corticosteroid in COPD group. Spinal T score in steroid receiving patients were $-3.82{\pm}0.94(SD)$ and $-2.82{\pm}0.97(SD)$ in not having steroid patients(p<0.01). Cumulative dose of corticosteroid was associated with spinal T score(r=-0.424, p<0.05) and duration of corticosteroid administration also associated with spinal T score(r=-0.457. p<0.05). Spinal BMD of patients not having corticosteroid in COPD group(n=13) were significantly lower than that of controls($0.71{\pm}0.13 g/cm^2$ and $0.97{\pm}0.21 g/cm^2$, p<0.01). Conclusion : Prevalence of osteoporosis is increased in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Especially patients who are receiving corticosteroid have high risk of osteoporosis or osteopenia and need for preventive management.

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