• Title, Summary, Keyword: 기업가역할

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The mediating effect of learning competence between the entrepreneurship and export performance of international new ventures in global trade environment (국제 통상환경에서 국제신벤처기업의 기업가정신, 수출성과 관계와 학습역량의 매개효과)

  • Cho, Yeon-Sung
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.23-44
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    • 2014
  • This study examined the relationship between entrepreneurship, learning competence and the export performance of international new ventures that enterprises entering foreign markets immediately after starting their business in Korea, and the mediating effect of learning competence. A research framework was developed with two entrepreneurship factors(risk taking and innovativeness), learning competence factors, and export performance. Six hypotheses were proposed and tested on 115 samples using LISREL. Research findings suggest that the two entrepreneurship factors positively influenced learning competence. However, export performance was affected by only innovativeness. Also, the learning competence positively affected export performance. Learning competence was found to mediate between entrepreneurship and export performance.

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An Empirical Study on the Roles of Organizational Creativity and Entrepreneurship in improving the level of Internationalization (수출중소기업 국제화에 있어 조직의 창의성과 기업가정신의 역할에 관한 실증분석)

  • Yoon, Junghyun;Lee, Hee-young
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.285-305
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    • 2015
  • In the era of creative economy emphasizing creativity and entrepreneurship, the Korean small and medium-sized enterprises(SMEs) never ignore them. Especially, firms, that would like to penetrate into international markets and hence survive in them, must have creativity and entrepreneurship. Nevertheless, little study has been studied the casual relationships of the variables comprehensively. Therefore, based on small and medium-sized exporters, this study would like to investigate empirically the relationships among the creativity, the entrepreneurship, and the level of internationalization. According to the research results, firstly, creativity has positive and significant effects on entrepreneurship. Moreover, entrepreneurship has a positive and significant effect on the level of internationalization. Finally, it was found that entrepreneurship partially mediated the relationships between the creativity and the level of internationalization. These results implied that creativity and entrepreneurship can play a pivotal role in improving the level of internationalization.

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Examining the Influence of Entrepreneurship on Innovation Activities and Performance with the Mediating Role of Technological Innovation (기업가 정신이 기술혁신과 혁신성과에 미치는 영향 및 기술혁신의 매개역할)

  • Ju, Ki-Jung;Park, Byeonghwa
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.21-37
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    • 2015
  • Entrepreneurship and innovation are highlighted as a way to overcome limitations and risk factors caused by today's uncertain business environment. As the uncertainty in the business environment increases, organizations are required to adapt to ever changing business dynamics. For this adaptation, entrepreneurship and innovation are crucial factors. This study proposes a model to explain a structural relationship between entrepreneurship, technological innovation, and innovation performance. The unit of analysis focus is small and medium-sized businesses. Empirical results show that there are positive causal relationships from entrepreneurship to technological innovation, and from technological innovation to innovation performance. Additionally, no direct relationship from entrepreneurship to innovation performance can be achieved through innovation activities such as technological innovation. This study points out the importance of entrepreneurship and technological innovation, and suggests that entrepreneurship along with technological innovation should be internalized as business practices leading to increased performance.

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MOOC의 기업가정신 교육프로그램에 대한 사례분석 연구 -해외 주요 MOOC 플랫폼을 중심으로-

  • Han, Min-Jeong;Lee, U-Jin
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.59-59
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    • 2017
  • 21세기는 전 세계를 대상으로 디지털 네이티브가 활약하며 '틀이 없는 교육'을 지향하는 혁신 교육 패러다임 세상이다. 이미 세계 여러 나라에서는 ICT(Information & Communication Technology)를 미래를 대비한 교육 개선의 핵심사업의 일환으로 교육에 활용하고 있다. 이를 토대로 2012년 출현하여 현재 급성장하고 있는 대규모 공개 온라인 수업을 MOOC(Massive Open Online Course)라고 부른다. 세계의 많은 우수한 대학들이 앞장서서 수업을 공개하고 상호 소통하는 플랫폼 역할을 하는 MOOC(이하'무크'라고 한다)는 교육 분야의 다양한 영역에서 활용되고 있다. 또한, 세계경제의 장기적인 불황과 저성장을 극복하기 위해 기업가정신과 창업에의 관심이 매우 높아져 있는 지금, 미국과 유럽을 중심으로 기업가정신(Entrepreneurship)교육 프로그램 또한 무크 플랫폼을 통해 활발히 진행되고 있다. 하지만, 국내에서는 아직까지 무크의 중요성을 인지하고 실제 다양한 교육과정에서 활용하는 이용자가 적은 실정이다. 본 연구에서는 해외의 주요한 무크 플랫폼의 사례분석과 학습자 및 교수자들의 인터뷰를 통한 질적 연구방법을 활용하여 '무크 플랫폼이 기업가정신 교육에 효율적인지에 관한 연구문제'를 설정하고 이러한 연구문제에 대한 분석을 통해 총체적인 관점에서 무크 현상의 본질적 가치와 의미를 이해 하고자 한다. 지금 급속도로 확산되고 있는 창업교육에 이러한 무크 플랫폼을 통한 가속화를 기대할 수 있을지, 또한 이러한 무크 플랫폼을 통한 교육효과는 우리가 기대할 수 있을만한지 본 연구를 통해 분석하려고 한다.

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An Empirical Study on Moderating Effects of Entrepreneurship between Market Orientation and Performance Relationship of Korean Venture (한국 중소벤처기업의 시장지향성과 해외진출성과간 관계에 있어 기업가정신의 조절효과에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Po
    • International Area Studies Review
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.481-500
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    • 2009
  • This paper investigates the Moderating effect of entrepreneurship on the relationship between market orientation and international performance in Korean Ventures. Literature revealed that an appropriate alignment between firm strategic orientation and market positioning is critical because of its impact on firm performance. The alignment is especially crucial for SMEs as a result of their limited resource base. However, studies have not adequately accounted for the joint effect of entrepreneurship and market orientation on firm performance in different environments as foreign markets. Drawing upon a sample of 217 internationalized Korean Venture Business, it presents evidence related to mainly moderating effects of entrepreneurship on market orientation-international performance. The Key conclusion from the evidence is that market orientation, alone and in conjunction with certain entrepreneurship dimensions, is positively related to firm international performance. More specifically innovativeness and proactiveness have positively moderated the relationship between market orientation and international performance in Korean Ventures.

How Educational Satisfaction and Relational Support Affect Self-Efficacy and Entrepreneurship of Korean Secondary School Students (교육만족도와 관계적 지원이 한국 고등학교학생들의 자기효능감과 기업가정신에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Jun-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.573-583
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to ascertain the effect of both educational satisfaction and relational support on the self-efficacy of secondary school students and then eventually on their entrepreneurship. Testing self-efficacy as a mediator is another aim of this study. The findings indicated that both educational satisfaction and relational support have positive relationships with the self-efficacy of students. Self-efficacy also had a positive impact on entrepreneurship. The core part of this study focuses on the role of both educational satisfaction and relational support in fostering the self-efficacy and entrepreneurship of secondary school students. These results can serve as practical guidance when making decisions regarding the adequate pedagogy for secondary school students in order to promote entrepreneurship among the adolescents.

Entrepreneurship and Market Leadership in Culture Industry (문화산업에서 기업가정신의 발현과 마켓리더십)

  • Han, Yoo-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.417-426
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    • 2020
  • The culture industry has been considered very important as firms utilize human creativity as the main source for providing high-value-added services. In this industry, the inspirations and ideas of individual creators have been stressed rather than the roles of entrepreneurs so far. However, in recent years, due to the influence of "Hallyu" or the Korean Wave, entrepreneurial firms have actively participated in producing a variety of products embracing cultural value. In this vein, the entrepreneurship-related elements such as the degree of leaders' innovativeness, risk-taking environment, first mover advantage, employee compensation, and tolerance to failure were selected to investigate their effects on market leadership. As a result, it was observed that risk-taking environment, first mover advantage, employee compensation, and tolerance to failure had a positive effect whereas leaders' innovativeness was not statistically meaningful. These findings show that the creation of an atmosphere where employees' creativity can be fully appreciated is more important than the leader' insight-driven innovativeness. The results of this study indicate that when companies formulate strategies and the government initiate policies in the culture industry, entrepreneurship should be incorporated as a crucial element.

A Study on the Effect of Entrepreneurship and Self-Efficacy on Knowledge Management: Focusing on Female CEO (기업가정신과 자기효능감이 지식경영성과에 미치는 영향연구: 여성CEO 중심으로)

  • Park, Cheol Woo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.11-26
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    • 2016
  • Businesses have to survive and thrive in both domestic and international environments. In order to resolve these problems, new alternatives have been presented. These include the importance of women's resources and entrepreneurship of female CEOs. The sensibility, delicacy, creativity as well as the intuitive power of female CEOs, actively enables them to cope with the ever-changing environment. Because of the rapidly changing circumstances, the above mentions women's attributes are highlighted thus, causing women's roles in society to shift from their traditional tendencies to finding careers and their own identities. Due to this change in social roles, social interest and the values of female CEOs are being reevaluated. Accordingly, the conceptual consideration of female entrepreneurship (innovation, enterprise, risk sensitivity) as well as the factors to be considered for the entrepreneurship of female CEOs in order to promote knowledge management performance was derived in this research. The deducted implication of this research is that generally, the enterprise and risk sensitivity of entrepreneurship affect the knowledge management performance of female CEOs. It is therefore proved that in the case of female CEOs, entrepreneurship and self-efficacy are linked, allowing them to achieve the desired outcome for a specific task performance. Female CEOs are capable of company management through the mediating process of their enterprise, risk sensitivity, and self-efficacy and with faith in their knowledge management, will be able to achieve high performance. Therefore, using strengths and nature peculiar to women, women's economic activities derived from knowledge management based on entrepreneurship will not only help overcome the long-term economy crisis but also lead to high economic growth and development. This will be a dynamic force for the nation's new growth with financial means. The comparative study of existing results will also contribute in suggesting the direction of policies that will enable the success of female CEOs in entrepreneurship.

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The Effect of Humane Entrepreneurship on the Core Competencies and Corporate Performance of SMEs (사람중심 기업가정신이 중소기업 핵심역량과 기업성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kwang-Hyun;Dong, Hak-Lim
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.217-232
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    • 2019
  • As the role of entrepreneurship has become more important for continuous business growth in a rapidly changing economic environment, numerous studies dealing with entrepreneurship are taking place. However, recent studies has concentrated mainly on business-oriented entrepreneurship which emphasizes corporate efficiency only. While in the era of fourth industrial revolution human resources are more important than corporate efficiency, the existing literature is largely focused on traditional entrepreneurship. Research on humane entrepreneurship has not been rigorous, and there are few studies involving small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) in particular. The purpose of this study is to fill in this void by investigating the effect of humane entrepreneurship on core competencies of SMEs and the effect of these core competencies on corporate performance. To examine SMEs core competencies and their performance from the perspective of humane entrepreneurship, this study set up traditional entrepreneurship and humane entrepreneurship as variables, and develop research model based on these variables. This study tests 5 different hypothesis using this model. A survey was conducted among CEOs and executives at SMEs in Seoul and Gyeonggido, South Korea from, June 26 to August 1, 2018. A total of 310 questionnaires were analyzed. The results show that both traditional and human entrepreneurship have a positive effect on the core competencies of SMEs, which are core competency factors, and that core competencies positively affect both non-financial performance and financial performance. Moreover, non-financial performance is found to have positive effect on financial performance. Given these findings, this study suggests that humane entrepreneurship is critical to SMEs and their performance, no less than traditional entrepreneurship. This study provides profound implications of necessity of raising humane entrepreneurship in environment of companies.

벤처기업 CEO의 기업가정신과 리더십은 양손잡이 조직구조를 통해 구성원의 학습민첩성을 높이는가

  • Lee, U-Jin;O, Hye-Mi
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.125-129
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    • 2019
  • 최근 세계경제의 중장기적 불황과 성장률의 하락을 경험하고 있는 가운데, 새로운 상품이나 서비스를 탄생시키고 생산방식의 변화와 혁신을 통해 조직의 지속가능성을 높이는 조직구조에 대한 관심이 날로 높아지고 있다. 이러한 분위기에서 중소벤처기업의 성장은 국가경제에 미치는 영향이 매우 크다는 것을 모두 공감하고 있으며, 이러한 중소벤처기업이 기업의 성과를 높이고 그러한 성과를 지속할 수 있도록 구성원들의 학습역량을 높이기 위한 다양한 노력들이 지속되고 있다. 본 연구의 목적 역시 벤처기업 CEO의 기업가정신과 리더십이 학습민첩성과 어떠한 상관관계를 가지고 있는가를 조사하고 탐험과 활용을 하는 양손잡이 조직구조가 매개역할을 하는지에 대해 분석 하는데 있다. 본 연구에서는 벤처기업 CEO의 기업가정신과 리더십이 조직구성원의 학습민첩성에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구를 양손잡이 조직구조의 매개효과를 중심으로 진행하였다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 CEO의 기업가정신과 리더십이 벤처기업의 양손잡이 구조를 증진하고, 증진된 양손잡이 구조가 학습민첩성에 영향을 미칠 것이라는 인과적 경로를 검증하고자 한다. 불확실한 환경 하에서 조직의 지속적인 성장과 생존을 위해 새로운 변화에 빠르게 대응할 수 있는, 그리고 조직 내의 핵심 역량으로 요구되고 있는 학습민첩성(Learning Agility)을 종속변수로 설정하여 본 연구를 진행하였다.

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