• Title, Summary, Keyword: 등가 1자유도계

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Estimation of Interstory Drift for Moment Resisting Reinforced Concrete Frames Using Equivalent SDOF System (등가 1자유도계를 이용한 철근콘크리트 골조건물의 층간변위 응답 산정)

  • Kang, Ho-Geun;Jun, Dae-Han
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.25-33
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    • 2004
  • To evaluate the seismic capacity of a multistorey building structures in performance based seismic design, it is needed to convert MDOF model into equivalent SDOF model. This paper presents predictions for interstory drift of multistorey structures using method of converting a MDOF system into an equivalent SDOF model. The principal objective of this investigation is to evaluate appropriateness of converting method through performing nonlinear time history analysis of a multistory building structures and an equivalent SDOF model. Comparing the interstory drift of multistorey structures calculated by time history analysis and those evaluated by an equivalent SDOF model, the adequacy and the validity of converting method is verified. The conclusion of this study is following; A method of converting a MDOF system into an equivalent SDOF model through the nonlinear time history response analysis is valid. Inelastic first mode shapes are expected to be more accurate than elastic first mode shapes in obtaining interstory drift of multistorey structures from equivalent SDOF model.

Evaluation of Nonlinear Response for Moment Resisting Reinforced Concrete Frames Based on Equivalent SDOF System (등가 1 자유도계에 의한 철근콘크리트 모멘트 골조구조의 비선형 지진응답 평가법의 검토)

  • 송호산;전대한
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2003
  • To evaluate the seismic performance of multistory building structures use an equivalent SDOF model to represent the resistance of the structure to deformation as it respond in its predominant mode. This paper presents a method of converting a MDOF system into an equivalent SDOF model. The principal objective of this investigation is to evaluate appropriateness of converting method through perform nonlinear time history analysis of a multistory building structures and an equivalent SDOF model. The hysteresis rules to be used an equivalent SDOF model is obtained from the pushover analysis. Comparing the peak inelastic response of a moment resisting reinforced concrete frames and an equivalent SDOF model, the adequacy and the validity of the converting method is verified. The conclusion of this study is following; A method of converting a MDOF system into an equivalent SDOF model through the nonlinear time history response analysis is valid. The representative lateral displacement of a moment resisting reinforced concrete frames is close to the height of the first modal participation vector \ulcorner$_1{\beta}$${_1{\mu}}=1$. It can be found that the hysteresis rule of an equivalent SDOF model have influence on the time history response. Therefore, it necessary for selecting hysteresis rules to consider hysteresis characteristics of a moment resisting reinforced concrete frames.

Estimation of Nonlinear Response for Moment Resisting Reinforced Concrete Frames Using Equivalent SDOF System (등가 1 자유도계에 의한 철근콘크리트 건물의 비선형 동적해석의 검토)

  • 전대한;노필성
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.205-212
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    • 2003
  • To evaluate the seismic performance of multistory building structures use an equivalent SDOF model. This paper presents a method of converting a MDOF system into an equivalent SDOF model. The principal objective of this investigation is to evaluate appropriateness of converting method through perform nonlinear time history analysis of a multistory building structures and an equivalent SDOF model. The hysteresis rules to be used an equivalent SDOF model is obtained from the pushover analysis. The conclusion of this study is following; A method of converting a MDOF system into an equivalent SDOF model through the nonlinear time history response analysis is valid. The representative lateral displacement of a moment resisting reinforced concrete frames is close to the height of the first modal participation vector $_1$$\beta$$_1$u}=1. It can be found that the hysteresis rule of an equivalent SDOF model have influence on the time history response. Therefore, it is necessary for selecting hysteresis rules to consider hysteresis characteristics of a moment resisting reinforced concrete frames.

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Analysis of Random Ship Rolling Using Partial Stochastic Linearization (통계적 부분선형화 방법을 이용한 선체의 불규칙 횡동요 운동의 해석)

  • Dong-Soo Kim;Won-Kyoung Lee
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.37-41
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    • 1995
  • In order to analyze the rolling motion of a ship in random beam waves we use the partial stochastic linearization method. The quadratic damping and the nonlinear restoring moments given by the odd polynomials up to the 11th order are added to a single degree of freedom linear equation of roll motion. The irregular excitation moment is assumed to be the Gaussian white noise. The statistical characteristics of the response by the partial stochastic linearization method is compared with results by the equivalent linearization method and Monte Carlo simulation. It is fecund that the partial stochastic linearization method is not necessarily superior to the equivalent linearization method.

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Evaluation of Inelastic Earthquake Response of MDOF System by Equivalent SDOF System (등가 1자유도계에 의한 다자유도 비선형 지진응답 산정)

  • Kim, Bu-Sik;Noh, Phil-Sung;Jun, Dae-Han;Song, Ho-San
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.45-49
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    • 2002
  • Current seismic design codes for building structures are based on the methods which can provide enough capacity to satisfy objected performance level and exactly evaluate the seismic performance of buildings. This paper is to suggest the method of inference of inelastic earthquake response obtained from MDOF system by equivalent SDOF system, and to prove the validity. The analysis results form simple model shows a good application possibility.

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Analysis of Bicycle Cushion System by using Repulsive Force of Magnetics (영구자석의 척력을 이용한 자전거 완충장치 해석)

  • Yun, Seong-Ho
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2016
  • One commercial package for magnetic analysis was used to apply repulsive forces of permanent magnetics to bicycle cushion system. Reliabilities of finite element analysis were acquired by comparing with those of experimental measurements. Equivalent spring stiffnesses corresponding to various sizes of magnetics were implemented into the bicycle dynamic model with three degree of freedom. Input force caused at front and rear wheels due to road unevenness was considered in the dynamic model. Dynamic behaviors were observed in terms of vertical displacements of the rider and the front reach as well as pitching displacement of the mass center when the bicycle ran over half-triangular bump. The methodology suggested in this paper by the finite element analysis and numerical model will be an useful tool for more accurate prediction of cushion design for any vehicle system if magnetic forces are utilized.