• Title, Summary, Keyword: 기주밀도

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녹비작물 재배지 Arbuscular 균근균(AMF) 포자밀도 및 감염율 조사

  • Yang, Seung-Gu;Seo, Yun-Won;Hwang, In-Taek;Kim, Hong-Jae;Son, Bo-Gyun;Wi, Chi-Do;Lee, Jeong-Hyeon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Organic Agriculture Conference
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    • pp.103-109
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    • 2008
  • 고추 시설재배지에 녹비작물 재배가 토양의 Arbuscular 균근균(AMF) 포자밀도 및 감염율에 미치는 영향을 구명하고자 보리와 호밀, 헤어리베치, 완두콩을 파종하여 1차 녹비작물 재배 후 토양에 환원하고 고추를 재배한 다음, 2차 녹비작물 재배하여 시설 토양내 Arbuscular 균근균(AMF) 포자밀도 및 감염율을 조사한 결과 AMF포자밀도는 녹비작물 재배지가 대조구보다 높은 경향을 보였다. 기주작물별 AMF활성포자의 밀도는 보리와 완두콩이 호밀, 헤어리베치 그리고 쇠별꽃에 비하여 높았다. 녹비작물의 기주작물별 AMF포자의 형태와 크기는 유의적인 차이가 인정되지 않았다. 녹비작물의 기주 작물별로 뿌리 내 AMF 감염율을 조사한 결과 보리녹비작물에서 감염율이 높았으며 녹비작물의 감염구조는 뿌리내부 균사임이 확인되었고 AMF 균사의 Network도 매우 발달되었다.

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Host Range of Isolates of Magnaporthe grisea (한국에서 분리한 벼 도열병균의 기주범위)

  • 최우봉;전삼재;이용환
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.453-454
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    • 1996
  • 벼, 바랭이, 톨페이스큐로부터 분리한 벼 도열병균에 대한 기주범위를 벼, 밀, 보리, 옥수수, 호밀, 귀리, 톨페스큐 등의 작물과 피, 왕바랭이, 바랭이, 강아지풀, 개기장 등의 잡초를 대상으로 실험하였다. 대부분의 균주들은 공시작물 모두와 잡초인 강아지풀에대하여 병원성을 나타내었다. 이러한 결과는 논 주면의 강아지풀이 벼 도열병균의 기주로 작용할 수 있음을 나타내었다.

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Noneffective Results of Steinernematid and Hoterorhabditid Nematodes Agains Pill bug, Armadillidium vulgare (Isopoda : Armadillidae) (Steinernematid와 Heterorhabditid 선충의 쥐며느리에 대한 비효용적결과)

  • 추호렬;이동운;허은영;김준범
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.91-93
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    • 1996
  • Steinemematid and heterorhabditid nematodes were not effective to control the piU bug, Armadillidium vulgare although these nematodes were able to infect pill bugs. Steinernema carpocapsae Pocheon strain and S. glaseri Dongrae strain were more effective than S. carpocapsae AU strain or Heterorhabditis bacteriophora. Nematode concentration was more important factor than host density to develop infectivity.

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Effects of Culture fitrates of Fusarium oxysporum f. vasinfetium upon the germination of seeds of host plants (Sesame and Cotton) and noon-host(Wheat and rice) (참깨$\cdot$시들음병균(Fusarium oxysporun f. vasinfectum)의 배양여액이 기주식물 (참깨, 복화)과 비기주식물(밀, 벼)의 종자 발아에 미치는 영향)

  • CHOI Chang Yoel
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.1
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    • pp.42-46
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    • 1962
  • 1) The purpcse of the present study is to investigate the effects of culture filtrates of Fuarsium oxysporum f. vasinfectum which is known to produce wilt toxin (fusaric acid) on the germination of host plants (sesame, cotton) and non-host plants (wheat, rice). 2) The experiment on the germination of sesame, cotton, wheat and rice seeds in the seed beds separately added with culture filtr ates of 10 differential strains of Fusarium oxysporom f. vasinfectum demonstrated that culture filtrates of most strains of the fungus inhibit or retard the germination of seeds of 4 plants used in this study while those of a few strains do not give notable influence on the germination of seeds of those plants. a) Culture filtrates of strain 201 of the fungus strongly inhibited the germination of seeds of those plants in nearly same degree, but culture filtrates of the other strains, 281, 321, etc., showed remarkable differences in the toxicity inhibiting or retarding the germination of the seeds of those plants. b) In general, sesame seeds are greatly susceptible, wheat and cotton seeds are moderately susceptible and rice seeds are resistant to the toxicity of culture filtrates of the fungus. 3) In the soil containing a number of differential strains of Fusarium oxysporum f. vasinfectum, the germination of seeds and also the growth of seedlings of non-host plants are possibly checked by the toxic substance, fusaric acid produced by the fungus.

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Studios on the Host Range of Cucumber Mosaic Virus in Korea (한국에서의 오이모자익 바이러스의 기주범위에 관한 연구)

  • Chung B. J.;Park H. C.;Lee S. H.
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.185-192
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    • 1975
  • Various plant species, as many as 145 species in 43 families, were tested for susceptibility to the ordinary strain of the cucumber nosaic virus for two years from 1973 to 1974. Inoculations were made by mechanical method using carborundum. Plants in 71 species belonging to 27 families were infected. Of these species, systemic mosaic developed on the new leaves of plants in 57 species belonging to 24 families. Twenty-four species of plants, previously not reported as hosts of the CMV, were found to be infected in this experiment. These are Stellaria aquatica, Achyrauthes japonica, Agerratum houstonianum, Centipeda minima, Gillardia pulchella, Henisteptalyrate, Ixeris dentata, Saussurea uchiyamana, Brassica campestris, Lepidiumapetalum, Lobelia chinensis, Chenopodium bryoniaefolium, Carex neofilipes, Acalypha austalis, Amphicarpaea edgeworthii, Lotus corniculatus var japonicus, Phaseolus angularis, Sedum aizoom var heterodontum, Mosla punctulata, Perilla frutescens var japonica, Teucrium japonicum,. Linum usitatissimum, Mazus japonicus, Verbena hybrida. Twenty-three species reported to be susceptible by previous workers, but negative results were obtained in our experiment with Allium cepa, Celosia cristat, Daucus carota var. sativa, Artemisia asiatica, Callistenphus chinensis, Erigeron canadensis, Helianthusannuus, Tagetes eracta, Impatiens balsamina, Raphanus sativus, Ipomea batatas, Glycine max, Phaseolus vulgaris, Lilium longifolium, Papaver gomniferum, Sorghum vulgare, Triticum aestivum, Zea mays, Rumex coreanus, Potulaca grandiflora.

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Some Considerations on the Population Regulation of the Green Rice Leafhopper, Nephotettix cincticeps Uhler (끝동매미충 개체군의 밀도조절에 관여하는 몇가지 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Kim S.S.;Hyun J.S.
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 1979
  • To determine the population regulation mechanism of the Green rice leafhopper (Nephotettix cincticeps Uhler), the responses of the population increase to initial densities and the effect of host conditions and temperatures during developmental period were investigated. In the out door experiment, the increasing ratio of population density of this pest was reduced as initial density increased and this density-dependent effect was differ in accordance with host condition. Host conditioning through feeding resulted in reduction in numbers of eggs produced and it seemed to be affected by some inhibiting materials secreted by the pest during feeding. though the direct effect of feeding can't be excluded. The population growth was related with population density and host stage. Thus in late planted units, the host stage was favourable to the growth of population at low initial insect density but unfavourable at relatively high initial insect density and in early planted units, vice versa. The temperature during developmental stages definitely affected the determination of sex ratio of adult population and reduced numbers of eggs produced. The most favourable temperature to the population increase was $290^{\circ}C$, and at high temperature, $33^{\circ}C$, severe reduction of fecundity was shown ana it seemed to be caused by the simple reduction in numbers of eggs produced.

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Residue Analysis of Triadimefon in Wheat by Using Test Fungus and Thin Layer Chromatography (박층(薄層) 크로마토그라피와 지표(指標) 곰팡이의 이용(利用)에 의한 밀에 있어서 Triadimefon의 잔류량 분석)

  • Bhatnagar Kalpna;Lal Thakore B.B.;Mathur Sneh;Chakravarti B.P.
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.229-233
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    • 1986
  • By using the test fungus Macrophomina phaseolina, residues of triadimefon were found in straw collected after harvest from sprayed plants of wheat varieties Kharchia and Lal Bahadur but grains contain no such residues. Thin layer chromatographic method was developed to detect residues of the fungicide which was found to be present in straw of sprayed plants of both the varieties. No residues could be detected in grain samples. It was found that triadimefon was converted in triadimenol in/to host.

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Fabrication of an Ultralow Density Material Based on Wire-Weaving (와이어 직조에 기반한 극저밀도 재료의 제조법)

  • Choi, Jung Myung;Gang, Liu;Kang, Kiju
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.41 no.8
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    • pp.737-744
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    • 2017
  • A new ultralow density material (ULDM) named Shellular was recently introduced. Shellular has a periodic cellular structure with smooth-curved shells. The template for the first Shellular was fabricated using lithography and its shape was similar to the P-surface, a type of triply periodic minimal surface (TPMS). In this paper, a new fabrication method of Shellular with D-surface, named W-Shellular, is described. W-Shellular is fabricated based on weaving of polymer wires. The compressive properties are evaluated by experiments and analysis in comparison with the previous ULDMs.

Studies on the Indigenous Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi(VAMF) in Horticultural Crops Grown Under Greenhouse -I. Spore Density and Root Colonization of the Indigenous VAMF in Soil of Some Horticultural Crops (시설원예(施設園藝) 작물(作物)에서 토착(土着) VA균근균(菌根菌)에 관한 연구(硏究) -I. 감염양상(感染樣相)과 밀도(密度))

  • Sohn, Bo-Kyoon;Huh, Sang-Man;Kim, Kwang-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.225-233
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    • 1991
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the potential of indigenous vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi(VAMF) in the rhizosphere soil of horticultural crops grown under greenhouse and open-field condition, in the southern area of Kores. Soil samples collected from the rhizosphere of some sellected horticultural crops, such as cucumber, hot pepper, lettuca, tomato and eggplant grown under greenhouse or open-field condition. All tested crops are considered as mycorrhizal plants. The infection rate of horticultural crops investigated ranged from 38% to 70%, hot pepper and eggplant grown under greenhouse condition showed the highest infection being 66.0% and 70.0%, respectively. Spore densities were from 4.8 to 20.0g-1 on dried soil basis. Spore densities of VAMF in the rhizosphere soils under greenhouse condition were higher than that of open-field conditions. The highest distribution of spores in diameter ranged from $75{\mu}m$ to $106{\mu}m$ in the rhizosphere soil of lettuce, cucumber and tomato while those in hot pepper and eggplant ranged from $75{\mu}m$ to $250{\mu}m$. Glomus sp.-type spores predominated in the slightly acid soil(pH 6.3), while Acaulospora sp.-type spores greatly predominated in the very strongly acid field(pH 4.9).

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Occurrence of Northern Cereal Mosaic Virus in Korea (우리나라 맥류 북지 모자익 바이러스병의 발생에 관하여)

  • Lee Soon Hyung;Shikata Eishiro
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.87-92
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    • 1977
  • A barley virus disease has been severe in central Korea since 1963. To investigate the causal virus, examination of host ranges, transmission by insect vectors and · electron microscopy were conducted. In electron microscopy, particles identical with northern cereal mosaic virus were observed. The size of baciliform particles ranged from 300nm to 370nm in length and 57-60nm in diameter. The virus was transmitted by the small brown planthopper Laodelphax striatellus (Fallen). The latent period in the vector was seven to nineteen days, with 10 days the most prevalent. Barley, corn, wheat, rye, and oats were susceptible to the virus when inoculated by the insect vectors. It was concluded that the disease agent of the barley disease in Korea is northern cereal mosaic virus. This is the first known report of this disease in Korea.

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