• Title, Summary, Keyword: 노인

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International Trend and Issues in Protecting and Promoting the Rights of Older Persons (노인 인권 보호·증진의 국제적 동향과 쟁점)

  • Choi, Sung-Jae
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.143-168
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    • 2018
  • While there were posed arguments that social treatment to older persons should be based on the perspective of human rights turning into the 21st century, policy efforts to protect and promote the rights of older persons in international community have slowly proceeded. In this situation existing studies on the rights of older persons in the international perspective have been fragmented in their contents, lacking systematic overview of policy efforts to strengthen the rights of older persons in international community. This study aims to be the one that could be such a systematic study to overview international policy efforts to strengthen the rights of older persons through analyzing the background of posing the problem of the rights of older persons, problems in existing international norms for human rights applicable to older persons, and measures to strengthen the rights of older persons and controversial issues. Existing international norms on human rights that are Universal Declaration of Human Rights, international conventions on the rights in terms of area of rights and target population, and policy recommendations, are narrow in the scope of rights to be protected, and also lack legal force in their implementation. The international community has generally reached a consensus on strengthening the rights of older persons. However, there have been two different positions: strengthening existing norms on human rights versus creating a new convention on the rights of older persons. And also there have appeared many controversial points in both positions. Conclusively this study, arguing the creation of a new convention, suggests implications for Korean society and research studies.

아는 만큼 치료하는 당뇨병: 노인 당뇨병환자의 혈당관리 노하우

  • Gwak, Jeong-Eun
    • The Monthly Diabetes
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    • pp.20-21
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    • 2011
  • 당뇨병은 노화와 밀접한 관계가 있다. 이 때문에 나이가 들수록 당뇨병이 많이 발생한다. 실제 우리나라 한 대학병원의 조사에 따르면 65세 이상 노인 10 명 중 3명이 당뇨병환자로 나타났다. 이렇게 노인당뇨의 발병률이 점점 증가하고 있지만 노인 대부분은 그저 '늙어서 그런가보다'며 제대로 된 당뇨검사나 치료를 받지 않아 심각한 상황을 예고한다.

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A Study on the Effects of One's Blood Type on Cognitive Function and Emotional Character - for the Elder- (노인들의 혈액형과 인지 기능및 행동 성향과의 관계연구)

  • Bak, Ki-Ja
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.550-553
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    • 2009
  • 이 연구는 노인들의 혈액형이 인지 기능및 행동성향과 상관 관계가 있는지를 개인이 지닌 뇌신경 생리학적 지표인 뇌파 측정을 이용하여 비교 하여보았다.. 대상자는 2008년 9월에서 2009년6월까지 한국정신과학연구소에 뇌파측정 의뢰한 노인(60세 이상)을 기준으로 선정한 자료이다. 노인 여자 311명 노인 남자명451명 총762 명이다. 노인 혈액형 분포는 A형이 남 289명(64%), 여 111명(36%), B형이 남 78명 (17%), 여 64명(20%), O형이 남 57명(13%), 여 100명(32%), AB형이 남 27영(6%), 여 36명(12%)로 A>B>O>AB형 순이었다. 분석 결과 노인들의 혈액형과 행동성향과 상관관계에서 여자노인에서는 무관하였고 남자노인에서는 유의미한 차이가 있었다. B형과 O형의 남자노인에서 부정성향이 높다고 본다. 인지기능과의 상관관계에서는 정서지수(p=.001)와 활성지수(우)(p=.040)에서 유의미한 차이를 보였다.. 정서지수에서는 A형이 가장 높았고 활성지수에서는 AB형이 가장 높았다. 이 연구 결과 몇 개의 범주에서 혈액형과 의의있는 상관 관계를 보여 주었으며 미치는 영향이나 유전적인 역할이 어떻게 영향을 주는지의 작용기전을 규명하는 연구가 필요하다고 사료된다.

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A Study on the Influence of Nursing Students' Perception, Subjective Norms and Perceived Behavior Control on Attitudes toward Elder Abuse (간호학생의 노인 학대에 대한 인식, 주관적 규범과 지각된 행위통제가 태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Yu-Jin;Kim, Yun-Su
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.410-417
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the perception of elder abuse, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control and to examine what factors influence attitudes toward elder abuse. The subjects were 404 nursing students at D and S universities in G province. The data were collected from November 20th, 2017 to January 26th, 2017. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise regression using the SPSS / WIN 22.0. The results show that perception of elder abuse had a score of 3.60, subjective norms had a score of 2.69, and perceived behavior control and attitude had scores of 2.62 and 2.97. Perception of elder abuse, subjective norms, and behavioral control and attitudes showed significant positive correlations and showed significant differences according to elderly nursing education. Factors influencing attitudes toward elder abuse were perception of elder abuse, subjective norms, and perceptions of behavioral control and grade. The results of this study indicate that it is important to increase awareness, subjective norms, and behavioral control for the intervention of elder abuse. We suggest that nursing education of the elderly is important for the intervention of elder abuse.

Satisfaction of the aged with their dental treatments and consideration of the necessity for dental hygienic education about the aged (노인환자의 치과진료만족도 및 노인에 대한 치위생교육의 필요성에 대한 고찰)

  • Yun, Kyoung-Ok;Kim, Jin-Soo;Kim, Sook-Hyang
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.765-775
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : 노인 환자들이 제공받고 있는 치과 의료서비스 만족도를 평가하여 노인 환자에게 양질의 구강보건진료 서비스를 제공하고 노인의 구강보건향상에 기여하기 위하여 실시하였다. 이와 같은 연구목적을 달성하기 위하여 노인관련 일반적 특성을 알아보고, 치과 병 의원을 이용하는 노인 환자의 만족도에 미치는 요인 및 병 의원 선택이유를 조사하였다. Methods : 서울특별시와 경기도, 경상도, 전라도 일부지역의 치과병원 및 치과의원을 이용하는 노인 환자 300명을 편의추출 하였으며, 2009년 4월 1일부터 5월 8일까지 면접 및 자기기입법으로 설문조사를 실시하였다. 설문지는 4개영역으로 구분하여 치과 의료서비스 만족도 22문항, 치과위생사의 의료서비스 만족도 14문항, 재이용 권유의사 4문항 및 일반적 특성과 치과이용에 관한 8문항으로 구성하였다. 노인환자의 일반적인 특성에 따른 치과 의료서비스 만족도, 연구대상자의 병원인지경로, 치과선택이유에 따른 치과의료서비스 만족도는 일원배치분산분석(One-way ANOVA)을 실시하였다. 치과의료서비스 만족도 영향인자, 만족도에 미치는 치과위생사 요인 등은 다중회귀분석을 실시하였다. 연구대상자의 성별과 병원내원기간에 따른 치과선택이유는 카이제곱 (${\chi}^2$) 분포를 따르는 정확검정(exact test)을 실시하였다. Results : 1. 노인환자들이 병원을 선택할 때 가족, 친척으로부터 추천을 받는 경우가 가장 많으며 이 경우 다른 인지경로에 비하여 치과에 대한 만족도가 가장 높았다. 2. 치과선택 이유에 따른 만족도를 비교하였을 때 첫째, 의사의 높은 진료수준, 둘째, 친절한 서비스에 만족도가 높았다. 또한 치과선택이유가 의사의 높은 진료수준과 친절함을 포함한 의사요인이 가장 중요한 것으로 나타났다. 3. 치과위생사의 높은 진료수준과 친절도는 치과의료서비스 만족도에 유의한 차이를 나타내었다. 노인환자들의 만족도를 높이기 위해 노인에 대한 치위생교육이 필요하고 노인에 대한 지식뿐만 아니라 태도에 대한 교육도 실시되어야 한다. 4. 동일한 치과를 계속적으로 다니는 이유는 첫 번째 의사의 높은 진료수준, 두 번째 친절도로 의사요인과 관련이 가장 높은 것으로 나타났다. 또한 3-4년 이상의 장기내원환자는 의사의 높은 진료수준 다음으로 친절도를 중요한 이유로 선택하였다. Conclusions : 이상의 결과로 노인 환자가 만족하는 치과는 치과의사와 치과위생사의 진료수준이 높아야 하겠고, 다음으로 친절한 서비스가 중요함을 알 수 있었다. 또한 노인환자들의 만족도를 높이기 위해 노인에 대한 치위생교육이 필요하고 노인에 대한 지식뿐만 아니라 태도에 대한 교육도 실시되어야 한다.

Establishment of the Digital Era Elderly by Lifelong Educational Leisure Sports (평생 교육적 여가스포츠를 통한 디지털 시대의 신노인상 정립)

  • Kim, Myung-Mi
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.933-940
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    • 2013
  • Our country is defenseless against the aging population in society that is suddenly and rapidly increasing. This is expressed as the aging shock and aged society earthquake, warning us of the crisis in the future society. Senior citizens of Korea are a group that does not receive proper education due to various social factors, and it is a group that requires lifelong education more than any other group, and therefore, senior citizens have become a priority target for lifelong education. Thus, the need for lifelong education for seniors can be said to be in establishing a new senior citizen image so that they may live a fuller retirement by improving their abilities to appropriately adapt to the rapidly changing modern society due to the digital times. Furthermore, with the enhanced cultural level and personal desire for a fuller life in the modern society, the necessity for leisure activities has been emphasized. Instead of simply relieving stress through leisure activities, it aims at being provided with educational opportunities through leisure activities. Therefore, senior leisure activity education should be an important method for establishing the senior citizen identity of a self-oriented senior, productive senior, volunteering senior, informed senior, and a well-rounded senior, which are all the image of senior citizens in the 21st century. In addition, a specialized leisure activity program that systematically provides education for leisure activities should be performed from the perspective of lifelong education. Hence, the significance of senior citizen leisure activities as lifelong education is in improving health, enhancing sociability and realizing one's self, while improving the quality of life for senior citizens. It will be greatly meaningful for establishing the new senior citizen image in which they independently live their own lives, while not being dependent on others, as required in the 21st century.

The Clinical Characteristics of Elderly Suicide Attempters Visiting Emergency Room (응급실을 내원한 노인 자살시도자들의 임상적 특징)

  • Shin, Hyun Woo;Lee, Kang Joon;Kim, Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.100-106
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to find out the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of elderly suicide attempters visiting emergency room, compared to non-elderly adult suicide attempters. Methods : We enrolled suicidal attempters who were treated in the emergency room of the Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital between June 2013 and July 2015. We conducted a retrospective chart review of 336 suicidal attempters, and compared sociodemographic and clinical characteristics between elderly and non-elderly adult suicide attempters. Results : During the study period, 336 patients visited the emergency room of the medical center after suicide attempts. Among these, there were 71 elderly(21.2%) and 265 non-elderly adult(79.8%) suicide attempters. The suicidal methods among elderly were poisoning(73.3%), hanging(19.7%), cutting(5.6%), and jumping(1.4%). Those in non-elderly were poisoning(73.2%), cutting(17.0%), hanging(6.8%), and jumping(3.0%). The elderly suicide attempters had the tendency to choose more dangerous methods and showed higher lethality compared to adult suicide attempters(20.6% vs. 1.9%, ${\chi}^2=34.565$, p<0.05). On the other hand, premorbid psychiatric disorders had been more commonly diagnosed in non-elderly adults than elderly suicide attempters(49.8% vs. 26.8%, ${\chi}^2=12.024$, p<0.05). Conclusions : The results provide evidence of different sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of elderly suicide attempters compared to non-elderly ones visiting the emergency room. Through this study, it can be seen that the suicide attempt in the elderly tends to be severer than in the non-elderly, but only a small portion of them seek for help from psychiatric intervention. Further study is required to provide effective suicide prevention programs for elderly population.

The Moderating Effect of Home-Based Welfare Facilities for Older Adults between ADL/IADL and Depressive Symptoms among Korean in Later Life (노인의 일상생활수행능력이 우울감에 미치는 영향에 대한 지역사회 재가노인복지시설의 조절효과)

  • Joo, Susanna;Jun, Heyjung;Choi, Bomi
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.243-259
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the moderating effect of home-based welfare facilities for older adults on the associations between the activities of daily living (ADL) / instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and the depressive symptoms among Koreans in later life. Multilevel analysis was conducted with Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging 5th data and the public report about welfare facilities from Ministry of Health and Welfare in Korea. Samples were 4,139 older adults over 65 years old. The dependent variable was depressive symptoms, and individual level independent variables were ADL and IADL. The ratio of home-based welfare facilities out of 10,000 older adults in each city and province was the moderator. As a result, the effects of ADL on depressive symptoms vary according to the proportion of elderly welfare facilities out of the old population in the community. In specific, the older adults who live in the place where the elderly welfare facility rate was higher were less affected by ADL. Also, the more IADL people had, the more depressive symptoms they had. However, the interaction effect between IADL and the proportion of home-based welfare facilities was not significant. It suggests that delivering welfare services helping ADL through the home-based welfare facilities may be useful for decreasing depressive symptoms. Moreover, considering the proportion of facilities and older population will be helpful to make the welfare facilities efficiently work.

How Indirect Contacts of Older Adults through Media Influence Ageism: Investigating the Mediating Role of Attitudes toward Older Adults and Social Norm (매체를 통한 노인접촉경험이 연령주의 행동의도에 미치는 영향: 노인에 대한 태도와 사회적 규범의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • An, Soontae;Lee, Sun Young;Chung, Soondool
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.763-781
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    • 2017
  • This study explores the relationship between indirect contacts of older adults and ageism related behaviors by investigating adults' exposure to portrayals of older people and their images in media. This study also investigates how indirect contacts of older adults influence ageism related behaviors such as avoidance and discrimination against older adults through attitudes and social norms about older adults. Using an online survey collected from 252 adults aged 18-64 years, the authors found that indirect contacts of older adults through media predicted attitude toward older adults as well as social norms. The results also revealed that social norm predicted both avoidance and discrimination behavior against older adults while attitude toward older adults only predicted avoidance behavior. Finally, the findings indicated that attitude toward older adults mediated the relationship between indirect contacts through media and avoidance behavior. However, social norm mediated the relationships between indirect contacts through media and discrimination as well as avoidance behaviors. Implication and limitation of the findings are discussed.