• Title, Summary, Keyword: 레이저스캐닝

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Construction of 3D Geospatial Information for Development and Safety Management of Open-pit Mine (노천광산 개발 및 안전관리를 위한 3차원 지형정보 구축 및 정확도 분석)

  • Park, Joon Kyu;Jung, Kap Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.43-48
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    • 2020
  • Open pit mines for limestone mining require rapid development of technologies and efforts to prevent safety accidents due to rapid deterioration of the slope due to deforestation and rapid changes in the topography. Accurate three-dimensional spatial information on the terrain should be the basis for reducing environmental degradation and safe development of open pit mines. Therefore, this study constructed spatial information about open pit mine using UAV(Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) and analyzed its utility. images and 3D laser scan data were acquired using UAV, and digital surface model, digital elevation model and ortho image were generated through data processing. DSM(Digital Surface Model) and ortho image were constructed using image obtained from UAV. Trees were removed using 3D laser scan data and numerical elevation models were produced. As a result of the accuracy analysis compared with the check points, the accuracy of the digital surface model and the digital elevation model was about 11cm and 8cm, respectively. The use of three-dimensional geospatial information in the mineral resource development field will greatly contribute to effective mine management and prevention of safety accidents.

Comparison of finite element analysis of the closing patterns between first and second premolar extraction spaces (상악 제1 및 제2소구치의 발치공간 폐쇄기전에 대한 3차원 유한요소 해석의 비교 연구)

  • Koh, Shin-Ae;Im, Won-Hee;Park, Sun-Hyung;Chun, Youn-Sic
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.407-420
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    • 2007
  • The aim of this study was to compare the differences in closing extraction spaces between maxillary first premolar and second premolar extractions using 3-dimensional finite element analysis (FEA). Methods: Maxillary artificial teeth were selected according to Wheeler's dental anatomy. The size and shape of each tooth, bracket and archwire were made from captured real images by a 3D laser scanner and FEA was performed with a 10-noded tetrahedron. A $10^{\circ}$ gable bend was placed behind the bull loop on a $0.017"{\times}0.025"$ archwire. The extraction space was then closed through 12 repeated activating processes for each 2mm of space. Results and Conclusions: The study demonstrated that the retraction of anterior teeth was less for the second premolar extraction than for the first premolar extraction. The anterior teeth showed a controlled tipping movement with slight extrusion, and the posterior teeth showed a mesial-in rotational movement. For the second premolar extraction, buccal movement of posterior teeth was highly increased.

Enhancing Query Efficiency for Huge 3D Point Clouds Based on Isometric Spatial Partitioning and Independent Octree Generation (등축형 공간 분할과 독립적 옥트리 생성을 통한 대용량 3차원 포인트 클라우드의 탐색 효율 향상)

  • Han, Soohee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.481-486
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    • 2014
  • This study aims at enhancing the performance of file-referring octree, suggested by Han(2014), for efficiently querying huge 3D point clouds, acquired by the 3D terrestrial laser scanning. Han's method(2014) has revealed a problem of heavy declining in query speed, when if it was applied on a very long tunnel, which is the lengthy and narrow shaped anisometric structure. Hereupon, the shape of octree has been analyzed of its influence on the query efficiency with the testing method of generating an independent octree in each isometric subdivision of 3D object boundary. This method tested query speed and main memory usage against the conventional single octree method by capturing about 300 million points in a very long tunnel. Finally, the testing method resulted in which twice faster query speed is taking similar size of memory. It is also approved that the conclusive factor influencing the query speed is the destination level, but the query speed can still increase with more proximity to isometric bounding shape of octree. While an excessive unbalance of octree shape along each axis can heavily degrade the query speed, the improvement of octree shape can be more effectively enhancing the query speed than increasement of destination level.

A Study on the labial & buccal surface contour in Korean permanent teeth using three-dimensional laser scanning (3차원 레이저 스캐너를 이용한 한국인 영구치의 순, 협측 치관 굴곡도에 관한 연구)

  • Ko, Sang-Duck;Cha, Kyung-Suk
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.275-291
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    • 2002
  • Of various factors indicated for effective use of straight wire appliances, there was a great lack of studies both domestic and international about the curvatures of tooth crowns. This study was performed to investigate the labio/buccal clinical crown curvatures of Korean permanent teeth. For this study, three-dimensional laser scanning was performed on 36 dental casts with normal anatomic structures. Andrews plane and Facial axis of clinical crown (FACC) were designated as horizontal and vertical reference planes respectively. 2 or 3 lines, 1mm apart, were drawn superior, inferior, left and right of these reference planes. A three-dimensional coordinate table was made for points formed by crossing these lines, and averages of each coordinate point on the 36 dental casts were obtained. The curvature equation was made using three-dimensional coordinate points (x,y,z) and by this curvature equation, the curve ratio of each tooth was obtained. Curve ratio changes of each section of teeth were calculated by curve ratios of simplified curves. These two dimensional curves were simplified horizontally and vertically Conclusions for this study are as follows. 1. The basic data of labial and buccal clinical crown curvatures were obtained about Korean permanent teeth. 2. No significant difference was found between male and females. 3. Individual tooth characteristics 1) In maxillary central incisors, the difference in the curve ratio between the gingival and incisal sides was greater than for the other teeth. And the gingival side showed a greater curve ratio. 2) Maxillary canines showed more curvatures in the mesio-occlusal surface than the other surfaces. 3) In maxillary $1^{st}$ premolars, more curvatures were found in mesio-occlusal and disto-gingival surface, thus showing a twisted crown surface, but in maxillary $2^{nd}$ premolars, the crown curvatures of mesial and distal ends became parallel to each other. 4) No significant difference in crown curvatures was found between mandibular central and lateral incisors. 5) Occluso-gingival curvatures of mandibular$2^{nd}$ premolar turned out to be more rounded than mandibular $1^{st}$ premolars or maxillary $2^{nd}$ premolars. From the above conclusions, it can be deduced that the same bracket bases can be used for mandibular central and lateral incisors. But for maxillary $1^{st}\;and\;2^{nd}$ premolars and for mandibular $1^{st}\;and\;2^{nd}$ premolars, because crown curvatures showed significant differences, when making bracket bases there is ample reason to make bracket base curves differently for each type of tooth.

Digital Documentation and Short-term Monitoring on Original Rampart Wall of the Gyejoksanseong Fortress in Daejeon, Korea (대전 계족산성 원형성벽의 디지털기록화 및 단기모니터링 연구)

  • Kim, Sung Han;Lee, Chan Hee;Jo, Young Hoon
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.169-188
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    • 2019
  • This study was carried out unmanned aerial photography and terrestrial laser scanning to establish digital database on original wall of Gyejoksanseong fortress, and measured ground control points for continuity of the monitoring. It also performed precise examination with the naked eye, unmanned aerial photogrammetry, endoscopy, total station and handy measurement to examine the structural stability of the original walls. The ground control points were considered as a point where visual field can be secured, 3 points were selected around each of the south and north walls. For the right side of the south original wall, aerial photogrammetry was conducted using drones and a deviation analysis of 3-dimensional digital models was performed for short-term monitoring. As a result, the two original walls were almost matched in range within 5mm, and no difference indicating displacement of stones was found, except for partial deviation. Regular monitoring of the areas with structural deformation such as bulging, weak and fracture zone by precisely examining with the naked eye and using high-resolution photo data revealed no distinct change. The inner foundation observed through endoscopy found out that filling stones of the original walls were still remained, while most filling soil was lost. As a result of measuring the total station focusing around the points with structural deformation on the original walls, the maximum displacements of the north and south walls were somewhat high with 6.6mm and 3.8mm, respectively, while the final displacements were relatively stable at below 2.9mm and 1.4mm, respectively. Handy measurement also did not reveal clear structural deformation with displacements below 0.82mm at all points. Even though the results of displacement monitoring on the original walls are stable, it is hard to secure structural stability due to the characteristics of ramparts where sudden brittle fracture occurs. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct conservational scientific diagnosis, precise monitoring, and structural analysis based on the 3-dimensional figuration information obtained in this research.