• Title, Summary, Keyword: 또래친밀도

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Differences in Intersubjectivity During Joint Story Making Activity by Closeness of Peer Relationship (유아의 또래 친밀도에 따른 상호주관성의 차이 : 글 없는 그림책 이야기 꾸미기를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hyojin;Kwon, Myn-gyun
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.19-33
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    • 2007
  • This study examined the effects of closeness of peer relationships on intersubjectivity in young children's joint story making of wordless picture books. The joint story making activity of 32 five-year-old children was videotaped and transcribed, and the structure and negotiation types of interaction were examined by Goncu's (1993a) measure of intersubjectivity. Results showed (1) closeness of peer relationship was related to the structure of intersubjectivity children working with very close peers exhibited more turns. (2) Children working with very close peers used more extension and acceptance negotiation types, whereas the children working with non-close peers used more building-on of own ideas and irrelevant acts of negotiation.

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The Effect of Peer Mentoring Activity on Academic Achievement and Views on Nature of Science (또래도우미 활동이 학업성취도 및 과학에 대한 인식에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Bon-Uk;Moon, Seongbae
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.58 no.6
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    • pp.612-621
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of peer mentor on academic achievement of mentee and views on nature of science. The experimental group was consisted of 20 mentor students, formed as a high level being less than 20% of achievement test, and 20 mentee, low level less than 15% of that. The mentoring activities were conducted 23 times for 8 weeks and progressed for 15~30 minutes after the teacher's main classes. During the mentoring activity, studying materials were provided to students and mentees asked to mentors for the parts which were difficult to understand among the contents of classes and got replies by arranging studying materials. As the results of this study, First, peer mentoring activity was shown statistically meaningful effects and improved the academic achievement in mentee's group than traditional classes (p<.01). But, there was no meaningful effects on mentor's achievement (p>.05). Second, the students who took part in the peer mentoring activity said that it was a good chance to have a close relationship between mentors and mentees. Also, the science recognition of the students were changed positively even though the science is hard and difficult to memorize, but interesting subject included the experiments. Third, the satisfaction of the peer mentoring activity is high both mentors and mentees (p<.01). Fourth, according to mentees' positive attitude, and as the level of closeness is higher, the academic achievement was increased. Based on this study, if teachers organize mentoring team effectively according to their closeness, one can expect the positive change of recognition on science as well as academic achievement of mentees.

Relationship between Attachment for Intimate Relations and Self-Regulated Learning Ability of College Students (대학생의 친밀대상에 대한 애착과 자기조절학습 능력의 관계)

  • Kim, Boseong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.245-252
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the attachment of college students to parents and peers as intimate or major attachment objects and their self-regulated learning ability. To accomplish this, we conducted a survey with the parents-peer attachment scale and self-regulated learning scale. As a result, it was found that the relationship between their self-regulated learning ability and parents-peer attachment was significant, while the explicit goal-oriented variable as an essential factor in the regulation of their motivation was excluded. In addition, it was found that the effect of peer and mother attachment on their self-regulated learning ability was relatively high. On the other hand, two variables, viz. the test anxiety in motivation regulation and timing and studying regulation in behavior regulation, were heavily influenced by father attachment. These results could be interpreted in two ways. First, there could be a lower relationship between positive relations and comparative advantages and, second, these two items could be closely related to the negative factors in the relationship between father and child.

The Moderating Effect of Teacher-Child Relationship on the Relation between Child's Shyness and Peer Victimization (남녀 유아의 수줍음과 또래괴롭힘 피해 간 관계에 대한 교사-유아 관계의 중재효과)

  • Kwon, Yeon Hee
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.25-45
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    • 2014
  • This study examined the moderating role of teacher-child relationship on the relation between children's shyness and peer victimization. Participants were 200 children(97 boys, 103 girls; recruited from classes with 5-6 year olds) and their kindergarten teachers. The teachers completed rating scales to measure the children's peer victimization, shyness and teacher-child relationship. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, correlations, and hierarchical multiple regressions. Boys and girls were analyzed separately. Results showed that children's shyness had a positive relation to their peer victimization. Teacher-child relationship significantly related to children's peer victimization. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the interaction of boys' shyness and teacher-child closeness predicted boys' peer victimization. Boys' shyness, whose teachers demonstrated the lowest level of teacher-child closeness, was significantly associated with their peer victimization. Boys' shyness had a significant relation to their peer victimization, especially for the highest level of teacher-child conflictual relationship. Results are discussed in terms of the role of teachers to shy boys' peer victimization.

The Influence of Objective and Subjective Evaluations about Peers′ Relative Competency on Children′s Problem Solving Performance (또래의 상대적 능력에 대한 객관적, 주관적 평가가 아동의 과제 해결 능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Hae Shin Hwang
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2002
  • 본 연구의 목적은 아동이 또래와 함께 과제를 풀어 나가는 과정에서, 상호작용하는 아동들의 객관적인 상대적 능력과 주관적인 상대적 능력을 고려하여 이들이 아동의 과제해결능력에 어떠한 영향을 주는지를 알아보고자 하는 것이었다. 구체적으로 본 연구에서는 대상 아동이 자신보다 우수하거나 열등한 아동과 상호작용을 경험하게 하며, 이들 상대방에 대해서 아동자신은 어떻게 평가하고 있는지, 또한 이러한 상대방의 능력에 대한 주관적 평가가 아동의 과제해결 능력에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지를 살펴보았으며, 마지막으로 이러한 관계가 상대방에 대한 친밀도와는 어떻게 관련지어 나타나는지를 살펴보았다. 6, 8, 10세의 아동을 대상으로 하여 서로에 대한 친밀도를 조사하였으며 상대방의 능력에 대해 어떻게 생각하고 있는지에 대한 주관적인 평가를 하게 했다. 또한 하노이탑 과제를 사용하여 사전 검사, 처리, 사후 검사 단계를 통해 아동의 과제 해결 능력을 측정하였다. 그 결과, 자신보다 더 우수한 짝과 함께 공동 과제 해결을 한 아동이 그렇지 않은 아동보다 사후검사에서 더 많은 향상력을 보여줄 것이라고 기대하였으나 이 가설은 기각되었고, 아동이 자신의 짝에 대하여 긍정적으로 생각할 때, 다시 말하면 자신보다 과제를 더 잘 풀어 나갈 것이라고 판단할 경우에만 과제 수행 능력이 향상되었다. 이러한 결과는 객관적으로 평가된 아동의 능력보다 아동 자신이 주관적으로 상대방의 능력에 대해 판단한 것이 더 의미있게 과제수행 능력에 영향을 미친다는 것을 보여준다.

Children's Social Competence and Emotion Regulation Strategy according to Peer Friendliness (아동의 또래친밀도에 따른 정서조절전략과 사회적능력)

  • Song, Ji-Hae;Hwang, Hae-Shin
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.29-39
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate children's emotional regulation and social competence in relation with peer friendliness. Specifically, it examined the hypotheses that children's emotion regulation strategies would be different depending on age, gender, and peer friendliness, and that children's emotion regulation strategies would affect their social competences. The subjects were 197 of the second, fourth, and sixth graders in an elementary school located in Gangdong-gu, Seoul. The findings are as follows: first, children's emotion regulation strategies are different according to gender and age. Girls use more 'external response strategy' than boys do. Elder children use more 'internal response strategy' than younger children, and younger children use more 'problem solving strategy' than elder children. Second, children's emotion regulation strategies are different depending on the degree of peer friendliness. Children employ more 'problem solving' and 'internal response' strategies to close friends rather than to just friends. Children used more the strategies as 'request for social support', 'evasion', and 'external response' to just friends rather than to close friends. Finally, children's social competencies are influenced by the strategies of 'problem solving' and 'evasion'.

Effects of a Peer Tutoring Method on Mathematical Problem Solving and Class Satisfaction (또래교수법이 수학 문제해결과 수업 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Cha, Ji-Hye;Choi, Sang-Ho;Kim, Dong-Joong
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.203-221
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze how a peer mentoring method affects students' problem solving abilities and class satisfaction in the context of high school quadratic curves and provide implications for teaching and learning mathematics. For this study, seventy six 11th graders in the natural sciences track participated in the peer mentoring method. After finishing the teaching method, Problem Solving Abilities Questionnaire was collected for analysis of pre-test/post-test experiments and Class Satisfaction Questionnaire was also gathered. The results show that the mentoring method positively impacts on participants' problem solving abilities and class satisfaction because its comfortable learning environments, individualized learning contents, and unconstrained learning processes motivate them through ways to improve their communication. According to the results, it is to address practical implications applied in teaching quadratic curves in high school with the value and importance of mentoring methods.

Effects of Preschoolers' Temperament and Relationships with Teachers on their Peer Interaction (기질과 교사와의 관계가 또래상호작용에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Hye Jin;Shin, Nary
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.47-68
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate how children's temperament and relationships with teachers affect their peer interaction. For this purpose, two surveys were conducted on mothers and teachers of 326 four- and five-year-old children attending four kindergartens in Gyeonggi Province. The data were analyzed by using PASW 18.0 to carry out hierarchical regression and post hocanalyses. The results showed that closeness to teachers moderated the effects of children's emotionality on their positive peer interaction. On the other hand, children's temperaments including emotionality and activity, and their relationship with teachers were directly influential on their negative peer interaction; no interaction effect was found between their temperament and relationships with teachers. It was concluded that the quality of teacher-child relationships could promote children's positive peer interaction while it could also reduce their negative interaction with peers. However, the temperament of children played limited roles in their negative peer interaction.

Mediating Effect of Self-Esteem on the Relationship between Attachment and Depression in Adolescents (청소년의 애착과 우울 관계에서 자아존중감의 매개효과)

  • Kang, Hee Kyung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.353-362
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study aimed to investigate the mediating effect of self-esteem between attachment and depression in adolescents. The study specified theoretical assumptions based on internal working model and vulnerability model. The data were analyzed by structural equation modeling. A total of 2,058 adolescent data from 2015 Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey was used in this study. The results showed parent attachment, peer attachment, and teacher attachment did not have direct effects on adolescent depression, but have indirect effects. Self-esteem had direct and mediating effect on depression. The implications were discussed in relation to interpersonal relationships and self-esteem of adolescents for depression prevention.

Does a Good Night's Sleep Increase Peer Intimacy Among Adolescents? (청소년 수면의 질은 또래 친밀감을 높이는가?)

  • Shin, Ji-eun;Kim, Jung Ki
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.129-142
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    • 2018
  • We spend about one-third of our life sleeping. Although the influence of sleep on various cognitive and affective functioning is recognized, relatively less is known about its consequences on interpersonal relationships. The present study examines whether sleep contributes to adolescent's peer intimacy; specifically, given the role of sleep in memory consolidation, it was assumed that a good sleep will enhance social relationships by positively refurbishing memories of social episodes. As predicted, young teenagers' sleep quality predicted increased peer intimacy, partly through the positive memory of social events, in a sample of middle school (Study 1) as well as high school participants (Study 2). To investigate the causal link, in Study 2, memory recollections were repeatedly measured for a week. Sleep quality during the week predicted how social, but not non-social episodes were positively remembered. The function and importance of sleep quality are discussed in the context of interpersonal relationships.