• Title, Summary, Keyword: 동종 아킬레스건

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Combined Reconstruction of Posterior Cruciate Ligament and Posterolateral Corner with a Fresh Frozen Achilles Tendon Allograft (한 개의 신선동결 동종아킬레스건을 이용한 후방십자인대 및 후외방구조의 동시 재건술)

  • Kyung, Hee-Soo;Oh, Chang-Wug;Lee, Hyun-Joo;Ihn, Joo-Chul
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.102-108
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to report a result of the technique that reconstruct posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and posterolateral corner (PLC) simultaneously using a fresh-frozen Achilles tendon allograft. Materials and Methods: Forty two patients (45 legs) underwent PCL and PLC reconstruction were included. There were 38 males and 4 females. Mean age was 39 years. Used graft was a fresh frozen Achilles tendon allograft, which was divided by two size, larger one (${\emptyset}$ 10 mm) for PCL reconstruction and smaller one (${\emptyset}$ 8 mm) for PLC reconstruction. Arthroscopic reconstruction of the PCL was performed using transtibial, single incision, and single bundle technique with 10mm fresh frozen Achilles allograft tendon first. After PCL reconstruction, reconstruction procedure for posterolateral instability was performed using modified figure of "8" technique using smaller gtaft. For clinical evaluation, range of motion, posterior drawer test, varus stress test, prone external rotation (dial) test, Lysholm score, Tegner activity scale and posterior stress radiograph were used. Mean follow up period was 25 months. Results: Preoperatively posterior drawer test was 5 cases in grade II and 40 cases in grade III posterior instability. At final follow-up 22 cases returned within normal condition, 18 cases grade I and 5 cases grade II posterior instability. Though all patients showed positive result over 10 degrees in dial and varus stress test preoperatively, but only 9 cases showed positive both test at final follow-up. The range of motion deficit over $10^{\circ}$ flexion was 3 cases. Lysholm score was improved from mean 50 preoperatively to mean 83(p<0.05) and Tegner activity scale improved from mean 2.1 preoperatively to mean 4.6(p<0.05). In posterior stress radiographs, posterior displacement was improve from mean 16mm preoperatively to 4.1mm after treatment(p<0.05). All patients had improved compared to their pre-operative status as measured by physical examination such as posterior drawer test, varus stress test, dial test. Conclusion: We had successful results by combined reconstruction of the PCL & PLC with a fresh frozen Achilles tendon allograft in patients with PCL and posterolateral rotatory instability at a time.

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Arthroscopic PCL Reconstruction using fresh-frozen Achilles Allograft (동종 아킬레스건을 이용한 관절경적 후방 십자 인대 재건술)

  • Chun, Churl-Hong;Kim, Dong-Churl;Shin, Ho-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 2000
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results of fresh-frozen achilles allograft PCL reconstruction. Materials and Methods : 34 patients(35 cases) who was reconstructed PCL arthroscopically using achilles allograft were analyzed subjective and objective parameters, Telos stress arthrometer and Modified Feagin Scoring System. The average age was 36.2 years old($16\~57$ year) and average follow up period was 18.5 months($12\~27$ months). Result : The mean Lysholm Knee Scoring was improved from 47.5 to 87.4. Posterior translation by Telos arthrometer decreased to 2.3mm from 7.1mm. The modified Feagin scoring system showed 32 cases$(91.5\%)$ with excellent and good result. Conclusion : Clinical results of PCL reconstruction by Achilles allograft revealed good result as to scales. Achilles allograft provided enough initial tension with length and minimized the complication of using autograft. Therefore achilles fresh-frozen allograft in PCL reconstruction is a good substitute material for autograft.

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Posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using fresh-frozen Achilles tendon allograft with preservation of ligament remnant (남아 있는 인대를 보존하고 신선 동결 동종 아킬레스건을 이용한 후방십자인대 재건술)

  • Kim, Yeung Jin;Chae, Soo Uk;Kim, Jong Yun;Kim, Byung Soo
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.54-60
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    • 2011
  • Puropse: To evaluate the outcome of arthroscopic posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction using fresh-frozen achilles allograft tendon with preservation of ligament remnant or elongated ligament. Materials and Methods: From October 2004 to March 2010, we performed PCL reconstruction with Achilles tendon allografts in 22 complete rupture patients. Mean age was 31.5 years. 14 cases were male and 8 cases were female. Average follow-up period was 3 years and 7 months, range from 1 year to 6 years and 4 months. Subjective and objective parameters were utilized in analyses, such as the mean range of motion, post. drawer test, Lysholm knee score, Tegner activity score, IKDC score, and second look arthroscopic examination. Results: Postoperative Lysholm knee score, IKDC scores, Tegner activity scale, and posterior displacement by the Telos stress test demonstrated statistically significant improvement compared to the preoperative state. Conclusion: Arthroscopic PCL reconstruction using fresh-frozen achilles allograft tendon with preservation of ligament remnant showed good clinical results and posterior stability.

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Reconstruction of Anterior Cruciate Ligament with Fresh-frozen Achilles Allograft (신선 동결 동종 아킬레스건을 이용한 전방 십자인대 재건술)

  • Choi, Nam-Yong;Han, Suk-Ku;Nah, Ki-Ho;Seo, Sang-ll;Lee, Do-Sung;Song, Hyun-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.26-30
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: We analyzed the clinical results of ACL(anterior cruciate ligament) reconstruction of chronic anterior cruciate ligament injuries with a fresh frozen Achilles allograft, retrospectively. Methods: Thirty-eight patients(average age 32.4 years) who had an chronic injury of ACL reconstructed with an Achilles allograft between January 1999 and February 2001 were included. The mean follow-up was 19.2(12-36) months. The clinical evaluation was done by range of motion, Lachman and pivot-shift test, KT-1000 arthrometer, Lysholm knee score, and the modified Feagin score. Results: All patients recovered full range of motion of affected knees. With use of Lachman and pivot-shift test data, thirty seven(97.4%) were functional. When comparing KT-1000, we found mean maximum side-to-side differences less than 2.1 mm. According to Lysholm knee score, mean postoperative score was 90.4. Thirty four(89.5%) had good to excellent results in modified Feagin score. Conclusion: Results of ACL reconstruction using fresh frozen Achilles allografts were comparable to autografts. ACL reconstruction with Achilles allograft could be a reasonable altemative to autografts.

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Simultaneous Acute Rupture of Anterior Cruciate Ligament and Patellar Tendon - A Case Report - (전방십자인대 및 슬개건 급성 동시 파열 - 1예 보고 -)

  • Kim, Yeung-Jin;Kim, Tae-Kyun;Yang, Hwan-Deok;Kim, Hyoung-Jun;Park, Jin-Young;Seo, Kwang-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.103-107
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    • 2006
  • Simultaneous acute rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the patellar tendon is a very unusual injury. That is difficult to diagnose in initial evaluation of knee injury, because the patellar tendon rupture is often missed. We report a 26 year-old male patient who was treated with ACL reconstruction using achilles allograft and direct patellar tendon repair with achilles allograft augmentation. The patient had the stable knee and full range of motion. It's clinical results were excellent(Lysholm score 93, Tegner activity score 6).

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Comparison of Single-Incision, Single-Bundle Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using Allograft Tendon (동종건을 이용한 단일 절개, 단일 다발 후방십자인대 재건술의 비교)

  • Kyung, Hee-Soo;Cheon, Sang-Ho;Park, Kyung-Hyun;Jung, Jae-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.107-113
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction with single bundle, single-incision technique using Achilles tendon and tibialis anterior allograft with ligament remnant preservation. Materials and Methods: Twenty six patients underwent PCL reconstruction was included. There were 21 males and 5 females. Mean age was 32 years. Used graft was a fresh frozen Achilles tendon allograft (group I, 14 cases) and tibialis anterior allograft (group II, 12 cases). Arthroscopic PCL reconstruction was performed using transtibial, single-incision and single bundle technique with remnant preserving as possible. For clinical evaluation, range of motion, posterior drawer test, Lysholm score, Tegner activity scale, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) grade and posterior stress radiograph were used. The mean follow-up period was 21.6 months (12-40 months). Associated injuries were 5 medial collateral ligament injuries, which were treated by conservative method. Results: Range of motion (ROM) was returned to normal range in 24 cases, but ROM deficit under $10^{\circ}$ flexion was 2 cases at final follow-up period. Preoperative posterior drawer test was 17 cases in grade II and 9 cases in grade III. At final follow-up 13 cases returned within normal grade, 7 cases grade I and 6 cases grade II posterior instability. Lysholm mean score was improved from preoperatively 62 to 90 at final follow-up period. Tegner activity mean scale improved from preoperatively 3.5 to 5.6 at final follow-up period. IDKC grade was grade A was 3 cases, grade B 17 cases, grade C 6 cases. In posterior stress radiograph, posterior displacement was improved from mean 12 mm preoperative to 4.5 mm at final follow-up. There were no statistical differences between two groups in clinical evaluations. There were two cases of re-rupture of graft at the bone-tendon junction in group I. Conclusion: We had successful results of PCL reconstruction with single-incision, single bundle technique using Achilles and tibialis anterior allograft without difference between two groups in patients with PCL injury. There were more re-rupture of graft in Achilles tendon group.

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Comparison Study of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using Bone-Patella Tendon-Bone Autograft and Achilles Tendon Allograft (이식건에 따른 관절경하 전방 십자 인대 재건술의 비교 -자가 골-슬개건-골과 동종 아킬레스건의 비교-)

  • Seo, Joong-Bae;Jung, Hong-Geun;Kim, Myung-Ho;Park, Hee-Gon;Yoo, Moon-Jib;Byun, Woo-Sup;Lee, Joo-Hong
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.132-136
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical results of the arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction used by Bone-Patella tendon-Bone autograft and Achilles tendon allograft. Materials and Methods: We reviewed the results of patients who had been managed with arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using different graft such as Bone-Patella tendon-Bone autograft and Achilles les tendon allograft. 60patients (average age, 33.5 years)were retrospectively evaluated. The one group(average age, 33.4 years) was 32 patient who had been managed with arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using Bone-Patella tendon-Bone autograft. The other group(average age, 32.1 years) was 28 patient who had been managed with arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using Achilles tendon allograft. 2 groups were evaluated subjectively by Lysholm knee scoring scale and objectively by KT-2000 arthrometer. The follow-up period was more than a year(average, 18 month). An early rehabilitation protocol was instituted. Results: On Lysholm knee scoring scale, the final evaluation was nearly normal in all patients. We could not find statistical difference among the two groups by KT-2000TM arthrometer. Conclusion: The use of allografts may be an acceptable choice for ACL reconstruction.

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Short Term Results of Arthroscopic ACL Reconstruction using Fresh Frozen Achilles Allograft (신선동결 동종 아킬레스건을 이용한 전방십자인대 재건수술의 단기추시 결과)

  • Choi, Ho-Rim;Park, Jong-Seok;Lee, Sang-Seon;Woo, Seung-Han;Hong, Chang-Hwa;Kim, Byung-Heum;Lee, Byung-Ill
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.41-44
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: To evaluate the short-term results of arthroscopic ACL reconstruction using fresh frozen Achilles allograft Materials & Methods: From March 2002 to March 2004, arthroscopic ACL reconstructions using fresh frozen Achilles allograft were performed in 25 knees of 25 patients. The average age at operation was 30.1 years (range, 18-50 years) and the average follow-up was 17 months (range, 12 to 27months). Preoperative and follow-up clinical results were evaluated using the Lysholm knee score, IKDC knee rating system, physical examination and KT-2000 arthrometer. Results: The Lachman test was positive in 25 patients preoperatively and 18 patients(72%) had negative results at latest follow-up. The average side-to-side differences of anterior tibial translation using KT-2000 arthrometer under loading of 301b were improved from $7.9{\pm}2.4mm\;to\;2.6{\pm}1.6mm$. The average Lysholm score was improved from $61.1{\pm}13.9\;to\;93.5{\pm}5.3$ points. The IKDC grade was abnormal(C) or severely abnormal(D) in 25 cases preoperatively They improved 22(88%) of normal(A) or nearly normal(B) and 3(12%) of abnormal. Conclusion: Short term results of ACL reconstruction using Achilles allograft was acceptable. Achilles allograft can be a reasonable graft alternative to autograft for ACL reconstruction.

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Results of the Reconstruction of Anterior Cruciate Ligament with Freshfrozen Achilles Allograft and of the Second-look Arthroscopy (신선 동결 동종 아킬레스건을 이용한 전방 십자인대 재건술 후 2차 관절경소견)

  • Yoo, Jae-Doo;Kim, Sung-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.111-116
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: To assess the clinical results of ACL reconstruction with a fresh frozen Achilles allograft, retrospectively and the findings of the graft in second look arthroscopy. Materials and Methods: Twenty-eight ACL reconstructions using fresh frozen Achilles tendon allograft were included in this study between March 1999 and February 2003. The average age was 31.2 years old and the average follow-up was 16.6 months(range: 12-26 months). The clinical evaluation was done by KT-1000 arthrometer, Lysholm knee score, range of motion, Lachman and pivot-shift test. Results: In the last follow-up of Lachman test, 21 cases showed normal, 5 cases grade 1, 2 cases grade 2 and 1 case grade1. The results of pivot-shift test data, 23 cases(82.1%) were normal, 4 cases(14.3%) grade 1, 1 case(3.6%) grade 2. The mean maximum side-to-side difference was improved from 6.75mm preoperatively to 2.46mm in the last follow-up. Lysholm knee score was improved from 73.5 preoperatively to 91.6 in last follow-up. Re-rupture of the ACL graft was found in one case and one case of wound infection in the tibial incision was found. The 6 cases showed the good synovialization of the ACL graft. Conclusion: The anterior stability was restored with ACL reconstruction using fresh frozen Achilles allografts and the good synovialization was found in the second-look arthroscopy

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