• Title, Summary, Keyword: 낙관성

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A study of optimism level in the sifted (영재들의 낙관성 수준에 관한 연구)

  • 윤현석;김언주
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.77-96
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to inverstigate the optimism level of the gifted; to verify the differences in optimism level according to the types of the gifted; and to compare the optimism level of the gofted with that of mainstream students. 332 high school students participated in this study. They consisted of 45 science of gifted, 50 athletics gifted, 60 music gifted, 60 art gifted, 57 academic gifted, and 60 mainstreams students. The findings of this study were as follows: First, the optimism level of gifted was somewhat pessimistic. Second, the optimism levels of academic gifted and sciencd gifted was higher than that of athletic gifted and artistic gifted. Third, nonsignificant difference was found in the optimism level between gifted students and mainstream students.

Relationship among Life Meaning, Optimism and Happiness in Elderly Women Participants of Physical Activity (여가-신체활동 참여 여성노인의 삶의 의미, 낙관성 및 행복의 관계)

  • Song, Hae-Ryong;Kim, Chan-Won;Kim, Won-Je
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.304-314
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to examine relationship among life meaning, optimism and happiness in elderly women participants of physical activity. Data are from elderly women in more than 60 years old who participate in sports activity as part of leisure activity while actually living in Seoul of South Korea. Total of 211, Sample are allowed to be responded to questionnaire contents with self-administration method by utilizing convenience sampling method out of non-probability sampling. To process the data, this study conducted exploratory/confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis, reliability analysis and structure model analysis with SPSS 11.5 and AMOS 6.0 programs. The presence of meaning, which forms meaning of life, are indicated to have statistically significant positive influence upon optimism. And optimism are indicated to have statistically significant positive influence upon positive emotion, which forms happiness. optimism in elderly adults of participating in physical activity has negative influence upon negative emotion.

The Relationship among Savoring, Happiness and Optimism of Elementary School Children (초등학생의 향유하기와 행복감 및 낙관성의 관계)

  • Park, Soo-Ryun;Kim, Kwang-Soo
    • The Korean Journal of Elementary Counseling
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.465-484
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship among savoring, happiness and optimism of elementary school students. This study is also expected to provide basic informations for the promotion of the happiness and optimism of elementary school students. The subjects were 495 fifth and sixth graders from 10 primary schools located in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. The measurement were the savoring test, the happiness test and the optimism test. The collected data was analyzed using the i-STATistics program(Kim & Baker, 2012). The study results were as followings: First, female students had higher scores than male students in the savoring test, the happiness test and the optimism test. And there were significant gender differences in savoring, happiness and optimism. Second, there was a significantly positive correlation between savoring and happiness(home environment, self-attributes, abilities, and interpersonal relationships) at the level of p<0.001. And the regression analysis result showed that savoring contains explanatory power of 60.70% for happiness. Third, there was a significantly positive correlation between savoring and optimism(expectations for the future) at the level of p<0.001. And the regression analysis result showed that savoring contains explanatory power of 66.51% for optimism. The result of this study shows that savoring has a high correlation to happiness and optimism. Happiness and optimism of children can be enhanced by increasing savoring. Therefore, the development and verification of savoring program for children is required.

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The Mediating Effect of Optimism on the Relationship Between Stress and Happiness at School Perceived by Middle School Students (중학생이 지각한 스트레스와 학교 행복감의 관계에서 낙관성의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Tae-Eun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.413-421
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    • 2019
  • This study examined the mediating effect of optimism on the relationship of middle school students' stress and happiness at school. 264 middle school students in Seoul were surveyed. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, correlation and multiple regression analysis. The results showed that: (1) The question means of stress and optimism were in the 'average' and 'slightly high'. The question mean of happiness at school was in the 'not happy' and 'slightly happy'. Females experienced higher level of stress than males. Males showed higher levels of happiness at school and optimism than females. (2) The stress, happiness at school and optimism were correlated. (3) The effect of stress on happiness at school was fully mediated by optimism. This study demonstrated that enhancing optimism is an effective strategy for improving the happiness at school. Finally, the findings were discussed from the convergence perspective.

Influence of Parental Attachment on Learning Flow: Mediating Effects of Parental Academic Expectation and Optimism in Adolescents (청소년들의 부모애착이 학습몰입에 미치는 영향: 부모의 학업기대와 낙관성의 매개효과)

  • Jeong, Goo-Churl;Seol, Mi-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.7
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    • pp.213-224
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the mediating effects of parental academic expectations and adolescent's optimism in the influence of perceived parental attachment on learning flow. The subjects of this study were 184 middle and high school students in Seoul. The results of this study are as follows. First, academic expectation and optimism showed significant full mediation effects on the relationship between parent attachment and learning flow. Second, there was no statistically significant difference in the difference between the indirect effects of academic expectation and optimism by the bootstrapping method. Based on the results of this study, it was found that the healthy attachment relationship with the parents increases the parent's supportive expectancy, improves the optimism for the youth, and improves the learning commitment for effective learning. Finally, we discussed the role and expectations of parents and adolescents in promoting the learning commitment of adolescents.

Effects of sense of humor and optimism on the nursing performance of the clinical nurse in the advanced general hospital (상급종합병원 임상간호사의 유머감각과 낙관성이 간호업무성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Kyoung-Sook;Jang, Insil
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.139-146
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    • 2019
  • This study was done to explore the correlation among sense of humor, optimism, and nursing performance and identify factors related nursing performance among nurses. A survey was conducted for April 2018 with self-report questionnaire. Participants were 181registered nurses working in three tertiary hospitals. Sense of humor was positively correlated optimism, and nursing performance. Factors affecting nursing performance included educational background, work shift, clinical career. Nursing performance had a positive correlation with sense of humor and optimism. And work shift, sense of humor and optimism accounted for 38.6% of the variance in nursing performance. Therefore, quality management for developing nursing professionalism support for improving nursing performance and sense of humor and optimism . Future research will be needed to clarify the effects of the sense of humor and optimism promotion program on nursing performance.

The Effect of Stress on the Happiness Index of Nursing College Students : Focusing on Mediating Effects of Optimism (스트레스가 간호대학생의 행복지수에 미치는 영향 : 낙관성의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Eun-Young;Lim, Kyoung-Suk
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.381-391
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of optimism on stress on happiness index. The subjects were 3 and 4 grade students who had clinical practice experience among 3 nursing students at G university, and 362 questionnaires were used as research data. The data analysis used regression analysis, SPSS macro and bootstrapping methods to examine the mediating effects of optimism on college students' stress and happiness. The results showed that stress, happiness, and optimism were significantly correlated, and stress had a direct effect on college students' happiness. In other words, the higher the level of stress, the lower the happiness index of college students. The optimism was partially mediated between stress and college students' happiness index. Therefore, in order to increase the happiness index of college students, it is necessary to develop and implement a program for happiness enhancement as one of the program strategies that can enhance stress.

A Study on Promoting Optimism Utilizing a Communication Board Game - With a focus on college students (커뮤니케이션 보드 게임을 활용한 낙관성 증진에 관한 연구 대학생 집단을 중심으로)

  • Gim, Hye-Yeong;Ryu, Seol-Ri;Ryu, Seoung-Ho
    • Journal of Korea Game Society
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.117-122
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    • 2017
  • This study verified the effects of promoting optimism by utilizing communication board games with university students. Since optimism is closely related to grade, self-efficacy, a sense of achievement, the importance of enhancing optimism was emphasized. This study seeks to investigate practical measures that can promote optimism utilizing games in a more casual environment based on the research of Seligman(1990), which claimed that the optimism can be learned regardless of temperaments. In Study1, the level of optimism increased from M=-4.7(t1) to M=12.8 in t2(p<.001). In Study2, a control group(n=22) was added with the experiment group(n=21). The level of optimism increased from M=-2.4(t1) to M=11.5(t2) in the experiment group(p<.001), whereas there was no difference in the control group.

Difference of optimism according to the level of performance: For the Korean badminton national youth players (경기력 수준에 따른 낙관성의 차이: 배드민턴 청소년 대표선수를 대상으로)

  • Kim, Deokjin
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.179-183
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    • 2020
  • Seligman argues that an optimistic athlete wins based on a study of US professional baseball and professional basketball players.(trans. Choi, 2008). So, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether optimism can predict the performance of badminton youth representatives. 60 high school students were divided into two groups according to their performance. We used the revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-R) developed by Scheier, Carver and Bridges(1994) and translated into Korean version by Shin Hyun-sook(2005). For this study, the data were analyzed by frequency analysis, reliability analysis, and independent t - test. As a result, there was a statistically significant higher level of optimism in the excellent group than in the non-excellent group. So, in order to improve sports performance, we need psychological skills training that can improve optimism as well as physical training and skills training.

The Relationship of Life Stress, Anger, and Optimism among Nursing Students (간호대학생의 생활스트레스, 분노와 낙관성과의 관계)

  • Byun, Sang Hee;Park, Hyun Joo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.150-160
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to understand what various factors influence school life adaption of nursing students by measuring life stress, anger and optimism. Methods: The subjects were 186 students in B city and the data were collected for the period of 17-28 April 2017. The collected data were analyzed with an independent t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe's method, Cronbach's alpha and Pearson's correlation coefficients. The results are as follows respectively: life stress 1.34/4, state anger 1.24/4, trait anger 1.57/4 at average, and among optimism was 3.45/5 at average. Multiple regression analysis showed perceived physical health status(${\beta}=.20$ t=2.72, p=.007), satisfaction on college(${\beta}=.19$, t=2.53 p=.012) and life stress (${\beta}=-.14$ t=-2.28, p=.027) were related to factors. They accounted 18.2% of the optimism of the subjects. However, there was no significant correlation between optimism and anger of nursing students. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop a program to improve the optimism of nursing college students and to develop a program that can enhance the coping ability of stress to cope with life stress experienced by nursing students.