• Title, Summary, Keyword: 노인고용정책

Search Result 35, Processing Time 0.041 seconds

Employment Support for the Low-income Elderly in the OECD Countries: Implications for Senior Employment Policy (OECD 국가의 저소득 고령자 고용지원정책 : 노인일자리사업에 주는 함의)

  • Ji, Eun Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
    • /
    • v.44 no.3
    • /
    • pp.177-206
    • /
    • 2013
  • The Korean government has implemented the senior employment policy as a direct job creation policy since 2004. A realistic discussion of policy alternatives and orientation for this has been given little attention even though senior employment policy has been carried out for the last 10 years and it will be expanded next year. This study tries to examine active labor market policy especially focusing on direct job creation programs and policies for the disadvantaged low-income elderly in OECD countries, and then it suggests some developmental alternatives for senior employment policy based on the study's results. The main results from this analysis are summarized in two points. Firstly, except pension policies, employment policy for older workers in the OECD countries is highly proportional to the tackling of objective factors reducing the demand for older workers (wage subsidies, reduced social security contribution rate etc). And the strategies of improving employability have not been relatively important and direct job creation policy has been marginal. Secondly, employment support policies for the low-income elderly can be divided into three types: support for the low-income elderly, alleviating early retirement and support for full employment according to the criteria which are determined by policy objectives and the social economic index. Korea's employment support policies belong to the type of direct job creation among them. This seems to be due to the fact that the rate of elderly poverty is extremely high and an income security system has not been developed in Korea. However, the policy objective is still uncertain. Therefore, this policy needs to set up clear objectives and establish a proper system for the achievement of its goals. If we focus on the strength of its employment characteristics, we need to modify the policy's plan in the perspective of labor market policy. But if we intend to keep both of the current objectives, it is better for this policy to be divided into two parts: social participation and income supplements. Or it also may be a solution to transform the system into an employment service, a training system which supports participants to move into unsubsidized jobs such as SCSEP in the U. S.

Characteristics of Employment and Factors Affecting on the Employment of Elderly with Disabilities -A Comparison of One-Person and Multi-Person Households (장애노인 고용특성 및 취업 영향요인 -1인가구와 다인가구 비교)

  • Park, Ju-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.17 no.7
    • /
    • pp.387-393
    • /
    • 2019
  • This study aimed to analyze characteristics of employment and factors affecting of employment of elderly with disabilities. Data were analyzed using chi-square tests, regression analyses according to the Panel Survey of Employment for the Disabled in Korea. Participants were 452 elderly with disabilities. First, The employment group showed significantly mild disorder, higher health status, absent of chronic disorder, licenses, absent of public employment service, married, absent of basic living security recipient, higher level of household income compared to the unemployed group. Second, Factors affecting employment of elderly with disabilities included public employment service, level of household income. And multi-person factors were acceptance of disabilities and one-person factors were basic living security recipient. Base on these results, suggested for obtaining job of elderly with disabilities.

A Study on Proposal to Develop Senior related Policies : Convergence Approach of both Age Norm and Hoping Activities (우리나라 노인 정책 방향 제언을 위한 탐색적 연구 : 노인 연령규범과 희망활동의 융복합적 관점을 중심으로)

  • Koo, Hye-Gyoung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.14 no.4
    • /
    • pp.101-110
    • /
    • 2016
  • With the result of Korean national senior's real life state survey analysis that is triennially conducted based on Article 5 of Welfare of the Aged Act, this study categorized the senior according to age norm cognition, and figured out the characteristic of each category, and analyzed their needs for life satisfaction and hoping activities. Because the senior at present are on higher level of health, education, and economy than 20 to 30 years ago, it is about time to repeat discussion about the policies established in the past in terms of society, culture, industry, welfare, employment, and participation as a convergence approach. As a result of analysis study, the senior divided into three groups:, resignation type, progressiveness type, and saving appearances type. Their life satisfaction level and hoping activities by senior segment groups are different. By results of this study, the preservation of income for senior will be needed, and they don't want volunteer activities so that there are another policy system will be needed to vitalize senior's social participation for their healthy physical and mental life. Korean senior were satisfied with family members relationship, -although Korean senior's life satisfaction level is not higher so that the new policy to care senior by senior system will be reviewed more actively.

A Study on the Typology of Social Insurance Policy Instruments in Korea (우리나라 사회보험 정책수단의 유형에 관한 연구)

  • Noh, Shi-Pyung
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
    • /
    • v.19 no.5
    • /
    • pp.109-117
    • /
    • 2014
  • This study tries to find the policy instruments that have used in the process of social insurance policy implementation. The results can be summarized as follows: First, in case of compulsory policy instrument, the government uses the regulation, public enterprise and government insurance in the process of implementing of all the social insurance policy. Second, in the case of mixed policy instrument, the government use the user' contribution in the process of implementing of all the social insurance policy but the subsidy was used in the process of implementing of the medical, pension, unemployment and long-term care insurance for the aged policy. Also, the information and discipline was used in the process of implementing of unemployment insurance policy and the partnership was used in the process of implementing of long-term care insurance for the aged policy. Third, in case of voluntary policy instrument, the government uses the family and community in the process of implementing of almost the whole social insurance policy.

Factors on the Economic Burden of Middle Age Householder Supporting the Family (중·장년기 가구주의 경제적 부양부담 영향요인)

  • Kim, Hye-Sun;Park, Hyo-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.17 no.7
    • /
    • pp.555-563
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study examined the economic burden of middle age householders supporting their family. They could not prepare for their later life because they are supporting their parents and children in their unstable employment. This study examined how to decrease the burden of middle age householders. Using the Korea Welfare Panel Study, this study analyzed data by hierarchical regression. The result showed that age, gender, education, unemployed, ownership of the house, number of employees, monthly income, and family relationship satisfaction had an effect on the economic burden of support by middle age householders. Based on the result, the researchers offered political suggestions for decreasing the levels of economic burden of support by middle age householders.

Characteristics and Factors Affecting of Depression by Households Type of Elderly with Disabilities: Convergent Approach of Living Environment and Psychology (가구유형에 따른 장애노인의 특성과 우울 영향 요인: 거주환경과 심리의 융복합적 접근)

  • Park, Ju-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.18 no.6
    • /
    • pp.459-466
    • /
    • 2020
  • This study aimed to analyze characteristics and factors affecting of depression by households type of elderly with disabilities. Data were analyzed using chi-square test, logistic regression analyses according to the PSED. Data were 608 individuals. First, The one-person households group showed significantly female, non-capital, severe disorder, lower health status, lower economic level, higher help for daily life, higher experience of discrimination, lower satisfaction with relationship, lower participation in social activities. Second, Factors affecting depression included experience of discrimination, participation in social activities. Multi-person group included gender, occupied area, health status, economic level and one-person group were help for daily life. In order to reduce depression, it is necessary to reduce experience of discrimination, improve awareness of disability, health care, economic supports and so on. This study is meaningful in that it classifies households types. In the future, there is a need to longitudinal studies.

The Substitution Relations between the Employment for the Youth and the Old in 15 OECD Countries (OECD 15개국 청년고용과 중고령자 고용의 대체관계)

  • Ji, Eun Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
    • /
    • v.64 no.4
    • /
    • pp.233-259
    • /
    • 2012
  • Recently, the youth employment crisis which is characterized by high unemployment and low employment rate has been considerably serious, while jobless growth has been observed. However, job shortage and unstable labor status of the old are also main issues. To solve this problem, the job creation and deferred retirement for the old has been proceeded. Consequently, it has caused to the intergenerational war on job due to equity of job creation for the youth. However, it is not desirable that the problem would be diagnosed and the policy would be set up although little attention has so far been paid to test empirically this kind of substitution relation. Thus, this research has been analyzed whether the employment relation between the youth and the old is substitution or not. The analysis method is panel data analysis in 15 OECD countries including Korea(1990~2000). Major findings are as follows. First, only half of the youth and the old works. It provides the evidence that the employment crisis is not a problem of special generation but all of them. Second, employment relation between generations followed by panel analysis is not substitution relation. This findings can be interpreted as evidence that it is unlikely to solve the youth employment matter even though the government encourages the early retirement.

  • PDF

A Study on Considerations of the Library Policy Establishment to Resolve Digital Divide of Older Adults (노인의 정보격차 해소를 위한 도서관 정책수립의 고려사항)

  • Yoon, Hye-Young
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
    • /
    • v.48 no.4
    • /
    • pp.77-105
    • /
    • 2017
  • As our society enters an aged society, it is becoming increasingly important to resolve digital divide of older adults. However, the digital divide of the older adults are generally neglected compared to other information poor. The aim of this study is to propose considerations for library policy development in order to resolve the digital divide of the older adults. The study examined regulation of the Framework Act on National Informatization and the Ministry of Science and ICT, the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, the Ministry of Health and Welfare, the Ministry of Employment and Labor. Also it investigated guidelines and current status of services to older adults in the library. The study suggested that public libraries should be used as a basic base for the services to resolve the digital divide to older adults across the country, and the services should be organized systematically and sustainably through public libraries.

Life Satisfaction of Older Adults using Hierarchical Model Analysis focused on Individual and Community Factors (다층모형을 활용한 노인의 삶의 만족도 분석: 개인적 요인과 지역적 요인의 특성을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Sungwon;Lee, Eunjin;Chung, Soondool
    • 한국노년학
    • /
    • v.36 no.3
    • /
    • pp.581-594
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study aims to observe the effect of age friendliness of cities on life satisfaction and to suggest ways to improve quality of life of older people. The secondary data sets were used in this study, which were '2014 Survey of Living Conditions and Welfare Needs of Korean Older People.' It's a nationwide data collected by the Korean Institute of Health and Social Affairs. A multilevel analysis model was used to analyze the data because the level of age friendliness has a hierarchical data structure. Results showed as follows: First, life satisfaction of older adults is affected by the level of age-friendliness of cities in which they live. Second, on the personal level, older people showed low life satisfaction when they are more older and have more chronic diseases and more depressed. On the contrary, life satisfaction of older adults increased when they have higher education and income. Third, on the city level, older people showed higher life satisfaction when they live in high employment rate area and participation rate of lifelong education. Cautions should be placed when interpret the result because the variables that represent the characteristics of age friendless of cities were constituted arbitrary. Based on the results, suggestions for improving the city environment age-friendly and implications for social welfare practice were provided.

The Impact Subjective Class Consciousness on Life Satisfaction of the Elderly: A Mediation Effect of Depression (노인의 주관적 계층의식이 삶의 만족에 미치는 영향: 우울 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Choi, Youn-Jeong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.19 no.6
    • /
    • pp.209-218
    • /
    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the subjective consciousness and life satisfaction of the elderly, and to see how depression affects this relationship. This includes a new way of thinking about the causes of the elderly's life satisfaction, not only for individual factors, but also for subjective class consciousness. For this aim, we examine the degree of subjective class consciousness, life satisfaction and depression of the elderly, and verify mediation effects of depression between subjective class consciousness and life satisfaction. This study utilized data obtained from the 5th version of the Korea Longitudinal Study on Aging 2014, and considered data from 4,222 elderly aged 65 and over. As a means of study, a structural equation model analysis was conducted. The results were as follows: First, it was confirmed that the subjective class consciousness of the elderly may influence life satisfaction. It was also confirmed that the subjective class consciousness of the elderly also affected depression and life satisfaction among the elderly. When subjective class consciousness was high, depression was low and life satisfaction was high. When depression was low, life satisfaction was high. Second, depression had the mediation effect in which subjective class consciousness affects life satisfaction. Based on these results, this author suggests practical and political issues concerning social welfare to prevent and reduce depression and increase life satisfaction through improving the subjective class consciousness of the elderly. First, policy measures should enhance social capital through housing support policies and leisure use support to enhance the subjective class consciousness of the elderly. Second, the provision of services for the elderly through the establishment of a community-based network to reduce depression should be promoted.