• Title, Summary, Keyword: 다중매개효과

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The Effect of Disability of Household Head on Life Satisfaction: Focusing on Multiple Mediating Effects of Asset and Self-Esteem (가구주의 장애여부가 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향: 자산수준과 자아존중감의 다중매개효과 검증)

  • Kim, Ja Young;Han, Chang Keun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.69 no.2
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    • pp.247-269
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to analyze multiple mediating effects of asset and self-esteem on the relationship between disability of household head and life satisfaction. This study used 9th panel data of KoWePS(Korean Welfare Panel Study) and employed path analysis with A-MOS. Research findings of this study are as follows: First, disability of household head had a negative effect on life satisfaction, total assets, and self-esteem. Second, we found not full but partial mediating effects of assets on the relationship between disability and life satisfaction. Third, similarly we found not full but partial mediating effects of self-esteem on the relationship between disability and life satisfaction. Finally, we found multiple partial mediating effects of assets and self-esteem on the relationships between disability and life satisfaction. The findings of this study suggest that financial education as well as asset management targeting persons with disability are necessary and very helpful to sustain their life satisfaction. In addition, we need to think about asset-building programs targeting persons with disability.

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A Mediation Analysis of Absorption Capacity by Bootstrapping Technique in Multiple Mediator Model (다중매개모델에서 bootstrapping기법을 이용한 흡수능력의 매개효과 분석)

  • Kim, Hyun-Woo;Lee, Hong-Bae;Shin, Yong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2015
  • The mediation methods suggested by Baron and Kenny, Sobel, Aroian and Goodman, have widely used to test the mediating effect. However, as there are many problems in statistical test power, as well as statistical accuracy, a bootstrapping technique has been suggested as an alternative. In this paper, we adopt the phantom variables based on the bootstrapping technique to test the mediating effect in multiple mediator model consisting of three or more mediating variables. In particular, we formulate the multiple mediator model for analyzing the relations among organizational resources, the absorption capacity as mediating variables and technology commercialization capabilities. And using the bootstrapping approach, we analyzed the mediating effect of the absorption capacity by setting of phantom variables and calculated total indirect effect size and the statistical significance. The empirical results are as follows. First, we confirmed that the bootstrapping approach and the phantom variable is the very efficient and systematic mediation method. Second, we recognized that there is a difference in the mediating characteristics of the absorption capacity depending on the resource characteristics of human resources and material resources obviously.

The Relationship between Adult Interpersonal Traumatic Experience and Posttraumatic Growth : The Multiple Mediating Effect of Optimism and Quality of Relationship (성인의 대인외상경험과 외상 후 성장의 관계 : 낙관성과 관계의 질의 다중매개효과)

  • Park, Euna
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.67 no.1
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    • pp.263-288
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    • 2015
  • This study is to research the mediating effects of optimism and quality of relationship which interpersonal traumatic experience influences posttraumatic growth. It focuss on verifying the impact of interpersonal traumatic experience to optimism and quality of relationship and the influence of optimism and quality of relationship to posttraumatic growth. And also it is to verify dual mediating effect between optimism and quality of relationship. Data for this study were collected through the use of a survey instrument completed by 405 interpersonal traumatic experience, 30-60 age group. Collected data were analysed by AMOS program, Structure Equation Model(SEM) was implemented to verify the mediating effect between optimism and quality of relationship. Finally, Phantom Variable was utilized for verification of indirect influence of a multi mediating effects. The findings of this study were as follows, First, the result shows that the higher level interpersonal traumatic experience, the higher posttraumatic growth they have. Second, it shows that optimism and quality of relationship have partial mediating effect between interpersonal traumatic experience and posttraumatic growth. Third, it was analyzed that optimism and quality of relationship had double mediating effect. Based on these findings, the research discussion reinforced the importance of intervene with its optimism and quality of relationship in the site of those who experience interpersonal trauma. Theological, political and practical implications of this study are as follows. First, it has a series of significance in terms of that this study confirmed its influence considering the quality of relationship from interpersonal experience among relevant factors of traumatic accident, optimism among individual factors, quality of relationship among environmental factors based on 'the crisis of life and the theory of individual growth'. econd, even though optimism and quality of relationship were proved as major predictors for posttraumatic growth of those who experience interpersonal traumatic, psychological support center for traumatic experience is not operated systematically in Korea. Third, this study implies that it should intervene mainly with its optimism and quality of relationship in the site of those who experience interpersonal trauma such as any abuses including sexual abuse, bullying, and divorce.

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The Effect of the Aging Attitude on Life Satisfaction of Korean Elderly: Multi-mediation Effects of Solidarity between Parents and Children (노인의 노화태도가 삶의 만족에 미치는 영향: 부모-자녀 간 결속의 다중매개효과 검증)

  • Kim, Junpyo;Kim, Soon Eun
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.521-536
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is examining the effect of aging attitudes of older people on their life satisfaction, and investigating the mediating role of solidarity between parents and children. To achieve this, the survey was conducted with 2,076 Korean elderlies who were sampled with proportional stratified, and performed multi-mediated regression with SPSS macro PROCESS v.2.16. The results are following. First, aging attitude that older people recognized significantly affects to their life satisfaction. Second, aging attitude significantly affects to the five sub-categories of solidarity between parents and children. Especially, as elderly shows more negative attitude on aging, the solidarity also goes higher. Third, among sub-categories of solidarity between parents and children, affectional, identical, and functional solidarities play roles of mediator on the relationship between aging attitude and life satisfaction, and affectional solidarity shows the biggest influence on the relationship. Based on the results, practical and policy intervention were suggested for better life satisfaction of Korean elderly.

Impact of Employee's Gratitude Disposition on Organizational Citizenship Behavior : Focus on Multi-mediated Effects of Perceived Organizational Support and Job Satisfaction (구성원의 감사성향이 조직시민행동에 미치는 영향 : 조직지원인식과 직무만족의 다중매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Chang-Dong;Oh, Sang-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.686-701
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to find out how employee's gratitude disposition affects Organizational Citizenship Behavior(OCB) and empirically validating multiple mediation effect of perceived organizational support(POS) and job satisfaction. For this study, an online survey has been conducted on office workers to analyze 380 sets of answers, reviewed reliability and validity through CFA and used SPSS 25.0, AMOS 25.0, Macro Process 3.0, a bootstrap method to test hypothesis. As a result, it is verified that an employee's gratitude disposition positively affects OCB, POS and job satisfaction and that there exists a multiple mediation effect of POS and job satisfaction. In this study, it is validated that an employee's gratitude disposition has a positive influence on OCB and an employee's gratitude disposition, an individual trait, is a related antecedent variable of POS. The result of this study is meaningful that it suggests boosting gratitude disposition, a positive psychological factor, in an organization can positively affect employees' job attitude and organization effectiveness.

Mediating Effect of Coping Strategies in the Relationship between Pain Beliefs and Depression, Pain Disability among Chronic Back Pain Patients (만성요통환자에서의 통증신념과 우울, 통증생활방해와의 관계에서 대처전략의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Kyoung-A;Chu, Sanghui
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.206-215
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    • 2017
  • The Purpose of this study was to investigate of coping strategies(active and passive) between pain beliefs and depression, pain disability among chronic back pain patients. Data were analyzed by the SPSS-WIN 21.0 program. Indirect SPSS macro(Bootsrapping)was used to analyze the multiple-mediation model of this study. The result showed that the mean score for pain belief was $3.42{\pm}9.67$, and he passive coping strategies was $29.68{\pm}8.04$, active coping was $25.49{\pm}4.22$. The mean score of depression was $25.49{\pm}11.56$. The pain disability index was $46.94{\pm}12.65$. It found that there were significant correlations among the 5 variables. The multiple mediated effects of passive coping and active coping on pain beliefs and depression were (b=.453, 95% CI=.228, .703) and on pain beliefs and pain disability were (b = .285, 95% CI = .131, .519) in chronic low back pain patients. This study discovered that the active coping strategies had a positive mediating effect in the relationship between pain beliefs and depression, pain beliefs and pain disability. And passive coping strategies had a negative mediating effect. Based on findings of this study, improving the active coping strategy programs or management is highly recommended in chronic back pain patients.

Parameter Estimation for Multiple Linear Regession Model by OLS and Stepwise (OLS 및 변수선택법에 의한 다중선형회귀모형 매개변수 산정)

  • Kim, Kyung-Tak;Kim, Joo-Hun;Park, Jung-Sool
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.1161-1165
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    • 2006
  • 본 연구는 OLS 및 변수선택법에 의해 통계학적 모형의 매개변수를 산정하여 모형의 적용성을 입증하고 하천 주요지점에 대한 홍수위 예측을 통해 홍수예보 및 예측 업무에 기여코자하는데 연구목적이 있다. 다중선형회귀모형을 구성하기 위한 독립변수는 예보지점의 수위/유출량 자료와 상류지점의 수위/유출량 자료, 그리고 유역의 선행 평균강우량 등의 자료를 독립변수로 하여 통계학적 홍수예측을 위한 다중선형 회귀모형을 각각 구성하여 적합성 여부를 판단하였다. 매개변수 산정은 OLS(Ordinary least square root method)와 변수선택(Stepwise)방법에 의해 산정하였으며, 중랑천 유역의 2002년부터 2005년까지의 수문사상 16개를 선정하여 모형에 적용한 결과 두 매개변수 산정방법 모두 30분에서 90분 예측은 상대적으로 정확한 결과를 나타내었으며, OLS 및 변수선택법에 의한 매개변수 산정결과 변수선택법에 의한 방법이 OLS 방법보다는 상관성이나 효율지수면에서 조금 더 정확한 값을 나타내고 있으나 독립변수의 일관성을 감안한다면 변수선택법보다는 OLS방법에 의한 매개변수 산정이 타당할 것으로 사료된다. 기존의 홍수예보 업무에 활용되고 있는 수문학적 홍수예측 모형인 저류함수법의 여러 매개변수 조정에 의한 홍수위 예측 방법보다는 비교적 간단한 통계적 방법에 의한 홍수위 예측 방법으로 홍수예보의 선행시간 확보가 필수적인 중랑천과 같이 유역면적이 작은 중소하천에서의 홍수예보 업무에 효과적으로 이용 가능할 것으로 사료된다.

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Effects of Discrimination Experience and Social Support on Physical and Mental Health among the Disabled - Mediation Effect of Disability Identity and Multiple Group Comparison by Degree of Disability - (고령장애인의 차별경험과 사회적 지지가 신체적 건강 및 정신적 건강에 미치는 영향 - 장애정체감의 매개효과와 장애정도에 따른 다중집단 분석 -)

  • Roh, Seunghyun;Shin, YuRi;Kim, Cheong-Seok
    • 재활복지
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.113-137
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    • 2017
  • In this study, we explore whether and how the experience of discrimination and social support affects physical health and mental health through disability identity among the disabled aged 50 and over. We also examine such relationship differs by the degree of disability. For the empirical test, we utilized the data from the Panel Survey for the Disabled conducted by our research team in 2016. According to structural equation model analysis, social support has a direct effect on disability identity. It also has a direct effect on physical health. As for the mental health, there are found direct effects of discrimination experience, social support, disability identity, and physical health, Furthermore, social support influences the mental health through disability identity. This finding suggests that social support for the disabled in old age increases disability identity and, in turn, it contributes their mental health. In the meanwhile, multiple group comparison analysis reveals the effect of discrimination experience on disability identity is found for those with lower level of disability but not for their counterparts. This seems to result from that the level of common ground which constitutes disability identity is low for the severely disabled. Thus, it requires our efforts to enhance disability identity focusing on common ground for the severe disabled.

A Converged Study on the Influence of Subjective Social Class on Suicide Ideation of Middle Aged Adults: Double Mediating Effect of Social Support and Self-esteem (중년성인의 주관적 사회계층과 자살생각에 대한 융합연구: 사회적 지지와 자아존중감의 다중매개 효과)

  • Ko, Young;Kim, Ji-Youn
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.7
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    • pp.108-115
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the double mediating the effects of social support and self-esteem in the relationship between the subjective social class and the suicide thoughts of middle aged men and women. The subjective social class was analyzed in a parallel double-mediated model to check the mediating effect of self-esteem and social support on the idea of suicide. Social support and self-respect, which are mediating variables of subjective social class on suicide idea, both were a statistically significant. Putting the results of this study together, it is essential to establish a living-based social support system for middle-aged adults. This will contribute to improving self-esteem among middle-aged adults.

Influence of Parent Attachment on Internet Addiction: Mediating Effect of Job-seeking Stress (대학생들의 부모애착이 인터넷 중독에 미치는 영향: 취업스트레스의 매개효과)

  • Jeong, Goo-Churl;Lee, Sang-Hak
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.432-440
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the mediating effect of job-seeking stress between parent attachment and internet addiction. A total of 202 college students participated in this study. The mediating effect was analyzed through SPSS Macro and bootstrapping analysis. As a result of analysis, first, parent attachment had a significant negative effect on the job-seeking stress and internet addiction. Second, job-seeking stress had significant mediating effect within the relationship of parent attachment and internet addiction. Third, job-seeking anxiety had significant mediating effect within the relationship of parent attachment and internet addiction. Therefore, if students perceive a sense of attachment from parents, decrease the chances of internet addiction. When college students job-seeking stress occurs, and if they don't feel attachment from their parents suggests that the higher the chances of internet addiction. In addition, this implication and suggestions for future research are provided.