• Title, Summary, Keyword: 기업 기술혁신

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Innovation and Employment in Korean Service Sector - A firm Level Analysis (한국의 서비스업에서 기술혁신전략이 고용에 미치는 영향 - 기업수준의 연구)

  • Park, Song-Kun;Kim, Byung-Keun
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.223-245
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    • 2011
  • We have analysed the impact of innovation on the employment in the Korean Service sector using KIS 2006 data. Our study is based on Bogliacino and Pianta (2010)'s model, which involves two main innovation strategies, technological competitiveness and cost competitiveness, as the main explanatory innovation variables for the employment dynamics. Empirical results show that an increase in demand was the strongest driver for an increase in employment in all four service sectors, including Science-based, specialized supplier, size and information intensive, and supplier dominated. Innovation strategy appeared to have a significant effect on employment at the firm level; Technological competitiveness showed a positive effect on employment in science based sector while cost competitiveness appeared to give a negative effect in specialized supplier sector. The firms in size and information intensive sector showed that increase in wages gives negative impact on their employment. However, cost competitiveness did not give any significant effect on employment dynamics of firms in size and information intensive sector and supplier dominated sector. This finding is different from the research of Bogliacino and Pianta (2010) on the European countries. One possible explanation would be that innovation strategy does not affect employment of firms in size and information intensive sector and supplier dominated sector since the level of innovativeness of these sectors in Korea fall behind that of European countries.

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The Relationship between Technology Innovation and Firm Performance of Korean Companies based on Patent Analysis (특허분석을 통한 기술혁신과 기업성과의 관계분석)

  • Park Sun-Young;Park Hyun-Woo;Cho Man-Hyung
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.1-25
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    • 2006
  • Technological innovation is being recognized as a core capability of competitive advantage for sustainable growth of a company. In this regard, lots of research activities have been conducted on technological innovation and performance at firm level. Ihis study empirically investigates those relationship with cross-sectional and time-series data according to firm-specific characteristics along industry. Patent intensity, R&D intensity, and intangible asset intensity smoothing by firm size are used as proxy measures for explanation of performance with net income per employee. As a result with 162 high-tech firms for 11 years, it was found that high performances were positively related to patent and R&D intensity. Also, firms classified into 8 categories based on firm-specific technological innovation characteristics show difference upon performances. To sum up, firms that have high patent and R&D intensity demonstrate high performance compared to other firms.

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기술혁신역량이 지식경영성과에 미치는 요인에 관한 연구 : 정부 중소벤처기업 R&D사업을 중심으로

  • Seol, Dong-Cheol;Park, Cheol-U
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.51-57
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    • 2020
  • 최근 글로벌 경제의 중장기적 불황과 성장률 하락에 기인하여, 대내외적으로 불투명한 환경하에서 생존하고 발전하기 위한 새로운 대안으로 새로운 상품이나 서비스를 탄생 시키고 생산방식의 변화와 업무 혁신을 통해 조직의 지속가능성을 높이는 조직구조에 대한 관심이 날로 높아지고 있다. 이런 분위기에서 중소벤처기업의 성장은 국가경제에 미치는 영향이 매우 지대하다는 것을 모두 공감 하고 있으며, 이러한 중소벤처기업이 기업 성과를 높이고 그러한 성과를 지속할 수 있도록 구성원들의 기술혁신역량을 높이기 위한 다양한 노력들이 지속되고 있다. 본 연구의 목적 역시 중소벤처 기업의 기술혁신 역량이 지식경영의 성과와 어떠한 상관관계를 가지고 있는가를 조사하고 기업의 전략적 활동을 조직화하여 가치창출에 사용될 자원 및 조직 능력을 외부 네트워크로부터 획득하게 하는 네트워크 역량이 어떤 역할을 수행하는지에 대해 분석 하는데 있다. 즉, 중소벤처기업의 기술 혁신역량이 네트워크 역량을 매개변수로 하여 지식경영 성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구를 중심으로 진행하였다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 기술혁신역량이 중소벤처기업의 네트워크 역량을 매개로 삼아, 기술혁신역량이 지식경영성과에 정(+)의 영향을 미칠 것이라는 가설을 검증하고자 한다. 기술혁신역량을 기반으로 한 경제활동의 불확실성이 높아진 환경 하에서 새로운 변화에 신속히 대응하며, 장기적 경기 침체 극복은 물론이고 거시적 경제 성장과 발전을 이끌어 조직의 지속적 성장과 생존뿐 아니라, 국가의 신성장 동력이 될 수 있도록 하여야 한다. 그리고 조직 내의 가장 중요한 지식경영 성과를 종속변수로 설정하여 본 연구를 진행하였다.

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Analysis of Influential Factors in the Relationship between Innovation Efforts Based on the Company's Environment and Company Performance: Focus on Small and Medium ICT Companies (기업의 환경적 특성에 따른 혁신활동과 기업성과간 영향요인 분석 : ICT분야 중소기업을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Eun-jung;Park, Ho-young
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.989-1018
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    • 2017
  • 본 연구에서는 내 외부 환경, 혁신활동이 기업성과에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지를 파악하기 위해 탐색적 요인분석(Exploratory Factor Analysis), 군집분석(Cluster Analysis), 구조방정식모형(Structural Equation Modeling)을 이용하여 실증분석을 실시하였다. 탐색적 요인분석을 통해 7개의 요인이 추출하였으며, 추출된 요인을 기반으로 군집분석을 시도하였더니 총 4개의 군집(n=1,022)이 형성되었다. 군집 4개의 대해 구조방정식 모형을 활용하여 실증분석을 한 결과, 기술 경쟁 환경에 민감하며, 혁신적인 성향을 가진 군집1은 자체기술개발만이 기업성과에 긍정적 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 시장 환경에 민감하며, 내향적인 성향을 가진 군집2는 자체기술개발과 공동연구를 통해서만 기업성과에 긍정적 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 경쟁적인 환경에 민감하며, 혁신적이고 정부/관련기관과의 협력적 성향을 가진 군집3은 공동연구 그리고 매개변수인 정부지원프로그램 활용을 통해 기업성과에 긍정적 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났으며, 기술도입은 기업성과에 부정적 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 개방적이고 외부협력적 성향이 강한 군집4는 자체기술개발과 매개변수인 네트워크 활용 및 정부지원프로그램 활용이 기업성과에 긍정적 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다.

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Analysis on the Technological Innovation and Cooperative Networks of Service Industries by Region (서비스업 기술혁신과 협력네트워크의 특성 : 수도권과 비수도권 비교 분석을 중심으로)

  • Choi Ji-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.63-77
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    • 2005
  • Innovation, esp. technological innovation, in service sectors has drawn much attention as innovation-driven economy and service-led growth has been emphasized in the 21st century. This paper attempts to analyze the technological innovation from the perspective of geography and to understand the role of cooperative networks in the technological innovation. In sum, this study reveals that more firms in the Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA) tended to succeed in the technological innovation in service sectors than those in the provinces. However, the difference originated from the difference in firms' internal capabilities, not from the difference in the external innovative capabilities represented by cooperative networks relevant to innovative milieu. In terms of cooperative partners, the fm in the provinces placed special importance on universities as cooperative partners, while the firms in the SMA put much emphasis on various types of cooperative partners. The cooperation with private partners was a statistically meaningful variable for the occurrence of technological innovation, regardless of firms' location. The cooperation with public partners proved to influence firms' application for the intellectual property right such as patents in both the SMA and the provinces.

Relationship Analysis among Entrepreneurship, Innovation Capability, External Cooperation, and Technological Innovation Performance for Venture Companies (기업가정신, 혁신역량 및 외부협력이 벤처기업의 기술혁신 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Jong Yeol
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.219-231
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    • 2015
  • Open innovation is known to have a significant impact on the performance of enterprise innovation. The role of open innovation is more critical due to small scale and limitation on the available resources for the venture company. This study focused on the relationship among Entrepreneurship(ENT), Innovation Capability(IC), and External Cooperation(EC), which affect Technological Innovation Performance(TIP) to maximize TIP. Empirical study was proceeded to analyze the relationships among ENT, IC, EC, and TIP for venture companies in Busan. ENT was verified to have a positive impact on IC, EC, and TIP. IC was done on EC and TIP. EC was done on TIP. Each of IC and EC showed positive mediating role in the relationship between ENT and TIP. Finally, IC and EC together performed positive mediating role in the relationship between ENT and TIC.

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The Relation between Innovation Pattern and Social Capital: Focus on IT Companies located in Gyeongbuk (기업의 혁신유형과 사회적 자본의 관계 - 경북 소재 IT 기업을 대상으로 -)

  • 김선우;이장재;이철우
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.547-559
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    • 2005
  • 본 연구는 혁신목적과 사회적 자본간의 관계를 탐색적으로 고찰하친 있다. 기업의 혁신목적 유형에 따라 사회적 자본의 특성이 다르게 나타나는가를 분석한다. 이를 검증하기 위해 본 연구에서는 2005년 6월에서 7월 사이에 실시된 $\ulcorner$경북 IT기업 기술혁신활동 조사$\lrcorner$ 에서 나타난 176개 기업자료를 실증적으로 분석하였다. 분석은 IT기업의 기술혁신 유형변수로 '탐색형 기업', '활용형 기업'으로 구분하였고, 사회적 자본은 네트워크의 범위를 나타내는 '구조적 변수'와 강도를 나타내는 '관계적 변수'로 구분하여 구성형태를 분석하였다. 분석 결과, 탐색형 기업에서는 네트워크의 범위가 넓고(sparse network) 약한 연계(weak tie) 관계를 가지는 반면, 활용형 기업에서는 네트워크가 범위를 좁고(dense network) 강한 연계(strong tie) 관계를 가지는 것으로 나타났다.

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Effects of Entrepreneurial Orientation and Firm's Resources on Technological Innovation Performance and Ambidextrous Innovation; with Meditation Effects of Dynamic Capabilities (기업가지향성과 기업자원이 기술혁신성과와 기술혁신 양면성에 미치는 영향; 동적역량의 매개효과 중심으로)

  • Lee, Wan Jae;Lim, Wang Kyu
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.10
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    • pp.133-150
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    • 2017
  • In this study, the performance of the technological innovation of small and medium enterprises is divided into short-term aspects of technological innovation and long-term aspects of ambidextrous innovation, and the effects of dynamic capabilities affecting these achievements are explored. For the purpose of conducting empirical analysis, the survey conducted a survey of 219 small businesses belonging to various industries, and dynamic capabilities performed a parallel multi-parameter analysis to demonstrate the effectiveness of technological innovation performance, including exploratory innovation and exploitative innovation. Through this study, it aims to understand the dynamic capabilities of the small and midsize enterprises and provide suggestions on how to manage of the company, thereby improving the understanding of dynamic capabilities and helping to improve the management of small and medium-sized enterprises.

An Analysis of the Hampering Factors of Innovation: Focusing on SMEs in Korean Manufacturing Industry (한국 중소기업의 혁신 저해 요인이 기업의 혁신 활동에 미치는 요인 분석)

  • Woo, Ji Hwan;Kim, Young Jun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.8
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    • pp.115-126
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the factors that hinder innovation of SMEs on innovation activities of Korean firms. Many existing literature studies remain focused on factors that promote innovation activities. However, in order for companies to promote innovation, it is important to analyze the factors that hinder innovation as well as those that promote innovation. In this study, we analyzed the relationship between technological innovation inhibition factors and technological innovation performance of 4,075 SMEs in Korea using the Korea Institute of Science and Technology Policy statistical data. The research model and hypothesis test of this study consist of three stages. First, the reliability of the variables used was verified using exploratory factor analysis. Second, the proposed hypothesis was modeled using structural equation modeling. Finally, validity of the structural equation was verified using confirmatory factor analysis. As a result, the lack of need for innovation influenced innovation performance and the government support system mediated them. SMEs should establish technological innovation strategies to maximize the effect of technological innovation with limited resources, and government should make polices to promote innovation of SMEs. It's expected to be used in the case of establishing a support policy.

How does Product Innovation Enhance Firm Performance?: The Moderating Role of Process Innovation, Organizational Innovation and Marketing Innovation (기업의 재무적 성과 향상을 위한 제품혁신 메커니즘 분석: 공정혁신, 조직혁신, 마케팅혁신의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Oh, Shin-Ho;Han, Sang-Yun;Bae, Sung Joo
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.1006-1031
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    • 2013
  • This study investigates the extent to which product innovation is associated with firm performance, and how this effect is moderated by other type of innovation efforts. Empirical analysis is conducted (1) to determine the effect of product innovation on firm performance; (2) to explore the moderating effect that process innovation, organizational innovation and marketing innovation activities each has on the relationship between product innovation and firm performance. The analytical sample comprises a total of 816 Korean manufacturing firms from the 2010 KIS (Korean Innovation Survey) data and merged with financial data from KIS Info for acquiring the objectivity. The results show that product innovation is positively associated with a firm performance. Product innovation when combined with higher levels of process, organizational and marketing innovation activities resulted in higher firm performance. The results suggest that product innovation is a decisive factor of firm performance. More importantly, process, organizational and marketing innovation activities support product innovation and thus impact firm performance indirectly. In addition, this study examines the effect of innovation activities on firm performance by different firm size and R&D intensity, thereby further improving the details of this study.

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