• Title/Summary/Keyword: 노인

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Effect of the Elderly-related Experience of College Students on Ageism (대학생들의 노인 관련 경험이 노인 차별주의에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Kyeung-Ae;Heo, Seong-Eun
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.185-194
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    • 2020
  • This study conducted a survey to investigate the effect of the elderly-related experience on ageism in college students in Busan and Ulsan area. The total score of ageism was lower in the students with the experience in living with the elderly (p<.001), taking elderly-related classes (p<.01), and volunteering for the elderly. The effect of the experience in the elderly on the emotional avoidance was significant in the students with the experience in living with the elderly (p<0.001), volunteering for the elderly(p<0.01), and taking elderly-related classes (p<0.05). The effect on ageism was significant in the students with the experience in living with the elderly (p<0.001), volunteering for the elderly (p<0.01), and taking elderly-related classes (p<0.05). Therefore, taking elderly-related classes and volunteering for elderly to build social, physical, and emotional empathy will have a positive effect on the attitudes and the point of view on the elderly.

Recommendations on the Public Library Services for Older Adults (공공도서관 노인 서비스를 위한 제언)

  • Kim, Eunji;Lee, Seongsin
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.59-76
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to recommend on the public library service for older adults through the analysis of the perceptions of older adults and librarians. To achieve the study purpose, interview method was employed. The interview questions are composed based on the ALA guidelines. According to the study results, the following ten factors were recommended by older adults: 1) various customized life long learning programs for older adults, 2) highly qualified staff for the public library life long learning programs and regular evaluation for the staff, 3) provision of various and new information resources, 4) promotion of public library services and programs, 5) public library staff's kindness and professionalism, 6) regular reeducation of the public library staff, 7) library user education, 8) customized resources, facilities, and equipments for older adults, 9) provision of the library space, and 10) customized library services for older adults. In addition, the following four factors were mentioned by librarians: 1) customized services and programs for older adults, 2) customized collection, facilities, and equipments, 3) adequate budget for public library service for older adults, 4) professionals for the public library service for older adults. The followings were recommended by both the older adults and librarians: 1) Customized library services, programs, collection, equipments, facilities for older adults, 2) Professionals for the public library service for older adults and Regular reeducation for them.

The Effects of Medical Expenditure on Income Inequality in Elderly and Non-Elderly Households by Income Class (소득계층별 노인과 비 노인가구의 의료비 지출이 소득불평등에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Yong-Jae
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.49-57
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    • 2018
  • This study aims to identify the inequalities and characteristics of health care expenditure of the elderly and non-elderly households by income level. As a result, health care expenditure of elderly households was statistically significantly higher than that of non-elderly households. As a result of calculating the concentration index of health care expenditure by income level, inequality was higher in order of non-elderly households, elderly households, and total households. In order to confirm the effect of health expenditure on household income inequality, we calculated the concentration index of income excluding total health care expenditure from total income. As a result, inequality was higher in order of elderly households, whole households, and non-elderly households. There was not much difference in inequality of health care expenditure among elderly households and non-elderly households. And, the health care expenditure of elderly households was much higher than that of non-elderly households. Also, inequality of health care expenditure by income group was serious. There should be no cases where the medical care support policy for elderly households can not use necessary medical services.

The Study of selection method about Elderly Pedestrian Hotspot by Cluster Analysis (군집분석을 통한 노인 보행자 사고 취역지역 선정방법에 관한 연구)

  • Ko, Eun-Hyeck;Yoon, Byoung-Jo;Park, Hyung-Geun;Yang, Sung-Ryong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Disaster Information Conference
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    • 2015.11a
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    • pp.193-194
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    • 2015
  • 본 연구는 요인분석을 통해 노인 보행자 사고 유형을 대표할 수 있는 성분 값을 계산하고 군집분석을 실시하여 노인 보행자 사고 취약 지역을 선정하는 모델을 확인하였다. 기존 노인보행자 사고에 관한 연구는 보행 환경 분석 및 노인보행자 사고 특성을 확인한 뒤, 제도적, 물리적 환경 개선 등에 대한 정책 제언의 형식으로 진행되었다. 이러한 연구는 실질적으로 노인 보행자 특성을 분석하여 사고를 감소시키는 연구가 아닌, 일반적으로 알려진 사실이나 해외 사례를 들어 노인 보행자 사고의 현 실태에 대해 어느 정도 환기만 시켜주는 역할로 그쳤다. 이러한 점에서 군집분석을 통한 노인 보행자 사고 취약지역 선정은 노인 보행자 사고 특성의 비교를 명확하게 할 수 있도록 새로운 기준을 제시하였다. 이에 기존의 방법론에서 벗어나 실질적으로 노인 보행자 사고 방지 대책이 시급한 지역을 선정하였고, 노인 보행자 사고에 관해 활발히 연구 시킬 것이라 예상한다. 군집분석을 사용하는 핵심은 사망자 수와 사망률이 상대적으로 동시에 높은 군집을 선정할 수 있고 지역 특성 비교를 통해 향후 노인 보행자 사고에 관한 추가 연구가 가능할 것으로 기대한다.

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A Study on Typology and the Casual factors of Elderly-abuse (노인학대 유형화 및 유형결정요인 연구)

  • Lee, Yun-Kyung;Kim, Mee-Hye
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.1165-1178
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    • 2008
  • The objectives of this study are developing the new types of elderly abuse and finding the variables affecting the new elderly abuse type. And This is at suggesting the intervention strategies preventing the elderly abuse. The 350 cases of elderly abuse reported in Elder Protection Agency was analysed. Data is analyzed by using statistical techniques including cluster analysis and logit-regression. New type of elderly abuse is "violent elderly abuse" and "avoiding elderly abuse". Violent elderly abuse is very connected with directly violence speech and behavior and avoiding elderly abuse is connected with neglect and abandonment, self-neglect. The elderly's instrumental activity of daily living and education, the offender's sex and education and living together type of the elderly - the offender, and the offender's care burden are the casual factors of the new type of elderly abuse. Based on the results, the various service programmes for the abused elderly is developed and implemented.

Housing Expenditures of Elderly Households and Implication for Economic Well-Being (노인가계의 주거비지출과 경제복지)

  • Shim, Young
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.57-68
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    • 1992
  • 1970년대 이래로 노인들의 평균적인 경제상태가 향상되어 왔지만, 상당한 수의 노인들이 여전히 빈곤할 뿐만 아니라 노인들 각자가 경험하는 경제복지는 다르다. 본 연구는 노인들이 경험하는 경제복지를 조사하고 이를 바탕으로 상이한 노인가계들간의 복지상태를 비교하였다. 경제복지는 주거비가 차지하는 가계소득에 대한 비로 측정하였다. 노인가계는 노부부가계, 노인남성가계, 노인여성가계로 구분하였다. 미국의 3,449 노인가계들이 연구분석에 사용되었다. 노인가계들간의 경제복지를 비교하기 위해 다중회귀분석이 사용되어졌다. 분석결과에 의하면 상이한 노인가계들간에 경제복지는 상당한 차이가 있었다. 특히 노인여성인 경우 경제복지가 가장 낮은 것으로 나타났다.

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A Study on Life Satisfaction of the Aged (노인의 생활 만족도에 관한 일 연구)

  • 신효직
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.66-73
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    • 1995
  • 본 연구에서는 노인을 네 집단 즉 유배우 남자노인 무배우 남자노인, 유배우 여자노 인, 무배우 여자노인으로 분류하여 노인의 경제상태와 사회적 활동정도 및 사회적지원(자녀 와 친구의 도구적, 정서적 지원)을 독립변인으로 하고 노인의 생활만족도를 종속변인으로 하여 각 변인들이 노인의 생활만족도에 미치는 영향을 규명하는 동시에 이를 통하여 노인의 생활만족도를 향상시키기 위한 방안을 모색하는데 기초자료가 되고자하였다. 본 연구의 결 과를 정리하면 다음과 같다 첫째 집단별 노인의 생활만족도는 대체로 중간정도에 머무르고 있었으나 무배우 노인들은 유배우 노인보다 상대적으로 생활만족도가 낮으며 그중에서도 무 배우 남자노인의 경우가 가장 낮게 나타났다 둘째 네 집단노인의 생활만족도에 대한 경제상 태 사회적 활동정도 사회적 지원의 상대적 영향력을 본 결과 유배우 남자노인의 경우 자녀 의 정서적 지원, 경제상태, 사회적활동 순으로 나타났으며 무배우 남자노인의 경우는 경제상 태 자녀의 정서적 니원 친구의 도구적 지원, 사회적 활동정도순으로 나타났다 유배우 여자 노인의 생활만족도에 대한 변인들의 영향력은 자녀의 정서적 지원 친구의 정서적지원 경제 상태순으로 나타났으며 무배우 여자노인의 생활만족도에 대한 변인들의 영향력은 자녀의 정 서적 지원 사회적활동정도 경제상태 순으로 나타났다.

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Quality of Life of Older Cancer Patients in Comparison with Older Chronic Disease Patients and Middle-Aged Cancer Patients (노인 암환자를 중심으로 노인 만성질환자 및 중년 암환자 간의 삶의 질과 그 영향 요인 비교)

  • Lim, Yeonok;Kim, Yojin;Yoon, Hyunsook
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.65 no.4
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    • pp.367-393
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    • 2013
  • Quality of life(QoL) of older cancer patients have not gained enough attention from researchers even when cancer is the number one cause of death of Korean elderly. Therefore, this study aims at understanding the QoL of older cancer patients and factors related to it, applying Taylor(2012)'s Stress-Coping Process model, and by comparing with older chronic disease patients and middle-aged cancer patients. Results indicated that physical health QoL of older cancer patients was the worst and their mental health QoL was similar with middle aged cancer patients. Multi-group analysis of Structural Equation Modeling indicated that the relation between QoL and the stress coping resources was not statistically different from older cancer patients and older chronic disease group, as well older cancer patients and middle-aged cancer patients. Implications of results to improve the QoL of older cancer patients are discussed.

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An Exploratory Study For Developing Perceived Elderly Stigma Scale (지각된 노인 낙인 척도 개발을 위한 탐색적 연구)

  • An, Soontae;Oh, Hyun Jung;Chung, Soondool
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.309-328
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to develop a perceived elderly stigma scale for intergenerational research and practice. Although negative stereotypes on elderly population have worsened physical and psychological health of older people, there has been a lack of systematic efforts to measure and monitor stigmatic perception and behavior of younger generation on elderly people. We initially constructed a 34-item perceived elderly stigma scale, by integrating the processes of literature review and exploratory item generation. After confirming the face validity of the scale, a 31-item perceived elderly stigma scale was tested with 252 adults recruited from an online research panel. The result of an exploratory factor analysis suggests a 5-factor solution with 28 items: ability, personality, appearance, authoritarian dependancy, and family-obsession. The convergent/discriminant validity was confirmed by examining its relationships with ageism, elderly discrimination, attitude toward elderly, and respect for elderly. After a series of refinement and empirical tests, the perceived elderly stigma scale would contribute to understanding the current state of elderly discrimination in our society and to develop necessary policies and promotion strategies to eliminate intergenerational conflicts.