• Title, Summary, Keyword: 기업가역할

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청소년의 기회발견, 창의성 역량, 자기주도 학습력이 진로결정 자기효능감에 미치는 영향: 기업가정신을 매개로 하여

  • Hwang, Gyo-Jin;Lee, U-Jin
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 2019
  • 21세기 4차 산업혁명 시대에 급변하는 산업과 기술 발전으로 인해 기존의 직업과 일자리의 위협과 변화가 커짐에 따라 청소년의 진로에 대한 준비는 더욱 절실해졌다. 청소년들은 급격한 기술 발전과 시장의 변화로 인한 기존 직업 소멸, 일생에서의 직업 활동기간의 비약적인 증가가 맞물려서 평생 한 번은 창직이나 창업을 해야만 하는 시대를 살고 있다. 이에 대비하기 위해 진로 및 직업활동에 대한 기회를 발견하고, 급변하는 시대와 시장의 다양한 문제들을 창의적으로 해결하고, 남들과 다르게 자신만의 방법으로 다방면의 경험과 지식을 쌓기 위한 자기주도적 학습력이 필수가 되었다. 본 연구는 그동안 다루어지지 않았던 청소년의 기회발견, 창의성 역량, 자기주도 학습력이 진로결정 자기효능감에 미치는 영향에 대해 청소년 진로교육 사례를 중심의 연구이다. 청소년에게 기회발견, 창의성 역량, 자기주도 학습력이 기업가정신의 매개로 하여 진로결정 자기효능감에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지에 대한 것이 주요 연구목적이다. 분석결과, 첫째로 기회발견, 창의성 역량, 자기주도 학습력은 진로결정 자기효능감에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 기업가정신의 향상 정도에 따라 진로결정 자기효능감에 매개 역할을 부분적으로 하고 있음이 확인되었다. 이와 같은 결과는 앞으로 청소년의 진로 및 기업가정신 교육에 중요한 자료가 될 것이며, 향후 청소년 진로 및 기업가정신 교육 프로그램의 연구개발을 위해 관련 연구가 확대 되어야 할 것이다.

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Effect of Perceived Relational Supports on Entrepreneurial Motivation of Korean and Chinese University Students: Focused on mediating role of self-efficacy (지각된 관계적 지원이 한·중 대학생의 기업가적 동기에 미치는 영향: 자기효능감의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Yang, Jun Hwan
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2015
  • Strong ties such as family members, relatives and close friends have been widely acknowledged as a vital factor when a potential entrepreneur attempts to initiate entrepreneurial activity. Recent theoretical arguments focus that family social capital, a form of social capital, that is embedded in family relationships can contribute to venture creation as well as to the development of competitive advantage for established firms. Meantime, there have been arguments that the most dominant single entrepreneurial ethnic group in the world is the Chinese people, while the People's Republic of China is widely recognized as fast growing economic power that is driven by entrepreneurial ventures in a large scale. This study tests the effect of perceived relational supports typically being provided by family members, close relatives and friends on forming self-efficacy and entrepreneurial motivation of university students by using samples collected from 4 Korean Universities(Wonkwang, Baekseok, Soongsil and Dankook university) and Guangzhou University in China. The mediating of self-efficacy was also tested to gain better understanding of the role of the variable. The results of the study suggest that 1) both self-efficacy and entrepreneurial motivation are influenced positively by the perceived relational supports, 2) self-efficacy of university students affects their entrepreneurial motivation positively, 3) self-efficacy is appeared to be mediated partially for China in between perceived relational supports and entrepreneurial motivation, but the same variable is exhibited a full mediation in the same path of the research model for Korea, which was a distinction between the students of two countries in this study. Discussion and practical implication on the results are provided.

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Effects of Corporate Entrepreneurship Awareness on Organizational Effectiveness in Public Organizations: Focusing on Domestic Public Sector Practices (공공조직의 사내기업가정신 인식이 조직유효성에 미치는 영향: 국내 공공기관 사례를 중심으로)

  • Park, Young Sang;Lee, Woo Jin
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.83-98
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    • 2016
  • This study investigated the effects of corporate entrepreneurship awareness on organizational effectiveness using a case study of a domestic public institution-something that had not been done before. The main purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between corporate entrepreneurship and the personal entrepreneurship of each organization member. Specifically, we studied the effects of four aspects of corporate entrepreneurship-innovation, risk sensitivity, goal orientation, and autonomy-on the effectiveness of the organization with regard to personal entrepreneurship, defined by creativity, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment, in a public institution. We examined the mediating role of the facets of private entrepreneurship-innovation, risk sensitivity, and goal orientation-on the effectiveness of organizations. In addition, we examined the correlation between the recognition of an organization and individual innovation, creativity, and entrepreneurship in domestic public institutions. We found that corporate entrepreneurship significantly influences organizational effectiveness. We also found that private entrepreneurship has partially influenced organizational effectiveness. This result indicates that specifically personal entrepreneurship in a public organization with a corporate structure contributes in part to organizational effectiveness. Therefore, the efforts made for disruptive innovation and the innovative strategies of corporates with personal entrepreneurship should be kept up for the long haul in order to influence the achievements of organizations in the public sector significantly. The need of the hour is for public institutions to disseminate and extend entrepreneurship at the national level. Furthermore, studies on corporate entrepreneurship in different fields in organizations in the public domain are needed.

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The Effects of Individual Characteristics and Entrepreneurship on Entrepreneurial Intentions: Moderating effect of Hofstede's Cultures Dimensions (개인 특성 및 기업가정신이 창업의도에 미치는 영향: 홉스테드 문화특성의 조절 효과를 중심으로)

  • Oh, Hae Dong;Choi, Jiyeon;Noh, Jeon Pyo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.35-48
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    • 2016
  • Individual characteristics and entrepreneurship are important factors to determine entrepreneurial intentions. Despite this, little attention has been given to external factors, which effects to venture start-up decision. This study examines the relationship between individual characteristics and entrepreneurship by moderating effect of Hofstede's cultures dimensions theory. For this, 244 copies of the questionnaire were empirically analyzed. According to the results of analysis, internal locus of control, self-efficacy were found to have positive effects on autonomy, innovativeness, pro-activeness. In addition, uncertainty avoidance of Hofstede's cultures dimensions theory were found the moderating effects on entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intentions. Therefore, this study suggests theoretical and practical implications, as below, according to the results. Firstly, pro-activeness take a important part on venture start-up. Thus, venture start-up institution and venture managers need to develop "venture education curriculum" that fostering the pro-activeness mind of entrepreneur. Secondly, In order to anticipate entrepreneurial intentions more precisely, analyzing the interaction between environmental variables and individual variables is desirable. Lastly, in the future study of entrepreneurship, the comprehensive analysis of correlation between the factors that including three factors of entrepreneurship is need to be conducted and more effective way of readdressing the entrepreneurship is necessary.

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The Impact of Humane Entrepreneurship on Business Ecosystem and Economic Development (인간중심 기업가정신이 비즈니스 생태계와 경제개발에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yong Jin;Kim, Ki-Chan;Song, Chang Seok;Kang, Myung Soo
    • The Journal of Small Business Innovation
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.3-10
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    • 2018
  • With the advancement in digital transformation with smart technologies and the collapse of industry borders, increasing is the importance of understanding customer problems, fostering employee capabilities, and enhancing the partner capabilities to properly provide the best service to customers. This is what is called the humane entrepreneurship in the 4th Industrial Revolution. Humane entrepreneurship is believed to play a critical role in developing business ecosystems and thus economic growth of nations. We empirically tested the ideas that 1) entrepreneurship as a meta-structuring action shape the healthiness of business ecosystem and 2) subsequently both entrepreneurship and business ecosystems affect economic development of a country. The results indicate that humane entrepreneurship does not directly affect healthiness of business ecosystem, but the balanced humane entrepreneurship together with opportunity in business ecosystems has a positive relationship with GDP growth. In other words, opportunity can be appropriated by entrepreneurs who have balanced sense between human and enterprise dimension. Data collection and methodologies are discussed further in the paper.

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The Effect of Psychological Independence of College Students on the Entrepreneurial Intention -Mediating Effect of Entrepreneurship and Moderating Effect of Sex- (전문대학생의 심리적 독립이 창업의도에 미치는 영향 -기업가정신의 매개 및 성별의 조절효과-)

  • Kim, Jeong In;Ga, Hye Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.430-444
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    • 2019
  • This paper investigates the relationship between psychological independence and entrepreneurial intention of college students and the importance of entrepreneurship through empirical analysis. Therefore, In June 2018. A total of 214 samples were collected from 220 collected samples. The main findings are as follows: Firstly, psychological independence has a positive (+) effect on the entrepreneurship, but it cannot make a direct impact on the entrepreneurial intention. Secondly, It is confirmed that the entrepreneuship has a significant positive effect on each of the entrepreneurial intention. Thirdly, it is confirmed that entrepreneurship has a fully mediating role in the relationship between psychological independence and entrepreneurial intention. Fourthly, It is confirmed that the higher the entrepreneurship among male students, the stronger entrepreneurial intention, but there is no sexual difference in the relationship between psychological independence and entrepreneurship, psychological independence and entrepreneurial intention. In this paper, it has been confirmed that it is important to create a preceding factor of the entrepreneurial intention like psychological independence.

An Effects of Youth Founder's Entrepreneurship and Internal Locus of Control on Possibility of Start-up Success (청년창업자의 기업가정신과 내적 통제소재가 창업성공 가능성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Soo-Hyun;Yoo, Bong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.2677-2687
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    • 2013
  • Entrepreneurship of a founder and psychological characteristics are very important factors for the start-up success. To understand the importance like this, this study investigated effect relationships of the entrepreneurship and psychological characteristics on the start-up success. For this, 122 copies of the questionnaire were empirically analyzed for the youth entrepreneurs who entered the youth founder academy which is founded and managed by the Small and Medium Business Corporation. According to results of analysis, both the entrepreneurship consisting of proactivenss, risk taking and autonomy, and the internal locus of control, the psychological characteristics were found to have positive effects on the start-up success. Therefore, this study suggested theoretical and practical implications, as below, according to the results. Firstly, we must be aware of the importance of the entrepreneurship from the perspective of a successful establishment, and, prospective entrepreneurs, who are planning to the start-up, have to judge their entrepreneurship and, only then, make a decision. Secondly, we have to put our best efforts into developing more effective education on start-up, which deals with improving youth founder's entrepreneurship. Therefore, education institutions for start-up are needed in order to develop educational programs such as "Entrepreneurship Training Programs". Thirdly, we must recognize that the role of family is important because most entrepreneurship and psychological characteristics are formed in a person's childhood. Forth, the entrepreneur, themselves, must realize that they has to make an effort to improve their entrepreneurship. Lastly, youth founder's internal locus of control has to be enhanced. Thus, greater attention is required from both the entrepreneur themselves, and educational institutions for start-up.

The Effect of Entrepreneurship Education on Career Decision Self-Efficacy, Career Preparation Behavior and Entrepreneurial Career Intention : Moderating Effect of Entrepreneurship Education (대학 창업교육이 진로결정 자기효능감, 경력준비행동 및 기업가적 경력의도에 미치는 영향: 창업교육의 조절효과)

  • Jung, Kyung Hee;Sung, Chang Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.49-57
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of entrepreneurship education on the relationship between career decision self-efficacy and career preparation behavior and entrepreneurial career intention. Empirical study was conducted using survey questionnaires for university students and analyzed employing structural equation modelling techniques. The result of this study showed that career decision self-efficacy was positively related to entrepreneurial career intention on entrepreneurship education group. and the impact career decision self-efficacy on the career preparation behavior showed a positive effect on both groups whether entrepreneurship education group. and Career Preparation Behavior influence on the degree of entrepreneurial experience were more positive impact on entrepreneurship education groups. The mediating effect of career preparation behavior was significant on the relationship between tie strength of career decision self-efficacy and entrepreneurial career intention. the theoretical and practical implications of the findings were discussed and the directions for future research were suggested.

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University Students' Starts-up Intention and Its Antecedents: Focusing on Entrepreneurship Education for Freshman Orientation (대학생의 창업의도에 미치는 영향요인에 대한 연구: 신입생 Orientation 기업가정신 교육을 중심으로)

  • Yu, Jum Suk;Suh, Chang Soo;Yu, Yon Ho;Kim, Young Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.91-104
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    • 2016
  • The major results of the study are as follows: First, the accomplishement needs and academic self-efficacy enables students with start-up education through studying immersion and entrepreneurship to set up realistic objectives for personal life and resolving unpredictable problems. Second, creativity does not significantly affect studying immersion, but the higher the creativity of students participating in start-up education, the higher the entrepreneurship compare to studying immersion. Third, studying immersion has a significant impact on entrepreneurship, but has less impact on student's intention for start-up. Students with higher studying immersion through start-up education has higher entrepreneurship spirit and as a result, higher intention for start-up. Finally, the limitation of the study was that the sample was taken only from the freshman of Soonchunhyang University. Therefore, further study is needed for students from all university with start-up education.

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A Study of the Effect of Entrepreneurial Education on Entrepreneurial Motivation: Focused on Mediating Effect of Entrepreneurship (창업교육이 대학생들의 창업동기에 미치는 영향: 기업가정신의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Yang, Jun-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.2564-2572
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    • 2015
  • Entrepreneurial education for university students furnishes necessary knowledges and fosters competences of potential entrepreneurs and help them change their attitudes toward start-up of a new business. This study examines how entrepreneurial education affects promoting entrepreneurship and stimulating entrepreneurial motivation of university students. Testing mediating of entrepreneurship between entrepreneurial education and motivation is another aim of this study. Regression analysis was used to examine each hypothesis of the study. Following refers to summary of the findings of the study; at first, entrepreneurial education affects entrepreneurial motivation of university students positively. Secondly, entrepreneurial education influences promoting entrepreneurship of students. Thirdly, entrepreneurship has a positive effect on entrepreneurial motivation significantly. Lastly, entrepreneurship plays a mediating role between entrepreneurial education and motivation of students. Both theoretical and practical implication were provided based on the findings of the study.