• Title, Summary, Keyword: 또래집단

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A Study on the Relevance of Social Cognitive Map Analysis to Peer Subgrouping of Elementary School Students (초등학생의 또래하위집단 분류에 대한 사회인지도 분석의 적합성 연구)

  • Ahn, Ie-Hwan;Shin, Min-Shik
    • The Korean Journal of Elementary Counseling
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.151-165
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    • 2011
  • This study aims to demonstrate how well SCM analysis, which indicates social cognitive map of categorizing peer subgroups of elementary school students, corresponds with that of teachers. To do this, the subject of this study includes two classes of the 3rd and the 5th grade students in D elementary school in B-gu, Busan city. Over 30 students of each gender in each grade were surveyed with social network questionnaires to collect data. The result of the social network survey was analyzed by SCM 4.0 program to categorize peer subgroups within each class. The categorized peer subgroups were reported to the class teacher. Based on the report, the class teachers observed peer subgroups in classes. After the teachers observed and categorized the students into several peer groups, an analysis was conducted to compare the peer subgrouping by students with that by teachers. The result showed the two were 80% correspondent to each other regardless of gender and grade. If interobserver reliability stays within the range of 80-100%, it is considered reliable. And this leads to the conclusion that peer subgrouping by students' cognition and that by teachers' observation can be regarded quite corresponding. In conclusion, peer subgrouping through SCM is significant when peer subgrouping Korean children, and it appears to be more significant when analyzed considering different variables including gender and grade. Peer subgrouping by girls is shown to be more accurate than that by boys.

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A Case Study on Grouping in Peer Tutoring Discourse (또래교수 담론에서의 집단 구성에 관한 사례 연구)

  • Kim, Ga-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.281-309
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is provides an implication of further teaching learning process by analyze the common and difference and characteristic of mathematical self-efficiency between three peer tutoring groups discourse in the mathematical teaching leaning process that use peer tutoring. To achieve this goal, three groups formed that consist of one peer tutor who received a first grade of mathematic achievement and one peer student. Peer student of each group is divided into high grade, middle grade, low grade of mathematic achievement. Then analyze the discourse in the exponential function problem solving process. Based on the results of study, this paper provides a concrete example of merit of peer tutoring on the peer tutor. Result of study also provides a practical help to make a peer tutoring group by considering a difference of grades between peer tutor and peer student. Because there is a possibility of mutual discourse on the tutoring group that consist of similar grades.

고등학생 또래상담 프로그램이 의사소통과 사회적 효능감에 미치는 효과

  • Byeon, Sang-Hae
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.243-259
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 고등학생의 의사소통이 사회적 효능감에 어떠한 효과를 미치는지를 알아보는데 그 목적이 있다. 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 또래상담 프로그램을 경험한 실험집단은 통제집단보다 의사소통에서 통계적으로 유의미한 효과가 있었다. 둘째, 또래상담 프로그램을 경험한 실험집단은 통제집단보다 사회적 효능감에서 통계적으로 유의미한 효과가 있었다. 따라서 또래상담 프로그램이 고등학생의 의사소통과 사회적 효능감에 긍정적인 방향으로 영향을 미친다는 사실을 알 수 있다. 이로 인하여 또래상담 프로그램은 고등학생들에게 유익한 프로그램이라 여겨지며 학교에서 적극적으로 이 프로그램이 활용되어야 한다고 본다.

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The Moderating Effect of the Sports Activity Satisfaction in the relationship between Adolescents' Communication Skills and Positive Self-concept within Peer Group (청소년 또래집단 내 커뮤니케이션 능력과 긍정적 자아개념과의 관계에서 스포츠활동 만족도의 조절효과)

  • Kim, Ki-Sup;Chang, Ik Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.365-373
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    • 2017
  • This research aims to verify the moderating effect of sports activity satisfaction in the relationship between adolescents' communication skills and positive self-concept within peer group. To achieve this purpose, this study extracted 250 samples from five boys high schools in Gyeonggi-do, and used survey of 232 students for actual analysis excluding the surveys with unfaithful answer or double entry. Questionnaire was used as a tool for collecting data and conducted frequency analysis, correlation analysis and moderator regression analysis to analyze the collected data. This study drew the following results. It was identified that sub-factors of sports activity satisfaction as social, physical, environmental and educational satisfaction have the moderating effect in the relationship between adolescents' communication skills and social self-concept with peer group. In other words, communication skills within adolescents' peer group play an important role in improving positive self-concept, but when sports activity satisfaction put as a moderating variable, adolescents' positive self-concept would be more improved.

Effect of Peer Counseling Program on Classmate Relationships of Children (또래상담 프로그램이 아동의 교우관계에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Ka-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.700-708
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    • 2016
  • This study is to examine how peer counseling program affects on peer relation of children. The study subjects who fourth grades of A elementary school students in K city of Cheonbuk region, children of 26(boys 14, girls 12) people who expressed their joining opinion of program, were selected through information. 28(boys 15, girls 13) people were selected as control group. Before conducting program, both experiment group and control group were identified as same group. From in April, 2014 to in June 2014, peer counseling was conducted by experiment group(once per week, 60 minutes per session for a total 10 sessions), to examine effect, peer relation questionnaire were practiced before and after. Following were gained results of SPSS 18.0 used to analysis data of comparison in group before and after. peer relation of experiment group who conducted peer counseling had improved. Peer Counseling was effective for improving of Children's peer relation. However, there was no difference in compare of control group before and after. Therefore, this study can know that peer counseling had positive effect on peer relation of children.

The Impact of Peer Tutoring Teaching Method in Various Kinds of Groups on High School Students's Learning Achievement and Learning Attitude in Mathematics (집단구성유형에 따른 또래교수가 고등학생들의 수학교과 학업성취도와 학습태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Baek, Jung-Eun;Kwean, Hyuk-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.487-504
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    • 2007
  • Although there was an introduction of the class with in mind learner's individual learning ability as a method improving problems of the class which consists of students with various kinds of levels, it was a burden to both teacher and students because of many realistic problems. In this paper, we investigate the efficiency of peer tutoring teaching method which is the one that students having a superior ability for learning become peer tutors and they teach other peer tutee under the teacher's guidance and supervision. After we apply the class-wide peer tutoring to some sophomore classes, we obtain that this teaching method affects positively the students's learning achievement and learning attitude in mathematics class. In particular, we obtain that the peer tutoring is more effective in three to one group than in one to one group.

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The Effect of Teacher-led Group Theraplay on Ego Resilence, Peer Competence and Teacher-child Relationships Among Full-day Kindergarteners (교사의 집단치료놀이가 유치원 종일반 유아의 자아탄력성, 또래유능감 및 교사-유아 관계에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kyung Eun;Han, You Jin
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.299-320
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    • 2013
  • This research aims to develop and evaulate the effectiveness a group theraplay program for teachers than can boost full-day kindergarteners' ego resilence, peer competence and teacher-child relationships. A total of 14 children attending a full-day kindergarten located in Seoul were the subjects of this study. The experimental group consisted of 7 children exposed to 10 sessions of group theraplay for 50 minutes per session, held twice a week. The control group consisted of 7 children who did not receive any treatment. The teacher evaluated ego resilience, children's peer competence and student-teacher relationships to investigate two group's behavioral changes. Data analysis was done by performing the non-parametric Mann-Whitney test and Wilcoxon test after classifying and evaluating pre- and post-examinations of each group. The results of this research are as follows : The group theraplay program was found to be effective based on the study results of improving ego resilience and peer competence among full-day kindergartners and strengthening teacher-child relationships.

Effects of Innovation and Peer Pressure on Color Make-up Behaviors of Middle and High School Students (여중고생의 혁신과 또래압력이 색조화장행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Nam, Hun-Ihl;Song, Kie-You;Lee, Jay
    • CRM연구
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.1-20
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    • 2010
  • Due to the nature of teenage students' common tendency of being drawn to consumption conformity engendered by popular trends, and further expanding their unique collectivist culture, this study presumes that middle and high school female students as well have an influential factor that creates their distinctive trait. This study is intended to investigate the students' personal characteristics and effects of social reference groups, and further scrutinize how these influences transcends to deviant make-up behaviors. A total of 297 subjects, middle and high school female students, participated in a survey, using questionnaires focused primarily on the degrees of color makeup and the influences imposed by classmates. The findings of the study are as follows. First, regarding makeup behavior displayed by middle and high school female students, social self-esteem had positive influence on innovation and peer pressure. Second, perceived visibility conversely had negative impacts on innovation and peer pressure. This indicates that if perceived visibility is at a salient level, this already signifies lack of innovation. Third, makeup innovation and peer pressure demonstrated by middle and high school students all showed positive influence on their makeup behaviors. Additionally, peer pressure, in comparison to innovation, had greater influence on makeup behaviors, which indicates that peer pressure play a great role in makeup behavior of middle and high school students. Fourth, makeup behaviors showed strong impacts on makeup satisfaction and rendering deviant behaviors, which indicates that a new direction and perspective regarding middle and high school students' makeup behavior is critical.

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Social Behaviors, Psychosocial Adjustments, and Language Ability of Aggressive Victims, Passive Victims, and Bullies in Preschool Children (또래 괴롭힘 공격적 피해, 수동적 피해 및 가해 유아의 사회적 행동, 심리사회적 적응과 언어능력)

  • Shin, Yoo-Lim
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.49 no.6
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2011
  • This study investigated prevalence rates and differences in social behaviors, psychosocial adjustments, and language ability of preschool children who engaged in bully/victim subgroups: aggressive victims, passive victims, bullies, and non-involved. The participants were 297 preschool children and their teachers in Jeju City. The teachers measured children's peer victimization, social behaviors, and teacher-child relationships. Children's language ability and self-concept were also assessed by individual interview. There were significant differences in social behaviors, psychosocial adjustments, and language ability among the bully/victim subgroups. Aggressive victims included in a high risk group characterized by a high level of aggression, ADHD, peer rejection as well as conflicted relationships with teachers. Moreover, they had limited language ability. The findings highlight behavioral heterogeneity among the bully/victim subgroups in early childhood.

Effects of Peer Counseling Program on the Communication Skills and Social Efficacy in High School Students (또래상담 프로그램이 인문계 고등학생의 의사소통기술과 사회적 효능감에 미치는 효과)

  • Byun, Sang-Hae;Kim, Se-Bong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.466-476
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    • 2011
  • The present research is aimed to observe the effects on the peer counseling program which can increase the communication skills and social efficacy of high school students. In order to do the present research, I have taken 16 high school students, who want to join to this research, within A city. I have separated those students into two groups: an experienced group of 8 students and a controlled group of 8 students. Mann-Whitney U and Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test were adopted to analyze collected data from the peer counseling program. The results of this research indicated that the level of communication skills have been increased after peer counseling intervention program of the experienced group, and the level of occupational stress also have been increased after peer counseling intervention program of the experienced group. This result showed that, the peer counseling program could stimulate the communication skills and social efficacy of experienced group significantly comparing with the result of the controlled group. From the result I have confirmed that, the peer counseling program have positive effects to increase the high school students' communication skills and social efficacy.