• Title/Summary/Keyword: 도뇨관

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A Study on Clinical Variables Contributing to Differentiation of Delirium and Non-Delirium Patients in the ICU (중환자실 섬망 환자와 비섬망 환자 구분에 기여하는 임상 지표에 관한 연구)

  • Ko, Chanyoung;Kim, Jae-Jin;Cho, Dongrae;Oh, Jooyoung;Park, Jin Young
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.101-110
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    • 2019
  • Objectives : It is not clear which clinical variables are most closely associated with delirium in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). By comparing clinical data of ICU delirium and non-delirium patients, we sought to identify variables that most effectively differentiate delirium from non-delirium. Methods : Medical records of 6,386 ICU patients were reviewed. Random Subset Feature Selection and Principal Component Analysis were utilized to select a set of clinical variables with the highest discriminatory capacity. Statistical analyses were employed to determine the separation capacity of two models-one using just the selected few clinical variables and the other using all clinical variables associated with delirium. Results : There was a significant difference between delirium and non-delirium individuals across 32 clinical variables. Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale (RASS), urinary catheterization, vascular catheterization, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), Blood urea nitrogen, and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Examination II most effectively differentiated delirium from non-delirium. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that, with the exception of vascular catheterization, these clinical variables were independent risk factors associated with delirium. Separation capacity of the logistic regression model using just 6 clinical variables was measured with Receiver Operating Characteristic curve, with Area Under the Curve (AUC) of 0.818. Same analyses were performed using all 32 clinical variables;the AUC was 0.881, denoting a very high separation capacity. Conclusions : The six aforementioned variables most effectively separate delirium from non-delirium. This highlights the importance of close monitoring of patients who received invasive medical procedures and were rated with very low RASS and HAM-A scores.

Knowledge and Performance Level of Infection Control Guidelines on Indwelling Urinary Catheter, Central Venous Catheter and Ventilator Among Intensive Care Nurses (중환자실 간호사의 유치도뇨관, 중심정맥관 및 인공호흡기 감염관리에 대한 지식과 수행도)

  • Ha, Hyun-Jung;Park, Jung-Ha;Kim, Myung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.113-120
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the knowledge of and adherence to the infection control guidelines for indwelling urinary catheters, central venous catheters and ventilators among intensive care nurses. The subjects were 175 intensive care nurses working in 2 upper general hospitals and 3 general hospitals. Data were collected from July 1 to July 31, 2013. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test and ANOVA using SPSS 18.0 for Windows. The mean scores of the knowledge of the infection control guidelines on indwelling urinary catheters, central venous catheters and ventilators were 0.87, 0.82 and 0.82 points, respectively. The average scores for the adherence to the infection control guidelines for indwelling urinary catheters, central venous catheters and ventilators were 4.18, 4.04 and 4.07 points, respectively. Statistically significant correlations were found between the knowledge of and adherence to the infection control guidelines for indwelling urinary catheters (r=.72, p<.00), central venous catheters (r=.54, p<.001) and ventilators (r=.30, p<.001). The knowledge of and adherence to the infection control guidelines for indwelling urinary catheters differed significantly according to gender, educational status, total career, number of patients, type of hospital, and attendance of seminar. The knowledge of and adherence to the infection control guidelines for central venous catheters differed significantly according to educational status, total career, number of patients, type of hospital, and attendance of seminar. The knowledge level of the infection control guidelines for the ventilator differed significantly according to the total career. The results of this study indicate that education and training programs for improving the knowledge of adherence to the infection control guidelines should be developed.

Two Case of Burkholderia cepacia Sepsis (Burkholderia cepacia 패혈증 2례)

  • Park, Seong Shik;Ahn, Sung Ryon;Park, Su Eun;Lim, Young Tak;Chang, Chul Hun
    • Pediatric Infection and Vaccine
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.241-246
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    • 2001
  • Burkholderia cepacia, a widespread gram-negative environmental bacillus associated with nosocomial infection, is considered to be of relatively low virulence and rarely to cause invasive disease in immunocompromised patients. Nosocomial infections resulting from the use of contaminted medication, antiseptics and instruments have also been reported in otherwise healthy hosts. We experienced two cases of B. cepacia sepsis in 10 year-old male who was medicated with the anticancer drugs for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL) and in 15 day-old newborn who was examined with voiding vesicourethrography(VCUG) for the evaluation of congenital hydronephrosis. The organism isolated from serial blood culture in ALL patient and from serial blood culture and urine culture in newborn examined with VCUG. The former ALL patient improved after antibacterial medication of imipenem and the latter newborn improved after treatment with imipenem and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.

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Soft Tissue Response of Rabbit Larynx to Implanted Foley Catheter for Short Duration (토끼 후두내 삽입한 풍선도관에 대한 단기 조직 반응)

  • Yoo, Young-Sam;Choi, Chan;Kim, Dong-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology, Phoniatrics and Logopedics
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.34-39
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : This study was aimed to investigate soft tissue reaction such as inflammation, immune reaction of rabbit larynx to implanted foley catheter. Methods : After 8 rabbits were anesthetized, their thyroid cartilage and trachea were exposed through a skin incision and a 6 French foley catheter was inserted into the thyroid cartilage via cricothyroid membrane and ballooned with normal saline (0.1 mL). The other end of catheters were ligated and cut. The wound was closed keeping catheter under the skin. Two rabbits were used as normal control Larynges were removed for pathologic examination at 4weeks and 8 weeks of the study respectively, Results : Ten rabbits were euthanized for gross and pathologic examination (5 rabbits after 4 weeks and 5 rabbits after 8 weeks). All rabbits survived the study periods and inflammations or foreign body reactions were minimally found on pathologic examinations. Conclusions : Foley catheter could be useful and safe material for vocal fold medialization in rabbit models.

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A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on the Effects of Urinary Tract Infections in the Water or Antiseptic for Periurethral Cleaning Before Urinary Catheterization (도뇨관 삽입 전 소독제 또는 물의 사용이 요로감염 발생에 미치는 효과에 대한 체계적 문헌고찰과 메타분석)

  • Kim, Jin-Sook;Kim, Mi-Jung;Kim, Kuk-Hwa;Lim, Da-Hae
    • Quality Improvement in Health Care
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.81-94
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    • 2017
  • Purpose:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of periurethral cleaning with water or antiseptics in preventing catheter-associated urinary tract infections through systemic review Methods:The randomized clinical trials published between 2000 and 2016 were searched using domestic and international databases, and five randomized studies were selected for this study. The quality of study was assessed by assessment tool from the cochrane's Risk of Bias and meta-analysis was performed using the Cochrane Review Manager software Version 5.3 (RevMan) Results: The two groups of antiinfectants used in this study include povidone-iodine and chlorhexidine, water and chlorhexidine vs water and chlorhexidine. there was no significant difference in urinary tract infection rate between the two groups. Conclusion: Based on the findings, periurethral cleaning with water is safer and cost-efficient than using antiseptics. and it can make reduce a patient's discomfort.

Nursing Activities and Outcomes Related to Indwelling Urinary Catheterization from a Review of Medical Records and Interviews (의무기록지 분석과 간호사 면담을 통한유치도뇨관 관리에 관한 간호활동 및 환자결과)

  • Jang, Keum-Seong;Chung, Kyung-Hee;Choi, Ja-Yun;Yang, Jin-Ju;Park, Soon-Joo;Ryu, Se-An;Kim, Nam-Young;Sim, Jae-Youn
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.438-448
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify nursing activities and to analyze patient outcomes related to indwelling urinary catheterization. Method: A review was done of 628 medical records from five units for patients admitted between January 1 and June 30, 2006. Twelve nurses who worked in the same units were interviewed. Results: In the interviews, nurses reported considering several non-invasive interventions prior to catheterization but there were no medical records of this activity. Results from the in-depth interviews showed that infection control activities such as urinary bag management were conducted but again there were no medical records. Seventy-five percent of the catheters were removed without prescription. In the medical records there were no notes for approximately 15%, on the time of first voiding and 80%, on volume of first voiding after removal of catheter. There was a significant difference in hospitalization days between the group catheterized for 5 days or less and the group catheterized for 6 days or more. Conclusion: Results indicate a need to close the gap between recorded and described activities and between current and best evidence based practice. Further study is needed to develop a standard recording system and guidelines related indwelling catheterization to decrease the gaps identified in this research.

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Correction of Nostril Stenosis with W-plasty, Perialar Flap and Foley Expansion Exercise (W-성형술, 비익변피판 및 도뇨관 훈련을 이용한 비공협착의 교정)

  • Hong, Ki-Yong;Lee, Yoon-Ho
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.143-147
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: Nostril stenosis is an uncommon deformity that develops as a consequence of smallpox, chickenpox, tuberculosis, syphilis, congenital malformations etc. There have been several studies on the surgical techniques to treat it. However, it is difficult to maintain the result for a long time. The goal of this study is to evaluate the use of Wplasty, perialar flap as an operative techniques and expansion exercise using Foley catheter as a method to keep the patency of nostril. Methods: This is a retrospective review of the senior surgeon's (Y.L.) patients who underwent W-plasty and a perialar flap. Patients treated from 2005 to 2009 were reviewed and the postoperative results were evaluated. Average patient age was 24 years, ranged from 1 to 61 years, average follow-up period was 27.5 months, ranged from 3 to 77 months. The mild deformity was released with an incision and expansion by the ballooning of a Foley catheter and corrected by W-plasty only. However, a severe deformity required an additional procedure including perialar flap transposition. During the postoperative period, the patients maintained a nasal stent and exercise using a Foley catheter to prevent recurrence. Results: Five cases of nostril stenosis in four patients were treated using this technique. One case was corrected with W-plasty only, but four cases were more severe and were corrected with W-plasty and a perialar flap. There were no perioperative complications. The patients were satisfied with the results and retained a good shape during the follow-up periods. Conclusion: Nostril stenosis can be corrected with W-plasty and a perialar flap. A perialar flap is added if W-plasty is unable to correct the deformity. A postoperative nasal stent and expansion with a Foley catheter can help in preventing recurrences.

Orbital Floor Reconstruction Using Endoscope and Selected Urethral Balloon Catheter (내시경과 선택적 도뇨관 풍선을 이용한 안와하벽복원술)

  • Choi, Hwan-Jun;Lee, Joo-Chul;Lee, Hyung-Gyo;Kim, Jun-Hyuk
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.35-42
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: Blow-out fractures can be reduced using various methods. The orbital reconstruction technique using a balloon under endoscopic control has advantages over other methods. However, this method has some problems too, such as postoperative follow-up, management of the balloon catheter, and reduction of the posterior orbital floor. Thus, we developed a simple, effective method for orbital floor reduction that involves molding and shaping the antral balloon catheter. Methods: A 0, 30, or $70^{\circ}$, 4-mm endoscope was placed though a two-point, 5-mm maxillary antrostomy. The balloon catheter is placed directly at the orbital apex to reconstruct the anterior shelf (spherical shape), while it is turned in a U-shape towards the anterior maxilla for the posterior shelf (elliptical shape). Orbital floor defects, compound or comminuted fractures are reconstructed with alloplastic materials through an open lid incision under the endoscopic control. Results: This technique was applied to ten patients with orbital floor fractures: five anterior shelf and five posterior shelf fracture, respectively. Four of the patients had zygomatico-orbital fractures, while the rest had isolated orbital floor fractures. Two patients were given porous polyethylene implants Synpor$^{(R)}$) and three underwent reconstruction with a resorbable mesh plate. No complication associated with this technique was identified. Conclusion: The freestyle placement and selection of a urinary balloon catheter under endoscopic control and the preoperative estimation of the volume enhanced the stabilization of the orbital contour. This method improves the adaptation of the orbital floor without the risk of injuring the surrounding orbital contents, dissecting blindly, or using sharp traction. One drawback of this method is the patient's discomfort from the catheter during treatment.

Aortocaval Fistula - A case report - (대동맥-대정맥루 -치험 1예-)

  • Cho Kwang-Hyun;Kwon Young-Min;Han Il-Yong;Jun Hee-Jae;Lee Yang-Haeng;Hwang Youn-Ho;Yoon Young-Chul
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.38 no.10 s.255
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    • pp.721-724
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    • 2005
  • Aortocaval fistula is a rare complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm, involving less than $1\%$ of all abdominal aortic aneurysms. A 64-years old man with a long history of hypertension and abdominal aortic aneurysm had chest pain, dyspnea, epigastric discomfort and palpable abdominal pulsating mass. Physical examination revealed hypo­tension with a systolic blood pressure of 70 mmHg, a large pulsatile mass and a systolic abdominal bruit. Laboratory data revealed a hemoglobin values of 11.0 g/dL, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) value of 5 mg/dL, and creatine value of $2.5 mg\%$. Abdominal Angio CT showed a 10cm infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm with dilatation of the IVC and aortocaval fistula from the aortic aneurysm, which was confirmed at emergency surgery. When the aneurysm was opened and the thrombus was removed, a 1 cm communication was identified between the aorta and IVC. This was controlled with Foley catheters ballooning, and the fistula was closed by continuous suture placed outside the aneurysm. A bifurcated aorto-iliac graft was used to restore arterial continuity. The patient was discharged home after uncomplicated postoperative course.

A Case Study of Geumho River Basin for Integrated Flood Management (통합홍수관리를 위한 금호강유역 사례연구)

  • Ko, Jin-Seok;Choi, Eun-Hyuk;Keum, Do-Hun;Jee, Hong-Kee
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • 2007.05a
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    • pp.800-804
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    • 2007
  • 전 세계에서 홍수로 인한 인명손실과 재산적 피해의 기록을 살펴보면 최근 몇 년 동안 꾸준히 증가하고 있다. 이로 인해서 홍수를 방어하기 위한 노력은 증가하게 되었다. 이로 인해 홍수터에서 인구집중과 개발로 인해 홍수방어를 위해서 막대한 투자가 필요하다. 이와 동시에 지속가능하고 효과적인 수자원 관리는 전체적인 접근방법이 요구되며, 사회와 경제발전과 생태계 보호 및 토지이용과 수자원 이용의 적절한 관리와 연결된 개념이 필요하다. 유역은 육지와 수계 사이의 많은 상호작용이 있는 동적인 시스템이다. 이러한 관점에서 유역을 간단한 고정된 지역적인 문제라고 생각하는 것보다 전체로서의 유역 기능을 개선하는데 노력이 필요하고 시도되어야 할 것이다. 통합홍수관리(IFM : Integrated Flood Management)는 홍수의 긍정적인 측면과 부정적인 측면을 고려한 새로운 접근방법이며, 홍수가 자원적 가치를 지닌 것이라고 생각하는 개념이다. 통합홍수관리의 특징은 홍수조절 대책의 적절한 혼합, 대책의 목적 및 형태(구조적 및 비구조적 대책), 단기간 및 장기간 대책 등의 대책들을 통합하는 것이다. 여기에는 전유역의 수문순환 관리, 통합 토지이용 및 수자원 관리, 최적 혼합대책의 적용 및 통합재해관리 적용 등이 있다. 홍수는 자연적인 수문학적 체계의 중요한 요소이며, 주요 수자원이기도 하다. 그리고 빈번한 홍수로 인해 제방을 넘어 홍수터를 점령한다. 이 결과로 상습 홍수범람지역은 점점 더 인구가 밀집되고 있고 홍수에 더 취약하게 된다. 그러므로 금호강유역에 발생한 홍수의 개요, 원인 및 결과에 대해서 살펴보고, 홍수관리대책과 실효성에 대해서 조사 분석하였다. 그리고 홍수가 발생한 후 홍수관리대책과 관리기술의 변화를 통합홍수관리의 개념에서 분석하였다.Jones matrix, which allows a new interpretation in the conversion efficiency of the thin-film optical waveguides.있다는 장점이 있었다. 따라서 소아에서 복막투석도관 수술 시 복강경적 방법을 이용하는 것이 효율적인 복막 투석을 위해 유용하다고 생각된다.상부 방광천자에 비해 민감도 59.5%(25/42), 특이도 86.6%(13/15)였고 위양성률 13.3%(2/15), 위음성률 40.5%(17/42) 로 정확도가 낮았다. 결론 : 소변을 가리지 못하는 영유아에서 요로 감염을 진단하기 위해서는 도뇨관 채뇨에 비해 초음파 감시하 치골상부 방광천자가 정확하고 안전한 채뇨법으로 권장되어야 한다고 생각한다.應裝置) 및 운용(運用)에 별다른 어려움이 없고, 내열성(耐熱性)이 강(强)하므로 쉬운 조건하(條件下)에서 경제적(經濟的)으로 공업적(工業的) 이용(利用)에 유리(有利)하다고 판단(判斷)되어진다.reatinine은 함량이 적었다. 관능검사결과(官能檢査結果) 자가소화(自家消化)시킨 크릴간장은 효소(酵素)처리한 것이나 재래식 콩간장에 비하여 품질 면에서 손색이 없고 저장성(貯藏性)이 좋은 크릴간장을 제조(製造)할 수 있다는 결론을 얻었다.이 있음을 확인할 수 있었다.에 착안하여 침전시 슬러지층과 상등액의 온도차를 측정하여 대사열량의 발생량을 측정하고 슬러지의 활성을 측정할 수 있는 방법을 개발하였다.enin과 Rhaponticin의 작용(作用)에 의(依)한 것이며, 이는 한의학(韓醫學) 방제(方劑) 원리(原理)인 군신좌사(君臣佐使) 이론(理論)에서 군약(君藥)이 주증(主症)에 주(主)로 작용(作用)하는 약물(藥物)이라는 것을 밝혀주는 것이라고 사료(思料)된다.일전 $

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