• Title, Summary, Keyword: 동물상징

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A Comparative Study on the Symbolism of the Combination of Animals One Another in East Asian Comedic Stories and Proverbs (동아시아 소화(笑話)·속담(俗談)속의 동물조합 상징성 비교)

  • Keum, Young-Jin
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.42
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    • pp.205-240
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    • 2016
  • The combination of animals has been developed in each of the cultural spheres as a method of metaphor and symbolism of the cultural code. However, its symbolism is not a fixed constant, but a variable and relative constant. This work focused on its features in comparison with East Asian cultural spheres comedic stories and proverbs. Consequently, several features were identified. First, the combinations of animals in similar comedic stories and proverbs among Korea, Japan and China show a difference in point of view. Korean focuses on the difference of the two animals, but Chinese and Japanese focus on the differences in value and level. Second, the method of anthropomorphization is relatively more developed in China and Japan than Korea. The combinations of animals of Chinese comedic stories and proverbs particularly in the field of anthropomorphization, are most focused on age and sex of the animal. The animal's age or sex remains mostly undetermined in Korean animal's proverbs, unlike Chinese proverbs. On the other hand, two animals in Japanese comedic stories and proverbs are usually of the male and female gender from. Third, the combinations of animals of Chinese and Japanese focus on the animal's body and its characteristics of action. Chinese and Japanese combine the characteristics of the two animal's bodies and actions. This feature apparently caused the resultant combinations of the animal's body parts, for example, the Dragon. Understanding of the combinations of two animals is a good portal into the features of East Asian culture sphere.

The Animal symbol in Lee Hyo-seok's short story (이효석 단편소설 「돈(豚)」에 나타나는 동물상징)

  • Jeong, Moun-Kwon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.545-553
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    • 2018
  • This study analyzes the animal symbolism shown in the novella by Hyoseok Lee and seeks to shed light on the consciousness of the author expressed through such symbolism. Lee used animal symbolism since 1933 which was a literary turning point for him. Animal symbolism in his novels are more than an analogical theme but is used as a core meaning and image. This has a clear intention of the author underneath. Novella which is seen as the starting point of pure literature for Lee, uses the animal pig as a key symbol. The pig serves as a symbol of the capital for poor farmers, while also serving as an amplifier for the desires of the protagonist. The death of the pig that appears at the closing of the novella stands for the tragic reality of the farmers of the time who could not seek growth in their capital or realization of their desires. As such, has characteristics of pure literature but also represents the consciousness of the author who brings attention to the tragic reality of farmers. That is, is a work that realized the unique writing style of Lee and his animal symbolism to bring to life a middle way appraoch to realism and romanticism.

Analysis of the Symbolicity of "Haechi," Seoul's Promotional Animal Character (서울시 홍보용 동물캐릭터 '해치'의 상징성 분석)

  • Lee, Hwa-Ja
    • Cartoon and Animation Studies
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    • pp.133-146
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    • 2009
  • In modern days, the iconic symbolicity of animal characters functions as a sign by the social promise after being made with voluntary intentions. Representing a public organization or corporation, an animal character is put to active use as a symbol. Today illusionary animal characters serve as important icons, and product developers incessantly put out animal contents. This study set out to examine the applications of animal characters in modern times according to media development by integrating animal characters into animation, which was the beginning of animal characters, based on the theoretical background of "symbolicity" in the aesthetics history. It also analyzed the symbolicity of "Haechi," which is Seoul's animal character and one of the good examples of utilization of a promotional animal character by a corporation or public organization.

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불과민속 - 민가의 들보에서 화재를 막는 동물들

  • Jang, Jang-Sik
    • 방재와보험
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    • pp.60-65
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    • 2007
  • 흔히 문화는 상징이라 한다. 상징이란 무엇일까? 사전의 정의를 빌리자면 '추상적인 개념이나 사물을 구체적인 사물이나 표지 또는 기호로 나타낸 것' 이 상징이다. 바꿔 말하면 드러내고자 하는 것을 다른 것으로 바궈서 보여준다는 것이다. 물로 보여주는 대상이 인간 존재일 수도 있지만 민속문화에서는 인간의 삶을 위협하는 비인간적인 존재이기 일쑤다. 예컨대 삿된 것은 말할 것도 없고, 사악한 것들, 질병을 옮겨 준다는 역귀들까지 그 대상이 된다. 이들은 비인간적 존재이면서 우리를 해코지하는 비정상적인 존재이기 때문에 두려움과 회피의 대상이다. 상징을 통해 이들 존재를 피하고자 하는 것은 당연한 일이 아닐 수 없다.

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Studies of Character's Symbolism in (<동물농장>에 나타난 캐릭터의 상징성 연구)

  • Choi, Don-Ill
    • Cartoon and Animation Studies
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    • pp.115-132
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    • 2015
  • An animation is a tool to represent the consciousness of an author. It is a medium that converts his/her consciousness to time by the means of spaces. Image is the most inherent element among the elements of an animation. Character is the element that has the very core function among the elements of an image because a character is a shape that can deliver a story through various actions and facial expressions. In this context, is a representative satire animation that describes a ranked and unequal human society and selfishness and absurdity of human beings existed in the human society, based on the original work of George Orwell. Therefore, this study aims to study what the work tries to satirize through the meanings and symbols that the characters, animals, and spaces in the work. As a result of the study, it was found that the characters appeared in the work are metaphoric symbols that imply the meanings of each character, not just simple characters or spaces. In the work, the farm is a symbolic space that symbolizes a human world. John, a human being, is described as a dictator in an absolute Russian monarchy who suppresses people. Old Major, a pig, is described as an old pioneer that preaches the appropriation of a revolution while Snow Ball, a pig that follows the Major is described as a naive leader that dreams to establish a real socialist state where everybody lives equal, through successful revolution. Another pig, Napoleon is described as the more greedy dictator than human being. He killed Snow Ball for his private ambition and suppresses and exploits the same race, animals. That is, setting man and various animals in the relation of dominant class and subordinated class, the author generates conflicts among characters. Although the characters pursue an ideal society through revolution, it requires another revolution in the process, which expresses repetitive contradiction of human history in a symbolic and strong way.

Antibacterial Activity by Lactobacillus bulgaricus SP5 against Pathogenic Bacteria (병원성 미생물에 대한 Lactobacillus bulgaricus SP5의 항균활성)

  • Kim, Woan-Sub;Yang, A-Reum
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.497-510
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    • 2016
  • This study was carried out to get basic resources for the industrial use of Lactobacillus bulgaricus SP5. The antibacterial activity of the supernatant obtained from Lactobacillus bulgaricus SP5 was tested against the pathogenic bacteria such as Escherichia coli KCCM 11234, Salmonella enteritidis KCCM 3313, Salmonella enteritidis KCCM 12021, and Salmonella typhimurium KCCM 40253. The supernatant of L. bulgaricus SP5 showed antibacterial activity against tested pathogenic bacteria. The antibacterial activity was examined after adjusting pH and heat treatment of supernatant. Heat treatment of supernatant had antibacterial activity against pathogenic bacteria at all temperature. However, pH changes showed no antibacterial activity. Antibacterial activity of the supernatant was confirmed to be due to organic acids (lactic, acetic, phosphoric, succinic, pyroglutamic, citric, malic, and formic acid).

Symbolic Meaning and Expression Techniques of Cat Characters in Picture Books by Yoko Sano (사노 요코 그림책에 나타난 고양이 캐릭터의 상징적 의미와 표현기법)

  • Hwang, Soonsun
    • Cartoon and Animation Studies
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    • pp.563-588
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    • 2017
  • Cats used to be long avoided in Korean culture due to prejudices on their negative implications, yet they are increasingly being favoured by domestic readers along with a growing number of cat lovers, picture books, essays and webtoons. In the case of Yoko Sano's work, half of her published books in Korea depicts cats. Among those is 'The Cat That Lived a Million Times' which is a worldwide million seller. The research analyses five picture books on cats published in Korea, focusing on finding out symbolic representation of cats other than merely being the protagonist of the book. Sano asserts that we respect our own free well and love ourselves just as cats do in her books. In conclusion, cats in Sano's work mostly represent the author herself, which are sometimes depicted as mother and son. The colours and thick outlines of her cats, unlike tender characteristics, describes self-righteous strong personality, while emphasising both static and dynamic movements.

발의 상징성에 환한 연구 -에로티시즘을 중심으로-

  • 이미옥
    • Proceedings of the Costume Culture Conference
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    • pp.130-131
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    • 2003
  • 인간은 자연계에서 두 발로 걷는 유일한 존재로, 발은 사람의 표정과 마찬가지로 상황, 사람, 감정 등에 반응하여, 분위기나 느낌을 무의식적이지만 적극적으로 표현한다. 우아하고 품위 있는 걸음걸이는 성적 매력과 에로틱한 감정을 불러 일으키는 핵심이 되며, 이것은 특히 여성에게 적용된다. 인간뿐 아니라 다른 많은 동물들에게서도 걸음걸이는 구애나 짝짓기를 하는 기간동안 과장된 성적 매력을 발산하는데, 이는 성적인 신호뿐 아니라 성적 흥분 그 자체에도 기여한다. (중략)

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