• Title, Summary, Keyword: 기술적 효율성

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A performance analysis of R&D in the IT industry sector (IT 기업 R&D 투자의 효율성 분석)

  • 김상태;표경민
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.521-532
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    • 2005
  • IT 기업의 기술적 효율성의 정도를 추정하고, 그 결정요인을 알아보기 위해 Coelli(1995)의 확률적프론티어(Stochastic Frontier model) 중 초월대수 변경생산함수(translog stochastic frontier production function)를 설정한다. 분석견과 연구개발투자, 기업의 재무구조, 설비투자효율, 노동소득분배율 등은 기업의 비효율을 감소시키는 역할을 하는 반면, 기업규모, 재고자산증가율, 자기자본증가율 등은 기업의 비효율성을 더 높여주는 것으로 나타났다. 1990년부터 2004년까지 국내 제조업 전체의 생산의 기술적 효율성은 평균 0.5311로 이는 생산효율성이 $53.11\%$임을 의미하고, 비효율성은 $46.89\%$에 달한다고 볼 수 있다. IT 기업의 기술적 효율성은 0.5337회 제조업과 비슷하지만, IT 대기업은 0.61, IT 중소기업은 0.511로 대기업과 중소기업의 격차가 크게 발생하고 있다.

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Regional R&D efficiency of knowledge and value creation in Korea (지역R&D의 지식창출 및 가치창출 효율성 분석)

  • Min, Sujin;Kim, Juseong
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.1281-1296
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    • 2017
  • 세계경제가 범국가적 경쟁에 접어면서 과거보다 지역R&D의 중요성이 강조되고 있다. 국내에서도 지역R&D의 경쟁력 향상을 통해 지역불균형 문제를 해소하고 지역경제발전을 이루고자 하는 노력이 지속되어 왔다. 이러한 문제인식을 바탕으로, 그동안 지역R&D의 효율성을 분석하고 개선점을 도출하기 위한 여러 정책적 학술적 노력이 있어왔다. 본 연구는 지역R&D 효율성을 지식창출과 가치창출의 두 가지 측면에서 진단하고 정책적 시사점을 도출하려는 목적에서 15개 국내 지역의 통계자료를 대상으로 자료포락분석(DEA)을 실시하였다. 본 연구에서 효율성 분석을 위해 사용한 R&D투입과 산출요소의 분포를 살펴본 결과 대부분 수도권과 대전에 양적으로 편중되어 있었다. DEA모형을 분석한 결과, 지식창출 부문의 효율성 점수는 평균 0.869 수준으로 나타났으며, 서울, 대구, 광주, 대전, 강원, 전남, 경북 지역이 효율적이었다. 반면 경남 지역은 0.630으로 지식창출에 있어 가장 비효율이 큰 지역이었다. 가치창출 부문의 효율성 점수는 평균 0.677 수준이며 지식창출보다 지역 간 점수 편차가 컸다. 광주, 대전, 울산, 강원 지역이 효율적인 것으로 나타난 반면 경기 지역은 0.198으로 가장 비효율적이었다. 종합하여 비교하면 광주, 대전, 강원 지역만 지식창출과 가치창출이 모두 1.000점으로 효율적이었고 이를 제외한 지역들은 효율성 개선이 필요하였다. 본 연구는 지역R&D 효율성의 개선방향에 대한 시사점을 제시함으로써 지역발전 정책수립에 도움이 될 것으로 기대된다. 그러나 특정 시점에 한정되어 효율성을 분석하였으므로 생산성 변화에 대한 추가적인 분석과 분석자료에 대한 보완이 필요하다.

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데이터 기반 유사연구영역 효율성 제고 방안 및 과제 우선순위 도출에 대한 탐색적 연구 -출연연 사례 및 AHP분석을 중심으로

  • Jeong, Jae-Yeon;Choe, San;Gang, In-Je;Jeong, Jae-Ung;Han, Yu-Ri;Jeon, Seung-Pyo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.537-547
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    • 2017
  • 현재 우리나라의 GDP 대비 R&D 투자 규모는 세계최고의 수준에 이르렀다. 이러한 연구개발 예산의 양적인 확대 및 성장과 함께 상대적으로 연구개발 예산의 효율적 활용이 중요한 과학기술정책 이슈로 부각되고 있다. 본 연구는 정부 R&D사업 유사영역의 효율성 제고를 위한 정책, 전략의 수립 및 실행의 의사결정을 돕는 데이터 기반의 객관적인 지표들을 제시하였다. 그 후 본 연구에서 제시한 효율성 지표들을 NTIS에서 추출한 2015년 정부출연연구기관 R&D 사업 데이터와 연계하여 실질적으로 측정과 사용이 가능한 정량적 지표들만을 따로 선별하였다. 또한 정부 R&D사업 효율성 지표들의 가중치를 측정하기 위하여 계층분석기법(analytic hierarchy process)을 수행하였으며 계층분석기법의 결과로 나온 가중치를 효율성 지표들에 적용하여 과제 우선순위를 도출하였다. 이를 통해 정책의 수립, 실행 및 조정 시 고려해야 할 지표의 우선순위를 설정하여 유사연구영역 관련 정부 R&D 정책수립에서 실행까지의 연계를 강화시키고 국가적으로 한정된 자원의 효율적 사용을 위한 방안을 제시하였다.

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An Efficiency Analysis of Science and Technology Budget in Provinces and Autonomous Regions in China (중국 성시 및 자치구 과학기술 예산활용 효율성 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Chao, Na;Jeon, Jun-Woo;Kim, Hyung-Ho
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.129-137
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the efficiency of budget utilization of science and technology by the Chinese autonomous province and to present the direction of improvement. Data were obtained from the 2013-2017 statistical yearbook of higher education published by the Ministry of Education of China, and efficiency was analyzed using the malmquist analysis method. The analysis found that the low technological progress caused changes in the productivity MPI index, and that cities affected by technological efficiency needed to improve internal factors such as internal coordination and restructuring of universities in the region to increase efficiency. And it was found that areas affected by technological change needed proper response to external factors such as government policy, economic environment, social environment or technological development. This study is meaningful in that it presented reference data in enhancing efficiency of budget utilization of science and technology by autonomy of China, and it is necessary to establish strategies and study essential factors to increase efficiency of inefficient areas in the future.

An Analysis of Efficiency of Superior Appraisal Corporations Using DEA (DEA 모형을 이용한 우수감정평가법인의 효율성 분석)

  • Lee, Chan-Ho;Kim, Jong-Ki;Hwang, Soo-Jin;Jeon, Jin-Whan
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.12
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    • pp.290-299
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    • 2010
  • This study aims to evaluate the efficiency of superior appraisal corporations using DEA(Data Envelopment Analysis). DEA is known as a method for evaluating relative efficiency of organizations with multiple inputs and outputs. We used CCR-O and BCC-O DEA models to evaluate relative efficiency of superior appraisal corporations. Input variable is number of appraisers, output variables are total sales and net income. Total of 13 appraisal corporations in Korea were selected for this study, and the data were collected from financial reports for 2008 fiscal year. The result of this study is summarized as follows. First, the average of superior appraisal corporation's technical efficiency score is about 88.3% by applying CCR-O model. Second, the average of superior appraisal corporation's pure technical efficiency score is about 90% and scale efficiency score is about 98.2% by applying BCC-O model. According to the result of DEA, the cause of inefficiency is pure technical efficiency.

Effect of Web-services' Technological Interactivity on User-generated Contents' Perceived Efficiency and Quality (웹서비스의 기술적 상호작용성이 사용자 콘텐츠 생산 효율성과 품질 인식에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • Lee, Yoon-Jae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.9
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    • pp.380-388
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    • 2012
  • One of the key factors for success in fostering web-service is the supply of user-generated contents(UGCs). Technological interactivity is an environmental factor which stimulates user-content interaction, and reflects the system's capability for supporting various interactions that are allowed by a medium. The present study uses a structural equation model to investigate the influence of three components of technological interactivity-user control, synchronicity, and responsiveness-on web-services' perceived content performance. The results show that web-services' user control and synchronicity exhibited a positive relationship with the perceived efficiency of content generation; further, perceived efficiency boosts perceptions of content quality, which means that the user control and synchronicity of a web-service also have an indirect effect on perceived content quality. Additionally, responsiveness has a positive effect on perceived content quality. These findings are important for marketers and operators seeking to make their web-service successful.

Trends in the Efficiency of Korean National University Libraries : A DEA/Window Analysis Approach (DEA/Window를 이용한 국립대학도서관의 효율성 추세변화 분석)

  • Han, Ha-Neul
    • Journal of Information Management
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.41-60
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    • 2009
  • This study utilizes DEA/Window analysis in order to investigate the relative efficiency levels of korea national university libraries during the period of transition 2004-2008. The empirical results show the following findings. Firstly, a technical efficiency was not efficient which was a scale efficiency rather than a pure technical efficiency in 2008. Secondly, a technical and pure technical efficiency has increased steadily from 2004 to 2008(but a technical, pure technical efficiency has decreased since in 2008). As a result, a technical efficiency increase can be explained by a pure technical efficiency increase.

Technical Efficiency in Korea: Interindustry Determinants and Dynamic Stability (기술적(技術的) 효율성(效率性)의 결정요인(決定要因)과 동태적(動態的) 변화(變化))

  • Yoo, Seong-min
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.21-46
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    • 1990
  • This paper, a sequel to Yoo and Lee (1990), attempts to investigate the interindustry determinants of technical efficiency in Korea's manufacturing industries, and also to conduct an exploratory analysis on the stability of technical efficiency over time. The hypotheses set forth in this paper are most found in the existing literature on technical efficiency. They are, however, revised and shed a new light upon, whenever possible, to accommodate any Korea-specific conditions. The set of regressors used in the cross-sectional analysis are chosen and the hypotheses are posed in such a way that our result can be made comparable to those of similar studies conducted for the U.S. and Japan by Caves and Barton (1990) and Uekusa and Torii (1987), respectively. It is interesting to observe a certain degree of similarity as well as differentiation between the cross-section evidence on Korea's manufacturing industries and that on the U.S. and Japanese industries. As for the similarities, we can find positive and significant effects on technical efficiency of relative size of production and the extent of specialization in production, and negative and significant effect of the variations in capital-labor ratio within industries. The curvature influence of concentration ratio on technical efficiency is also confirmed in the Korean case. There are differences, too. We cannot find any significant effects of capital vintage, R&D and foreign competition on technical efficiency, all of which were shown to be robust determinants of technical efficiency in the U.S. case. We note, however, that the variables measuring capital vintage effect, R&D and the degree of foreign competition in Korean markets are suspected to suffer from serious measurement errors incurred in data collection and/or conversion of industrial classification system into the KSIC (Korea Standard Industrial Classification) system. Thus, we are reluctant to accept the findings on the effects of these variables as definitive conclusions on Korea's industrial organization. Another finding that interests us is that the cross-industry evidence becomes consistently strong when we use the efficiency estimates based on gross output instead of value added, which provides us with an ex post empirical criterion to choose an output measure between the two in estimating the production frontier. We also conduct exploratory analyses on the stability of the estimates of technical efficiency in Korea's manufacturing industries. Though the method of testing stability employed in this paper is never a complete one, we cannot find strong evidence that our efficiency estimates are stable over time. The outcome is both surprising and disappointing. We can also show that the instability of technical efficiency over time is partly explained by the way we constructed our measures of technical efficiency. To the extent that our efficiency estimates depend on the shape of the empirical distribution of plants in the input-output space, any movements of the production frontier over time are not reflected in the estimates, and possibilities exist of associating a higher level of technical efficiency with a downward movement of the production frontier over time, and so on. Thus, we find that efficiency measures that take into account not only the distributional changes, but also the shifts of the production frontier over time, increase the extent of stability, and are more appropriate for use in a dynamic context. The remaining portion of the instability of technical efficiency over time is not explained satisfactorily in this paper, and future research should address this question.

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A Brief Efficiency Measurement Way for the Korean Container Terminals Using Stochastic Frontier Analysis (확률프론티어분석을 통한 국내컨테이너 터미널의 효율성 측정방법 소고)

  • Park, Ro-Kyung
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.63-87
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this paper is to measure the efficiency of Korean container terminals by using SFA(Stochastic Frontier Analysis). Inputs[Number of Employee, Quay Length, Container Terminal Area, Number of Gantry Crane], and output[TEU] are used for 3 years(2002,2003, and 2004) for 8 Korean container terminals by applying both SFA and DEA models. Empirical main results are as follows: First, Null hypothesis that technical inefficiency is not existed is rejected and in the trasnslog model, the estimate is significant. Second, time-series models show the significant results. Third, average technical efficiency of Korean container terminals are 73.49% in Cobb-Douglas model, and 79.04% in translog model. Fourth, to enhance the technical efficiency, Korean container terminals should increase the handling amount of TEUs. Fifth, both SFA and DEA models have the high Spearman ranking of correlation coefficients(84.45%). The main policy implication based on the findings of this study is that the manager of port investment and management of Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs in Korea should introduce the SFA with DEA models for measuring the efficiency of Korean ports and terminals.

Analyzing the Technical Efficiency of Korean System Integration Firms (자료포괄분석을 이용한 국내 SI회사의 효율성 분석)

  • Kim, Kon-Shik
    • 한국IT서비스학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.592-599
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    • 2005
  • 본 논문은 자료포괄분석(Data Envelopment Analysis, DEA)을 이용하여 국내 SI회사를 대상으로 효율성을 측정하고 효율성의 연도별 추세를 분석하여 개별기업 및 산업차원에서 변화의 방향을 파악하였다. 기업집단의 소속여부에 따른 비효율성의 차이와 효율성에 영향을 미치는 주요 요인에 관해 실증적으로 분석하였다. 평균적으로 국내 SI회사의 기술적 효율성은 약간 하락하고 있으며, TE 및 PTE의 표준편차와 최대값-최소값의 범위는 상당히 증가하고 있어 양극화가 심화되고 있음을 확인하였다. 또한 기업집단 소속인 기업과 그렇지 않은 기업의 효율성을 분석한 결과 그 차이는 통계적으로 유의함을 검증하였다. 한편, 효율성에 영향을 미치는 각종 요인과 TE 및 PTE 간의 상관관계를 분석한 결과, 내부매출비중, 정보생산성, 인당매출, EBITDA율, 부가가치율, 투하자본 수익률(ROIC) 등과 TE 및 PTE 간에 모두 강한 상관계수를 보이고 있다. 이와 같은 효율성의 분석을 통해 SI산업의 지속 가능한 경쟁력을 확보하고 개별 기업의 효율성을 향상하기 위한 전략적 벤치마킹과 정책적 의사결정에 기여할 수 있다.

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