• Title, Summary, Keyword: 기술거래금액

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An Empirical Analysis on Determinant Factors of Patent Valuation and Technology Transaction Prices (특허가치 결정요인과 기술거래금액에 관한 실증 분석)

  • Sung, Tae-Eung;Kim, Da Seul;Jang, Jong-Moon;Park, Hyun-Woo
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.254-279
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    • 2016
  • Recently, with the conversion towards knowledge-based economy era, the importance of the evaluation for patent valuation has been growing rapidly because technology transactions are increasing with the purpose of practically utilizing R&D outcomes such as technology commercialization and technology transfer. Nevertheless, there is a lack of research on determinants of patent valuation by analyzing technology transactions due to the difficulty of collecting data in practice. Hence, to suggest quantitative determinants for the patent valuation which could be applied to scoring methods, 15 patent valuation models domestically and overseas are analysed in order to assure the objectiveness for subjective results from qualitative methods such as expert surveys, comparison assessment, etc. Through this analysis, the important 6 common determinants are drawn and patent information is matched which can be used as proxy variables of individual determinant factors by advanced researches. In addition, to validate whether the model proposed has a statistically meaningful effect, total 517 technology transactions are collected from both public and private technology transaction offices and analysed by multiple regression analysis, which led to significant patent determinant factors in deciding its value. As a result, it is herein presented that patent connectivity(number of literature cited) and commercialization stage in market influence significantly on patent valuation. The meaning of this study is in that it suggests the significant quantitative determinants of patent valuation based on the technology transactions data in practice, and if research results by industry are systematically verified through seamless collection of transaction data and their monitoring, we would propose the customized patent valuation model by industry which is applicable for both strategic planning of patent registration and achievement assessment of research projects (with representative patents).

The Effect of Public Technology Value on Technology Transfer Performance (공공 기술가치가 기술이전성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Jo, Dong-Hyuk;Choi, Sung-Ho;Kim, Suk-Kyu;Lee, Hyun-Joo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.189-199
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    • 2018
  • This study was intended to identify the factors effecting the business performance of the firms that received public technology transfer and to suggest implications on the basis of the results. For this purpose, the author empirically analyzed the influence of the technology value on the business performance of the firms using the business data of the firms on the basis of quantitative data. Furthermore, the author analyzed the differences in perception of technology value and business performance according to type of firms and type of technology transfer. As a result of this study, it was found that the more advanced technology, the more positive influence on business performance of the firms, and that there was no difference in perception of business performance whereas there was difference in perception of technology value according to the type of firms and technology transfer. This study is meaningful in that through this study the author has confirmed the importance of technology value to enhance competitiveness of technology transfer companies and strategic direction for successful implementation of technology transfer.

Construction for Safe Transaction System using Blockchain Technology(Case:Used Car) (블록체인 기술을 이용한 안전 거래 시스템 구축(사례:중고자동차))

  • Ahn, Byeongtae
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.237-242
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    • 2020
  • Online e-commerce management systems are gradually increasing, and transactions are made in various items. However, the reliability between sellers and buyers is very important in high-priced transactions such as automobiles when used transactions online. Nevertheless, in the existing used trading system, a device that prevents fraud or trusts the seller is insufficient. This paper developed a blockchain-based used transaction management system to improve the reliability that occurs during used transactions. We have improved the safety trading system by developing a trading management system for used cars with the highest amount of used cars in various fields. This system uses Ethereum-based smart contract to guarantee reliability without third party intervention. By designing the contracts required for used car trading by utilizing smart contracts, it was possible to reduce the effort and time of trading participants in the existing used car transactions, while enabling safe transactions. In addition, this system mitigated information asymmetry between buyers and sellers, and reduced and prevented brokerage fees in the distribution process without third parties.

New Offline Electronic Cash using Hash Chain (해쉬체인을 이용한 새로운 오프라인 전자화폐)

  • 김상진;오희국
    • Journal of KIISE:Information Networking
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.207-221
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    • 2003
  • A hash chain is highly efficient, attractive structure to use in electronic cash. Previous systems using hash chain were, however, either credit-based vendor-specific cash or debit-based general-purpose cash which lacks efficiency due to double spending problem. In this paper, we propose a new divisible cash system using hash chain. This newly proposed cash is general-purpose, debit-based, anonymous, and offline. The efficiency of the system results from its capacity to pay variable amounts with no additional costs. A client always performs a single blind signature in the withdrawal phase, independent of the length of the chain. During payment, a client performs a single challenge-and-response or generates a single signature, independent of the amount paid. This system provides a new refund mechanism, which uses a refund ticket, that allows clients to refund the unspent part of the chain without revealing any connection to the spent part.

Detecting Abnormalities in Fraud Detection System through the Analysis of Insider Security Threats (내부자 보안위협 분석을 통한 전자금융 이상거래 탐지 및 대응방안 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-Yong;Kim, In-Seok
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.153-169
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    • 2018
  • Previous e-financial anomalies analysis and detection technology collects large amounts of electronic financial transaction logs generated from electronic financial business systems into big-data-based storage space. And it detects abnormal transactions in real time using detection rules that analyze transaction pattern profiling of existing customers and various accident transactions. However, deep analysis such as attempts to access e-finance by insiders of financial institutions with large scale of damages and social ripple effects and stealing important information from e-financial users through bypass of internal control environments is not conducted. This paper analyzes the management status of e-financial security programs of financial companies and draws the possibility that they are allies in security control of insiders who exploit vulnerability in management. In order to efficiently respond to this problem, it will present a comprehensive e-financial security management environment linked to insider threat monitoring as well as the existing e-financial transaction detection system.

건설정책 - 하도급계약 '구두발주' 관행 없앤다!

  • 대한설비건설협회
    • 월간 기계설비
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    • pp.61-64
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    • 2012
  • 공정거래위원회(위원장 김동수)가 하도급거래에서 서면발급 및 보존관행을 정착시키기 위해 "바람직한 서면발급 및 보존에 관한 가이드라인"을 제정해 1월 1일부터 시행에 들어갔다. 가이드라인에는 ${\bigtriangleup}$하도급계약서(추가 변경계약서 포함) ${\bigtriangleup}$하도급계약 확인서면 ${\bigtriangleup}$목적물 등 수령증명서 ${\bigtriangleup}$검사결과 통지서 ${\bigtriangleup}$감액서면 ${\bigtriangleup}$기술자료 제공 요구서 ${\bigtriangleup}$계약변경 내역 통지서 등 7건은 의무발급을, ${\bigtriangleup}$목적물 등의 검사결과 및 검사 종료일 ${\bigtriangleup}$하도급대금의 지급일 지급금액 및 지급수단 ${\bigtriangleup}$설계 변경 등에 따라 하도급대금을 조정했을 때 사유 ${\bigtriangleup}$원재료 등의 가격변동 등에 따라 수급사업자가 하도급 대금 조정을 신청한 경우 협의내용 및 조정사유 등 7건은 보존 서면으로 명시했다. 이번 가이드라인은 동반성장협약 평가 항목에도 반영될 예정이다. 또한 공정거래위원회는 하도급법상 서면발급 또는 보존의무를 위반해 경고조치를 받을 때에는 교육이수를 권고하는 한편, 서면 미발급 등 혐의가 반복될 때에는 최고경영자(CEO)가 교육(3개월에 3시간)을 이수토록 규정했다. 특히 서면실태조사에서 서면 미발급 미보존 혐의가 장기간 상습적으로 이뤄졌다는 사실이 확인되면 직권조사를 거쳐 엄중할 방침이다.

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Technology Valuation Method for Improving Its Reliability to Expand Technology Transfer Market (기술이전 활성화를 위한 사업화주체 발굴 전(前) 단계에서의 기술가치평가 신뢰성 제고방안에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Dongchan;Lee, Jaesik;You, Wanghee;Kim, Seungkyo
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.287-310
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    • 2014
  • Due to the toughening intelligence-based competitions among nations, it has become important to industrialize R&D results. To industrialize R&D results through technology transfer, the transfer fee between a technology developer and a company should be discussed. While discussing the transfer fee, the results of technology valuation have been used. However, due to the unreliability of its result, the technology transfer market has not been expanded. In this paper, we discuss the improvement of the reliability of the technology valuation method to expand the technology transfer market. The proposed scheme provides graph-type technology valuation results according to various industrial scenarios using objective technology and market data. With the use of the proposed scheme, the technology developer and the consumer (i.e., the company) can determine the appropriate technology transfer fee. Thus, the proposed scheme is expected to contribute to the expansion of the technology transfer market.

고려인삼의 유통현황과 명품화 제품 개발 전략

  • Jeon, Byeong-Seon
    • Food preservation and processing industry
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.47-51
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    • 2009
  • 2008년 현재 국내의 인삼재배는 19,408ha에서 24,613ton 규모로 생산이 되고 있으며 금액으로는 7,533억 원의 규모를 유지하고 있다. 해외수출은 2008년 9,700만 달러로 다소 증가세를 보이고 있으며 6년근 인삼의 주산지는 홍삼용으로 포천 김천, 이천 등 경기도, 강원대 일대에서 생산이 되고 있다. 유통현황을 보면 생산자와 가공업체를 통한 직거래 비율이 40%, 산지취급 상의 포전 거래가 35%정도이다. 통상적으로 계약재배의 경우 5년근 이상은 가공용 원료삼으로 활용되며 4년근은 산지 취급장을 통해 수삼으로 유통되고 있다. 주요 인삼재배국은 한국, 중국, 미국, 캐나다이며 생산량은 중국>한국>캐나다>미국 순으로 추정된다. 주로 위도 34도에서 42도 범위가 자생지역으로 중국은 길림성에서 전체의 77% 정도가 생산되고 있다. 세계의 인삼생산량은 건삼기준 40,000ton 내외로 추정되고 있다. 고려 인삼 수출 감소의 가장 큰 원인은 세계 인삼 집산지인 홍콩시장의 백삼류 거래가 크게 감소한데 기인되며 홍콩시장의 수출 감소는 미국, 캐나다 화기삼의 저가전략 및 고려 인삼의 승열 작용에 대한 과장된 보도전략에 적절히 대응하지 못한 때문으로 판단된다. 인삼시장 차별화를 통한 패러다임 구축을 n이해서는 소비자의 니즈파악과 신뢰도를 구축하고 기능성 식품재료로서의 소비시장을 확대하고 과학적 근거에 의한 체열 상승이론에 대응과 재배법 개선 및 생산비 절감기술 확보가 필요하다.

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A Study on the Improvement of the Existing Technology Valuation Solutions;focused on high technology based start-up company (현행 기술가치 평가모형의 개선 방안에 관한 연구;신기술 창업기업의 경우를 중심으로)

  • Yang, Tai-Shik;Min, Kyung-Se
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.93-120
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    • 2007
  • To promote the commercialization of high technology based start-up company, it is essential to activate technology trading for the Innovative Small & Medium companies which eager to acquire technology competitiveness through technology trading and facilitate financial system which provide Small & Medium companies with technology commercialization money. This study focus on enhancing credibility of technology valuation solutions through the improvement of the existing technology valuation solutions. The existing technology valuation solutions in practice have deficiency in reasonable valuation because of subjective technology factor's calculation. And the commercialization risk of high technology based start-up companies cannot be fully reflected in the existing valuation solutions. The high risk of technology commercialization acts as a hurdle in the facilitation of providing money for the start-up companies. The improved new model will have more acceptable objectivity and reasonably reflect the commercialization risk of start-up companies. The new model has two distinctive features compared to existing solutions. The new model newly adopts commercialization success factor which reflects the risk of high technology based start-up company. And the new model excludes technology factor which is controversial among interested parties. The exclusion of technology factor will improve the objectivity of technology valuation and the adoption of commercialization success factor will solicit investor and capitalist who concern the high risk of technology based start-up companies. In conclusion, the improved new model is expected to activate technology trading and facilitate the money market through which high technology based start-up companies raise commercialization money.

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The Characteristics of Commercial Fisheries of the Oregon, USA (미국 오레곤주의 수산업 특성)

  • Kim, Soo-Kwan
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.139-159
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    • 1998
  • 본 연구는 미국 오레곤주의 수산업 특성을 개괄적으로 살펴본 것이다. 먼저, 오레곤의 상업적 수산업을 역사적으로 살펴보면 2가지 주요한 계기가 있음을 알 수 있다. 첫째는 자급자족 차원에서의 연어생산을 수출품으로 변화시킨 연어통조림 생산기술의 발전이고, 둘째는 현대식 트롤어업이 도입된 점이다. 오레곤에서 주로 사용되는 어구ㆍ어법은 트롤, 채낚기, 연승, 통발, 형망 등이며, 생산어종은 연어, 게, 새우, 참치, 대구 등이다. 1995년 오레곤은 약 2억 4천 파운드의 수산물을 생산하여 미국 연안주중에서 6위를 차지하고 있고, 생산금액에서는 12위를 기록하였다. 한편, 양식업은 아직 성행하지 않아 그 생산품종 및 생산량은 미미한 실정이다. 그 주된 이유 중의 하나는 양식시설을 하기 위해서는 여러 관계기관의 허가를 필요로 하는 등 행정상의 절차가 복잡하기 때문이다. 오레곤의 수산자원관리는 우리나라에 비해 암계의 어획금지, 통발 등 정치어구ㆍ어법에 대한 인망일수의 제한, 조개류의 판매가능시간의 제한 등 몇가지 특징을 들 수 있다. 오레곤의 수산업관리제도(연안으로부터 3마일 이내)를 살펴보면, 아직 TAG제도를 도입하지 않고 있으며 생산요소역입제한방식이 채택되고 있다. 즉, 상업적으로 허용된 어종을 어획하려는 어업자는 등록절차를 필히 거쳐야 어업행위를 할 수 있으며, 등록수를 제한할 필요가 있는 특정한 어업(연어, 새우, 가리비 등)에 대해서는 행정관청으로부터 허가를 얻고 어업행위를 해야 한다. 즉, 허가어업은 등록어업보다 더욱 제한적인 어업행위를 말하며, 허가권에 대해서는 자유로운 매매양도가 허용되어 있다. 수산물의 마케팅시스템에 대해서는 우리나라에 지배적인 형태인 경매제도가 도입되어 있지 않다. 즉, 모든 수산물은 개인적인 거래계약에 의해서 유통된다. 다만 마케팅경로에 참여하고 있는 모든 구성원은 일정한 등록절차를 마쳐야 하며, 주내에서 거래되는 수산물의 일관된 통제나 관리를 위해 관계기관에 거래량을 필히 신고해야 한다. 우리나라의 중도매인은 주로 생산지의 수협(또는 내륙지 도매법인)과 도매상의 사이에 존재하나 오레곤의 중도매인은 마케팅경로 어디에든 존재하고 있다.

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