• Title, Summary, Keyword: 기준방사선(장)

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Intercomparison of the KAERI Reference Photon and Beta Radiation Measurements (한국원자력연구소 기준 광자 및 베타선장 측정의 국제상호비교)

  • Chang, Si-Yeong;Kim, Bong-Hwan;Kim, Jang-Lyul;McDonald, J.C.;Murphy, M.K.
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.255-262
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    • 1996
  • This paper describes the results of intercomparison measurements of KAERI reference photon and beta radiation fields between the KAERI and the PNNL(Pacific Northwest National Laboratory), recently performed at KAERI radiation calibration and dosimetry laboratory on the basis of the ANSI N13.11 criteria for personal dosimeter performance test. Each laboratory used her own radiation detectors or measurement devices traceable to her national primary standard in measuring the exposure rates for photon fields, the absorbed dose rates for beta radiation fields. The agreements in reference radiation measurements between two laboratories were found to be less than ${\pm}2.0%$ for photon fields, ${\pm}1.0%$ for beta radiation fields. Therefore, it could be concluded that KAERI reference radiation fields comply well with the international standard and thus can further serve as a national basis for the researches and developments in radiation protection dosimetry in Korea.

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Quality Control of Radiation Dosimetry Service (개인피폭선량 측정기관의 품질관리기준 개발)

  • Lee, Jun-Haeng;Lee, Sang-Bock;Chang, Kun-Jo;Lee, Kwang-Yong;Lee, Hyun-Koo;Kim, Hyeog-Ju;Jin, Gye-Hwan
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.253-259
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    • 2009
  • We have developed standards based on international criterions for the quality control of dose tested by the measurement institutions of individual exposure doses through improving the reliability of data on the exposure dose of individuals working in radioactive environment and securing the accuracy and reliability of individual dose measurements. Laws related to radiation dose applied to domestic institutions refer to ANSI N13.11.1993, but currently, in U.S. and some other countries the measurement of radiation doses is based on ANSI N13.11.2001 that reduced test categories and tightened the standards. We made efforts to simplify the standards and to reduce the number of dosimeters required in experiment, and avoided preventing or hindering the use of future technologies not approved under the current law such as glass dosimeter and optical stimulation dosimeter. The Quality Management Manual of Radiation Dosimetry Service, Assessment Manual of Radiation Dosimetry Service Accreditation Program, and the Personnel Dosimetry Performance. Criteria for Testing are documents applicable in supervising laboratories.

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특수의료장비의 설치 및 운영에 관한 규칙에 의한 정도관리 시행

  • 정해조;김희중;김기황
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Medical Physics Conference
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    • pp.51-51
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    • 2003
  • 국민건강보험재정건전화특별법 (제정 2002.1.19 법률 제 6620호)은 건강보험의 재정적자를 조기에 해소하고 재정수지의 균형을 이루도록 함으로써 건강보험제도의 발전과 국민건강 증진 도모를 그 목적으로 하며, 제14조(특수의료장비의 설치ㆍ운영)에서 의료기관은 보건복지부장관이 고시한 특수의료장비를 설치ㆍ운영하고자 하는 때에는 보건복지부령이 정하는 바에 따라 이를 등록하여야 하며 설치 인정 기준에 적합하게 설치ㆍ운영하여야 하고 정기적인 품질관리를 받아야한다고 명시하였다. 특수 의료장비의 설치 및 운영에 관한 규칙 (제정 2003.1.14 보건복지부령 제235호)은 국민건강보험재정건전화특별법이 제정됨에 따라 특수의료장비의 적정 한 설치와 활용을 위하여 의료기관에서 설치ㆍ운영하는 특수의료장비의 등록절차 설치인정기준 및 품질관리 절차 등을 정하고 특수의료장비에 대한 관리체계를 확립하려는 것이다. 특수의료장비의 설치 및 운영에 관한 규칙의 주요 골자는 가. 의료기관에서 특수장비를 설치ㆍ운영하고자 하는 경우 보건복지부장관 또는 시ㆍ도 지사에게 등록하도록 하였는바, 이 등록에 대한 절차와 특수의료장비의 설치인정기준을 정함, 나. 특수의료 장비에 대한 정기적인 품질관리검사를 서류검사와 정밀감사로 구분하여 서류검사는 1 년마다, 정밀검사는 3 년마다 받도록 함, 다. 품질관리검사기관의 장은 특수의료장비품질관리검사성적서를 신청인에게 교부하고, 보건복지부 또는 시ㆍ도지사 및 건강보험심사평가위원장에게 검사결과를 통보하도록 함, 라. 특수의료정비를 설치ㆍ운영하는 의료기관의 개설자 또는 관리자 및 품질관리검사기관의 장이 작성ㆍ비치ㆍ보존하여야할 서류를 정함이다. 보건복지부장관에게 등록하여야할 특수의료장비는 자기공명영상촬영장치와 전산화단층촬영 장치이며, 시ㆍ도지사에게 등록하여야할 특수의료장비는 유방촬영용장치이다. 본 발표에서는 특수의료장비의 설치 및 운영에 관한 규칙에 대한 개요와 연세의료원 세브란스병원에서 시행하고 있는 특수의료장비의 정도관리 검사, 팬텀영상검사, 그리고 임상영상검사를 소개하고자한다.

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원자력 NEWS

  • Korea Atomic Industry Forum
    • Nuclear industry
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.91-98
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    • 2006
  • 방폐장 처분 방식 평가 항복 기준 등 결정/ 한국-인도네시아 원자력협정 가서명/ KEDO 경수로 사업10년 6개월 만에 공식 종료/ 고리1호기 최근 10년 동안 6번 무고장 운전 달성/ 알제리 원자력위원장 방한/ 원전 기관 업체, 해외 공동 진출 적극 협력키로/ 원자력 통제제도 종합 개산 계획 수립 및 추진/ 국제핵융합실헙로(ITER)프로젝트 본격 착수/ 2006 방사선 및 방사성동위원소 이용진흥 연차대회 개최/ 원전 방폐장 정보 교환/ 중성자 유도관 국산화/ 중국 원전사업자단 방문/ 제5기 「원자력대학생 논문연구회」출범/ 윤맹현 한전 원자력연료(주) 신임 사장 취임/ KAIST 조남진 교수/ 서울대 김창효 교수, KAIST 장순흥 교수

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The Consideration of Bolus Effects of Games Attached on Lesion area (환부 부착용 거즈의 Bolus Effect에 관할 고찰)

  • Park JuYoung;Ju SangKyu;Park YoungChul;Han YoungYi;Shin EunHyuk;Park YongHwan
    • The Journal of Korean Society for Radiation Therapy
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 2004
  • The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of skin dose and PDD by using wounds protecting gauzes or Vaselinespread gauzes. And it was studied that the possibility to substitute custom bolus into gauzes. 4MV photon (CL600C, varian, US), Polystyrene Phantom (30(W) X30(L) X 30(H)) with Markus chamber(PTW, US) were used for dose measurement. This study was distinguished natural gauzes and spread over Vaseline gauzes. We gave variety to the gauze thickness at 5, 10 and 15 sheets respectively. For comparison between using bolus and not that, we had used 1.0 cm thickness bolus so that analyzed surface dose and PDD at the same conditions above mentioned. When maximum point was defined as reference point, surface dose was measured as $35\%$ in open beam. When the gauzes were attached to surface as 5, 10 and 15 sheets, surface dose were increased as 69, 80 and $91\%$ respectively according to thickness of gauzes. When spread over Vaseline gauzes were attached to surface as 5, 10 and 15 sheets, surface dose were increased respectively as 98, 100 and $98\%$ according to thickness of gauzes. Also when 0.5 cm bolus and 5 sheets gauzes were composed, surface dose was measured as $98\%$. The gauzes that were attached to skin surface in radiation therapy had been scattering material and contributed increasing surface dose without variation of percentage depth dose. However, if we want to delivery much dose to skin surface then we have to apply many sheets of gauzes to skin surface. Although we get easy that result by bolus or spread over Vaseline gauzes, we have to revise percentage depth dose at calculation. Therefore, if we find pertinent conditions based on measured data that are considered skin dose and patient setup efficiency, to replace custom bolus with gauzes will be helpful to efficient treatment.

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A Study on the Environmental Condition and Safety in Dental Radiographic Room (치과 방사선 촬영실의 촬영실태와 방사선 안전관리 실태에 관한 조사 연구)

  • Kang, Eun-Ju;Lee, Kyung-Hee;Ju, On-Ju
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.83-88
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    • 2005
  • In spite of relatively low level of radiation dose used at dental clinics, long term exposure may be harmful, so radiation workers at dental clinics must be well aware of its danger. This study was radiation safety management by dental hygienists in order to take preventive measures for dental hygienists and suggest ideas to develop radiation safety training programs. For this, we contacted dental hygienists working at the local dental clinics for 4 months from December of 2003 to march of 2004 and obtained the following findings. 1. Regarding the intraoral radiographic method, the average daily photographing frequency of standard films stood at one to five pieces (47.5%), and the average weekly photographing frequency of digital radiation medicine stood at less than one piece (69.8%), and the average weekly photographing frequency of bitewing films stood at less than one piece (67.7%), and and the average weekly photographing frequency of occlusal films stood at less than one piece (95.5%), and the dentistries whose average weekly photographing frequency of pediatric films stood at one to five pieces accounted for 47.1 percent. 2. Regarding the extraoral radiographic method, the average weekly photographing frequency of panorama film stood at one to five pieces (63.7%), and less than one piece (20.9%), the average weekly photographing frequency of cephalometric film stood at less than one piece (72.3%), and one to five pieces (20.1%). 3. Concerning the radiation safety management training program, only 18.7% of total 278 surveyed attended the training progra., Attendance tendency of the training program by general characteristics showed statistically significant difference according to age (p<0.01), working experience (p<0.001), and marital status (p<0.01). 4. When asked about the protective equipments against radiation exposure, 40.6% of them said "modest", and 71.1% appeared equipped with led apron as a protective tool.

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A Study on the Utilization of Diagnostic Equipments and Patient Dose for Diagnostic Radiological Procedures in Korea (진단방사선영역에서 방사선장치의 이용실태 및 환자피폭선량에 관한 조사연구)

  • Kim Youhyun;Choi Jonghak;Kim Sungsoo;Lee Chanhyeup;Cho Pyongkon;Lee Youngbae;Kim Chelmin
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.10-15
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    • 2005
  • IAEA's guidance levels have been provided for western people to the end. Guidance levels lower than the IAEA'S will be necessary in view of Korean people's proportions. Therefore, we need to develope the standard doses for Korean people. And we conducted a nationwide survey of patient dose from x-ray examinations in Korea. In this study, the 278 institutions were selected from Members Book of Korean Hospital Association. The valid response rate was approximately 57.9%. Doses were calculated from the questionnaires by NDD method. We obtained the results were as follows; 1) General radiographic equipments were distributed for 42.0%, fluoroscopic equipments 29.4%, dental equipments 13.2%, CT units 8.1 % and mamographic units 7.2%. 2) According to classification by rectification, three-phase equipments were 29.9%, inverter-type generators 29.5%, single-phase equipments 25.5%, constant voltage units 9.0% and unknown units 6.0%. 3) According to classification by receptor system, film-screen types were 46.8%, CR types 26.8%, DR types 17.7% and unknown types 8.9%. 4) The number of examinations were chest 49.2%, spine 16.8% and abdomen 12.7%. 5) Patient doses were head AP 3.44 mGy, abdomen AP 4.25 mGy and chest PA 0.39 mGy.

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A STUDY ON THE ERRORS UN THE CEPHALOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS (두부방사선사진의 계측오류에 관한 연구)

  • Na, Kwang-Cheon;Yoon, Young-Jooh;Kim, Kwang-Won
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 1998
  • This study was done to recognize the importance of errors in measurements of cephalometric radiograph and to find the anatomical structures those need special care to select as a reference points through the detection of the systematic errors and estimation of random errors. For this purose, 100 cephalometric radiographs were prepared by usual manner and 61 reference points, and 130 measurement variables were established. Measurement errors were detected and estimated by the comparison of the 25 randomly-selected samples for repeated measurements with the main sample. The following results were obtained : 1. In comparison of the repeated measurements, there were statistical significant differences in 24 variables which were 18.4% of 130 total variables. 2. The frequency of the difference in identification of the reference points between the repeated measurements was very high in the root apex of upper incisor(as), the most posterior wall of maxilla(tu), soft tissue nasion(n'), soft tissue frontal eminence(ft), and ad3 in airway. 3. After correction of reference points marking until the level of below 5% significance, the range of random errors were from 0.67 to 1.71 degree or mm. 4. The variable shown the largest random error was the interincisal angle(ILs-ILi). 5. Measurement errors were mainly caused by the lack of precision in anatomic definitions and obscure radiographic image. From the above results, the author could find the high possibility of errors in cephalometric measurements and from this point, we should include error analysis in all the studies concerning measurments. In is essential to have a concept of error analysis not only for the investigator but also for a reader of other articles.

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