• Title, Summary, Keyword: 동종 이식

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MICROVENOUS ALLOGRAFTS IN RABBIT FEMORAL ARTERIES : EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF FREEZE-DRIED ALLOVEINS (동종 정맥 이식을 이용한 가토 대퇴동맥 결손부 수복(동결건조 동종정맥이식의 실험적 연구))

  • Lee, Jong-Ho
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.355-369
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    • 1991
  • 미세수술을 이용한 재건외과 분야에서 빈번히 혈관이식이 요구된다. 이러한 경우 자가정맥이 가장 널리 사용되고 있으며 그의 신뢰성도 인정되어 있다. 그러나 정맥 채취에 따르는 부가적인 수술이 요구되며 혈관 공여부에 또다른 결손을 초래한다. 동결건조동종정맥은 이러한 점을 보완하고 자가정맥을 대체할 수 있는 잠재성이 있다. 이에 동결건조동종정맥의 효율성을 알아보고자 2.5cm 길이의 가토대퇴정맥을 $-65^{\circ}C$, 200 mtorr의 음압으로 동결건조시킨 다음 대퇴동맥 결손부에 동종이식하고(n=24), 신선한 가토대퇴정맥 동종이식군(n=24)과 자가정맥이식군(n=24)을 1주 간격으로 4주간 비교 관찰하였다. 2주 개존율은 동결건조동종정맥 이식군, 100%;동종정맥이식군, 50%; 자가정맥이식군, 100%이었으며 4주 개존율은 동결건조동종정맥이식군, 83.3%;동종정맥이식군, 50%;자가정맥이식군, 100%로서 동결건조처치만으로 동종정맥이식의 생존율을 증가시켰다. 미세임파구세포독성검사에서는 동결건조정맥의 항원성이 상당히 낮아져있음을 알 수 있었다. 그러나 동결건조정맥의 내막세포화가 주사전자현미경 및 광학현미경 소견상 자가정맥보다 지연됨이 관찰되었다. 이러한 결과를 종합해 볼 때 동결건조동종정맥은 아무런 처치를 하지않은 신선 동종정맥보다 현저한 장점이 있었지만, 자가정맥이식을 대신할 수 있는 보다 더 좋은 대체방법이라는 견지에서는 임상 적용이 어려울 것으로 사료되었다.

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Influence of the Difference in Temperature and Duration of Storage on the Rejection of Cryopreserved Rat Tracheal Homograft (쥐기관 동종이식편에 있어서 냉동보관 온도 및 기간이 거부 반응에 미치는 영향)

  • 원태희;장지원;안재호
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.33 no.12
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    • pp.929-934
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    • 2000
  • 배경: 기관의 동종이식편은 초냉동보관으로 생육성을 유지할 수 있으며 항원성이 줄어든다고 알려졌으나 냉동보관 온도 및 기간에 따른 항원성의 변화는 아직까지 명확히 밝혀져 있지 않다. 따라서 이번 연구에서는 냉동보관 온도의 차이 및 기간이 쥐 기관 동종이식편의 거부반응에 미치는 영향을 연구하였다. 대상 및 방법: 24개의 쥐 기관을 적출하여 12개씩 -8$0^{\circ}C$ 냉동고 및 -196$^{\circ}C$ 질소탱크에 각각 1, 3, 6개월씩 보관하였다. 냉동보관한 기관을 반으로 나누어 48마리의 쥐복강에 대망으로 감싼 다음 이식하였다. 1, 3, 5군은 -8$0^{\circ}C$ 냉동고에 각각 1, 3, 6개월씩 보관한 기관 동종이식편을 이식하였고 2, 4, 6군은 -196$^{\circ}C$ 질소탱크에 각각 1, 3, 6개월씩 보관한 기관 동종이식편을 이식하였다. 7군은 대조군으로 냉동보관하지 않은 동종이식편을 이식하였다. 이식후 14일째 이식된 동종이식편을 적출하여 간질조직의 단세포 침윤정도 및 내강 폐쇄 정도를 관찰하여 거부반응을 정도를 측정하였다. 결과: 7개 군 모두에서 중등도 이상의 심한 단세포 침윤을 보였으며 각군간의 통계학적인 차이를 보이지 않았다. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6군에서 7군에서 보다 내강 폐쇄 정도가 적었으나 통계학적인 의의는 없었다. 모든 군에서 연골주위 단세포 침윤이 심한 경우에도 연골세포는 비교적 생육성을 잘 유지하고 있었다. 결론: 냉동보관 온도 및 보관 기간의 차이에 따른 동종이식편의 거부반응의 차이는 없었으며 모든 군에서 심한 거부반응을 보였다. 따라서 냉동 보관 쥐 동종이식편을 이용한 실험에서는 적절한 면역억제제의 사용이 필수적이라고 생각된다.

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The Treatment of the Benign Bone Tumor by Curettage and Fresh Frozen Allograft (양성 골 종양의 절제 및 소파술 후 사용한 신선 동결 동종골 이식의 결과)

  • Jung, Sung-Taek;Bae, Bong-Hyun;Lim, Keun-Young;Kong, Il-Kyu
    • The Journal of the Korean bone and joint tumor society
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.62-70
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: We compared the time how much time spent until the bone unions, when we grafted fresh frozen allograft during therapy of benign bone tumor depends on the degrees of bony unions. Materials and Methods: This study selected 29 cases, in which a curettage on the benign bone tumors was conducted and a fresh frozen allograft was transplanted. The area of the focus, the new bone formation, the recurrence of the focus and complications in the plain radiographs were observed. Results: The average time when we could find out bony unions in the radiographs is eleven weeks. The time when we could observe the unions in the radiographs are 11.4 weeks in allograft group, 10.7 weeks in allograft and autograft groups and 13.6 weeks in allograft and bone substitute. On radiologic findings, the average lesion size is 40 cm3. The time when we could find bony unions are 9.3 weeks in less than 40 $cm^3$ and 12.9 weeks in more than 40 $cm^3$. We could observe recurrences in two cases. Conclusion: The authors could get the similar results between fresh frozen allograft, allograft and autograft after curettage of benign bone tumor. We can think the ideal method which is the transplantation of autograft, but if we can’t get autograft enough, the best way which heal the defects is the transplantation of fresh frozen allograft.

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The Levels of Anxiety and Depression according tn the Stages of Autologous and Allogeneic Hemopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (자가 및 동종 조혈모세포이식환자의 이식단계에 따른 불안과 우울)

  • Choi, So-Eun;Lee, So-Young;Park, Hae-Ryung;Park, Ho-Ran
    • The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.190-199
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: Objectives of this study was to investigate the level of anxiety and depression according to the stages of autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). It would be provide the basis for effective psycho-emotional nursing intervention. Methods: We report on 52 patients, including 19 with autologous HSCT, and 33 with allogeneic HSCT from August 2002 to August 2003, at a university hospital. Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and Jung's Depression Inventory were used to measure levels of anxiety and depression, respectively, at admission time, the day before HSCT, and discharge time. Data was analyzed using SAS program that included Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, repeated measures ANOVA and Stepwise multiple regression analysis. Results: In all stages of HSCT, the level of anxiety of patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT was significantly higher than that of autologous HSCT (P=0.047). The depression at the day before HSCT was significantly higher than that at admission. The major variable affecting anxiety in autologous HSCT was depression. Specially depression and gender were significant predictors to explain anxiety in allogeneic HSCT at admission time (61%). Experience of relapse and gender were significant predictors to explain anxiety in allogeneic HSCT at discharge time (36%). Conclusion: We recommend that the anxiety and depression be researched during the stages of allogeneic HSCT, specifically in the day before HSCT. It is necessary to develop an effective psycho-emotional nursing intervention according to the stages of HSCT.

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Outcomes of Meniscal Allograft Transplantation (동종 반월상 연골 이식술의 결과)

  • Cho, Chong-Hyuk;Choi, Yun-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.36-41
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    • 2011
  • Treatment options are limited for young, meniscal-deficient patients with pain. This patient population is not age appropriate for total joint replacement, but the loss of the meniscus leaves them at significant risk for the development of osteoarthritis. One increasingly popular option is the use of allograft meniscal transplantation. However, many questions still surround allograft meniscus transplantation. Furthermore, most reports in the literature on the results of meniscal transplantation describe small case series using clinical outcome measures and/or incomplete direct evaluation of the meniscus. Therefore, the results of meniscal allograft transplantation have been difficult to interpret and compare due to many confounding variables. In this study, we reviewed the current research of concerns on the results of meniscal allograft transplantation.

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Autograft versus Allograft for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction - The clinical analysis of patellar tendon autografts compared with allografts - (자가 슬개건과 동종 슬개건을 이용한 전방 십자 인대 재건술의 비교)

  • Chun, Churl-Hong;Kim, Young-Jin;Yang, Jae-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.13-18
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    • 2000
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of bone-patellar tendon-bone(B-PTB) allograft with autograft B-PTB reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) according to the subjective and objective criteria. Materials and Methods : 42 patients were treated for acute rupture or chronic insufficiency of the ACL between March 1993 and June 1996. There were 18 autografts and 24 allografts for ACL reconstruction. At 2 years of follow-up after operation, autograft and allograft groups were compared based on subjective, objective criteria and Telos stress arthrometer. Results : The modified Feagin Scoring System revealed 16 patients$(88.9\%)$ with a satisfactory result by autografts, but 21 patients$(87.5\%)$ with a satisfactory result by allografts after 2-years follow-lip. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups. ACL reconstruction with B-PTB allograft did not produce a significant functional deficit. But patellofemoral pain and crepitus were more frequent in the autografts$(33.3\%)$ than allografts$(8.3\%)$ (p<0.05). Conclusion : The ACL deficient knees treated with allografts for ACL reconstruction tended to be better than those reconstructed with autografts fur the reduction of patellofemoral crepitus and pain. B-PTB allograft provides an acceptable alternative to autograft tissue for reconstruction of the ACL.

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Reconstruction of Anterior Cruciate Ligament With Bone-Patellar tendon-Bone Allograft (동종 슬개건을 이용한 전방십자인대 재건술)

  • Chun, Churl Hong;Lee, Byoung Chang;Kim, Young Jin;Yang, Hwan Duk
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.102-108
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    • 1999
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results of bone-patellar tendon-bone(B-PTB) allograft for ACL reconstruction without mechanical tensioning device. Material and Method : Forty-six knees in 43 patients were reviewed and evaluated with subjective evaluation, objective evaluation, Telos stress arthrometer and modified Feagin Scoring System. The average age at the time of operation was 27 years(range, 18-42) and the average follow up period was 41 months(range, 22-79). Authors reconstructed ACL using B-PTB allograft which was prepared by rehydration preoperatively without tensioning by mechanical tensioning device. The tension for allograft was obtained by full flexion and extension intraoperatively. All operation were performed arthroscopically by two-tunnel method to avoid the mismatching of allograft tendon length. Result : The modified Feagin Scoring System revealed 39 cases(84.7%) with excellent or good results and 7 cases(15.3%) with fair or poor results. The mean follow-up Lysholm Knee Score was 84. Telos arthrometer revealed 41 cases had an injured-to-uninjured difference of 5 mm or less(mean 2.3mm). The range of motion of knee was nearly normal and there was no extension lag in any cases at last follow up. Conclusion : Clinical results using B-PTB allograft showed less morbidity than B-PTB autograft. The intraoperative tensioning method by full flexion and extension without mechanical tensioning device was not bad. Therefore, B-PTB allograft is a good substitute material in reconstruction of the ACL.

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Complications After Meniscus Allograft Transplantation (동종 반월상 연골 이식술 후 합병증)

  • Chun, Churl-Hong;Bae, Kyu-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.42-49
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    • 2011
  • Recently, meniscal allograft transplantation has been regarded as a successful procedure in terms of pain relief and functional improvement for the symptomatic patients previously underwent subtotal or total meniscectomy. However, the likelihood of a successful outcome would be reduced by various complications including graft tear, shrinkage, extrusion, infection, progressive chondral injury, and granuloma due to nonabsorbable suture material. Therefore, knee surgeons need to be all aware of the complications and to make an effort to minimize them. The purpose of this article is to review the current literatures regarding clinical results and complications after meniscus allograft transplantation.

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The Effect of Platelet-Rich Plasma on Allograft Transplantation after Curettage in Benign Bone Tumor (양성 골 종양의 소파술 후 실시한 동종골 이식에서 혈소판 풍부 혈장 투여의 효과)

  • Kim, Jae-Do;Kim, Ji-Youn;Jang, Su-Jin;Chung, So-Hak;Jung, Gu-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korean bone and joint tumor society
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.8-13
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was performed to evaluate the effi ciency of Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for acceleration of bone healing process on allograft transplantation after curettage in benign bone tumor. Materials and Methods: From December 2007 to February 2009, twenty-one patients who had benign bone tumor and underwent allograft transplantation after curettage were evaluated. Mean follow-up period was 14.6 months (range, 12-26 months). We compared with 13 cases of PRP group and 8 cases of non-PRP group in terms of size of lesion, bone resorption, amount of applied PRP and complications. The mean age at surgery was 23.6 years (range, 4-73 years). The most common diagnosis was simple bone cyst (7) followed by enchondroma (4), giant cell tumor (3), undifferentiated benign bone tumor (3) and so on. Results: The mean size of lesion was 33.5 $cm^3$ (range, 2.3-181.9 $cm^3$) (29.4 $cm^3$ in PRP group and 40.2 $cm^3$ in non-PRP group). The mean volume of injected PRP was 7.4 cc (range, 3-12 cc). Bone union started at 3.0 months (range, 1.5-5.8 months) in PRP group and 5.3 months (range, 4-8 months) in non-PRP group. Three cases for each group were excluded due to recurrence and pathologic fracture. One patient had febrile episode 3 weeks later after surgery which subsided with antibiotics. Conclusion: The PRP could accelerate bone union in allograft transplantation after curettage of benign bone tumor. Furthermore, we expect that PRP can accelerate bone union in fracture or non-union.

Mixed Chimerism to Achieve Donor-Specific Transplantation Tolerance for Lung Allografts in Rats (혼합형 동종이인자형 키메라쥐에서 특정공여군의 동종 폐이식펀에대한 관용)

  • Youm, Wook
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.29 no.7
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    • pp.713-722
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    • 1996
  • Poor long term patient survival (60% at 2 years) in lung allograft recipients are mainly due to rejection and complications associated with the use of nonspecific immunosuppressants. Better means to achieve waft acceptance is desperately needed. 1 have investigated whether mixed allogeneic chimerism in the form of bone marrow stem cell engraftment would induce donor-specific tolerance for lung allografts. Fisher (F344) and Wistar Forth (WF)rats were lethally irradiated (1100c0y) and reconstituted with a mixture of T-cell depleted syngeneic and allogeneic bone marrow (F344+WFIWF, ACI +F344- F344). After Mixed chimerism was documented by peripheral blood Ipnphocyte typing at 28 days, orthotopic left single lung transplantation was performed, using donor-s ecific or third party allografts. No immunosuppressants were administered. Graft rejection was monitored by chest rentgenography, and con- firmed by histology Mixed chimeric rats accepted lung allografts permanently, and it was not strain specific effect. Tolerance was all or none phenomenon which had nothing to do with the percentage of chimerlsm. Mixed chimeras rejected third party allografts in less than 10 days, a time course similar to that of unmanipulated controls. No acute or chronic rejection was observed in donor specific grafts more than 150 days posttransplant. These data suggest that mixed chimerism in the form of bone marrow stem cell engraftment results in stable, systemic donor-specific transplantation tolerance for lung allografts.

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