• Title, Summary, Keyword: 단면분할법

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Optimum of Reinforced Concrete Framed Structures by Multilevel Decomposition (다단계분할법에 의한 철근콘크리트 뼈대구조의 최적화에 관한 연구)

  • 변근주;최홍식
    • Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.87-94
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    • 1989
  • 철근콘크리트 뼈대구조와 같이 설계변수가 과다하고, 제약조건식이 복잡한 구조물의 최적화를 위하여는 구조물을 여러개의 부분구조물로 분할하여 최적해를 구하는 분할법이 많이 사용되고 있다. 그러나 기존의 분할법에 의한 최적화는 구조해석과정과 고정된 부재력에대한 단면설계변수의 부분최적화 과정만으로 이루어지기 때문에, 최적해를 구하려면 반복적인 재해석과정만을 수행하지 않으면 안된다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 다단계분할법에 의하여 철근콘크리트 뼈대구조의 최적화 문제를 3단계로 형성하고, 분할된 부분최적화문제의 최적화시 전체구조의 강성 및 부재력 변화가 반영되어 부분 구조물의 결합을 유지시킬 수 있는 최적화 알고리즘을 제안하였다. 최적화 문제에서 설계변수로는 단면의 크기, 철근량, 모멘트 재분배율등을 취하고,목적함수는 경비함수, 제약조건으로는 강도설계법에 의한 부재강도, 시방서의 요구사항등을 고려하여 문제를 형성하였다. 본 연구에서 개발한 다단계 최적화과정의 첫째 단계에서는 탄성해석에 의하여 재분배모멘트의 설계공간을 형성한다. 이 때 부재력변화량추정(forece approximation technique)에 의하여 단면치수의 변화에 따른 부재력의 변화를 제약조건식 내에 포함시킬 수 있도록 하였다. 둘째 단면에서는 첫째 단계에서 구한 부재력변화량추정이 포함된 제약조건식 내에서 무제약최소화기법에 의하여 단면치수를 최적화하도록 하였다. 셋째 단계에서는 재분배 모멘트를 최적화하였으며, 이 때 재분배모멘트의 변화에 따른 단면설계 변수의 변화는 둘째 단계에서 구한 설계민감도(design sensitivity)를 이용하여 반영시키도록 하였다. 제안된 알고리즘을 1층 2경간 및 2층 1경간 뼈대구조에 적용하여 알고리즘의 타당성과 효율성을 입증하였다. 따라서 본 연구의 알고리즘은 철근 콘크리트 뼈대구조의 최적설계에 안정성있게 적용할 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.

A Study on Optimum Splitting Conditions of Flat Nylon/PET Micro Fiber Fabrics (편평단면구조를 갖는 분할형 N/P극세사 직물의 최적분할조건에 관한 연구)

  • 손은종;이영목;김연상;이경주;권은희;최영근
    • Proceedings of the Korean Fiber Society Conference
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    • pp.376-376
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    • 2002
  • 편평분할사는 복합방사법에 의한 편평 단면 형태의 분할형 초극세섬유로서, 기존 오렌지 형태인 Nylon/PET 극세사의 품종 다양화된 형태이다 분할은 Nylon과 PET의 비상용성인 특징을 이용, 물리적인 가공과 화학적인 가공에 의해 이루어지며 기존오렌지 형태의 PET/Nylon극세사에 비해 분할성이 우수하다고 보고되고 있다. 편평분할사의 용도는 Micro powder조의 Suede직물 등의 여성용 의류, 기능성 스포츠웨어, 2차 오염방지성이 우수하여 반도체 등의 정밀산업의 닦음천(Wiping Cloth)등의 크리너(Cleaner)용으로도 사용되어 질 수 있다. (중략)

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A Study on the Vibration Analysis of Beam (보의 진동해석에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yeong-Sik;Moon, Duk-Hong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.43-48
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    • 1984
  • The transfer matrix method is well-known and extensively used for finding solutions in vibration problems. At the final stage of this method natural frequencies are obtained by a trial and error search procedure. In this paper authors presented the method which needed only a few division number to yield an accurate solution and the most effective method to get an approximate solution in the case of beam vibrations. The methods which were presented by authors could be applied for the beam with nonuniform section and uniformly distributed load, and the values of numerical calculations by these methods have just agreed with those of experiments.

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Concrete Aging-Dependent Deflection Analysis of Flexural Composite Members Using Sectional Analysis Method (단면해석법을 이용한 합성형 휨 부재의 재령 종속적 처짐해석)

  • Sung Won-Jin;Kim Jeong-Hyeon;Lee Yong-Hak
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.155-162
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    • 2004
  • An analytical method to predict the time dependent flexural behavior of composite girder is presented based on sectional analysis. The time dependent constitutive relation accounting for the early-age concrete properties including maturing of elastic modulus, creep and shrinkage is derived in an incremental format by the first order Taylor series expansion. The sectional analysis calculates the axial and curvature strains based on the force and moment equilibriums. The deflection curve of the girder approximated by the quadratic polynomial function is calculated by applying to the proper boundary conditions in the consecutive segments. Numerical applications are made for the 3-span double composite steel box girder which is a composite bridge girder filled with concrete at the bottom of the steel box in the negative moment region. The calculated results are compared with those by finite element analysis results. Close agreement is observed between the two approaches.

A Study on Hull Form Design Techniques Based on Graphical User Interface (그래픽 사용자 인터페이스(GUI)를 도입한 선형설계 기법에 관한 연구)

  • H. Shin;K.W. Park
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.17-22
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    • 1993
  • The intersection problem of three-dimensional free form surfaces can be solved by geometrical and numerical methods. Up to now, the subdivision technique, which is classified under the former, has been largely employed to find the cross section of ship hull form. In this paper, an algorithm is presented for intersecting ship hull form in high speed. The high speed calculation algorithm is based on simple numerical methods, such as the secant method, false position method and bisection method. The algorithm is directly applicable to depicting arbitrary ship cross sections, drawing ship lines and constructing the offset table.

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A Study on the Ductility of Concrete-Filled Composite Columns under Cyclic Loading (반복하중을 받는 콘크리트충전 강합성 기둥의 연성에 관한 연구)

  • 송준엽;권영봉;김성곤
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.5 no.6
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    • pp.11-19
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    • 2001
  • A series of test on concrete-filled composite columns was preformed to evaluate structural performance under axial compression and cyclic lateral loading. It was presented that concrete-filled composite columns had high strength, high stiffness and large energy-absorption capacity on account of mutual confinement between the steel plate and filled-in concrete. A cross section analysis procedure developed to predict the moment-curvature relation of composite columns was proven to be on accurate and effective method. The ductility factor and the response modification factor were evaluated for the seismic design of concrete-filled composite columns. It was shown that concrete-filled composite columns could be used as a very efficient earthquake-resistant structural member.

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Rate-Distortion Based Segmentation of Tumor Region in an Breast Ultrasound Volume Image (유방 초음파 볼륨영상에서의 율왜곡 기반 종양영역 분할)

  • Kwak, Jong-In;Kim, Sang-Hyun;Kim, Nam-Chul
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SC
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 2005
  • This paper proposes an efficient algorithm for extracting a tumor region from an breast ultrasound volume image by using rate-distortion (R-D) based seeded region growing. In the proposed algorithm the rate and the distortion represent the roughness of the contour and the dissimilarity of pixels in a region, respectively. Staring from an initial seed region set in each cutting plane of a volume, a pair of the seed region and one of adjacent regions whose R-D cost is minimal is searched and then they are merged into a new updated seed region. This procedure is recursively performed until the averaged R-D cost values per the number of contour pixels in the seed region becomes maxim. As a result, the final seed region has good pixel homogeneity and a much smooth contour. Finally, the tumor volume is extracted using the contours of the final seed regions in all the cutting planes. Experimental results show that the averaged error rate of the proposed method is shown to be below 4%.

Sub-regional Slicing Method (SSM) to Fabricate 3D Microstructure Effectively in Nano-Stereolithography Process (극미세 3차원 형상제작의 효율성 향상을 위한 영역분할 단면법에 관한 연구)

  • Park S.H.;Lim T.W.;Yang D.Y.;Yi S.Y.;Kong H.J.;Lee K.S.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.264-267
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    • 2005
  • A subregional slicing method (SSM) is proposed to increase the nanofabrication efficiency of a nano-stereolithography (NSL) process based on two-photon polymerization (TPP). The NSL process can be used to fabricate 3D microstructures via the accumulation of layers of uniform thickness; hence, the precision of the final 3D microstructure depends on the layer thickness. The use of a uniform layer thickness means that, to fabricate a precise microstructure, a large number of thin slices is inevitably required. leading to long processing times. In the SSM proposed here, however, the 3D microstructure is divided into several subregions on the basis of the geometric slope, and then each of these subregions is uniformly sliced with a layer thickness determined by the geometric slope characteristics of each subregion. Subregions with gentle slopes are sliced with thin layer thicknesses, whereas subregions with steep slopes are sliced with thick layer thicknesses. Here, we describe the procedure of the SSM based on TPP, and discuss the fabrication efficiency of the method through the fabrication of a 3D microstructure.

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MCNP 선원항 평가법에 의한 SMART 압력용기 중성자 조사량 예비평가

  • 김교윤;김하용;송재승
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
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    • pp.606-611
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    • 1998
  • 330MWt 출력의 신형 원자로인 SMART(System integrated Mod씰w Advanced ReacTor)가 전기 생산뿐만 아니라 해수의 담수화를 위한 에너지 공급을 위해 한국원자력연구소에 의해 개발되고 있다. SMART의 원자로 압력용기에서의 중성자 조사량을 기존의 각분할법 코드 대신에 몬데칼로 수송 코드인 MCNP-4A를 이용하여 평가하였다. MCNP-4A에 의한 몬데 칼로 모사는 각분할법에 비해 핵 단면적 자료, 선원항, 그리고 기하학적 모델링의 문제로부터 야기되는 불확실성을 감소시킬 수 있을 뿐만 아니라 초기 개념 설계 단계에서 상세 노심 출력 분포 자료에 의존하지 않고 선원항을 평가할 수 있는 장점이 있다. 본 연구에서는 원자로 압력 용기 내부의 원자로 노심 및 다른 구조물을 포함하는 전체 원자로 구조에 대하여 몬테 칼로 모사를 적용하였다. 1단계에서는 임계도 계산에 의해 선원항으로 이용되는 원자로 노심내의 열 출력 분포를 평가하고, 2단계에서는 노심내의 열 출력 분포를 고정 선원으로 이용하여 압력 용기에서의 중성자 조사량을평가하였다. 그 결과 SMART 압력용기의 중성자 조사량은 규제 요건을 만족하는 것으로 나타났다.

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Automatic Liver Segmentation of a Contrast Enhanced CT Image Using a Partial Histogram Threshold Algorithm (부분 히스토그램 문턱치 알고리즘을 사용한 조영증강 CT영상의 자동 간 분할)

  • Kyung-Sik Seo;Seung-Jin Park;Jong An Park
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.189-194
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    • 2004
  • Pixel values of contrast enhanced computed tomography (CE-CT) images are randomly changed. Also, the middle liver part has a problem to segregate the liver structure because of similar gray-level values of a pancreas in the abdomen. In this paper, an automatic liver segmentation method using a partial histogram threshold (PHT) algorithm is proposed for overcoming randomness of CE-CT images and removing the pancreas. After histogram transformation, adaptive multi-modal threshold is used to find the range of gray-level values of the liver structure. Also, the PHT algorithm is performed for removing the pancreas. Then, morphological filtering is processed for removing of unnecessary objects and smoothing of the boundary. Four CE-CT slices of eight patients were selected to evaluate the proposed method. As the average of normalized average area of the automatic segmented method II (ASM II) using the PHT and manual segmented method (MSM) are 0.1671 and 0.1711, these two method shows very small differences. Also, the average area error rate between the ASM II and MSM is 6.8339 %. From the results of experiments, the proposed method has similar performance as the MSM by medical Doctor.