• Title, Summary, Keyword: 돈(豚)

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The Animal symbol in Lee Hyo-seok's short story (이효석 단편소설 「돈(豚)」에 나타나는 동물상징)

  • Jeong, Moun-Kwon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.545-553
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    • 2018
  • This study analyzes the animal symbolism shown in the novella by Hyoseok Lee and seeks to shed light on the consciousness of the author expressed through such symbolism. Lee used animal symbolism since 1933 which was a literary turning point for him. Animal symbolism in his novels are more than an analogical theme but is used as a core meaning and image. This has a clear intention of the author underneath. Novella which is seen as the starting point of pure literature for Lee, uses the animal pig as a key symbol. The pig serves as a symbol of the capital for poor farmers, while also serving as an amplifier for the desires of the protagonist. The death of the pig that appears at the closing of the novella stands for the tragic reality of the farmers of the time who could not seek growth in their capital or realization of their desires. As such, has characteristics of pure literature but also represents the consciousness of the author who brings attention to the tragic reality of farmers. That is, is a work that realized the unique writing style of Lee and his animal symbolism to bring to life a middle way appraoch to realism and romanticism.

An Observation on Pathogenicity of the Pasteurella multocida Strains Isolated from Pig and Duck (오리 및 돈(豚)으로부터 분리(分離)한 Pasteurella multocida 주(株)의 병원성(病原性)에 관(關)하여)

  • Son, Je-Yeong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.72.1-72.1
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    • 1961
  • Pasteurella multocida에 대(對)한 각종성장(各種性狀) 및 균주(菌株) 상호간(相互間)의 이동(異同)에 관(關)하여는 많은 연구(硏究)가 있으나 아직까지의 문헌(文獻)에 의(依)하면 자연감염(自然感染에)에 있어서는 일반적(一般的)으로 동종동물(同種動物)에 감염(感染)한다 하여도 각종동물(各種動物)에서 분리(分離)된 Pasteurella multocida는 그 병원성(病原性)이 분리(分離)된 동물(動物)과 명확(明確)한 상관관계(相關關係)를 가지는것이 아니며 그저 생물학적(生物學的) 내지(乃至) 생화학성장(生化學性狀) 혹(或)은 면역학적성장(免疫學的性狀)에 있어서 그차이(差異)로 균형(菌型)을 분류(分類)할수 있는데 불과(不過)하다. 그런데 월지(越智)는 그의 분류(分類)에서 A형균(型菌)(조류(鳥類)에서 분리(分離)한 균주(菌株))은 가토(家兎) mouse 및 조류(鳥類)에 병원성(病原性)이 있고 타(他) 포유동물(哺乳動物)에 병원성(病原性)이 없다고 하였으며 또 B. C. D형균(型菌)(포유류(哺乳類))에서 분리(分離)한것)은 닭, 가압등(家鴨等) 조류(鳥類)에 병원성(病原性)이 없다고 하였다. 그러나 필자(筆者)는 출혈성패혈증(出血性敗血症)으로 죽은 오리 및 돈(豚) cholera와 혼합감염(混合感染)을 이르킨 돈(豚)으로부터 각각(各各) 따로 Pasteurella multocida를 분리(分離)하여 이 병균(病菌)를 가지고 각종동물(各種動物)에 접종시험(接種試驗)을 한바 상술(上述)한 월지(越智)의 견해(見解)는 부합(附合)되지 않았다. 즉 이 양주(兩株)는 돈(豚), 가토(家兎), 오리, 닭등(等)에 대(對)하여 동양(同樣)으로 강(强)한 병원성(病原性)을 가졌으며 또 양주(兩株)는 다같이 면양(緬羊)에 대(對)하여 거이 병원성(病原性)이 없고 Guinea Pig은 양주(兩株)에 대(對)한 저항성(抵抗性)이 다같이 강(强)하였다. 다시말하면 이 양주(兩株)는 조류(鳥類)나 포유류(哺乳類)에 대(對)하여 거의 동일(同一)한 병원성(病原性)이 있음을 인정(認定)하였다.

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A Study on the Principal Zoonoses for Food Sanitation (식품위생학상(食品衛生學上) 중요(重要) Zoonoses 에 관(關)한 조사연구(調査硏究))

  • Lee, Yong-Wook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.108-112
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    • 1973
  • Zoonoses are very important disease. But little attention has been given to the study of zoonoses in Korea. The author reviewed publications about zoonoses outbreakings in Korea and evaluated and analyzed the data available. It is hoped that the information will be use for reference in future endeavors of study in the field of zoonoses in Korea. The information obtained are as follows: 1) From 1962 to 1966. there have been 3 cases of anthrax. 2 cases of brucellosis and 140 cases of erysipeloid. 2) Throughout Korea, there are 670 slaughther houses and for last ten years cows and swines were condemned by the inspection before slaugter the ranges were as follows: cows : $0.45{\sim}0.98%$ swines : $0.005{\sim}0.05%$ 3) Epidemiological pattern of zoonoses in animals: a) Direct zoonoses are anthrax brucellosis and erysipelos. Encidence rate of anthrax 1.7 per 100,000 in 1964, burcellosis 1338.4 in 1960, erysipelos of swine 1897.2 in 1962. b) It is noticed that $1.0{\sim}2.7%$ of swine in mainland and $3.8{\sim}8.5%$ in Chechu island were infected by cysticercus cellulose.

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Studies on Anisakiasis Especially Morphological Studies on the Anisakinae Larva (Anisakiasis에 대한 조사연구(調査硏究) 특히 유충(幼蟲)의 형태학적(形態學的) 구조(構造)에 대하여)

  • Rim, Bong-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.105-112
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    • 1981
  • The morphological and structural studios of Anisakinae larva has been carried out since Sept. of 1980. The larva were collected from naturally infested eleven swine of 1,531 examined at Kwang-Ju abattoir and from marine fishes, Somber japonicus, bought at Kwang-Ju fish market. The results observed were as follow : 1. Anisakis larva found in the stomach wall and on the surface of the mucosa were more or less degenerated. According to the progress of degeneration, the cross sections showed varied structures (Fig. 6, 7). 2. Size of the larva both from swine and fishes were measured respectively in average(mm); 18.0 and 18.7 in body length, 0.30 and 0.41 in body width, 1.64 and 1.68 in esophagus(muscular-part), 0.56 and 0.67 in ventriculus (glandular part), and 0.13 and 0.12 in tail. It was notable that body length of the larva in this present data, 18.0mm and 1.87mm, were shorter than those in previous dada, 24.3mm from human cases and 28.4mm from, however, the present data were almost similar to the data, 1.75mm, from swine case. 3. The Boring tooth, Mucron, long ventriculus and short round tail were observed in the larva of this present study. These structures were differentiated from Anisakis type II larvae which was provided with short ventriculus, and conical and tapering tall without mucron. 4. The ventricular appendix and intestnal caecum were not present in the larva. These might be differentiated from other Anisakidae larva such as Terranova larvae, Contracaecum larvae, Raphidascaris larvae and Thynnascaris larvae. 5. The findings through the histological observation were a pair of Y-shaped or butterfly-shaped lateal chords, ventral and dorsal chords, excretory(Renette) cell, high columnar epithelial cells of digestive tract and muscle cells. These morphological characteristics revealed varied features in the structures in the degenerative degree of the larva in the stomach wall. 6. The above-mentioned characteristics of the larva observed could be indentified as Anisakis type I larvae. 7. The reports on natural infestation of domestic animal with Anisakis type I larvae were two swine cases in Korea and Japan respectively, On the other hand two human cases of the larva were reported in Korea and more than one thousand cases in Japan. In Twiwan no reports of human and domestic animal cases could be found.

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Occurrence of Parakeratosis in Swine (돈(豚) Parakeratosis의 발생례(發生例)에 대하여)

  • Lee, Hyun Beom;Park, Cheong Kyu;Lee, Hi Suk;Lee, Cha Soo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.153-157
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    • 1979
  • The authors encountered 78 cases of pig from two swine herds with severe dermatitis, which had been fed with commercial rations. Main clinical signs were hard crust formation or erythema and papules on the skin and retarted growth. The skin lesions were visible on the limb joints in all cases. In some cases, however, crusts occurred on the tail, perineum, hip, ear, back, or neck. In one case the entire body surface was covered with thick crust. No mites were detected on the microscopic examination of skin scrapings. Histological examination of biopsies skin specimens taken from the lesions revealed typical parakeratotic changes: the cornified layer of epidermis was irregularly inreased in thickness and contained numerous nuclei. The provision of dietary supplementation with zinc sulfate and soybean oil for 10 days showed marked curative effect.

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Pathological Changes in Hepatic Ascariasis of Swine (돈(豚)의 간회충증(肝蛔蟲症)에 관(關)한 병리학적(病理學的) 검색(檢索))

  • Kim, Sang Kyun;Lim, Chang Hyeong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.33-38
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    • 1970
  • 1. Hepatic ascariasis represented by milk spots on the liver surface was found in 475(31.7%) out of 1,500 pigs. 2. For histopathological studies, 170 cases were collected at random from the milk spotted liver From these cases ascaris larva was found in 14 cases(8.2%). 3. Grossly, the occurrence of milk spots was not confined to any particular lobes of the liver. The lesions, however, were more frequently found in the diaphragmatic surface than in the visceral surface. The extent of the spots was limited to the subcapsular region and the deeper tissue was not affected. 4. Histologically, hemorrhage and eosinophilic infiltration were observed in the area invaded by the larva. The increase of connective tissue followed by a form of chronic lymphocytic hepatitis was observed at the late stage of infection. There was numerous eosinophilic infiltration around the larva trapped in the liver tissue. Consequently, encapsulation of the larva was followed by organization and calcification.

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Comparative Studies on the Free Amino Acids in Hog Cholera Infected Swine Tissues (돈(豚)콜레라 바이러스 감염조직(感染組織)의 유리(遊離)아미노산(酸)에 관(關)한 비교연구(比較硏究))

  • Yong, Mahn Joong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.31-36
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    • 1966
  • The free amino acid contents in several tissues of swine were analyzed qualitatively by means of two dimentional paper chromatography. The tissues used were liver, kidney and spleen that were obtained from normal, immunized and hog cholera infected swines. The results obtained are as follows: 1. Liver: 20 amino acids were detected in normal, 17 in immunized and 15 in infected swines. 2. Kidney: 16 amino acids were detected in normal, 13 in immunized and infected swines. 3. Spleen: 15 amino acids were detected in normal in immunized and 13 in infected swines. 4. Glutamic acid, leucine, serine and threonine were present in high concentration in all of the cases examined. 5. The free amino acids were appeard to be decreased in the infected tissues with hog cholera virus.

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