• Title, Summary, Keyword: 라돈챔버

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Formation of Ultra fine Particle by the Polonium-218 Ions under Different Humidity Conditions (다른 습도조건하에서 Po-218 이온들의 극소입자형성에 관한 연구)

  • Yoon, Suk-Chul;Ha, Chung-Woo
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 1992
  • A number of investigators have reported the formation of the radiolytic ultrafine particles produced by the interaction of ionizing radiation with water vapor. Previous studies have suggested that a very high localized concentration of the OH radical produced by the radiolysis of water can react with trace gas like organic vapors and produce lower vapor pressure compounds that can then nucleate. In order to determine water vapor dependence of the active, positively charged, first radon daughter(Po-218), an experiment was conducted using a well-controlled radon chamber. The activity size distribution of the radon daughter in the range of 0.5-100nm was measured using the parallel graded wire screens system. Measurements were taken for different relative humidity. The resultant activity size distributions were analyzed. The addition of water vapor to the radon carrier gases resulted in the formation of ultrafine particles by OH radicals formed by radon radiolysis. It may be due to the neutralization of charged Po-218 ion with water vapor through the radio lysis.

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A Kinetics Study of Rn Daughter and Atmospheric Trace Gas Using Alpha Track Detection (알파비적검출방법에 의한 대기중 라돈딸핵종의 화학적 동특성연구)

  • Yoon, Suk-Chul;Ha, Chung-Woo
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.79-83
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    • 1995
  • A number of investigators have reported formation of radiolytic ultrafine particles produced by the interaction of ionizing radiation with atmospheric trace gases. Previous studies have suggested that a very high localized concentration of the hydroxyl radical produced by the radiolysis of water can react with atmospheric trace gases such as $SO_2$ and produce lower vapor pressure compounds that can subsequently nucleate. To determine the trace gas and water vapor concentration dependence of the active, positively charged, first decayt product of radon (Po-218), a well-controlled radon chamber was used in this research. The mobility spectrum of the decay products in the range of $0.07-5.0cm^2/V\;sec$ from the radon chamber was measured using alpha track detector installed inside a specially-designed electrostatic spectrometer. Measurements were taken for different concentrations (0.5ppm to 5ppm) of $SO_2$ in Purified, Compressed air. A kinetics Study following the clustering of $SO_2$ around the $PoO_x^+$ ion in an excess of $SO_2$ for interpretation of the reaction processes was performed.

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Long-term Variation of Radon in Granitic Residual Soil at Mt. Guemjeong in Busan, Korea (화강암 잔류 토양의 토양 가스 중 라돈의 장기적 변화 특성)

  • Moon, Ki-Hoon;Kim, Jin-Seop;Ahn, Jung-Keun;Kim, Hyun-Chul;Lee, Hyo-Min
    • The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.279-291
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    • 2009
  • Radon is a natural radionuclide originated from radioactive decay of radium in rocks and soil. It is colorless, odorless and tasteless elements that mainly distributed as gaseous phase in soil pore space. The present study analyzed the characteristics of long-term radon variation in granitic residual soil at Mt. Guemjeong in Guemjeong-gu, Busan and determined the effects of atmospheric temperature, rainfall and soil temperature and moisture. Periodic measurements of radon concentrations in soil gas were conducted by applying two types of in-situ monitoring methods (chamber system and tubing system). Radon concentration in soil gas was highest in summer and lowest in winter. The variations in soil temperature and atmospheric temperature were most effective factors in the long-term radon variations and showed positive co-relations. The air circulation between soil air and atmosphere by the temperature difference between soil and atmosphere was analyzed a major cause of the variation. However, other factors such as atmospheric pressure, rainfall and soil moisture were analyzed relatively less effective.

Performance Evaluation of Several Radon Detectors in the Standard Chamber and Dwellings (라돈 표준실과 가옥 내에서 일부 라돈검출기에 대한 성능 평가)

  • Yoon, Seok-Won;Kim, Yong-Jae;Chang, Byung-Uck;Byun, Jong-In;Yun, Ju-Yong
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.173-181
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    • 2008
  • To ensure the performance of radon detectors, three passive radon detectors ($RadTrak^{(R)}$, $Radopot^{(R)}$, and $E-PERM^{(R)}$)have been reviewed. The difference ratios of RadTrak and Radopot tested in the radon standard chamber were -13.2% and -6.0%, respectively, which were in good accordance within 20% of the value measured by $AlphaGUARD^{(R)}$. To ensure the performance of the long term measurement, the 3 detectors were installed at the same position of approximately one hundred of dwellings for one year. The correlation curve between RadTrak and Radopot shows good agreement with a correlation coefficient ($R^2$) of 0.91. However, The correlation curve between E-PERM and Radopot shows bad agreement ($R^2$ = 0.021). In addition, the distribution map of annual mean indoor gamma dose rate measured with E-PERM was not in accordance with the distribution map of outdoor gamma dose rate measured by Portable Ion Chamber. According to the results, some requisites for the selection of the radon passive detectors in the large-scale indoor radon survey were discussed.

A Study of Radon Reduction using Panel-type Activated Carbon (판재형 활성탄을 이용한 라돈 저감 연구)

  • Choi, Il-Hong;Kang, Sang-Sik;Jun, Jae-Hoon;Yang, Seung-Woo;Park, Ji-Koon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.297-302
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    • 2017
  • Recently, building materials and air purification filters with eco-friendly charcoal are actively studying to reduce the concentration of radon gas in indoor air. In this study, radon reduction performance was assessed by designing and producing new panel-type activated carbon filter that can be handled more efficiently than conventional charcoal filters, which can reduce radon gas. For the fabrication of our panel-type activated carbon filter, first the pressed molding product after mixing activated carbon powder and polyurethane. Then, through diamond cutting, the activated carbon filter of 2 mm, 4 mm and 6 mm thickness were fabricated. To investigate the physical characteristics of the fabricated activated carbon filter, a surface area and flexural strength measurement was performed. In addition, to evaluate the reduction performance of radon gas in indoor, the radon concentration of before and after the filter passes from a constant amount of air flow using three acrylic chambers was measured, respectively. As a result, the surface area of the fabricated activated carbon was approximately $1,008m^2/g$ showing similar value to conventional products. Also, the flexural load was found to have three times higher value than the gypsum board with 435 N. Finally, the radon reduction efficiency from indoor gas improved as the thickness of the activated carbon increases, resulting in an excellent radon removal rate of more than 90 % in the 6 mm thick filter. From the experimental results, the panel-type activated carbon is considered to be available as an eco-friendly building material to reduce radon gas in an enclosed indoor environment.