• Title, Summary, Keyword: 기업가역할

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대학 창업교육과정 만족도가 기업가적 기민성, 기회인식, 창업의지에 미치는 영향 : 교육과정특성의 조절효과를 중심으로

  • Han, Won-Hui;HwangBo, Yun
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.75-84
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    • 2020
  • 2010년 이후 정부는 일자리문제 등을 해결하기 위해 창업활성화를 국정과제로 내세우고 있다. 새로운 기회와 가치창출을 통한 창업활성화를 위해 창업의지는 필수적인 요소지만 창업의지를 높이기 위한 방법론 적에 대하여는 많은 연구들의 견해가 엇갈리고 있다. 본 연구는 창업활성화의 첫걸음으로 창업의지를 꼽았으며 창업의지를 가지기위한 선행조건으로 기업가적 기민성·기회인식 역량을 갖추어야 하며 이러한 역량을 강화하기 위해 현재 중점 추진되고 있는 정부주도의 대학 창업교육과정의 역할에 대해 살펴보고자 한다. 또한, 창업교육과정별(교과과정 VS 비교과과정) 비교를 통해 향후 나아가야 할 창업교육의 방향을 제시하고자 한다. 연구목적 달성을 위해 문헌연구와 이를 토대로 한 실증연구 결과는 대학 창업교육과정이 창업에 필수적인 창업의지를 키우기 위한 기업가적 기민성과 기회인식 역량을 증대 및 영향을 끼치는 것을 시사하며 교육 만족도에 따라 그 효과는 변화된다는 것을 보여 준다. 또한, 창업교과과정(학점) 보단 창업비교과과정이(비학점) 창업의지에 더욱 영향을 끼치는 것을 나타내는 결과를 보여주었다. 이러한 연구결과는 대학창업교육과정이 기업가적 기민성과 기회인식의 역량을 증대 시킬 수 있는 창업교육으로 커리큘럼을 수립해야 할 것이며 이론과정 보단 실습 위주의 교육으로 나아가야 한다는 방향성을 보여준다.

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A Study on the Relationship Between Entrepreneurial Orientation and Company Performance in Entertainment Firms (엔터테인먼트 기업의 기업가적 지향성과 기업성과의 관계에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Ha;Yu, Gun-Jea;Lee, Kwang-Chul
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.11-25
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    • 2018
  • This study analyzed how the entrepreneurial orientation of Korean CEO influenced to the performance of companies in entertainment business. The research verified the direct influence that the entrepreneurial orientation of entertainment business affected the companies' performance, and examined the diversity of TMT and the control effect of corporate governance. This study contributed to previous researches in two ways. The first, the study verified the concept of entrepreneurial orientation on entertainment business which was only focused on manufacturing or IT industry although the entrepreneurial orientation received attention as a significant research issue on middle and small venture businesses. Second, the research also verified the characteristics of CEO and executives bringing the concept of TMT's diversity in entertainment companies which were dependent on person's capacity. As a result of the research, the entrepreneurial orientation (innovation, proactiveness, risk-taking) of entertainment entrepreneurs led to a positive effect on financial performance. The research showed that the more TMT was diverse or ownership oriented management, the more broadened the positive effects.

The Effect of Entrepreneurship and Market-orientation on the Performance of Medium and Small-sized Enterprise (중소기업의 기업가정신과 시장지향성이 재무적·비재무적성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kuang-Myung;Park, Ju-Sik
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.326-337
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    • 2016
  • This research attempts to focus on the role of entrepreneurship and market-orientation on firm performance in perspective of medium and small-sized firms. To accomplish the purposes of this research, 500 entrepreneurs in Kyungnam and Ulsan area has been designated as a research object and finally a total of 182 questionnaires were analyzed by using PLS 2.0. The results from this study are as follows: First of all, the hypothesis regarding the influence of entrepreneurship on firm performance was rejected. Secondly, the hypothesis about the role of market-orientation was accepted. Finally, the effect of entrepreneurship on market-orientation was accepted. We outlined implication for theory and practice and suggested research limitation and future research based on research conclusion.

A Study on the Effects of Entrepreneurship and Innovative Competence on Firm's Performance in Korean ICT SMEs: Focusing on Moderating Effect of Social Capital (ICT중소기업의 기업가정신과 혁신역량이 기업성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 사회적 자본의 조절효과 분석을 중심으로)

  • Roh, Doo-Hwan;Park, Ho-Young;Chang, Suk-Gwon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.217-231
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    • 2018
  • In Korea, small and medium sized domestic enterprises(SMEs) play an pivotal role in the national economy, accounting for 99.8% of all enterprises, 87.9% of total employment, and 48.3% of production. and SMEs were driving a real force of the development of national economy in many respects such as innovation, job creation, industrial diversity, balanced regional development. Despite their crucial role in the national development, most of SMEs suffer from a lack of R&D capabilities and equipments as well as funding capacity. Government-Supported Research Institute(GRI) can provide SMEs with valuable supplementary technological knowledges and help them build technological capacities. so, In order to effectively support SMEs, government and GRI must be a priority to know about the factors influencing the performance related to technology transfer and technological collaborations. The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of Innovative competences and CEO's entrepreneurship on Organizational performance in ICT small and medium enterprises, including the moderating effect of Social capital. This study adopted research variables such as Innovative competence, CEO's entrepreneurship as independent variables, with Organizational performance as a dependent variable, including the moderating variable of Social capital. 1,200 companies data which in the field of ICT SMEs were collected from the survey. The result of this empirical study is summarized as follows, First, CEO's entrepreneurship was confirmed to have a significant effect on organizational performance, and social capital variables were confirmed to have a moderating effect between entrepreneurship and organizational performance. Second, it was found that the company's Innovative competence was significantly affected the organizational performance. and also that social capital variables moderating effects. From these findings, it was confirmed that the Innovatibe competence plays an important role in influencing corporate performance.

In Relation to Entrepreneurship and Export Performance of Small and Medium Manufacturing Firm, the Mediating Effect of Product Differentiation Capabilities (중소제조기업의 기업가정신과 수출성과 관계에서 제품차별화 역량의 매개효과)

  • Cho, Yeon-Sung
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.113-138
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    • 2012
  • This study examined the determinants of export performance of small and medium sized manufacturing companies in Korea. Depending on the existing research, taking entrepreneurship and product differentiation capabilities as antecedents of export performance. In addition, the product differentiation capabilities examined whether the role of the mediating effects between entrepreneurship and export performance. Thus, the purpose of the study is look at the integrated model of entrepreneurship, product differentiation capabilities and export performance building and their relationship. On 152 domestic companies, empirical analysis was performed. Empirical analysis was conducted using the PLS(Partial Least Square). And analysis tools were used SmartPLS2.0. In the results of the analysis, risk tolerance and innovativeness of small and medium sized manufacturing businesses, entrepreneurs and product differentiation competence have positive impact export performance in both. Product differentiation capabilities also confirmed that it have a positive impact on the export performance of small manufacturing export enterprises. In analysis of the mediated effect in product differentiation capacity showed a significant mediated effect between innovativeness and export performance. But mediated effects did not indicate a significant risk tolerance. these results suggests the need to actively pursue innovation that more product differentiation capabilities required in export companies to small and medium-sized manufacturing. In other words, when attempting to highlight product differentiation, based on innovation, rather than risk tolerance. In terms of analyzing the mediated role of product differentiation capabilities, this study has theoretical implications for the future research to look at the antecedents of export performance from the perspective of dynamic capabilities and competitive advantage. Also, practical implications in this regard as the innovativeness and taking risks to all important to CEO of small manufacturing enterprises but, stranger in the foreign market competition environment, the role of innovation product is required on raising product differentiation capabilities are presented.

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A Study on the Effects of Entrepreneurship and Technology Commercialization Capabilities of Small and Medium-Sized Manufacturing Enterprises on Financial Performance by Mediating Technological Performance (중소제조기업의 기업가정신과 기술사업화역량이 기술적 성과를 매개로 재무성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Jun, In-Sun;Lee, Rok;Park, Ju-Gyeong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.508-519
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    • 2020
  • This study empirically investigated the influence of entrepreneurship and technological commercialization capabilities of domestic small and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises on financial performance by mediating technological performance. To achieve this, a survey was administered to their hands-on workers in charge of R&D. The survey results were analyzed through the structural equation model as follows. Entrepreneurship had an effect on technological and financial performance. Technology commercialization capability had an effect on technological performance. However, technological commercialization capabilities were evaluated to be inferior to financial performance, which can be interpreted as financial performance being judged as different between individuals or organizations in terms of technological commercialization capabilities. Technological performance had an effect on financial performance. Technological performance played a mediating role in the effects of entrepreneurship and technology commercialization capability on financial performance. Consequently, it is very important for entrepreneurship and technology commercialization capability to develop new products and improve corporate performance with insufficient financial status or operating system completion.

An Exploratory Study on the Moderated Role of Cognitive Style in Entrepreneurial Process (기업가적 과정에서 인지양식의 조절적 역할에 대한 탐색적 연구)

  • Kim, Dae Eop;Sun, Chang Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.121-131
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    • 2017
  • The most important points in the field of entrepreneurship research are new venture creation and behaviors for start-up venture. Most of past researches are limited to the formation of entrepreneurial intention, and researches on entrepreneurial activities, specifically nascent entrepreneurial behavior, have not been studied well. In this study, we view entrepreneurial process as gestation process from entrepreneurial intention to nascent entrepreneurial activities, and identify the moderating effects of cognitive style, which is the way of thinking about the information in entrepreneurial process. In addition, we find the moderating effects of cognitive style on the relationships between perceived barriers and support in environmental factors and nascent entrepreneurial activities. Subjects of this study are potential entrepreneurs. So we selected university students who are taking venture start-up course, conducted a survey, collected 367 questionnaires. In statistical test, we applied PLS-SEM for testing hypotheses because CB-SEM is too sensitive to test more than two moderating effects in th research model. As a result of the analysis, it was found that entrepreneurial intention, cognitive planning style, cognitive creative style, perceived support had a significant effect on nascent entrepreneurial behavior. The results of the analysis of the moderating effects of cognitive style which are the hypotheses in the research are as follows. First, the cognitive planning style did not have a significant moderating effect on the relationship between entrepreneurial intention and nascent entrepreneurial activities. Second, in the relationship between perceived barriers and nascent entrepreneurial activity, cognitive planning style did not have significant moderating effect, and cognitive creating style had significant negative moderating effect. Third, in the relationship between perceive support and nascent entrepreneurial activity, cognitive planning style had significant positive moderating effect, and cognitive creating style did not have significant moderating effect.

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The Influence of Small Firm CEO's Entrepreneurial Attributes in the start-up phase on DFCA* and Business Performance - Focus on Mediating Effects of DFCA - (창업소기업 경영자의 기업가적 속성이 차별화 중심형 경쟁우위와 경영성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Keel-One;Park, Hyeon Suk
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.69-82
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    • 2015
  • This Research is based on the theory of the prior researches that have demonstrated a positive impact of the entrepreneurship and competitive advantages on business performance. And the purpose of this research which approaches in the viewpoint of combining a entrepreneurial attribute including two factors(entrepreneurship and commercialization capabilities) and the differentiated competitive advantage as a role of core competence is to examine how the combined competence affects the business performance. In order to achieve this purpose, we conduct a survey for CEO of 250 small firms which belong to the start-up phase and are located in the 6 administrative region with the assistance of Small & Medium Business Administration representatives and analyze empirically the survey data by utilizing statistical program(Spss 18.0). As the results, we conclude that the entrepreneurial attributes of small firms' CEO and DFCA have a positive impact on business performance respectively and the entrepreneurship, one of the two entrepreneurial factors, has a positive impact on choosing DFCA. Also we report that DFCA plays a mediating role with regards to relationship between entrepreneurial attributes and business performance. Therefore, this research suggests the followings: First, the CEO of start-up business should focus on building a differential competitive advantage which is the basis for creating competitiveness from the initial point. Secondly, he should make a alignment for core competencies, in order to reach the stable growth phase in the shortest period, through which the entrepreneurial attributes is to be inherent as a discriminatory competitive competence. Third, he should promote to establish a business strategy based on strengthening of entrepreneurship and discriminatory competitive as a growth strategy during start-up phase.

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Causality between Entrepreneurial Orientation and Business Performance: Conditional Indirect Effect of New Product Development and Organizational Size (기업가적 지향성과 경영성과 간 관계: 조직규모에 따른 신제품개발의 조건부 간접효과)

  • Choo, Seungyoup;Woo, Hyungrok
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.133-144
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    • 2020
  • This study examines the indirect effects of new product development(NPD) on the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation(EO) and business performance is contingent on organization size. Although previous studies have revealed that EO has a positive effect on business performance and NPD, there have been no research attempts to comprehensively grasp the causal path of EO, NPD, and business performance. Therefore, this study analyzed the causal path focusing not only on final financial business performance affected by EO but also on the mediating role of new product development, which is an intermediate performance. Based on the sample of 3,299 firms from the 2018 Entrepreneurship Survey(Corporate), we analyzed the EO-NPD-business performance relationship and explored whether such an indirect effect of EO on business performance differs depending on the size of the firm. The results showed that EO has a positive impact on business performance and NPD. In addition, NPD positively mediates the relationship between EO and business performance under the condition of large size firm, although NPD does not have a direct effect on business performance. With the findings, the current study has principal implications for practicing managers. The result of this study is not to suggest that NPD triggered by EO is a panacea for improving final business performance. The study suggests a need to equip organizational capabilities to successfully commercialize new products and appeal to the market and customers, beyond simply developing new products seeking newness based on EO.

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