• Title, Summary, Keyword: 기업가역할

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Identity of Entrepreneurs in the Evolution of a New Organizational Form: The Emergence and Growth of eBook Publishers Population in Korea (새로운 조직형태의 진화과정에서 나타나는 기업가 정체성: 한국 전자 책 출판 생태계의 발생과 성장을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Margeum;Shin, Dongyoub;Jung, Kiwon
    • The Journal of Small Business Innovation
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.17-36
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    • 2016
  • The current paper examines the role of the identity of entrepreneurs in the emergence and evolution of a new organizational form by empirically analyzing the evolution of eBook publishers in Korea from 1996 to 2011. Drawing on the recently developed identity-based theory of organizational form in the organizational ecology literature, we test hypotheses on the effects of focused and diffused organizational identities on organizational founding in an emergent organizational population. The results of our empirical analysis that tested three hypotheses about a positive relationship between focused identity and form emergenceand negative relationships between diffused (horizontal and vertical) identity and form emergence largely supported the argument of identity-based entrepreneurship. General implications are discussed.

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The Influence of Entrepreneurial Supporting Policy and Entrepreneurship on Entrepreneurial Intention in the fusion of industries -Considering the moderating effect of the business failure burden and self-efficacy- (융복합 산업 분야에서의 창업지원정책 및 기업가 정신이 창업의지에 미치는 영향 -사업실패 부담감과 자기효능감의 조절효과를 고려하여-)

  • Kwon, Myung-Kyu;Yang, Hae-Sool
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.21-37
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of study was to examine the entrepreneurial supporting policy and the entrepreneurship which can affect the entrepreneurial intention, and to prove the moderating effect of the business failure burden and the self-efficacy on the relationship of the entrepreneurial supporting policy, entrepreneurship and the entrepreneurial intention through the empirical study in the fusion of industries. We used data from 321 survey participants by using structured questionnaires, excluding dishonest respondents, and statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS 18.0 statistic package. We used hierarchical regression technique to prove our hypothesis. The results showed that education and marketing support which are part of the entrepreneurial supporting policy in the fusion of industries will have positive influence on innovativeness, pro-activeness and risk acceptability which are part of entrepreneurship. It has been reported that only funding support has positive influence on entrepreneurship pro-activeness. The results also indicated that the entrepreneurial supporting policy will have positive influence on the entrepreneurial intention, but business failure burden and self-efficacy will have no moderating effect in the relation between the entrepreneurial supporting policy and the entrepreneurship. The theoretical and practical implications of the findings were discussed and the directions for future research were presented.

An Empirical Study on the Influence of Humane Entrepreneurship on SMEs Performance: Focused on the Serial Multiple Mediation Effect (사람중심 기업가정신이 중소기업 성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 직렬다중매개효과 분석을 중심으로)

  • Lee, II-Han
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.221-234
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    • 2020
  • The role of entrepreneurship has become important for the continuous growth (scale-up) of companies in a rapidly changing economic environment. However, research has focused mainly on business-oriented growth that emphasizes efficiency only. However, in the era of the fourth industrial revolution, people have become more important than corporate efficiency. In particular, there are few studies on SMEs. The purpose of this study is to investigate how the characteristics of human - centered organizational culture affects the business ecosystem and firm excellence of SMEs, and how business ecosystem and firm excellence affect the performance of corporations. Therefore, this study focuses on the empathy, enablement, empowerment, and engagement of the corporate culture characteristics of the enterprise and the effects of the independent variables on the business ecosystem and the flower excellence as the parameters and the business ecosystem and company excellence. The main research subjects are the causality analysis that examines the effects on the management performance. The results of the study are as follows. Empathy, enablement, empowerment, engagement have a significant impact on the business ecosystem. In addition, the engagement have a positive effect on firm excellence. The results of empirical studies on the causal relationship between business ecosystem, corporate competence, and company excellence and business performance show that business ecosystem has no statistically significant effect on business performance. Corporate excellence has a significant effect on business performance Respectively. In addition to the above findings, this study can suggest the following implications. First, it is an empirical study of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) by utilizing people-oriented entrepreneurship in addition to existing research. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are expected to have lower perceptions of people-oriented management than large corporations or public institutions, but the analysis shows that people-centered entrepreneurship has a significant impact on the business ecosystem. Second, the research results of the serial multiple mediating effect analysis show that the higher the atmosphere of entrepreneurship in a company, the higher the atmosphere of entrepreneurship, and the parameters of business ecosystem and company excellence in the effect of people-oriented entrepreneurship on management performance. It is that the path through which people-oriented entrepreneurship influences management performance was verified by verifying the mediating effect by inputting. Lastly, it is hoped that research on people-oriented entrepreneurship in Korea's SMEs will be activated, providing a theoretical basis for transforming SMEs' business models into innovative types.

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Analysis on the Factors Affecting the Education Satisfaction in Social Entrepreneur Academies (사회적 기업가 아카데미 교육만족도 영향요인 분석 -학습동기 조절효과를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Yong Gu;Kim, Jun-Woo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.53-62
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this research is to find the factors affecting the academic education satisfaction of social entrepreneurs, and to analyse the moderate variable such as the study motivation among the factors. These factors includes the curriculum, the education management, the education facilities, the characteristics of instructors and the study motivation. To do this end, this study set up the research questionnaire from the study of Houle (1961) and Hyun and Kim (2010), and did the moderate regression analysis to test the hypothesis that the academic motivation can do as the moderate variable while affecting the education satisfaction. The study finds that the factors such as the curriculum, the education management, the education facilities and the characteristics of instructors show the statistically significant test results. Also the study motivation as a moderate variable shows significant result. Thus for educating the social entrepreneurs, the study motivation of them should be deeply considered.

Self-Efficacy as Moderator in Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intention: Comparison between Korean and Chinese University Students (한·중 대학생들의 자기효능감 조절효과분석: 기업가정신교육과 창업의도 관계에서)

  • Yang, Jun Hwan
    • The Journal of Small Business Innovation
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.17-35
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    • 2016
  • Understanding key factors that affect entrepreneurial intention of university students is important to establish effective pedagogy for educating potential entrepreneurs. This cross-cultural study examines the direct effects of entrepreneurship education and self-efficacy on entrepreneurial intention of university students, and further examined how self-efficacy interacts with an entrepreneurship education in promoting entrepreneurial intention of Korean and Chinese university students. Empirical findings of this study suggest that entrepreneurship education and self-efficacy affect significantly entrepreneurial intention of university students in both countries. The proposed moderation effect of self-efficacy was supported for Korea but not China. The implications of the study were discussed and presented in terms of theoretical and practical aspects.

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개인의 특성이 창업만족도와 성과에 미치는 영향: 성격 5요인을 중심으로

  • An, Seung-Gwon;Jeon, Hye-Jin
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.135-141
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    • 2019
  • 신(新)산업 발굴 및 신(新)고용창출을 위한 대안으로 창업정책이 확대 및 확산되어 지고 있다. 이러한 시대적 상황 속에서 창업의 성공을 높이기 위한 교육이나 연구가 계속 되고 있다. 이를 위해서는 직업을 선택하거나 새로이 창업을 하고 조직에서 각자의 역할을 진행하는 과정에 개개인이 타고나고 특성들에 대한 고민이 함께 되어야한다. 경제성장 및 정량적 고용창출의 목적을 넘어 창업가들이 직업적 가치를 위한 자아실현 관점에서 창업가 육성을 고민해야 할 시점이 될 것이다. 이러한 만족스러운 직업을 갖게 하는 것이 진정한 의미에서의 국가의 역할이라 할 수 있을 것이다. 즉, 창업가 육성에 관한 관점을 소유권과 시장보호 및 개척의 관점을 넘어 국민의 생애 만족도를 높이기 위한 창업교육과 정책에 관한 연구가 필요하다. 본 연구에서는 창업 시 만족도와 성과에 영향을 줄 수 있는 창업가의 개인적 특성 중 성격 5요인(BIG5)을 중심으로 기업가정신과 성과에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지 살펴봄으로서 개인의 어떠한 특성이 주요하게 작용하는지 분석하고자 한다. 이를 위해 국내 창업의 다수를 차지하고 있으면서도 어려움을 겪고 있는 소상공인 중 외식업, 의류업, 커피전문점, 미용업 등의 자영업자를 대상으로 본 연구를 진행하였다. 연구를 통해 창업성과를 높이기 위해 성격 5요인이 모두 중요하게 작용함을 확인할 수 있었다. 개방성과 친화성을 바탕으로 만족도를 높은 창업자를 육성하고 외향성과 성실성을 높인다면 실질적인 재무성과로 연결시킨다면 창업의 성공을 높일 수 있을 것이다. 앞으로 창업교육과 정책 방향의 토대를 마련하기 위한 창업자 개인의 특성에 관한 다양한 연구가 시도되어야 할 것이다.

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The Effects of the Protean Career Attitude on Entrepreneurial Intention: Mediating Role Employability and Entrepreneurship & Moderating Role of Mentoring Experience (전문대학생의 프로티언 경력태도가 창업의도에 미치는 영향: 고용가능성과 기업가정신의 매개 및 실습경험의 조절효과)

  • Kim, Jeong In;Ga, Hye Youn
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.89-101
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    • 2018
  • This paper empirically analyzed whether or not professional college students' Protean career attitudes affect entrepreneurial intention through employability and entrepreneurship, and whether or not they have practical training experiences can make a difference in such influence. For this reason, a questionnaire survey was conducted on about 240 students at specialized universities in Seoul and the Gyeonggi province for one month beginning on June 1, 2018. Of the 220 collected questionnaires, 214 parts in total were selected for final analysis, except for the 6 parts of the answer sheet which were not sure if there was a missing value or not. The main findings are as follows. First, it has been confirmed that the professional career attitude of Protean has influenced employability and entrepreneurial intention, but has not directly influenced entrepreneurial intention. Secondly, it has been confirmed that the employability and entrepreneurship have have a positive influence on the entrepreneurial intention. Thirdly, it has been confirmed that employability and entrepreneurship play a role as a fully mediated role in the relationship between the attitude of the Protean career and the entrepreneurial intention. Fourthly, considering the characteristics of the vocational college, there is no difference in the influence of employability and entrepreneurship on the entrepreneurial intentions, but the influence of the protean career attitude on employability and entrepreneuriship was different depending on whether or not they had the practical training experiences. This study is to analyze the relationship between the protean career attitude and the entrepreneurial intention in the aspect of employment and entrepreneurial activation of young people.

The Effects of the Protean Career Attitude on Entrepreneurial Intention: Mediating role Employability and Entrepreneurship & Moderating role of Mentoring Experience (전문대학생의 프로티언 경력태도가 창업의도에 미치는 영향: 고용가능성과 기업가정신의 매개 및 실습경험의 조절효과)

  • Ga, Hye-Yeong;Kim, Jeong-In
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.201-213
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    • 2018
  • This paper empirically analyzed whether or not professional college students' Protean career attitudes affect entrepreneurial intention through employability and entrepreneurship, and whether or not they have practical training experiences can make a difference in such influence. For this reason, a questionnaire survey was conducted on about 240 students at specialized universities in Seoul and the Gyeonggi province for one month beginning on June 1, 2018. Of the 220 collected questionnaires, 214 parts in total were selected for final analysis, except for the 6 parts of the answer sheet which were not sure if there was a missing value or not. The main findings are as follows. First, it has been confirmed that the professional career attitude of Protean has influenced employability and entrepreneurial intention, but has not directly influenced entrepreneurial intention. Secondly, it has been confirmed that the employability and entrepreneurship have have a positive influence on the entrepreneurial intention. Thirdly, it has been confirmed that employability and entrepreneurship play a role as a fully mediated role in the relationship between the attitude of the Protean career and the entrepreneurial intention. Fourthly, considering the characteristics of the vocational college, there is no difference in the influence of employability and entrepreneurship on the entrepreneurial intentions, but the influence of the protean career attitude on employability and entrepreneuriship was different depending on whether or not they had the practical training experiences. This study is to analyze the relationship between the protean career attitude and the entrepreneurial intention in the aspect of employment and entrepreneurial activation of young people.

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Relationship Among Self-Determination, Entrepreneurship and Entrepreneurial Intention of University Students in Korea (예비창업자의 자기결정성이 기업가정신과 창업의지에 미치는 영향: 창업교육의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Sung Hwan;Bok, Kyoung Soo;Park, Jae Choon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.15-26
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    • 2015
  • Overall, college students tend to be immersed in the relatively safe employment, such as civil servants or public sector than start one's own business due to the lack of entrepreneurial spirit which made the great success in order to take the risk and innovative challenge. In this study, relationship between pre-founder of college students' self-determination, entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial intentions are to be determined. As a result, the implications were derived in order to make pre-founder various ways of career decision beside employment. Therefore start-up training courses was verified by moderating effects. The results are first, high self-determination(Autonomy, Efficacy) of the pre-founder made positive impact on entrepreneurial intention. Second, high self-determination(Autonomy, Efficacy) of the pre-founder made positive impact on entrepreneurship. Third, entrepreneurship of the pre-founder made positive impact on entrepreneurial intention. Fourth, entrepreneurship was carried out a full mediating role in the relationship between self-determination and entrepreneurial intention. Finally, Pre-founder group who have taken entrepreneurship education have showed a positive relationship between high self-determination(Autonomy, Competence, Relationship) and entrepreneurial intention. Based on these results, especially pre-founders, in order to improve the willingness of university students entrepreneurship, highly motivated intrinsic motivation is needed to ensure the student's self-determination in University education. It looks that can be achieved through the strengthening of entrepreneurship education for autonomy, competence, efficacy improvement.

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Research on the Effects of Entrepreneurship of Enterpriser on Subjective Well-being: Focusing on job stress factors and relationship (경영자의 기업가정신이 주관적 웰빙에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 직무스트레스 요인과 관계성을 중심으로)

  • Byun, Hee-Ji;Seo, Young-Wook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.8
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    • pp.128-137
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    • 2020
  • Academic research on entrepreneurship has long been studied in various fields, but research on the relationship between entrepreneurship and subjective well-being is insufficient. This study aims to examine how challenge and hindrance stress affect subjective well-being in the impact of entrepreneurship on subjective well-being in the enterpriser of domestic company, and to determine whether the relationship among the individual characteristics of self-determination factors in this relationship has a mediating effect. According to research results, First, entrepreneurship had a positive effect on challenge stress and subjective well-being, while hindrance stress had an effect of negative. Second, challenge stress had a positive effect on relationships and subjective well-being had a positive influence but was insufficient and hindrance stress had a negative effect on both relational and subjective well-being. Third, Challenge stress and hindrance stress both influenced positive on subjective well-being through relationships. When you summarize the results of the research, It has been confirmed that the entrepreneurship of enterpriser effects subjective well-being, that hindrance stress is a factor that can interfere with subjective well-being, and that relationships play an important role in enhance subjective well-being of enterpriser. Based on these findings, conclusions were discussed and implications and directions for follow-up research were presented.