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Studies on the Development of the Fishing System of Set Net in the Coast of Jeju Island - II. Comparative of Fishing Efficiency of Rectangular Set Net and Pound Net in Fishing Ground - (제주도 연안 정치망 조업시스템 개발에 관한 연구 -II. 조업어장에서의 각망과 낙망의 어획성능 비교-)

  • 김종범;김석종;김병엽
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.232-239
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    • 2001
  • For the purpose of providing the basic data on the improved fishing gear and the man power saving, which contribute to enhance fishing efficiency of set net in the coast of Jeju Island, this study analyzed the catch of two fishing place for the past 3 years in order to compare the fishing efficiency between rectngular set net and pound net, which have been used for fishing with being attached to the set net fishing place in coast of Jeiu Island, Thereby the result is as follows ; 1. When using pound net, the total amount of catch during 1997 to 1999 was 2 times more than that of when using rectangular set net. 2. When using Pound net, the catch of squid, mackerel, rabbit fish and Yellow tail during 1997 to 1999 was 1.8 times more than that of when using rectangular set net.. 3. In case of rectangular set net, CPUE marked 10.1㎏ with horse amckerel, 20.5㎏ with squid, 18.0㎏ with rabbit fish and 2.2㎏ with Yellow tail, and in case of pound net, CPUE marked 57.5 ㎏ with horse mackerel, 30.0㎏ with squid, 25.0 with rabbit fish and 4.7㎏ with yellow tail, and on the whole CPUE of poind net marked higher. 4. In case of rectangular set net, the catch ratio for fishing operation marked 64% with horse mackerel, 79% with squid, 39% with rabbit fish and 14% with yellow tail, and in case of pound net, the catch ratio fishing operation marked 18% with horse mackerel, 85% with souid 40% with rabbit fish and 14% with yellow tail, and accordingly it showed the result that the catch ratio for fishing operation was higher with the case of rectangular set net, but higher with the case of pound net.

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Studies on the Development of the Fishing System of Set Net in the Coast of Jeju Island - I. Comparative of Fishing Efficiency of Rectangular Set Net and Pound Net by the Model Net - (제주도 연안 정치망 조업시스템 개발에 관한 연구 - I. 모형어구에 의한 각망과 낙망의 어획성능 비교 -)

  • 김종범;김석종
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.223-231
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    • 2001
  • For the purpose of providing the basic data on the improved fishing gear and the man power saving, which contribute to enhance fishing efficiency of set net in the coast of Jeju Island, this study executed the test of fish tank by reducing these actual nets by 1/30 and using the manufactured model nets, and observed and interpreted the behaviors of entering and escaping of the schools of mackerel Scomber japonicus, horse mackerel Trachurus japonicus and rabbit fish Siganus fuscescens. Thereby the result is as follows ; 1. After the elapsed time of 60 seconds, in case of rectangular set net, the ratio for entering by a school of fish marked 50% with mackerel, 18% with horse mackerel and 28% with rabbit fish, and in case of pound net, the ratio for entering net by a school of fish marked 70% with mackerel, 60% with horse mackerel and 30% with rabbit fish. 2. After the elapsed time of 60 seconds, in case of rectangular set net, the ratio for escaping by a school of fish marked 70% with mackerel, 40% with horse mackerel and 24% with rabbit fish, and in case of pound net, the ratio for escaping from net by a school of fish marked 0% with mackerel, 0% with horse mackerel and 3% with rabbit fish. 3. After the elapsed time of 60 seconds, in case of rectangular set net, the ratio for remaining by a school of fish marked 30% with mackerel, 60% with horse mackerel and 76% with rabbit fish, and in case of pound net, the ratio for remaining by a school of fish marked 100% with mackerel, 100% with horse mackerel and 97% with rabbit fish.

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삼천포 수역 죽방렴 어장의 구조와 유향유속

  • 강경미;전용호;신현옥;류청로;황보규
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
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    • pp.59-60
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    • 2001
  • 함정그물은 어살류와 낙망류로 나뉜다. 그 중 죽방렴은 고정목을 설치하여 어획하는 어구로서 어살류에 속한다. 죽방렴은 유속이 매우 빠른 남해안 협수로에서 이루어지는 어업으로, 날개와 발통 두 부분으로 구성된 어구이다. 어구의 구조는 해저에 돌을 쌓아올려 그 위에 고정목을 박아 V자형 날개를 설치하고, V자의 꼭지점에 해당하는 곳에 발통을 설치한다. 과거에는 발통 부분을 대나무로 엮어서 만들었기 때문에 죽방렴이라 했으나, 현재는 대나무 대신 망목 크기가 작은 그물을 발통 내부에 둘러싼다. (중략)

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어업용 프레임 구조물에 사용되는 평면 그물감의 유수저항

  • 김태호;김재오;정의철;김대안;류청로
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
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    • pp.73-74
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    • 2000
  • 어업용 프레임 구조물 중 부유식의 것은 수면에 떠 있는 프레임과 그 하부에 있는 그물이 조류와 파랑에 의한 저항을 동시에 받고, 낙망 등과 같은 수중 침하식의 것은 그 전체가 조류에 의한 저항을 많이 받기 때문에, 이들 구조물의 안전성은 그들이 받는 저항의 크기에 따라 크게 달라진다. (중략)

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규사채취작업이 주변 정치ㆍ구획어업에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구

  • 신현옥;황보규;강경미;이종섭
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
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    • pp.41-42
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    • 2001
  • 본 연구에서는 규사채취작업으로 인하여 발생하는 수중소음과 모래 등의 유실이 작업현장 부근에 있는 정치망어장에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 조사한 결과를 보고하고자 한다. 1. 조사대상 어장의 환경 - 조사대상 정치망어망은 양낙망 형태인 대형 정치망이었고, 경북 울지군 북면 나고리지선(37$^{\circ}$, 08.320' N, 129$^{\circ}$ 22.902' E)에 위치하고 있었으며, 어장면적은 500,000$m^2$, 어획대상어종으로는 대형 회유성 어종인 방어, 고등어, 오징어 외에도 주변해역에서 서식하는 돔, 넙치, 쥐치 및 기타잡어로 하고 있었다. (중략)

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Behavior of Yellow Tail , Seriola quinqueradiata and File Fish , Navodon Modestus to the Model Set Net (모형정치망에 대한 방어 및 말쥐치의 행동)

  • Gwon, Hyeok-Sa;Lee, Byeong-Gi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.230-236
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    • 1990
  • To examine the behavior of yellow tail Seriola quinqueradiata and of file fish Navodon modestus to set net, the 1/30 scale model net of the actual set net used in the east coast of Korea was made of netting and set in the indoor experimental tank(700cm W$\times$700cm L$\times$100cm D), of which the water depth was kept 70cm. Total length of yellow tail examined were 37~45cm and file fish were 18~21cm. The fishes were released as groups of 3 to 20 individuals. The number of fish entered into the pound net or the bag net, escaped from the net was counted every minute and accumulated for 10minutes to check the ratio entered and the ratio escaped. The result obtained can be summarized as follows: 1. In case of yellow tail, even though the ratio entered into the pound net was not so high, that into the bag net was comparatively high. Traces of the fish swimming were comparatively smooth and both entering into the pound net and escaping from it was easily done. 2. In case of file fish, even though the ratio entered into the pound net was higher than that of yellow tail, that into the bag net was lower than that into the pound net. Traces of the fish swimming were roundly meandered. Entering into the bag net was not so smoothly done, even though that into the playground was smoothly done. 3. Both yellow tail and file fish, the ratio escaped from the bag net was almost0 and that from the pound net was less than 10%.

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Net Shapes of the Model Pound net according to Added Sinker - In case of the upperward flow with fish court net - (부가중량추에 따른 모형 정치망의 형상변화 - 운동장이 湖上側인 경우 -)

  • Yun, Il-Bu;Lee, Ju-Hee;Kwon, Byeong-Guk;Yoo, Jae-Bum;Cho, Young-Bok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.17-26
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    • 2005
  • There are several problems in the commercial pound net in the heavy tide ; the breaking and loss of net, steeply variation of net shape and decreasing of fishing efficiency, etc. In order to solve these problems, we introduced method of added sinker used to coastal cultivating cage of Japan and investigated the possibility of application to the Korean pound net. The results are obtained as follows; 1. In case of the upperward flow with fish court net, tension of the frame line was increased about 10${\sim}$25% than that of prototype according to the added sinker from 1.3gf to 5.2gf. The tension of A-type and B-type was similar to the case of the prototype, the tension of C-type and D-type was increased about 10${\sim}$15% than that of prototype. 2. The variation of deformed angle of fish court net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 70$^{\circ}$ and that of the slope net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 64$^{\circ}$ and that of the second bag net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 46$^{\circ}$ and the depth of the second bag net was increased about 10% when the added sinker was changed from 1.3gf to 5.2gf. The depth of the first bag net and the second bag net were decreased about 50% than that of initial depth. 3. For the deformed angle of fish court net according to the attached point of the added sinker, A-type and B-type were decreased about 25% and 10% than the prototype, respectively. C-type was similar to the case of the prototype and D-type was increased about 15% than that of the prototype. The depth of slope net became deep in turn of A-type, B-type, C-type and D-type. For the depth of the second bag net, A-type, B-type, C-type and D-type were increased about 10${\sim}$15% than that of prototype. The depth of the slope net was changed from 0$^{\circ}$ to 63$^{\circ}$ and that of the second bag net was changed from 0${\sim}$44$^{\circ}$ according to the increase of velocity. 4. The optimal weight of added sinker was about 2.6${\sim}$3.6gf and the optimal attached point of added sinker was the case of C-type and D-type.

A Study on Improvement for Fishing Gear and Method of Pound Net - I - Net Shapes of the Commerical Net in the Flow - (정치망 어구어법의 개발에 관한 연구-I - 현용어구의 흐름에 대한 형상 변화 -)

  • Yun, Il-Bu;Lee, Ju-Hee;Kwon, Byeong-Guk;Cho, Young-Bok;Yoo, Jae-Bum;Kim, Seong-Hun;Kim, Boo-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.268-281
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    • 2004
  • A study was carried out in order to estimate the deformation of the pound net according to the current by the model test in the circulating water channel. The tension of the frame rope and the variation of net shape were measured to investigate the deforming of the model pound net in the flow. The results are obtained as follows; 1. The experimental equation between tensions (R) of the frame rope and velocity (ν)was found to be R=$19.58v^{1.98}$($r^2$=0.98) in case of the upperward flow with fish court net and R=$26.90v^{1.72}$($r^2$=0.95)at the upperward flow with bag net according to the velocity from 0.0m/s to 0.6m/s, respectively. 2. As the variation of flow speed inside of the model net was gradually decreased according as which is passed through netting panels, in case of the upperward flow with fish court net, the flow speed was about 70% of initial flow speed at 0.1m/s, 60% at 0.2m/s, 50% at 0.3m/s and 40% 0.4~0.6m/s at the measurement point(h) inside of the first bag net, respectively. In case of the upperward flow with bag net, as the flow speed was steeply decreased according as which if passed through the second bag net, it was 30~60% of the initial flow speed and was 20~30% inside of the first bag net and was about 10~20% inside of the inclined passage net. 3. In case of the upperward flow with fish court net, the variation of deformed angle of fish court net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 70$^{\circ}$and that of inclined passage net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 63$^{\circ}$and that of the second bag net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 47$^{\circ}$ . 4. In case of the upperward flow with fish court net, the variation of deformed angle of the second bag net was changed from 0$^{\circ}$ to 70$^{\circ}$and that of the inclined passage net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 55$^{\circ}$ and that of the fish court net was from 0$^{\circ}$ to 50$^{\circ}$. The depth ratio of the first bag net was changed from 0% to 35% and that of the second bag net was from 0% to 20% and that of the inclined passage net was from 0% to 35%. In the flow speed 0.5m/s, the inclined passage net was raised up to the entry of the bag net and then prevented it more over 90%. 5. To be increased the opening volume of pound net, it needs to attach the added weight outside of the fish court net, inclined passage net and bag net. At the same time, it needs to adjust the tension of the twine for maintenance of the shape.