• Title/Summary/Keyword: 마멸율

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세라믹 미끄럼 마멸기구에 관한 파괴역학적 고찰

  • 김석삼;김상우
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Conference
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    • pp.70-79
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    • 1993
  • 세라믹은 금속에 비해서 밀도가 낮고, 내마멸성이 우수하고, 열팽창계수가 작고, 높은 온도범위에 걸쳐서 안정성과 경도를 유지함으로 기계구조용재료로서 유망시 되고 있다. 앞으로 세라믹부품에 대한 수요는 더욱 증가하리라고 예상하고 있으며, 세라믹의 응용이 시도되고 있는 부품은 더욱 다양화되어가고 있는 추세이다. 그러나, 세라믹재료에 관한 신뢰할만한 데이터베이스는 확립되지 못한 상태이고, 트라이보시스템에 관한 수명예측과 설계를 위한 기초 자료도 확립하지 못한 상태에 있다. 세라믹재료에 관한 수명예측과 설계를 위해서는 세라믹재료의 트라이보시스템(tribosystem)에서의 마멸기구의 규명과 마멸율을 평가할 수 있는 마멸식을 구하는 것이 가장 기본적인 과제라 할 수 잇다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 최신 기법에 의해서 제조된 HIP제 질화규소와 지르코니아를 실험재료로 하여 무윤활하에서의 미끄럼 마찰$\cdot$마멸실험을 수행하여 마찰$\cdot$마멸특성을 규명하고, SEM을 이용한 마멸면의 미시적 관찰을 통해서 세라믹의 마멸기구를 조사하여 세라믹마멸기구의 마멸모델을 제히하고자 한다. 제시된 마멸모델에 파괴역학을 도입하여 이론해석과 고찰을 수행하여 보다 실용적인 세라믹의 마멸율을 평가할 수 있는 새료운 무차원파라메타를 제안하고자 한다.

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Propagation Analysis of Surface Crack Due to Hertzian Contact (헤르쯔접촉에 의한 표면균열의 전파해석)

  • Kim, Seock-Sam
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 1992
  • 취성재료의 마멸천이기구를 규명하기 위해 반무한탄성체상에 표면균열이 존재할 때 그 위를 헤르쯔 접촉하중이 이동할 경우를 해석모델로 하여 선형파괴역할을 도입하여 해석하였다. 해석방법으로는 표면균열을 인상전위의 연속분포로 치환하여 Erdogan-Gupta의 방법으로 균열끝면의 응력확대계수를 구하여, 취성재료의 균열전파조건인 Erdogan-Sih Criterion을 사용하여 그 전파특성을 해석하였다. 본 논문에서는 마멸율이 적은 마멸에서 마멸율이 큰 마멸로 전이할 때 급격한 표면손상과 마찰계수의 급격한 증가를 동반하므로 이에 대한 해석에 중점을 두었다. 해석결과는 접촉하중과 마찰계수의 증가는 표면균열의 전파를 야기시켜 대규모 마멸입자를 생성시키게 됨을 보여주었다.

Optimum Design of Journal Bearings considering the Wear Rate (마멸율에 관한 저널베어링의 최적설계)

  • 임오강;이왕진
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.155-164
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    • 2002
  • The journal bearings use in machine parts which move relative to each other and those reduce friction and wear of journals. The journal bearings are designed to operate in the hydyodynamic lubrication regime, but elastohydrodynamic lubrication nay occur if the pressures are too high or the running speeds are too low at machine elements. It is the phenomenon that the lubricant film is broken and some parts of surfaces are in rolling contact, so that wear will increase in mixed lubrication regime. The purpose of this study is to minimize the wear rate of journal bearings for extending machine life. The wear mate in mixed lubricated regime is selected as objective function because most of wear of the journal bearings develops in elastohydrodynamic lubrication. The journal bearings we represented by a bearing radius, shaft radius, and bearing width, but the bearing radius only is selected as design variables due to a bearing radius has an influence on friction loss, stability limit velocity, and film parameter, which are used as constraints. For numerical calculation, PLBA, that is a class of the RQP algorithm, is used.

Fracture Mechanics Study on Wear Mechanism of Ceramics -Discussions on Experimental Results of Wear Test- (세라믹의 마멸기구에 관한 파괴역학적 연구 -마멸실험 결과의 고찰-)

  • 김석삼;김재호
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.636-645
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    • 1990
  • Analytically induced wear mechanism of elastic body under Hertzian contact is applied in acutual wear test of ceramics. There are two types of wear in ceramics, a large scale wear and a small scale wear. The large scale wear is commensurable with Hertzian contact area and the small scale wear with real contact area. Nondimensional parameter, S$_{c}$, is introduced and fully examined to estimate or predict wear rate of ceramics. Ceramic wear for S$_{c}$.leq.0.8 is in small scale wear and for S$_{c}$;geq.1.6 in large scale wear. wear.

A Study on the Sliding Wear Calculation in Spur Gears (Spur Gear의 미끄럼 마멸율에 관한 연구)

  • 김태완;문석만;강민호;조용주
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Conference
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 1999
  • In this study, the sliding wear in spur gears, using Archard's wear model, is analyzed. Formulas of tooth sliding wear depth along the line of action are derived. The tooth profile is modified Id make a smooth transmission of the normal loads and the cylinder profile for reducing the pressure spike is suggested. The sliding wear rate is calculated with these profiling results. We expect these modification methods to contribute to the reduction of sliding wear in the root and the tip of tooth and tooth edge.

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A Propotition of a New Parameter in Ceramic Wear(I) Friction and Wear Characteristics of Silicon Nitride and Zirconia (세라믹 마멸에 있어서의 새로운 파라메터 제안 (I) 질화규소와 지르코니아의 마찰$\cdot$마멸 특성)

  • ;;Hsu, S. M.
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1441-1455
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    • 1993
  • Under unlubricated condition, the friction and wear tests of silicon nitride and zirconia manufactured by HIP were carried out at room temperature. The wear resistance of silicon nitride was superior to that of zirconia under low load, whereas the wear resistance of zirconia was superior to that of silicon nitride under high load. Wear model of ceramic was suggested by the microscopic SEM observation of worn surfaces and debris. Theoretical analysis and discussions based on linear fracture mechanics were made out about this ceramic wear model. From the theoretical analysis, a new nondimensional parameter, Scf, was introduced to estimate wear rate of ceramics. This new nondimentional parameter consists of contact pressure, surface defect of contact material, frictional coefficient and fracture toughness.

Tribological Characteristics of Sliding Contact between Deferent Combinations of Ceramics (미끄럼 접촉시 이종세라믹 간의 트라이볼로지적 특성)

  • Kim Bupmin;Kim Seock-sam;Shin Dongwoo;Yoon Sang-bo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Conference
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    • pp.296-300
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    • 2004
  • Currently. the study on structural ceramic helps to suggest the precise data of friction and wear in accordance with the various conditions in operations. Also, the study helps to predict effective operating conditions by monitoring the occurrence of wear transition. The studies in the Past were mainly concentrated in using identical materials. However, it is highly likely to have unqualified data from the differences of mechanical and chemical properties between ceramic materials. Thus, in this study, through conducting the ball-on-disk type wear testing, the different ceramic materials has been used to consider tribological characteristics between different ceramic materials. We conducted the wear test by using three kinds of specimen which are zirconia, alumina and silicon carbide against zirconia. We have changed the sliding velocity and the loading conditions in this test and found out that there is row friction coefficient and wear rate in the combination of zirconia and silicon carbide.

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A Study on Corrosive Wear Characteristics and the Mechanism of Austempered Low-Alloy Ductile Iron (오스템퍼링 한 저합금구상흑연주철의 부식마멸특성 및 그 기구에 관한 연구)

  • 박흥식;진동규
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1404-1411
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    • 1993
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the corrosive wear charateristics upon various transformation condition of austempered low-alloy ductile cast iron in corrosive environments against mating specimen made of the hardened SM45C. The corrosive wear test was carried out by rubbing the annular surface of two test pieces in distilled water and aqueous solution at constant sliding speed of 0.5m/s. In severe wear region, the corrosive wear rate Wc increased hastily with NaCl concentration owing to intermetallic adhesion but Wc went down slowly in mild wear region due to lubricating effect of the corrosion product. The critical sliding distance decreased with increasing NaCl concentration due to increased generation rate of the corrosion product and the specific corrosive wear rate has maximum in 1% NaCl aqueous solution at mild wear region. With the variation of matrix, the corrosive wear resistance of the fine acicular bainite was higher than that of coarse upper bainite because of reducing the local cell reaction by carbides. A growth in volume fraction of retained austenite in matrix increased the Wc due to soften surface, but has a declining tendency of Wc in mild wear region.

Friction and Wear at Ceramic Coated Surfaces of Aluminum Alloy (알루미늄 합금표면에 코팅된 세라믹재의 마찰마멸 특성)

  • 공호성;권오관;김형선
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.3083-3093
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    • 1993
  • Friction and wear at ceramic coated surfaces of aluminum alloy were experimentally studied using a Ring-on-Block wear test machine. Ceramic materials coated on aluminum alloy surfaces were WC, CrC, $Al_{2}O_{3}$ by a plasma spray; and $Al_{2}O_{3}$,$Al_{2}SiO_{5}$, $Na_{2}B_{4}O_{7}$,$Na_{4}P_{2}O_{7}$, and $Al_{2}O_{3}-ZrO_{2}$ composite coating by an Anodic Spark Depositon. They were tested under the sliding wet contact and compared with aluminum alloys and steels. Test results showed that ceramic coated surfaces, in general, have better anti-wear property than those of aluminum alloys due to increase in the surface hardness ; however, they also showed higher coefficients of friction and changes in wear mechanisms, resulting in brittle fractures.

Wear Characteristics of Carburized SCM415 Steel for Control Valve (컨트롤 밸브용 침탄 SCM415강의 마멸 특성)

  • Lee, Jeong Won;Na, Seong Hyeon;Yoon, Dong Hyun;Han, Sun Hyoung;Kim, Hyung Gong;Kim, Jae Hoon
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.40 no.10
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    • pp.873-878
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    • 2016
  • SCM415 steel for the control valve undergoes wear because of continuous movement between the valve and valve case. The wear of the valve interrupts the performance of the valve, and decreases the service life. In this study, wear characteristics of the as-received and carburized SCM415 steels are evaluated. The wear tests are conducted for various temperatures and loads using a reciprocating wear tester. From these results, wear loss, specific wear rate, and coefficient of friction are analyzed. The wear mechanism was analyzed by SEM. The interaction effects between loads and temperatures on wear loss are determined for analysis of variance using MINITAB.