• Title, Summary, Keyword: 기업 기술혁신

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ICT중소기업의 기업가 정신과 혁신역량이 기업성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 : 사회적 자본의 조절효과 분석을 중심으로

  • Roh, Doo-Hwan;Jeong, Young-Keun;Park, Ho-Young
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.387-412
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    • 2017
  • 우리나라의 중소기업은 국가경제의 근간을 이루고 있으며, 고용창출, 기술혁신, 산업의 다양성 등 여러 측면에서 국민경제 발전에 있어서 실질적인 원동력이 되고 있다. 이로 인해 중소기업은 기술혁신을 통해서 혁신역량을 확보하는 것이 더욱더 중요해졌으며, 내부자원의 한계로 인해 경영에 필요한 다양한 정보와 여러 가지 도움들을 외부와의 협업과 다양한 네트워크 활동을 통해 습득해 나가고 있다. 더 나아가서 시장기회를 포착하고 조직 성장을 위한 수단들을 모색하기 위한 수단으로 기업가 정신 또한 필요하다. 본 연구는 ICT중소기업의 기업성과에 영향을 미치는 요인에 있어 기업가 정신과 기업의 혁신역량이 어떠한 영향을 미치는지 알아보고자 했으며, 사회적 자본이 기업가 정신과 기업성과 간의 조절역할을 하는지 살펴보고자 1,200개 기업을 대상으로 실증 분석을 했다. 분석 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 기업가 정신은 기업성과에 유의미한 영향을 미치는 것으로 확인됐으며, 사회적 자본 변수가 기업가 정신과 기업성과 간의 조절효과가 있다는 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 둘째, 혁신 역량이 기업성과에 유의미한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났으며, 또한 사회적 자본 변수가 조절효과를 한다는 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 이러한 연구 결과를 통해, 기업가 정신이 기업성과에 영향을 미치는데 있어서 사회적 자본이 중요한 역할을 하고 있다는 것을 확인할 수 있었다.

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Investigation of Research Institute Company's Model for Regional Innovation (지역혁신 활성화를 위한 우수 연구소기업 모형 선정)

  • Heo, Pil-woo;Chun, Dongphil
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.49-64
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    • 2017
  • 정부는 지역의 내생적인 역량을 바탕으로 지역혁신을 활성화하기 위하여 지역별로 연구개발특구 제도를 시행하고 있다. 연구개발특구내 각종 세제혜택과 정책적인 지원을 받는 연구소기업 제도는 지역혁신활성화를 위해 새롭게 등장한 혁신액터이다. 그러나, 이러한 연구소기업의 모형에 대한 연구는 체계적으로 이루어지지 않고 있으며, 대부분의 기업혁신활동에 대한 연구는 수도권과 대전 중심으로 이루어졌다. 본 연구에서는 기업대표를 대상으로 우수 연구소기업 모형 선정을 위한 요소들을 선정하고 AHP(계층적 분석기법)을 통하여 우수 모형을 선정하였다. 그 결과, 우수한 연구소기업 모형을 선정하는 데 가장 중요한 요인은 기술요인으로 나타났으며, 그 중 기술의 우수성을 최우선적으로 선택하였다. 또한, 세가지 연구소기업 모형 중, 합작투자형을 가장 선호하는 것으로 조사되었다. 본 연구는 지역을 기반으로 체계적인 우수 연구소기업 모형을 선정하는 시스템을 확립하고 정책적 시사점을 도출하는 성과를 거두었으며, 특히 제2의 도시임에도 불구하고 혁신클러스터 논의에서 소외된 부산지역을 중심으로 본 연구가 진행된 것에 큰 의미가 있다. 향후 설문범위와 숫자를 확대한다면 더 좋은 정책적 의미를 거둘 수 있을 것으로 보인다. 향후 연구소기업의 모형에 따른 장단점 분석과 함께 지역에서의 기술혁신활동에 대한 연구가 더욱 증가되어야 할 것이다.

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The Impact of Entrepreneurial Orientation and External Oriented Organizational Culture on the Korean Manufacturing SMEs' Performance: Focusing on the Mediation Effect of Open Innovation (기업가 지향성과 개방적 조직문화가 기업성과에 미치는 영향: 개방형 혁신의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Eung-Seog;Kim, Byung-Keun
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.37-68
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    • 2018
  • This study examines the effects of entrepreneurial orientation and external oriented organizational culture on the firm perfornamance focusing on mediating effects of open innovation. The survey was conducted on Korean manufacturing firms with 100-5,000 employees among listed companies and external auditing companies. The validity of the research model and hypotheses was verified through analysis of structural equation model for 283 valid responses. Empirical results show that entrepreneurial orientation positively affects both open innovation and firm's performance. The external oriented organizational culture of firms appears to be positive effects on open innovation, but the effect between the external oriented organizational culture and firm's performance shows no statistical significance. Open innovation have positive effects on firm performance. In addition, a test for mediation effects of open innovation reveals that a full mediation exists between the external oriented organizational culture and firm's performance, while there is a partial mediation effect between entrepreneurial orientation and firm's performance. This study contribute to the literature by deepening understanding on the open innovation. We propose an integrated model for examining antecedent factors, open innovation and performance.

Effects of the Innovative Company Certification System on Technological Innovation Activities and Performance of SMEs (혁신형 기업 인증 제도가 중소기업의 기술적 혁신 활동과 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoo, Hyoung Sun;Jun, Seung-pyo;Kim, Ji Hui
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.1212-1242
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    • 2017
  • In this study, the effectiveness of the innovative company certification system, which is one of the important means of the SME innovation promotion policies, was examined in terms of technological innovation activity and performance. To this end, we used the results of 'SME Technology Statistical Survey' conducted by the Small and Medium Business Administration and the Korea Federation of Small and Medium Business in 2013~2015 to compare the innovative SMEs that have received the certifications such as Venture Certification, Innobiz Certification, and Mainbiz Certification with the general SMEs that did not. As a result, it was found that the innovative SMEs have comparative advantage in many detailed indicators related to the technological innovation activity and performance. However, the ratio of external use of R&D expenditure, the number of technology development attempts and the number of successes were not different according to the survey year, so it is necessary to strengthen the follow-up management of the system. On the other hand, the proportion of self-procurement R&D expenditure of the general SMEs was significantly higher than that of the innovative SMEs in all three-year surveys. Therefore, it is necessary to regulate the government funding for the innovative SMEs to be used as a complementary material, not as a substitute for their own R&D investment. In addition, the technological innovation activity and performance of a company were more influenced by the size of the company and the participating industry rather than by the certification, so it is necessary to consider it when establishing the technology innovation promotion policies.

The Impact of Technological Regulation on the Technological Innovation and Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs): Evidence from a Survey Data of Korean SMEs (기술규제와 중소기업 성과의 관계 탐색: 기술혁신의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • An, Seung-Gu;Kim, Gwon-Sik;Lee, Gwang-Hun
    • Journal of Regulation Studies
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.63-91
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    • 2018
  • This paper attempts to explore the impact of technological regulation on technological innovation and performance of Small and Medium Enterprises(SMEs) by analysing a survey data of 286 Korean SMEs. The 3-step mediated regression analysis results reveal that the perceived regulatory burden is negatively associated with SMEs' R&D investment and innovation of product and process. Moreover, the level of regulatory burden may affect the objective and subjective performance of SMEs. The results suggest that regulatory policies for reducing regulatory burden need to be designed and implemented in order to enhance technological innovation and performance of SMEs.

The Effect of Creativity of Executives on Innovative Performance of Firms: Focusing on the Mediating Effects of Entrepreneurial Orientation and Technological Innovation Orientation of Research Organization (경영자의 개인창의성이 기업 혁신성과에 미치는 영향: 연구조직의 기업가지향성과 기술혁신지향성의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Shin, Ju Hoon;Cho, Keun Tae;Park, Sang Hyeok
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.73-87
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    • 2018
  • Creativity, entrepreneurship, and technological innovation orientation are key factors for technological innovation. The main driver of technological innovation in the enterprise is the executives of the firm. According to the Upper Echelons Theory of D.C. Hambrick(2007), the creativity of the managerial individual will be put into various aspects within the organization's innovation system. The organizational innovation system is positively influenced by the creativity of the executives, and is achieved by manifesting innovation orientation and technological innovation orientation with innovative performances. The purpose of this study is to investigate using Structural Equation Modeling(SEM), whether individual creativity of executives of 132 companies with research organizations among domestic semiconductor companies in Korea influences innovation performance of firms through entrepreneurship orientation and technology innovation orientation. We applied the personal creativity level measurement index, the entrepreneurial orientation measurement factor, and the technology innovation orientation measurement factor identified in the previous research literature. The results of the Structural Equation Modeling analysis show that the creativity of executives have a positive (+) relationship with the innovation performance of firms when they are only mediated by technological innovation orientation, and entrepreneurial orientation. On the other hand, the results of the SEM shows the direct effects between the creativity of executives and innovation performance are not statistically valid. As a result, the individual creativity of executives who lead the innovation of the firm, entrepreneurial orientation, and technological innovation orientation of the researcher organization are very important factors and an inseparable relationship for the successful innovation of the firms.

Effect of IT Manufacturing Firms' Technological Innovation Factors -Focused on Cooperative relation and Governmental support- (기업협력과 정부지원에 따른 IT제조기업 기술혁신 영향 분석)

  • Park, Tae-Hoon;Park, Kyung-Hye
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.9
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    • pp.39-45
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    • 2012
  • The technological innovation of IT manufacturing firms is the competitive tool for them to survive in the environment of an intensive competition. This technological innovation is critical in the survival of IT companies, but various factors should be considered to embody technological innovation effect. This paper aims to identify the determinant factors of the outcome which influence the technological innovation based on the IT companies, and set up a model for measuring technological innovation effect. A hypothesis was established for the impact relation between technological innovation effect, cooperative relation and government support level, which was verified through the structural equation model(SEM). As a result, the cooperation of IT companies and the governmental support affect the effectiveness of technological innovation. Eventually, government support for IT manufacturing firms derive business collaboration and continuous support is needed.

A Study on the Factors Affecting Technological Innovation of Innovative IT SMEs (혁신형 IT 중소기업의 기술혁신에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, J.K.;Hwang, K.T.
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.201-224
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    • 2016
  • The main objective of this study is to identify and analyze the factors affecting technology innovation of the innovative IT SMEs. A research model is established based on the previous studies on the technology innovation of SMEs. The model consists of independent variables (Adhocracy culture, R&D capability, IT capability, Leadership, and Appraisal & Reward), an intermediate variable (Knowledge management), and dependent variables (product/service innovation and process innovation). Major research results can be summarized as follows: IT SMEs pursuing technology innovation should: (1) pay attention to innovation oriented culture, IT capability, and evaluation & compensation systems of the company; (2) recognize that knowledge management is an essential activity performed by the company; (3) strengthen the R&D capabilities of the company by not only exerting internal efforts but establishing cooperative network with various parties; and (4) resolve the decoupling problem of the evaluation & compensation system.

The Study on the Characteristics of Technology Innovation Activities of High Growth Firms (고성장기업의 기술혁신활동 특성에 대한 연구)

  • KIM, HYEON-CHANG
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.28-49
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    • 2019
  • This paper explores the characteristics of innovation activities in high growth firms that contribute to national and regional economic growth and job creation. The analysis is based on the 2016 KIS data to analyze the difference in innovation activities between high growth firms and general firms. The main results are as follows: First, high growth firms have a higher proportion of R&D personnel than general firms. Second, high growth firms are actively introducing product innovation, process innovation, and organizational innovation as compared to general firms. In the innovation activities related to product innovation and process innovation, there is no statistically significant difference between high growth companies and general companies except for external R&D. Third, High growth firms are more likely to cooperate with other technology partners than general firms. But, there is no statistically significant difference between high growth firms and general firms in the external knowledge search and the diversity of cooperating partners. Fourth, in terms of protecting innovation, high growth firms are more likely to use all kinds of innovation protection method, such as 'utilizing intellectual property rights', 'maintaining confidentiality', 'adopting complex design methods', 'market preemption ahead of competitors', and the most important means is the intellectual property rights. Fifth, government innovation policies that high growth firms chose as important are 'innovation subsidies and loans', 'acquirement, utilization and protection of intellectual property rights' and 'human resource support'.

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