• 제목/요약/키워드: 기질

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Direct and indirect effects of Job satisfaction of early child teacher on the teacher-child relationship according to child temperament and adatation to child-care institutions (영아기질 및 어린이집 적응에 따른 교사의 직무만족이 교사-영아 관계에 미치는 직.간접효과)

  • Choi, Hang-Jun;Moon, Hyoun-Kyoung;Kim, Sun-A
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • 2012.05a
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    • pp.219-223
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    • 2012
  • 본 연구는 D시와 G시에 소재한 어린이집 13기관에 재원 중인 영아 238명과 해당 영아의 어머니와 아버지 각 238명, 담임교사 45명(총 45학급)을 대상으로 영아의 기질과 어린이집 적응 변인이 교사의 직무만족과 교사-영아 관계에 어떠한 직 간접적인 영향력을 갖는지를 알아보고자 구조방정식 모형을 통해 분석하였다. 본 연구결과, 영아의 기질이 교사의 직무만족에 의해 매개되어 교사-영아관계에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났으며 영아의 어린이집 적응 또한 직무만족에 의해 매개되어 교사-영아관계에 영향을 미치는 것을 알 수 있었다. 따라서 교사의 직무만족은 교사-영아관계에 영향을 미치는 영아의 기질과 어린이집 적응, 두 잠재 변인 간의 매개 변인이다. 특히 영아의 기질은 교사의 직무만족과 교사-영아관계에 미치는 영향력이 영아의 어린이집 적응보다 크게 나타났으며, 영아-교사관계에는 기질이나 적응이 미치는 직접효과가 직무만족을 매개로한 간접효과보다 크게 작용하고 있었다. 이러한 결과는 영아와 교사관계에 있어서 영아의 기질변인이 중요함을 드러내준다. 그러므로 본 연구는 다양한 변인간의 관계를 규명함으로서 영아 연구 범위의 폭을 확장하였다는 의의가 있다.

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An Exploratory Research on Social Workers' Attitude and Related Factors about Indoor Air Quality Management of Social Welfare Facilities (사회복지시설 종사자의 실내공기질 관리에 대한 태도와 관련 요인에 관한 탐색적 연구)

  • Bae, Jin-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.273-284
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    • 2017
  • As these days people spend most of time at inner space, indoor air quality affect human life seriously. Government manage indoor air quality of various facilities based on different laws. Government released that they would try to protect environment for vulnerable people such children and seniors from indoor air pollutants in 2015. But social welfare facilities are exception under current legal systems. Clients of social welfare residential facilities are the disables, the elderly, homeless and children and they usually stay inner space very long time. The purpose of this study is explore workers' attitude and related factors about indoor air quality management of social welfare facilities. 69.5% of respondents agree to government's indoor air quality management, 80.9% of respondents think social welfare facilities must be included in legal system for indoor air quality management. Environmental awareness and law awareness were related with attitude to indoor air quality management. Based on the results of the analysis, I propose the amendment of law on indoor air quality of the Ministry of Environment, cost burden of central or local government and the necessity of education and research on indoor air quality management in social welfare facilities.

On the Fundamental Issue of Ho-Rak Controversy (호락논쟁(湖洛論爭)의 핵심 쟁점 : 심(心)과 기질(氣質)의 관계 문제)

  • Lee, Sangik
    • The Journal of Korean Philosophical History
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    • no.35
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    • pp.7-42
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    • 2012
  • The Ho-Rak controversy is an internal dispute in the Kiho School. Both Ho and Rak adopt the theories of Yulgok(栗谷) as their common standard of right arguments. The controversy continues almost two hundred years after the dispute between LEE Gan(李柬) and HAN Wonjin(韓元震). However, it does not develop rich theoretical resources. The fundamental issue of Ho-Rak controversy is how to define the relation of mind(心) and temper(氣質). Ho School regard temper as material of the mind, and so they insist that mind and temper are ultimately the same. But Rak School regard temper as desire of the body, and so they insist that mind and temper are the another one. The viewpoint of Rak School does not correspond to the view of the traditional Neo-confucianism. So we should understand that mind and temper are ultimately the same. However if we define that mind and temper are the same, and they act at the same time, then we can not insure the foundation of pure goodness in human mind. LEE Chulyoung(李喆榮) defines that mind and temper are ultimately the same, but they act alternately. It is the exact definition about the relation of mind and temper.

Features Analysis of Character by Visual Types of Body and Temperament (체격기질유형의 시각적 모델에 의한 캐릭터의 유형특성 분석)

  • 김남훈
    • Proceedings of the Korea Multimedia Society Conference
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    • 2003.11b
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    • pp.613-620
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    • 2003
  • 애니메이션의 사전제작과정에서 캐릭터의 보다 효율적 제작, 분석, 평가을 위해 시각적 모델화및 데이터 베이스 구축이 필요했다. 캐릭터의 체격과 기질 관계를 조명하기 위해 W. 셀던의 체격기질유형 이론으로부터 정형화된 분석 틀을 구축하여 개념을 시각화하고 유형분석 모델을 만들었으며, 또한 케이스 스터디를 위해 세 애니메이션에 나타난 캐릭터의 유형들을 분석함으로써 모델의 적용 가능성과 나아가 애니메이션의 캐릭터에서 표현된 외적 형상과 내적 기질의 상관성을 추론하여 실제 적용이 가능한 기초적 데이터가 되도록 하였다.

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THE DIFFERENCE OF TEMPERAMENT, GOODNESS OF FIT AND BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS IN ADHD SUBTYPES OF ADOLESCENT HIGH RISK GROUP (청소년 ADHD 고위험군의 하위유형별 기질, 기질 적합성 및 문제행동의 차이 비교)

  • Park, Hae-Song;Choi, Eun-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.106-116
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    • 2005
  • Summary : This study was designed to identify the difference in temperament, parent-adolescent's goodness of fit and behavioral problems between early-adolescent high risk group which can be divided into subgroups (ADHD-I and ADHD-HI/C) and normal group. Method : Subjects of this study were students of a Boy's Middle School and their parents. ADHD high risk group was determined by using three rating scales of ADHD behavioral symptoms : 1. Korean-ADHD Rating Scale, 2. Abbreviated Conners Parents Rating Scale, 3. Conners-Wells' Adolescent Self-Report Scale. Final research was based on the subjects including 25 people in ADHD-I high risk group, 70 ADHD-HI/C high risk group, 70 in normal group. Revised Dimensions of Temperament (DOTS-R) was used for students to assess their temperament, while DOTS-R : Ethnology for parents to access environmental demands. Goodness of fit between parent and adolescent was figured out by results of the two scales. Korean Youth Self Report (K-YSR) was used to examine behavioral problems. Results : When it comes to temperament of adolescents, ADHD-HI/C high risk group was found to be associated with higher scores on general activity level. In contextual parent demand to adolescent, ADHD-HI/C parents showed higher level of demands in general activity than other groups, and lower expectation of positive mood than ADHD-I parents. In parent-adolescent's goodness/poorness of fit, the research found out that ADHD-I and ADHD-HI/C had lower level of fit on pesitive/negative mood than normal group and indicated that ADHD behavioral symptoms connected with poorness of fit in emotional relationship between adolescents and their parents. In behavioral problems, ADHD-HI/C high risk group had severe externalizing and internalizing problems distinctly. It had more severe in externalizing problems than ADHD-I, while there were no differences in internalizing problems between the two subgroups. Conclusion The two ADHD subgroups in high risk adolescents had differences on temperamental activity level and on goodness of fit about positive mood. In addition, they had different patterns in externalizing/internalizing problems.

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The Temperament and Test-Anxiety of Science Gifted and General Students (과학영재아와 일반아의 기질 및 시험불안과의 관계)

  • Kang, Hyun-A;Cho, Kyu-Seong;Kim, Ja-Hong;Lee, Kuk-Haeng;Lee, Jeong-Won;Kang, Geum-Ja;Chong, Dok-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.289-297
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the temperament of the science gifted and to identify a relationship between temperament and test-anxiety of the students. The participants were composed of 92 middle school the science gifted who had been educated for the gifted in science educational institution of university and 97 general students in their first-year of middle school. A revised dimensions of temperament survey (DOTS-R) was used for data collection. This study revealed that the science gifted displayed higher concentricity, persistence, and approach-temperament than those of general students. On the other hand, general students were higher than the science gifted at activity, flexibility and positive mood. In the analysis of superior temperament, the science gifted were superior to general students in persistence, while general students were superior to the science gifted in flexibility. The Results of correlation with temperament and test-anxiety was as following. There was close correlation between approach-temperament and test-anxiety of the science gifted. Persistence was the same. While general students were not close correlation between concentricity and test-anxiety. Also science gifted and general students was close correlation between activity and test-anxiety. This mean that activity brings about a disturbing factor of test-anxiety. According to the results of superior temperament frequency analysis, persistence is superior temperament of the science gifted. While flexibility was superior temperament of general students. This study expects to making the use of providing appropriate teaching and learning strategies for the science gifted.

Effects of Infants' and Toddlers' Temperament and Mothers' Parenting Self-Efficacy on Parenting Behavior (영아기와 걸음마기 유아의 기질과 어머니의 양육효능감이 양육행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Mi Jeong;Lee, Kyung Nim
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.253-271
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    • 2011
  • This study examined the effects of infants' and toddlers' temperament and mothers' parenting self-efficacy on parenting behavior. Two hundred and thirty-two mothers with infants and toddlers completed the questionnaires regarding children's temperament, parenting self-efficacy and parenting behavior. The collected data were analysed by correlations and pathway analysis. The results were as follows: First, infants' and toddlers' temperament directly and indirectly through mothers' parenting self-efficacy affected affectionate and permissive-uninvolved parenting behavior. Second, mothers' parenting self-efficacy directly affected affectionate, authoritarian and permissive-uninvolved parenting behavior and mediated between children's temperament and mothers' parenting behavior. Additionally the most important variable predicting mothers' affectionate and permissive-uninvolved parenting behavior was infants' and toddlers' temperament, and the most important variable for authoritarian parenting behavior was mothers' parenting self-efficacy.

The role of CD14 and Toll-like receptors on the release of MMP-B in the LPS recognition pathway (지질 다당질 인지경로에서 기질금속단백분해효소-8 분비에 대한 CD14와 Toll-like receptors의 역할 연구)

  • Yang, Seung-Min;Kim, Tae-li;Seol, Yang-Jo;Lee, Yang-Moo;Ku, Young;Chung, Chong-Pyoung;Han, Soo-Boo;Rhyu, In-Chul
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.579-590
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    • 2006
  • 1. 연구배경 교원질 분해작용을 하는 호중구의 세포질 효소인 기질금속단백분해효소-8은 치주질환, 류마티스 관절염, 그리고 궤양결장염과 같은 염증성 질환에서 농도가 증가한다고 알려져 있다. 최근에는 A. actinomycetemcomitans의 leukotoxin이 사람호중구에서 기질금속단백분해효소-8의 분비를 유도하는 것이 보고되었다. 이 연구의 목적은 선천면역 체계에서 세포표면 항원무리14, Toll-like 수용기, 그리고 $NF-{\kappa}$ B경로를 통하여 A. actinomycetemcomitans의 지질다당질로 유도된 기질금속단백분해효소-8의 분비 여부와 세포기전을 알아보고자 하였다. 2. 연구재료 및 방법 건강한 개인 제공자(남자 13명, 여자 3명)로부터 얻은 개개인의 20ml 말초혈액을 제조사의 지침에 따라 호중구를 추출한 후 항세포표면 항원무리14와 함께 $4^{\circ}C$에서 30분간 전배양 한 후, $37^{\circ}C$에서 9시간 동안 배양시켰다. 추출한 호중구에 Toll-like 수용기 억제제 또는 $NF-{\kappa}$ B억제제인 TPCK를 첨가한 후 $37^{\circ}C$에서 1시간 동안 전배양하고 $37^{\circ}C$에서 9시간 동안 배양시켰다. 호중구에 세포뼈대 억제제인 cholchicine, nocodazole, demecolcine, 그리고 cytochalasin B를 A. actinomycetemcomitans의 지질다당질과 함께 $37^{\circ}C$에서 9시간 동안 배양시켰다. 기질금속단백분해효소-8 분비량은 효소면역측정법을 통해 결정하였다. 통계처리는 일원배치 분산분석법을 이용하였다(p<0.05). 3. 결과 A. actinomycetemcomitans 지질다당질은 기질금속단백분해효소-8의 분비를 증가시켰다. 기질금속단백분해효소-8의 분비는 항세포표면 항원무리14에 의해서 억제되었지만, 항 Toll-like 수용기2, 항 Toll-like 수용기4 항체는 억제시키지 못했다. $NF-{\kappa}$ B 억제제는 A. actinomycetemcomitans의 지질다당질로 유도된 $NF-{\kappa}$ B 결합 활성도와 기질금속단백분해효소-8 분비를 억제하였다. 미세섬유 중합반응 억제제는 A. actinomycetemcomitans의 지질다당질로 유도된 기질금속단백분해효소-8의 분비를 억제시켰으나, 미세관 중합반응억제제는 억제시키지 못했다. 4. 결론 위의 연구결과를 종합하여 볼 때, 기질금속단백분해효소-8은 A. actinomycetemcomitans의 지질다당질로 유도되며, 세포표면 항원무리-$NF-{\kappa}$ B 경로를 통하여 분비되고, 이 분비 과정은 미세섬유 계통이 관여하는 것으로 보인다.

Effects of Young Children's Temperament, Teacher Efficacy, and Teacher-child Interactions on Peer Play Interactions (유아의 기질과 교사효능감 및 교사-유아상호작용이 유아의 또래놀이상호작용에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sang Lim;Park, Chang Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.37-58
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of the study was to analyze the effects of both young children's gender and temperament and their teachers' teaching efficacy and teacher-child interactions on peer play interactions. For this purpose, the data from the 2012 Panel Study on Korean Children were analyzed using analyses of variances and correlation co-efficiencies. In addition, analyses of hierarchical regression, with young children's temperament and teacher-related factors (teaching efficacy and teacher-child interactions) as the independent variables and three sub-factors of peer play interactions (play interaction, play disruption, play disconnection) as the dependent variables, were conducted. The results showed that young children's temperament, teacher efficacy, teacher-child interactions, and peer play interactions differed by gender and significantly correlated. Young children's temperament and teacher-child interactions significantly affected young children's peer play interactions, and the effect of teacher-child interactions was larger than the effect of temperament by 2~2.5 times. The results proved the importance of early childhood teachers' roles in the development of young children's peer interactions with consideration of differences based on children's gender and temperament. With the results given, implications and suggestions for further research were discussed.

Temperament by MBTI Personality Types, Learning Styles and Learning Strategies in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 MBTI 성격유형별 기질과 학습유형 및 학습전략)

  • Jang, Hyun-Jung;Kim, Myung-Ae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.400-410
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate temperament by MBTI personality types, learning styles and learning strategies in nursing students. The subjects of this study were 245 nursing students. The data were collected structured questionnaire including MBTI test, 42-items of learning styles and 25-items of learning strategies. According to correspondence with their ideas, the subjects were completed self reported items of 1-6points scale. According to the results, the highest personality type in subjects was ESFJ and the highest personality temperament type was SJ. The study results showed that there were significant difference among surface type, depth-type and performance-type by analyzing learning styles to each personality temperament. Learning strategies by personality temperament also were significant difference in a demonstration, elaboration, organization, and higher cognition. Based on the results of this study, it is necessary to develop and apply appropriate learning method and learning strategies for the individual.