• Title, Summary, Keyword: 니코틴 의존도

Search Result 57, Processing Time 0.049 seconds

Influencing Factors on the Nicotine Dependence of Shift Workers (교대 근무자의 니코틴 의존도에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kim, Young-sun;Do, Eun-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.17 no.6
    • /
    • pp.132-141
    • /
    • 2017
  • The factors influencing nicotine dependence of smoking shift workers (154 samples), working in manufacturing industry, were investigated. 23.4% of the sample showed moderate nicotine dependence while 14.3% did severe dependence. Nicotine dependence showed statistically significant difference with respect to sex, disease, and health condition and was positively correlated with occupational stress. Occupational stress, sex, and disease were identified as the influential factors, explaining 43.9%, and should be the basis for intervention to reduce nicotine dependence.

Influence of Self- efficacy for Smoking Cessation, Depression, Social Support and Nicotine Dependency in the College Male Smoker (남자 흡연 대학생의 금연 자기효능감, 우울 및 사회적 지지가 니코틴 의존도에 미치는 영향)

  • Yi, Ji-Eun;Lee, Jung-Wha;Hong, Ju-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.15 no.6
    • /
    • pp.249-258
    • /
    • 2017
  • This study examined the influence of self- efficacy for smoking cessation, depression, social support and nicotine dependency in the college male smoker. This survey design was adopted for 149 male college students in Gyeongbuk. Data were gathered from September 7 to 18, 2016. Data was analyzed for descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression. There was a significant positive correlation between depression and nicotine dependency. There was a significant negative correlation between self-efficacy for smoking cessation and nicotine dependency and between social support and nicotine dependency. The significant factors influencing nicotine dependency were self-efficacy for smoking cessation and depression. This model explained 34% of variance in nicotine dependency. The results suggest that an intervention program is needed to reduce the depression and to increase the ability of self-efficacy for smoking cessation in the college male smoker.

Affecting Nicotine Dependence of Social Psychological Variables in Smoking middle school (흡연중학생의 니코틴의존도에 영향을 미치는 사회·심리적 변인)

  • Cho, Young-Mun;Woo, Mi-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.14 no.2
    • /
    • pp.295-303
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study aimed to assess the influence of nicotine dependence with satisfaction of basic psychological needs, social support, attitude on smoking among middle school students. From Sep, 2015 to Nov, 2015, participants included 150 middle school students from D city and K province in Korea. Data for basic psychological needs, social support, attitude on smoking and nicotine dependence were collected through a self-reported questionnaire and were analyzed with independent t-test and analysis of variance, Pearson's correlation analysis, and multiple linear regression analysis. This study shows negative correlations between nicotine dependence and satisfaction of basic psychological needs(r=-.221, P=.008), competency(r=-.194, P=.021), relatedness(r=-.219, P=.009). The variables predicting nicotine dependence were satisfaction of basic psychological needs(${\beta}=.221$, p=.008). These variables accounted for 42% of the variance of nicotine dependence in smoking middle school students. Our results indicated that it is necessary to increase basic psychological needs to decrease nicotine dependence. Therefore we should develop programs in order to increase satisfaction of basic psychological needs.

Effects of nicotine on the attachment and proliferation of periodontal ligament cells, and reversibility of nicotine-induced cytotoxicity (니코틴이 치주인대세포의 부착과 증식에 미치는 영향 및 니코틴에 의해 야기된 세포독성의 가역성에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Hye-Kyung;Park, Jin-Woo;Choi, Byung-Ju;Suh, Jo-Young
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
    • /
    • v.35 no.2
    • /
    • pp.475-490
    • /
    • 2005
  • 본 실험은 흡연이 치주인대세포의 기능에 미치는 영향을 알아보기 위해 담배 부산물 중 하나인 니코틴이 지주인대세포의 부착과 성장 및 세포의 가역성에 미치는 영향을 관찰하였다. 니코틴이 치주인대세포의 부착에 미치는 영향을 관찰하기 위하여 치주인대세포에 니코틴을 투여한 후 1, 3, 6, 12, 24시간째 trypan blue 염색 후 부착된 세포수의 측정과 H&E stain후 형태학적 관찰을 하였고 니코틴이 치주인대세포의 성장에 미치는 영향을 관찰하기 위하여 치주인대세포에 니코틴을 투여한 후 1, 4, 7, 11, 14일째 trypan blue 염색 후 증식된 세포수의 측정과 H&E stain후 형태학적 관찰을 하였다. 또 니코틴의 세포독성효과의 가역성 평가를 위하여 니코틴을 투여하고 1, 4, 7, 11일째 니코틴이 없는 새로운 배지로 갈아주어 2일 더 배양한 후 trypan blue로 염색하여 세포수를 측정, 비교하였고 H&E 염색 후 형태학적 관찰을 하였다. 실험결과 니코틴 농도가 증가함에 따라 치주인대세포의 부착율은 감소되었고 24시간 배양 후 2mg/ml, 0.5mg/ml, 0.1mg/ml니코틴 투여군에서 통계학적으로 유의성 있는 부착억제가 관찰되었고(P<0.01) 형태학적 관찰결과 2mg/ml, 0.5mg/ml 니코틴 투여군에서는 대조해서 관찰되는 세포질의 확장이 관찰되지 않았다. 니코틴이 치주인대세포의 증식에 미치는 효과를 살펴본 결과 2mg/ml, 0.5mg/ml, 0.1mg/ml 니코틴 투여군에서 증식억제가 관찰되었고(P<0.01) 0.005mg/ml이하의 니코틴 투여군에서는 아무런 변화도 관찰되지 않았다. 14일 배양 후 형태학적 관찰결과 0.1mg/ml 니코틴 투여군에서 세포질내 공포를 관찰할 수 있었고 2mg/ml, 0.5mg/ml 니코틴 투여군에서는 세포의 괴사가 나타났다. 니코틴의 세포독성효과의 가역성평가결과 2mg/ml이상의 니코틴은 세포에 비가역적인 손상을 일으키며 0.5mg/ml, 0.1mg/ml 니코틴에 의한 세포독성은 초기에는 가역적이나 장기간 세포에 노출시키면 비가역적인 손상을 야기하는 것으로 나타났다.(P<0.05) 본 실험결과 담배의 구성성분 중 니코틴은 농도 의존적으로 치주인대세포의 부착과 증식에 영향을 주었고 니코틴의 치주인대세포에 대한 독성효과는 농도가 증가할수록, 시간이 지닐수록 비가역적으로 나타났다. 따라서 흡연은 치주조직재생에 영향을 미칠 것으로 생각되며 흡연의 기간과 정도가 치주질환의 심도 및 치주치료 후 불량한 치유반응과 관계가 있을 것으로 사료된다.

The Effect of Acupressure on the Spots of Auricular with Semen Sinapis Albae for Nicotine Dependency (이개혈(耳介穴)의 백개자(白芥子) 자극요법이 니코틴 의존도에 미치는 효과)

  • Kjm, Eun Sil;Kjm, Yeong Kyeong
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.14 no.2
    • /
    • pp.129-137
    • /
    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was performed to verify the effect of acupressure on the spots of auricular with semen sinapis albae in male grown up employees for nicotine dependency. Method: The subjects investigated for this study were fifty male grown up employees(the 25 subjects belong to experimental group and the remaining 25 subjects belong to control group) who are employed at a company. The experimental group(N=25) underwent acupressure on the spots of auricular with semen sinapis albae and the control group(N=25) underwent no treatment. Result: The nicotine dependency of experimental group who underwent acupressure with semen sinapis albae on the spots of auricular decreased much more than in those of control group who didn't undergo acupressure with semen sinapis albae on the spots of auricular. Conclusion: Accounting from the research, it was proved that the acupressure on the spots of auricular with semen sinapis albae is very effective for nicotine dependency.

  • PDF

Cigarette Smoking, Stage of Smoking Cessation, Nicotine Dependency, and Urine Nicotine Among Smoking Adults with Diabetes (흡연 당뇨병환자의 흡연정도, 금연행동단계, 니코틴 의존도 및 소변 니코틴에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ok Soo
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
    • /
    • v.18 no.5
    • /
    • pp.737-745
    • /
    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate the level of smoking, process of smoking cessation, and nicotine dependency, and urine nicotine among adults with diabetes which are smokers and to examine the relationship among those variables. Method: The subjects consisted of 62 adult men smokers with diabetes mellitus. FTQ and NicCheck 1 were used to measure the level of nicotine dependence. The amount of cigarette smoking was measured by the number of cigarette packs use per week. The stage of smoking cessation was measured by the Prochaska's method. Results: The Subjects smoked cigarettes with a mean of 5.97 packages per week. Seventy-seven percent of the subjects had a nicotine dependency. Fifty-two percent had a high level of nicotine dependency in urine nicotine. Nineteen percent were in the precontemplation stage. The level of cigarette consumption was related to nicotine dependence and urine nicotine. Also, nicotine dependency was related to urine nicotine. Conclusion: A tailored smoking cessation program is needed to prevent the chronic complication for diabetes smokers. Self-reported smoking and nicotine dependency seemed to do equally well as NicCheck 1 in assessing nicotine intake.

  • PDF

Knowledge on Cardiovascular Prevention and Nicotine Dependency among Smoking Male College Students (흡연 남자대학생의 심뇌혈관질환에 대한 예방 지식과 니코틴 의존도)

  • Hwang, Seon Young;Park, Kyongok
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.25 no.2
    • /
    • pp.75-84
    • /
    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study aimed to identify the level of knowledge on preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and nicotine dependency among smoking male college students, and to examine the predicting factors of nicotine dependency. Methods: This study was conducted as cross-sectional descriptive research using structured questionnaires. Data were collected from 411 smoking male college students ($22.5{\pm}2.59$ yr) at two universities located in two cities in Korea from September 2012 to April 2013. Logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate age-adjusted odds ratios of nicotine dependency. Results: The mean value of nicotine dependency was $4.2{\pm}1.96$ and the percentage of participants who had strong nicotine dependency (${\geq}7$) was 10.7%. Logistic regression analysis showed that, when adjustment was made for age, nicotine dependency was predicted by the frequency of alcohol drinking (${\geq}3$ times/week), knowledge on CVD prevention, the age starting drinking, and the total length of smoking. Conclusion: Nicotine dependency was strongly related to the frequency of drinking alcohol and lower knowledge on CVD prevention. Therefore, male college students who have a dependent smoking habit and drink alcohol frequently need to take more interest in health through educational counseling to modify their lifestyle behaviors and to have preventive knowledge related to CVD.

Attitude to Smoking, Beliefs about Smoking, and Nicotine Dependence in Women Smokers (일 지역 여성 흡연자의 흡연태도, 흡연 신념과 니코틴 의존도)

  • Choi, Young-Sil
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Rural Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.33-45
    • /
    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify attitudes to smoking, beliefs about smoking and factors influencing nicotine dependence in woman smokers. Methods: Data was collected from 131 women smokers, who visited a public health center between January and July. 2012. Collected data were analyzed using the SPSS 18.0 program. Results: Mean score for attitude to smoking was $23.7{\pm}3.2$, beliefs about smoking, $18.6{\pm}2.9$, and nicotine dependence, $4.3{\pm}2.1$. Attitude to smoking of the woman smokers was significantly different according to marital status, beliefs about smoking were significantly different according to marital status and being employed. Nicotine dependence was significantly different according to frequency of alcohol consumption, stress, number of cigarettes smoked. There was a correlation between attitude to smoking and beliefs about smoking. Age when starting to smoke, number of cigarettes, and length of time one has smoked accounted for 31.0% of nicotine dependence. Conclusion: The results indicate that increasing knowledge and improving attitudes toward smoking as well as training on stress management and exercise are needed. Also, a distinct mediation should be developed for women smokers. Especially, in-depth research is needed to identify psycho-social behavior-related variables for the health promotion of young women smokers.

Effects of a Smoking Cession Program Using Telephone Counselling and Text Messaging for Patients after Ischemic Heart Disease (전화상담과 문자메시지 제공이 허혈성 심질환자의 금연에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Eun-Shim;Choi, Hye-Ok
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.15 no.12
    • /
    • pp.7248-7258
    • /
    • 2014
  • The study was conducted as a quasi-experimental study targeting 60 patients with ischemic heart disease to determine how the smoking cessation program that uses telephone counseling and text messaging (short message) affects smoking cessation self-efficacy, nicotine dependence, co levels, and smoking cessation rate of the first, second experimental group at varying times of arbitration and control group. An examination of the effects of this program revealed the control group to have a significant increase in smoking cessation self-efficacy, smoking cessation rate than the first and second group but a significant decrease in the nicotine dependence, co levels. In addition, although the control group showed a significant increase in smoking cessation self efficacy, smoking cessation rate and a significant decrease in co levels than other groups, there was no difference in nicotine dependence. Therefore, a smoking cessation program that uses telephone counseling and text messaging (short message) for patients with ischemic heart disease worked for the smoking cessation rate and appeared to be more effective, depending on the times of arbitration.

Influencing Factors on Nicotine Dependency of Smoking in Middle School Students (흡연중학생의 니코틴 의존에 미치는 영향요인)

  • Chae, Jung-Hwa;Choi, Yeon-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.16 no.3
    • /
    • pp.2109-2116
    • /
    • 2015
  • This study aimed to identify the influencing factors on nicotine dependency of middle school smokers and to provide the basic data for the effective smoking cessation program. Data were collected from May 3 to July 26 in 2013 by self-reported questionnaires. The subjects of this study were 202 middle school smokers in D city. For data analysis, SPSS 18.0 and AMOS 18.0 was used to calculate Percentage, mean, Standard deviation, ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson's correlation coefficient and Path analysis. The results showed that smoking reinforced factors, social environment factors, self-efficacy and impulsivity were significantly influenced on the nicotine dependency directly and indirectly. Therefore, it is necessary to include intervention of smoking reinforced factors, social environment factors, self-efficacy and impulsivity to develop smoking cessation program for smoking in middle school students.