• Title/Summary/Keyword: 낙관성

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The Effect of Social Support on Depressive Symptoms among College Students : The Mediating Effect of Optimism and Self-efficacy (대학생의 지각된 사회적 지지가 우울 증상에 미치는 영향 : 낙관성과 자기효능감의 매개효과)

  • Cho, Myung Hyun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.21 no.7
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    • pp.587-600
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    • 2021
  • The aim of this research is to verify the mediating role of optimism and self-efficacy on the association between social support and depressive symptoms on among college students. 329 college students answered the survey questionnaires which assessed their social support, depressive symptoms, optimism, and self-efficacy. The results revealed that the higher levels of social support predicted the lower levels of depressive symptoms, the higher levels of optimism, and self-efficacy. In addition, the higher levels of optimism and self-efficacy predicted the lower levels of depressive symptoms. Lastly, the mediation analysis indicated that optimism and self-efficacy mediated the negative relationship between social support and depressive symptoms. That is, college students who highly perceived social support reported higher levels of optimism and self-efficacy, which led to lower levels of depressive symptoms. Finally, the implication and limitations of the present research were discussed and the directions for developing research were suggested.

The Influence of Self-esteem and Optimism on the Self-leadership of Multicultural Family Home-visit Instructors (다문화가족 방문교육지도사의 자존감 및 낙관성이 셀프리더십에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwon, Ki-Nam;Hwang, Hae Shin;Chae, Jin-Young;Kim, Hera;Kang, Bog-Jeong;Suh, Ju-Hyun
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.63-75
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in optimism, self-esteem and self-leadership according to age, monthly income, and teaching experiences of multicultural family home-visit instructors and the influence of optimism and self-esteem on self-leadership. 668 home-visit instructors participated in the online survey from 140 multicultural family support centers in Seoul, 6 metropolitan cities, 9 provinces, and other cities and counties. Data were analyzed through frequence, percentages, Pearson's correlations, One-way ANOVA, $Scheff{\acute{e}}$ post-hoc test, and stepwise multi-regression using SPSS 21.0. The main findings are as follows. First, there were significant differences in optimism and self-esteem according to age and monthly income. Second, there were significant differences in self-leadership according to age and home-visit teaching experiences. Third, the stepwise multiple regression model showed that optimism, self-esteem and the individual variables had an influence on the self-leadership of home-visit instructor's self-expectation. These results suggest that self-esteem and optimism are important precursors of self-leadership and self-leadership training based on self-esteem and optimism is necessary for self-leadership enhancement of home-visit instructors.

Meditating effect of Planned Happenstance Skills between the Belief in Good luck and Entrepreneurial Opportunity (행운에 대한 신념과 창업 기회 역량과의 관계에서 우연기술의 매개효과에 관한 연구)

  • Hwangbo, Yun;Kim, YoungJun;Kim, Hong-Tae
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.79-92
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    • 2019
  • When asked about the success factors of successful entrepreneurs and celebrities, he says he was lucky. The remarkable fact is that the attitude about luck is different. However, despite the fact that the belief that we believe is lucky is actually a dominant concept, there has not been much scientific verification of luck. In this study, we saw good luck not being determined randomly by the external environment, but by being able to control luck through the internal attributes of individuals. This study is significant that we have empirically elucidated what kind of efforts have gained good luck, whereas previous research has largely ended in vague logic where luck ends up with an internal locus of control among internal entrepreneurial qualities and efforts can make a successful entrepreneur. We introduced the concept of good luck belief to avoid confirmation bias, which is, to interpret my experience in a direction that matches what I want to believe, and used a good luck belief questionnaire in previous studies and tried to verify that those who have a good belief can increase entrepreneurial opportunity capability through planned happenstance skills. The reason for choosing the entrepreneurial opportunity capacity as a dependent variable was based on the conventional research, that is, the process of recognizing and exploiting the entrepreneurial opportunity is an important part of the entrepreneurship research For empirical research, we conducted a questionnaire survey of a total of 332 people, and the results of the analysis turned out that the belief of good luck has all the positive impacts of planned happenstance skills' sub-factors: curiosity, patience, flexibility, optimism and risk tolerance. Second, we have shown that only the perseverance, optimism, and risk tolerance of planned happenstance skills' sub-factors have a positive impact on this opportunity capability. Thirdly, it was possible to judge that the sub-factors of planned happenstance skills, patience, optimism, and risk tolerance, had a meditating effect between belief in luck and entrepreneurial opportunity capability. This study is highly significant in logically elucidating that people in charge of business incubation and education can get the specific direction when planning a training program for successful entrepreneur to further enhance the entrepreneurial opportunity ability, which is an important ability for the entrepreneur's success.

Factors associated with Optimism, Coping and Peer Relations on Mental Wellbeing in Adolescents (청소년의 낙관성, 대처, 또래관계가 정신적 웰빙에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Jeong-Mi;Ha, Yeongmi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.33-41
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between optimism, coping and peer relations on mental wellbeing in adolescents, and to identify contributing factors on their mental wellbeing. Methods: A total of 132 students recruited from two middle schools. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression. Results: Adolescents' mental wellbeing was $4.23{\pm}0.84$. Their mental wellbeing was significantly influenced by optimism (${\beta}=.44$), peer relational skills (${\beta}=.21$), and active coping (${\beta}=.20$), explained 49.1% of the total variance. Conclusion: Considering the results of this study, optimism enhancement program for promoting adolescents' mental wellbeing should be builded. In addition, active coping skills and peer relational skills acquisition program need to be developed.

The relationship between optimism and repressive coping, psychopathological symptoms, health management behavior in college students with chronic physical diseases (만성신체질환을 지닌 대학생의 낙관성, 억압적 대처와 정신병리증상 및 건강관리행동의 관계)

  • Choi, Jin-Hwa;Park, Kee-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.33-44
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: This study examined the effects of optimism and repressive coping on psychopathological symptoms and health management behavior in college students with chronic physical diseases. Methods: We conducted a survey on optimism, repressive coping, psychopathological symptoms, and health management behavior to patients with a chronic physical disease. Results: The results showed that both of optimism and repressive coping were related to fewer psychopathological symptoms. In addition, the repressive coping were related to fewer risk taking behaviors. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, it is possible that how to well protect their psychological physical health to patients with a chronic physical disease.

Comparisons on Coping Skills and Physical Health between Realistic Optimists and Unrealistic Optimists in University Students (현실적/비현실적 낙관성에 따른 대학생의 대처방식과 신체건강 비교)

  • Kim, Aee-Lee
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.932-940
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this descriptive study was to compare ways of coping and physical symptoms of realistic optimist with unrealistic optimist in university students. Methods: The participants for this study were students from three university, located in Seoul and Gangwon province. The data were collected by a questionnaire given to the students. Results: The most frequently used coping skills of realistic/unrealistic optimist was the pursuit of social support. Realistic optimists are likely to use not only active coping skills but also passive coping skills, on the other hand unrealistic optimists tend to less use all coping skills. But in physical health, it doesn't show a significant differences except gastro-intestinal symptoms between two group. Conclusion: Based on the finding of this study, it is needed nursing intervention for strengthening realistic optimism for helping university students cope with stress and health.

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The Predictors of Subjective Well-Being among Older Adults (노인의 주관적 안녕감 예측요인)

  • Gong, Su-Ja;Kim, Hyun-Sook;Ha, Mi-OK
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.368-378
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was to explore the predictors of subjective well-being of Korean older adults. Method: Data were collected through the structured interview using questionnaire with 199 older adults over 60 years. To identify the most effective predictor of the SWB, a stepwise regression analysis was conducted on each subscale of SWB measure. Results: The results showed that receiving support from family was the effective factor of life satisfaction. Receiving support from family, health, optimism, economy, positive reappraisal, and giving support to family were the effective factors of emotional well-being. Conclusion: This study found that family support was the most important predictor on SWB among Korean older adults.

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Health Promoting Behaviors and Influencing Factors of University Students: Optimism and Coping Skills (대학생의 건강증진행위와 영향요인: 낙관성과 대처능력을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Nam-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.37-46
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this descriptive study was to identify predictors on health promoting behaviors of university students. Methods: The participants were 310 students by convenience sampling in G city. The data were collected through a questionnaire given to the students between September 10 to November 6, 2006. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Results: The mean score for the level of health promoting behaviors and optimism was 2.60(${\pm} .31$) and 2.70(${\pm} .55$) respectively. The most frequently used coping skill was the pursuit of social support. There were positive correlations between health promoting behaviors and optimism, between health promoting behaviors and active coping skill, and between health promoting behaviors and passive coping skill. In stepwise multiple regression analysis, the most powerful predictor of health promoting behaviors was active coping skill. Conclusion: The results suggest that coping skills with optimism can be considered when developing a health promotion program for university students.

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Relationships among Violence Experience, Resilience and Job Stress of Nurses Working in Emergency Department (응급실 간호사의 폭력경험, 자아탄력성, 직무스트레스와의 관계연구)

  • Song, Young-Jin;Lee, Hye-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.1390-1401
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    • 2020
  • This study is a descriptive research to identify the relationship among violence experience, resilience and job stress of nurses working in emergency department. The subjects of this study were 143 nurses with over one year working in emergency departments of 6 hospitals located in D city and C city and collected data through structured questionnaire. It was from November 6th to November 15th. The degree of violent experience of the subjects was 1.26 ± 1.31 out of 4. The average score of resillience was 2.50 ± 0.55 out of 4. The average score of job stress was 3.62 ± 0.49 out of 5. The result of correlation between violence experience, resilience and job stress, among the sub factors, in the correlation among violence experience and job stress sub factors, verbal violence experience was significantly positively correlated with nursing work(r=.194, p=.010), role conflict stress(r=.158, p=.030), and physical threat experience was positively correlated with nursing work(r=.200, p=.008), role conflict(r=.162, p=.027), and conflict with doctor(r=.145, p=.042). In the correlation between resilience and job stress sub factors, nursing work stress is hardness(r=-.189, p=.012), persistence(r=-.165, p=.025), and optimism (r=-.186, p=.013) and there was a negative correlation with the region. Expertise stress is hardness(r=-.230, p=.003), persistence(r=-.195, p=.010), optimistic(r=-.194, p=.010) and there was a negative correlation. Nurse-treated stress was positively correlated with spirituality(r=.154, p=.033). In the subcategory correlations of resilience and violent experience, the hardness had a negative correlation with the physical threat(r=-.150, p=.037) experience. The persistence was negatively correlated with the experience of physical threats(r=-.138, p=.050). The optimism was negatively correlated with the experience of physical violence(r=-.151, p=.036). As a result, it is necessary to create a safe working environment free from violence and to reinforce training on how to deal with violence in order to reduce the job stress of emergency department nurses. In addition, measures to cope with stress according to age and work experience and programs to increase resilience should be developed and mediated to reduce the job stress of emergency department nurses.

The Influence of AI Technology Acceptance and Ethical Awareness towards Intention to Use (인공지능 기술수용과 윤리성 인식이 이용의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Ko, Young-Hwa;Leem, Choon-Seong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.217-225
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    • 2021
  • This study analyzed the perception formed by artificial intelligence users by converging technology readiness index and technology acceptance models and expanding them to models considering artificial intelligence ethics in order to find out the impact of technology acceptance and ethics. Independent variables include optimism, transparency, ethical awareness, user-centeredness, perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use as potential variables affected by independent variables, and defined the intention of use as potential variables as dependent variables. The survey results from an online and offline of men and women aged over 17 years old across the country (N=260) from September 5 to October 12, 2020 were used in the analysis. The findings, first, showed that optimism had a significant static effect on perceived usefulness and ease of use. Second, ethical awareness (transparency, ethical awareness, user-centeredness) did not have a significant impact on perceived usefulness and ease of use. Third, perceived usefulness and ease of use are finally found to have a significant static effect on the intention of use. Fourth, perceived usefulness has a relatively high influence over ease of use.